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Bulma vs Foundation for Apps: What are the differences?


When it comes to choosing a CSS framework for web development, Bulma and Foundation for Apps are two popular choices. Both frameworks offer a variety of features and components to streamline the design and development process. However, there are key differences between the two that developers should consider before making a decision.

  1. Design Philosophy: Bulma is a lightweight CSS framework that focuses on simplicity and flexibility. It provides a clean and modern design with a minimalistic approach, making it easy to customize and adapt to different projects. On the other hand, Foundation for Apps is more structured and opinionated, offering a set of predefined styles and layouts that cater to specific design patterns and workflows.

  2. Component Library: Bulma offers a comprehensive set of responsive components out of the box, including grids, forms, buttons, and navigation elements. These components are designed to be modular and easy to use, allowing developers to quickly build responsive layouts. In contrast, Foundation for Apps provides a more extensive component library with advanced features such as motion-ui animations, flexbox-based grid system, and intricate navigation patterns.

  3. JavaScript Interactions: Bulma primarily focuses on styling and layout, leaving JavaScript interactions to be implemented separately. While it includes some basic JavaScript components like dropdowns and modals, developers often need to integrate additional JavaScript libraries for more complex interactions. On the other hand, Foundation for Apps comes with a built-in AngularJS integration, providing pre-built directives for common interactive elements like off-canvas menus and responsive tables.

  4. Customization Options: Bulma emphasizes customization and allows developers to easily modify the framework to suit their design requirements. It offers extensive documentation and a modular architecture that makes it simple to override default styles and create custom themes. Foundation for Apps, on the other hand, offers a more opinionated structure with predefined styles that may require more effort to customize extensively.

  5. Community Support: Bulma has a growing community of developers who actively contribute to the framework by creating extensions, themes, and plugins. This vibrant community ensures that developers have access to a range of resources and tools to enhance their projects. Foundation for Apps, while supported by ZURB, the creators of Foundation, has a smaller community compared to Bulma.

  6. Browser Compatibility: Both Bulma and Foundation for Apps are designed to be responsive and work across different browsers and devices. However, Bulma's lightweight nature may result in better performance on older browsers and devices with limited resources, while Foundation for Apps, with its comprehensive feature set, may require more resources for optimal performance.

In Summary, Bulma and Foundation for Apps differ in their design philosophy, component libraries, JavaScript interactions, customization options, community support, and browser compatibility, providing developers with a variety of options to choose from based on their specific project requirements.

Advice on Bulma and Foundation for Apps
Daniel Hernández Alcojor
Frontend Developer at atSistemas · | 8 upvotes · 1M views
Needs advice

I'm building, from scratch, a webapp. It's going to be a dashboard to check on our apps in New Relic and update the Apdex from the webapp. I have just chosen Next.js as our framework because we use React already, and after going through the tutorial, I just loved the latest changes they have implemented.

But we have to decide on a CSS framework for the UI. I'm partial to Bulma because I love that it's all about CSS (and you can use SCSS from the start), that it's rather lightweight and that it doesn't come with JavaScript clutter. One of the things I hate about Bootstrap is that you depend on jQuery to use the JavaScript part. My boss loves UIkIt, but when I've used it in the past, I didn't like it.

What do you think we should use? Maybe you have another suggestion?

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Replies (7)

I have used bulma in several projects. We could not customize with the websites very well. Also when we need "quick solutions" Bulma is not suitable (I mean basic animations, to-top buttons, transparent navbar solutions etc. For these solutions, you need extra js codes).

Everybody knows about Bootstrap (heavy but popular).

Now we start a new project with UI kit, I like it. Pros: It is fast and lightweight and imho it has very good UI. Cons: Small community. Documentation.

Check this link for kick-off.

Maybe it is helpful.

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Damien Lucchese
Front End Web Developer · | 6 upvotes · 555K views

Been checking out Bulma, myself, and really dig it. I like that it's a great base level jumping off point. You can get a layout going with it, pretty quickly, and then customize as you want. It definitely sounds like it's the one you're leaning towards but a big factor would be who will be using it most? Your boss, yourself, others? Whichever you like best, you'll prob be most productive with but if in the end your boss says it has to be UIkit, then best to be open-minded and give it another shot. Sometimes you may not jive with new tools in your stack, at first, but then they can become tools you learn to love. Best to you in your decision! Take care & keep safe.

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I've moved away from the concept of UI kits. Not that many support CSS grid. A lot of the icons are easier to use in SVG. I've had success in the concept of design framework and design tokens. I build my brand identity in Figma, and extract in Diez. Then Diez integrates into React and SASS. Much easier because design is decoupled from software in a central authority, and software updates automatically from design changes.

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Honestly - pick whatever you are the most comfortable with. You can achieve almost the same effects with different tools, so why not use something I like using?

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Tomer Fishaimer
Frontend Architect at Aqua Security · | 2 upvotes · 545.1K views
Tailwind CSSTailwind CSS

Actually it really depends on your needs, there are 3 types of UI frameworks you can use:

  1. A complete set of UI components like:


    Having a lot of pre-built UI components saves a lot of time


    need to learn the react framework and the bulma styles, and it's harder to customize to your needs

  2. A pure css framework, like Bulma, where you write all the components yourself.


    A lot of flexibility to build the components you need


    You are bound to Bulma classes and markup.

    Takes more time since you need to build the components

  3. A utility class framework like:


Most flexible, mix and match classes as you like and build your own markup

Very easy to customize to your needs


Might take time to get used to and takes more time since you need to build the components

If you choose options one, then it's just a matter of deciding what style you like (material,ant, bulma) and go with the library that implements it If you go with pure css and build your own components, I can't recommend tailwind enough, I've been finding myself building entire pages without writing a single line of css.

And if later on, the designer wants to make a change to some color, or size, I just need to change one value in the config file, and the entire app is updated.

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I used UIKit and Bootstrap many times. I love Bootstrap for fast, easy layouts to web apps. Clean code, easiest and fastest way to write layouts for front end if you learned something before about Bootstrap. Now in React I use React-Boostrap too. About UIKit I can say its nice idea. It's easier than Bootstrap. This is good option for trainee developer to learn how u should create layout of your website, but for me UIKit have not enough functions. If you need to create something complicated, u have an error in your mind. You must create amazing code combinations for UIKit where in Bootstrap in the same ideas you have easy solutions.

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Pros of Bulma
Pros of Foundation for Apps
  • 12
    Easy setup
  • 6
    Easy-to-customize the sass build
  • 6
    Community-created themes
  • 5
  • 5
    Great docs
  • 4
    Easy to learn and use
    Be the first to leave a pro

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    Cons of Bulma
    Cons of Foundation for Apps
    • 2
      Not yet supporting Vue 3
      Be the first to leave a con

      Sign up to add or upvote consMake informed product decisions

      What is Bulma?

      Bulma is a CSS framework based on Flexbox and built with Sass

      What is Foundation for Apps?

      Foundation for Apps is a framework you can use to build better, more polished single-page web applications that work across many devices. We’ve taken what we’ve learned from building the original Foundation framework to build an entirely new framework just for web apps.

      Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

      What companies use Bulma?
      What companies use Foundation for Apps?
      See which teams inside your own company are using Bulma or Foundation for Apps.
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      What tools integrate with Bulma?
      What tools integrate with Foundation for Apps?
        No integrations found
        What are some alternatives to Bulma and Foundation for Apps?
        Bootstrap is the most popular HTML, CSS, and JS framework for developing responsive, mobile first projects on the web.
        Material Design
        Material Design is a unified system that combines theory, resources, and tools for crafting digital experiences.
        Express your creativity with Material, an animation and graphics framework for Google's Material Design and Apple's Flat UI in Swift.
        UIkit gives you a comprehensive collection of HTML, CSS, and JS components which is simple to use, easy to customize and extendable.
        Vuetify is a component framework for Vue.js 2. It aims to provide clean, semantic and reusable components that make building your application a breeze. Vuetify utilizes Google's Material Design design pattern, taking cues from other popular frameworks such as Materialize.css, Material Design Lite, Semantic UI and Bootstrap 4.
        See all alternatives