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Docker Machine
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Docker Machine vs Vagrant: What are the differences?

What is Docker Machine? Machine management for a container-centric world. Machine lets you create Docker hosts on your computer, on cloud providers, and inside your own data center. It creates servers, installs Docker on them, then configures the Docker client to talk to them.

What is Vagrant? A tool for building and distributing development environments. Vagrant provides the framework and configuration format to create and manage complete portable development environments. These development environments can live on your computer or in the cloud, and are portable between Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux.

Docker Machine and Vagrant are primarily classified as "Container" and "Virtual Machine Management" tools respectively.

"Easy docker hosts management" is the top reason why over 12 developers like Docker Machine, while over 354 developers mention "Development environments" as the leading cause for choosing Vagrant.

Docker Machine and Vagrant are both open source tools. Vagrant with 18.6K GitHub stars and 3.74K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than Docker Machine with 5.37K GitHub stars and 1.55K GitHub forks.

Shopify, SendGrid, and Starbucks are some of the popular companies that use Vagrant, whereas Docker Machine is used by Leftronic, Docker, and DNT. Vagrant has a broader approval, being mentioned in 802 company stacks & 475 developers stacks; compared to Docker Machine, which is listed in 43 company stacks and 46 developer stacks.

What is Docker Machine?

Machine lets you create Docker hosts on your computer, on cloud providers, and inside your own data center. It creates servers, installs Docker on them, then configures the Docker client to talk to them.

What is Vagrant?

Vagrant provides the framework and configuration format to create and manage complete portable development environments. These development environments can live on your computer or in the cloud, and are portable between Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux.
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    What are some alternatives to Docker Machine and Vagrant?
    Docker Compose
    With Compose, you define a multi-container application in a single file, then spin your application up in a single command which does everything that needs to be done to get it running.
    Docker
    The Docker Platform is the industry-leading container platform for continuous, high-velocity innovation, enabling organizations to seamlessly build and share any application — from legacy to what comes next — and securely run them anywhere
    boot2docker
    boot2docker is a lightweight Linux distribution based on Tiny Core Linux made specifically to run Docker containers. It runs completely from RAM, weighs ~27MB and boots in ~5s (YMMV).
    Ansible
    Ansible is an IT automation tool. It can configure systems, deploy software, and orchestrate more advanced IT tasks such as continuous deployments or zero downtime rolling updates. Ansible’s goals are foremost those of simplicity and maximum ease of use.
    Kubernetes
    Kubernetes is an open source orchestration system for Docker containers. It handles scheduling onto nodes in a compute cluster and actively manages workloads to ensure that their state matches the users declared intentions.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about Docker Machine and Vagrant
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    How developers use Docker Machine and Vagrant
    Avatar of Airbnb
    Airbnb uses VagrantVagrant

    "The best way to ensure that local testing was possible was to normalize people’s dev environments. For this we chose Vagrant. This, combined with Chef, allows us to do our local dev in sandboxed Linux instances running locally via VirtualBox in a configuration as similar to production as possible. In addition to making dev environment setup much easier than it used to be, this ensures that each engineer has a consistent environment that is ready to run tests out of the box. The user SSHs into the local linux server and runs spec commands like they would on their host OS, and generally everything Just Works. Most people on our team combine this with Zeus, which allows the Rails environment to be preloaded for lightning fast (relatively speaking) test runs. Both Vagrant and Zeus have their share of issues, but in practice we’ve found them to be a huge time saver."

    Avatar of GHA Technologies
    GHA Technologies uses VagrantVagrant

    Not blazing fast but we pick Vagrant for all our projects because the console mode without gui leads to a low consumption of ram memory making it the best way for DevOps ready environment requiring less configuration.

    Avatar of Cyrus Stoller
    Cyrus Stoller uses VagrantVagrant

    Vagrant allows me to ensure that anyone I'm collaborating with will be able to test my web application in the same environment. I also use Vagrant to setup VMs that I can use to refine my Capistrano recipes.

    Avatar of Dynamictivity
    Dynamictivity uses VagrantVagrant

    We use Virtualbox in combination with Vagrant during development to ensure a consistent test/development environment. This helps to reduce the number of defects when our software goes to production.

    Avatar of Software Antelope
    Software Antelope uses VagrantVagrant

    Building development environments that closely match real world web environments, enabling more rapid and accurate testing and development.

    Avatar of DNT
    DNT uses Docker MachineDocker Machine

    Crating Docker machines for production and local development.

    Avatar of Walter
    Walter uses Docker MachineDocker Machine

    Management of and deployment to production.

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