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CSS 3 vs PHP: What are the differences?

CSS 3: The latest evolution of the Cascading Style Sheets language. CSS3 is the latest evolution of the Cascading Style Sheets language and aims at extending CSS2.1. It brings a lot of long-awaited novelties, like rounded corners, shadows, gradients, transitions or animations, as well as new layouts like multi-columns, flexible box or grid layouts. Experimental parts are vendor-prefixed and should either be avoided in production environments, or used with extreme caution as both their syntax and semantics can change in the future; PHP: A popular general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited to web development. Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.

CSS 3 and PHP can be primarily classified as "Languages" tools.

PHP is an open source tool with 23.9K GitHub stars and 5.53K GitHub forks. Here's a link to PHP's open source repository on GitHub.

Facebook, Slack, and Lyft are some of the popular companies that use PHP, whereas CSS 3 is used by Simply Business, Ontuitive, and SupplyAI. PHP has a broader approval, being mentioned in 8910 company stacks & 2940 developers stacks; compared to CSS 3, which is listed in 100 company stacks and 283 developer stacks.

Advice on CSS 3 and PHP
Needs advice

Hi, I have a project on my mind, and I need some help. First of all, I know it is all about personal preference, but I am a beginner in the back-end part. So, I am trying to figure out which language is better, for example, for user authentication and interaction between the users. Also, I don't know which framework is better for this work. My first thought was to use PHP, but after some research on the internet, I'm leaning towards Laravel. I will be grateful if you have some advice for me.


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Replies (7)

First thoughts: * As a beginner you need to understand concepts first, all languages out there are great, each has it's own philosophy, each is better suited for a specific situation. Learn concepts first, do something, then you will understand the differences between them and why one should be chose over another for a task * As a project manager you want your project to come to an end. You will get lost in all the different solutions out there (and it's good), but don't get lost too far. Very often I see people getting lost in those debates and never achieving things, like someone writing a book that would still be choosing the font 6 months after (we've all done that it's ok, but we have to realise it)

Chances are your project can be equally good on any different stacks. I heard an interview of someone from Uber who said something like they started with python, went to node, went back to python and went to go, and with micro-services now they can have all of them all-together.

Last remark: from what I know Laravel is a framework for PHP, so it IS PHP. Just like Symphony for PHP, Express for Node.js, Koa for Node.js, Flask for Python ...

Now to answer your question :

  • PHP has a big community, it is great and easy to start with, and you will definitely will learn real object oriented structure
  • Node.js has a big community too, don't worry finding help will be as easy. It is less easy to start with but in my point of view it is a lot easier to keep on going with it on a long run. Why ? Because it's very easy to run a new project, and it executes javascript. How is it good ? Because chances are that your front will also be using javascript (React.js / View.js are crazy good). Thanks to that you will be able to master the language better because you will use it all day (and at first mastering one language is more valuable than barely knowing two) and you won't have to switch languages in your head when you code. And communication between front and back will be in json ... Which is crazy close to javascript.

Alexander is right, if you go with PHP take your time first to do things by yourself like building your own MVC, the benefit is huge and the risk is to never really be able to understand what's happening on a deeper level. (at some point you can switch to a framework though). He's also right on choosing a strongly typed language, problem is javascript is not. This is why, if you choose node, when you start being confident, add typesccript.

Hope it helps, good luck

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Octavian Irimia

Short answer, if it's a web project (and I guess it is) go with PHP and you can integrate NodeJs services later.

@adzaria (Ezra Fayet) gave a great answer and I'd like to emphasize the first part: As a beginner you need to understand concepts first. For me that means to understand the web, how servers and requests work, APIs and few others.

Now, I'd like to add few things so, this is the long answer:

Why PHP?

  • Everyone knows about the community - PHP is way older so you will find lots of resources and I am not only talking about learning - also lots of helpful tools and packages
  • PHP is great for OOP - not perfect, but with PHP7 got great - and if you are a beginner you want to know good OOP for your future. Let's say JavaScript's OOP is a bit strange; I will not get into details but, let's say "it's not by the book". You can still learn JavaScript for your front-end

Why not Python? Python got popular because of AI - don't use PHP for AI and don't use Python for web applications. I can elaborate a lot here but I guess you get the point.

Why not NodeJs?

  • NodeJs got popular because of sockets - and it works great, but as a service
  • Try to find a good and affordable hosting for NodeJs. How about for Python?
  • I would not ignore the security issues that it had and could appear. PHP is older and, therefore, wiser :)

Now, about a framework... is this a learning project or something that you need to do fast? My advice is to start a small project and not use any framework. However, you can use packages and inspire from a framework's architecture - Laravel is a good role model.

Why not start a big project? You will get distracted, get into details and product design stuff and get scared or border and abandon it. For your project you need an MVP - list of minimum required features that you put on paper - that you will complete. After that you can improve.

Good luck!

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somes kumar k
Member Technical Staff at Manage Engine, division of Zoho Corp · | 3 upvotes · 239.2K views

you can choose Node.js Here are my points

Node.js is build over chrome’s v8 and its works on non blocking io. Node.js have huge community and great packages (npm) to help you out in most cases and makes development faster Node.js has been adopted by many multi dollar company Hope this helps😊

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Tarun Batra
Senior Software Developer at Okta · | 2 upvotes · 227.6K views

Python, PHP and Node.js all are capable of being used to create good complex software. There are many examples of similar applications built on all of them. If I have to pick one, I would say consider Python and Django. It is fairly easy to develop web applications on top of this stack. Scaling and maintaining the application should also not be a problem given a lot of resources are available online.

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I have used Laravel, but with Django you can develop faster, as authentication and admin panel are configured out of the box. It users SQLite by default and you won't have to worry about the database in the begginning

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Alexander Santos
Fullstack Developer at 3CON · | 2 upvotes · 235K views

The reason why i chose PHP is the amount of content you can find on the internet easily. As you quoted being a beginner, i think a more mature language would be better. And that's also another reason for following with PHP.

Python is simple and "mature", but it can be a bit hard to understand if you are a beginner. Python relies on heavy abstraction, and that's the reason behind it's simplicity. Python is an "easy to play, hard to master" language, i never recommend it to beginners. Also, one [maybe personal] reason why i don't like to use Python as back-end is: Python is very data-focused. So if your app has focus on business logic, Python wouldn't fit very well. And with that becomes an advantage, if your app has statistical focus, being data-focused or something like that, Python has huge advantage among all other languages due to many great tools the community has built.

About Node, it's like PHP, but less mature. It's as easy as PHP to find tools that can help you, for example, to abstract the database-connection's logic. But to find architectural-focused content, more advanced concepts, it's a lot harder. While that, Laravel's community, for example, has a lot of materials that involves those concepts.

Still, if you are really a beginner, i don't recommend using Laravel with PHP. Do things on plain PHP first, understand the reason behind using frameworks and Laravel's motivation.

Also, consider a strong-typed language first, those are considered more didatic, but less flexible.

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You cannot choose between Python | PHP | NodeJS Since they are entirely for Different purpose.

In Bird view

Python - Large Scale Projects and if you want a job in big IT company.

Node.JS - Huge computing projects and if you want job in Silicon valley startup.

PHP - Cost Effective and If you want start a business in near future.

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Needs advice

Hi everyone, I have just started to study web development, so I'm very new in this field. I would like to ask you which tools are most updated and good to use for getting a job in medium-big company. Front-end is basically not changing by time so much (as I understood by researching some info), so my question is about back-end tools. Which backend tools are most updated and requested by medium-big companies (I am searching for immediate job possibly)?

Thank you in advance Davit

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Replies (4)
Pierrick Martos
Engineering Manager at Akeneo · | 20 upvotes · 210.2K views

Go with Python definetly. It's used everywhere by web developers for backend developments : API, website backend, workers... but also by data scientists (lot lot of resources, models and libraries in Python it's language #1). For the web parts, best web framework are in Python : (Flask #2 and Django #3). Java is good but trend is not great in terms of popularity amongs developers and tech leaders.

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Vijayakumar Rajagopal

As per my experience java is most wanted for web development as of now. micro service is evolving . with frameworks like spring boot supports rapid development. Spring boot + Docker + kubernetes great combination.

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sharik zama
Software engineering Intern at EPAM Systems · | 5 upvotes · 209.4K views

I would recommend learning HTML, CSS, and JavaScript (most important). JavaScript forms the backbone of web development. And, there are many popular and widely used frameworks like Angular and React that heavily rely on the knowledge of JavaScript. The number of job opportunities are much more when it comes to javascript.

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Chathuranga Bandara

I would recommend Python as the programming language and as you are a new developer, Flask to start with. It gives you a solid understanding on the web patterns such as REST and will get you up and running in no time. However, I suggest you to read and study on front-end technologies like (React or Vue) and databases (SQL and NoSQL) and probably some NodeJS as well. First grasp the concepts (which Python is ideal for) then it does not really matter the language as such.

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Decisions about CSS 3 and PHP
Kyle Harrison
Web Application Developer at Fortinet · | 17 upvotes · 257.4K views

Node continues to be dominant force in the world of web apps, with it's signature async first non-blocking IO, and frankly mind bending speeds. PHP and Python are formable tools, I chose Node for the simplicity of Express as a good and performant server side API gateway platform, that works well with Angular.

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Octavian Irimia

Both PHP and Python are free but when it comes to web development PHP wins for sure. There is no doubt that Python is a powerful language but it is not optimal for web. PHP has issues... of course; but so does any other language.

Another reason I chose PHP is for community - it has one of the most resourceful communities from the internet and for a good reason: it evolved with the language itself.

The fact that OOP evolved so much in PHP makes me keep it for good :)

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Micky Singh
Digital Marketer at Techy Nickk · | 15 upvotes · 66.6K views
Shared a protip

Things were very hard, before 2012 but when internet came to so many people it opens a lot ways. And now people could learn coding easily from their houses. So guys if you are a newbie who wants to learn coding with your phone then you should download these apps. Sololearn Curiosity codehub Encode

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Mafsys Technologies
CEO at Mafsys Technologies · | 7 upvotes · 59.9K views
Shared insights

7 Awesome CSS3 Techniques You Should give a Try

  1. Vertically Align With Flexbox Earlier developers used to face a lot of difficulties aligning a text or any other element vertically center. But now, after the introduction of the new CSS3 specification Flexbox, things have become much easier.

  2. Responsive CSS Grid Do not make your grid an exception make it responsive too, like everything else in your design.

There are so many ways through which you can make your grid responsive with CSS Grid. And the best part of using it is, you will be able to create a more flexible grid that gives you the desired look, no matter what the device size is.

  1. Text Animations You might have created background animations with CSS, but now it also influences how users interact and engage with the text elements of a website. From hover adjustments to making words float in the air, CCS3 has made it all possible.

  2. Columns layout Usually, column-based layouts are created by using Javascript, which is quite complicated and time-consuming. But CSS has brought a way around to ease up the task of developers and web designers.

  3. Screen Orientation Many people think that screen orientation and device orientation both work for the same purpose. But that’s not the case. The orientation of the screen is a bit different from the device.

Even if a device is not capable of detecting its orientation, a screen always can. And if the device is capable also, then it’s good to have control over the screen orientation so that you can maintain or change the interface of your website.

  1. Comma Separated Lists There is no doubt that Bullet lists are very commonly used in writing to convey any information more precisely and clearly. But one thing that most people struggle with is to add commas on every point of the lists.

  2. Animated Checkbox Well, most of the people are very much aware of the CSS background and text animations. But, not many know about checkbox animations.

Yes, apart from background and texts, you can also make your checkbox section look visually appealing. Isn’t it great?

css3 #html5 #mafsyscss3 #mafsyshtml5 #mafsystechnology #mafsystechnologies #css3techniques #css3tips #html5tips
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Roman Glushko
Machine Learning, Software Engineering and Life · | 3 upvotes · 215.9K views

I chose Golang as a language to write Tango because it's super easy to get started with. I also considered Rust, but learning curve of it is much higher than in Golang. I felt like I would need to spend an endless amount of time to even get the hello world app working in Rust. While easy to learn, Golang still shows good performance, multithreading out of the box and fun to implement.

I also could choose PHP and create a phar-based tool, but I was not sure that it would be a good choice as I want to scale to be able to process Gbs of access log data

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Amir Mousavi

This post is a bit of an obvious one, as we have a web application, we obviously need to have HTML and CSS in our stack. Though specifically though, we can talk a bit about backward compatibility and the specific approaches we want to enforce in our codebase.

HTML : Not much explanation here, you have to interact with HTML for a web app. We will stick to the latest standard: HTML 5.

CSS: Again if we want to style any of our components within he web, we have to use to style it. Though we will be taking advantage of JSS in our code base and try to minimize the # of CSS stylesheets and include all our styling within the components themselves. This leaves the codebase much cleaner and makes it easier to find styles!

Babel: We understand that not every browser is able to support the cool new features of the latest node/JS features (such as redue, filter, etc) seen in ES6. We will make sure to have the correct Babel configuration o make our application backward compatible.

Material UI (MUI): We need to make our user interface as intuitive and pretty as possible within his MVP, and the UI framework used by Google will provide us with exactly that. MUI provides pretty much all the UI components you would need and allows heavy customization as well. Its vast # of demos will allow us to add components quickly and not get too hung up on making UI components.

We will be using the latest version of create-react-app which bundles most of the above along many necessary frameworks (e.g. Jest for testing) to get started quickly.

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For our front-end, React is chosen because it is easy to develop with due to its reusable components and state functions, in addition to a lot of community support. Because React is popular, it would be easy to hire for it here at our company MusiCore. Our team also has experience with React already. React can be written with ES6 and ES6 has a lot of popularity and versatility when it comes to creating classes and efficient functions. Node.js will be used as a runtime environment to compile the code. Node.js also has many different types of open-source packages that can help automate some of the tasks we want to do for the application. CSS 3 will be used to style components and is the standard for that.

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Here are all tools and skills you need to have for being among to world's top Full Stack Developers Reviews, critics and suggestions are most welcomed!

  1. HTML and CSS
    • Semantic HTML5 elements
    • Basic CSS (Positioning, Box Models etc)
    • Flexbox & CSS Grid
    • CSS Variables (Custom Properties)
    • Browser Dev Tools
    • Responsive Layout • Set Viewpoint • Fluid Widths • Media Queries • rem over px • Mobile first, stacked columns
    • Saas
  2. Deployment • Namecheap, google domains • FTP, secure FTP • Inmotion, netlify, github
  3. Vanilla JavaScript
    • Basics
    • DOM manipulations and events
    • JSON
    • APIs
    • ES6+
  1. Build Basic Sites
  2. Build UI Layouts
  3. Add dynamic functionality
  4. Deploy and maintain websites

  5. HTML and CSS frameworks - Bootstrap / Materialize / Bulma

  6. Frontend JavaScript Frameworks - React, Vue and Angular

  7. Basic Command Line

    • Git
    • NPM
    • Parcel
    • Gulp
  8. State Management

    • Topics : Immutable State, Store, Reducers, Mutation, Getters, Actions, Observables
    • Tools : Redux, Apollo, VueX, NgRx
  1. Build incredible front-end applications
  2. Smooth and steady front-end workflow
  3. Work well with team and fluent with git
  4. Connect with background API and work with data

  5. Server Side Language

    • Language :
      • Nodejs - Express, Koa
      • PHP - Laravel
      • C# - ASP.NET
      • Python - Django, Flask
      • Go
    • Topics : Basic syntax, structure and workflow, package management, HTTP and Routing
  6. DataBase

    • Relational Database : MySQL, PostGreSQL
    • MongoDB
    • Cloud : Firebase, AWS, Azure
    • Lightweight - SQLite
  7. Server Rendered Pages :

    • Next.js
    • Nuxt.js
    • Angular Universal
  8. Content Management System

    • PHP : WordPress
    • JS : Ghost
    • Python : Mezzazine
    • .NET : Piranha
  9. Misc.

    • Linux
    • Ngnix
    • Digital Ocean
    • Heroku
    • Docker
  1. Setup Full Stack dev environments and workflows
  2. Build back-end APIs & micro services
  3. Work with databases
  4. Construct full stack apps
  5. Deploy to the cloud

Switching to Mobile Development : 1. React Native 2. NativeScript 3. Ionic 4. Flutter 5. Xamarin

Desktop Apps : 1. Electron 2. GraphQL 3. Apollo 4. TypeScript

Lastly, Serverless Architecture

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Mohamed Hassan
Software Engineer at YottaHQ Inc. · | 4 upvotes · 102.6K views

PHP is easy to learn and you can get up and running in no time, available on almost all hosting providers and you can find developers easily. It has some great frameworks for building your backend like Symfony and Laravel. However, it can be challenging when running an enterprise and needs some adjustments, very recommended for starting a new project or startup.

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Subhan Nooriansyah
Full Stack Mobile Developer at AISITS · | 1 upvote · 112.4K views

Websocket is trending this year, but there is another technology similar with Websocket (WS) is Server Sent Event (SSE). Those method have used similar Content-type, SSE is used to text/event-stream and WS is used to binary or text/octet-stream.

The different both of those method is sent. WS is an undirectional sending data both of client and server and SSE is whatever data on server will be push to client.

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Pros of CSS 3
Pros of PHP
    Be the first to leave a pro
    • 948
      Large community
    • 812
      Open source
    • 763
      Easy deployment
    • 482
      Great frameworks
    • 384
      The best glue on the web
    • 234
      Continual improvements
    • 183
      Good old web
    • 145
      Web foundation
    • 134
      Community packages
    • 124
      Tool support
    • 35
      Used by wordpress
    • 33
      Excellent documentation
    • 28
      Used by Facebook
    • 23
      Because of Symfony
    • 21
      Dynamic Language
    • 16
      Cheap hosting
    • 15
      Easy to learn
    • 14
      Very powerful web language
    • 14
      Fast development
    • 14
      Awesome Language and easy to implement
    • 12
    • 10
      Because of Laravel
    • 10
      Flexibility, syntax, extensibility
    • 8
      Easiest deployment
    • 7
    • 7
      Short development lead times
    • 7
      Fastestest Time to Version 1.0 Deployments
    • 7
      Worst popularity quality ratio
    • 7
      Readable Code
    • 6
      Most of the web uses it
    • 6
      Faster then ever
    • 5
      Open source and large community
    • 5
      Simple, flexible yet Scalable
    • 4
      Easy to use and learn
    • 4
      Open source and great framework
    • 4
      Large community, easy setup, easy deployment, framework
    • 4
      Has the best ecommerce(Magento,Prestashop,Opencart,etc)
    • 4
      I have no choice :(
    • 4
      Is like one zip of air
    • 4
      Cheap to own
    • 4
      Easy to learn, a big community, lot of frameworks
    • 3
      Great developer experience
    • 2
      Hard not to use
    • 2
      Walk away
    • 2
      Fault tolerance
    • 2
      Used by STOMT
    • 2
      Great flexibility. From fast prototyping to large apps
    • 2
      Interpreted at the run time
    • 2
    • 2
      Safe the planet
    • 1
    • 1
    • 0

    Sign up to add or upvote prosMake informed product decisions

    Cons of CSS 3
    Cons of PHP
      Be the first to leave a con
      • 20
        So easy to learn, good practices are hard to find
      • 16
        Inconsistent API
      • 8
        Fragmented community
      • 5
        Not secure
      • 2
        No routing system
      • 1
        Hard to debug
      • 1

      Sign up to add or upvote consMake informed product decisions

      - No public GitHub repository available -

      What is CSS 3?

      CSS3 is the latest evolution of the Cascading Style Sheets language and aims at extending CSS2.1. It brings a lot of long-awaited novelties, like rounded corners, shadows, gradients, transitions or animations, as well as new layouts like multi-columns, flexible box or grid layouts. Experimental parts are vendor-prefixed and should either be avoided in production environments, or used with extreme caution as both their syntax and semantics can change in the future.

      What is PHP?

      Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.

      Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

      What companies use CSS 3?
      What companies use PHP?
      See which teams inside your own company are using CSS 3 or PHP.
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      What tools integrate with CSS 3?
      What tools integrate with PHP?

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      Blog Posts

      Oct 3 2019 at 7:13PM

      Ably Realtime

      What are some alternatives to CSS 3 and PHP?
      Sass is an extension of CSS3, adding nested rules, variables, mixins, selector inheritance, and more. It's translated to well-formatted, standard CSS using the command line tool or a web-framework plugin.
      Bootstrap is the most popular HTML, CSS, and JS framework for developing responsive, mobile first projects on the web.
      JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
      Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.
      HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997.
      See all alternatives