Elasticsearch vs Google Cloud Datastore

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Elasticsearch

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Elasticsearch vs Google Cloud Datastore: What are the differences?

Elasticsearch: Open Source, Distributed, RESTful Search Engine. Elasticsearch is a distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine capable of storing data and searching it in near real time. Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats and Logstash are the Elastic Stack (sometimes called the ELK Stack); Google Cloud Datastore: A Fully Managed NoSQL Data Storage Service. Use a managed, NoSQL, schemaless database for storing non-relational data. Cloud Datastore automatically scales as you need it and supports transactions as well as robust, SQL-like queries.

Elasticsearch and Google Cloud Datastore are primarily classified as "Search as a Service" and "NoSQL Database as a Service" tools respectively.

Some of the features offered by Elasticsearch are:

  • Distributed and Highly Available Search Engine.
  • Multi Tenant with Multi Types.
  • Various set of APIs including RESTful

On the other hand, Google Cloud Datastore provides the following key features:

  • Schemaless access, with SQL-like querying
  • Managed database
  • Autoscale with your users

"Powerful api" is the primary reason why developers consider Elasticsearch over the competitors, whereas "High scalability" was stated as the key factor in picking Google Cloud Datastore.

Elasticsearch is an open source tool with 42.4K GitHub stars and 14.2K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Elasticsearch's open source repository on GitHub.

Uber Technologies, Instacart, and Slack are some of the popular companies that use Elasticsearch, whereas Google Cloud Datastore is used by Teleport, Policygenius, and Giftstarter. Elasticsearch has a broader approval, being mentioned in 2003 company stacks & 979 developers stacks; compared to Google Cloud Datastore, which is listed in 46 company stacks and 16 developer stacks.

Advice on Elasticsearch and Google Cloud Datastore
Rana Usman Shahid
Chief Technology Officer at TechAvanza · | 5 upvotes · 261K views
Needs advice
on
AlgoliaAlgoliaElasticsearchElasticsearch
and
FirebaseFirebase

Hey everybody! (1) I am developing an android application. I have data of around 3 million record (less than a TB). I want to save that data in the cloud. Which company provides the best cloud database services that would suit my scenario? It should be secured, long term useable, and provide better services. I decided to use Firebase Realtime database. Should I stick with Firebase or are there any other companies that provide a better service?

(2) I have the functionality of searching data in my app. Same data (less than a TB). Which search solution should I use in this case? I found Elasticsearch and Algolia search. It should be secure and fast. If any other company provides better services than these, please feel free to suggest them.

Thank you!

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Replies (2)
Josh Dzielak
Co-Founder & CTO at Orbit · | 8 upvotes · 190.1K views
Recommends
AlgoliaAlgolia

Hi Rana, good question! From my Firebase experience, 3 million records is not too big at all, as long as the cost is within reason for you. With Firebase you will be able to access the data from anywhere, including an android app, and implement fine-grained security with JSON rules. The real-time-ness works perfectly. As a fully managed database, Firebase really takes care of everything. The only thing to watch out for is if you need complex query patterns - Firestore (also in the Firebase family) can be a better fit there.

To answer question 2: the right answer will depend on what's most important to you. Algolia is like Firebase is that it is fully-managed, very easy to set up, and has great SDKs for Android. Algolia is really a full-stack search solution in this case, and it is easy to connect with your Firebase data. Bear in mind that Algolia does cost money, so you'll want to make sure the cost is okay for you, but you will save a lot of engineering time and never have to worry about scale. The search-as-you-type performance with Algolia is flawless, as that is a primary aspect of its design. Elasticsearch can store tons of data and has all the flexibility, is hosted for cheap by many cloud services, and has many users. If you haven't done a lot with search before, the learning curve is higher than Algolia for getting the results ranked properly, and there is another learning curve if you want to do the DevOps part yourself. Both are very good platforms for search, Algolia shines when buliding your app is the most important and you don't want to spend many engineering hours, Elasticsearch shines when you have a lot of data and don't mind learning how to run and optimize it.

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Mike Endale
Recommends
Cloud FirestoreCloud Firestore

Rana - we use Cloud Firestore at our startup. It handles many million records without any issues. It provides you the same set of features that the Firebase Realtime Database provides on top of the indexing and security trims. The only thing to watch out for is to make sure your Cloud Functions have proper exception handling and there are no infinite loop in the code. This will be too costly if not caught quickly.

For search; Algolia is a great option, but cost is a real consideration. Indexing large number of records can be cost prohibitive for most projects. Elasticsearch is a solid alternative, but requires a little additional work to configure and maintain if you want to self-host.

Hope this helps.

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Pros of Elasticsearch
Pros of Google Cloud Datastore
  • 323
    Powerful api
  • 314
    Great search engine
  • 230
    Open source
  • 214
    Restful
  • 199
    Near real-time search
  • 96
    Free
  • 83
    Search everything
  • 54
    Easy to get started
  • 45
    Analytics
  • 26
    Distributed
  • 6
    Fast search
  • 5
    More than a search engine
  • 3
    Easy to scale
  • 3
    Awesome, great tool
  • 3
    Great docs
  • 2
    Potato
  • 2
    Document Store
  • 2
    Great customer support
  • 2
    Intuitive API
  • 2
    Reliable
  • 2
    Nosql DB
  • 2
    Fast
  • 2
    Easy setup
  • 2
    Highly Available
  • 2
    Great piece of software
  • 1
    Ecosystem
  • 1
    Scalability
  • 1
    Not stable
  • 1
    Github
  • 1
    Elaticsearch
  • 1
    Actively developing
  • 1
    Responsive maintainers on GitHub
  • 1
    Easy to get hot data
  • 1
    Open
  • 0
    Community
  • 7
    High scalability
  • 2
    Serverless
  • 2
    Ability to query any property
  • 1
    Pay for what you use

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Cons of Elasticsearch
Cons of Google Cloud Datastore
  • 7
    Resource hungry
  • 6
    Diffecult to get started
  • 5
    Expensive
  • 4
    Hard to keep stable at large scale
    Be the first to leave a con

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    What is Elasticsearch?

    Elasticsearch is a distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine capable of storing data and searching it in near real time. Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats and Logstash are the Elastic Stack (sometimes called the ELK Stack).

    What is Google Cloud Datastore?

    Use a managed, NoSQL, schemaless database for storing non-relational data. Cloud Datastore automatically scales as you need it and supports transactions as well as robust, SQL-like queries.

    Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

    What companies use Elasticsearch?
    What companies use Google Cloud Datastore?
    See which teams inside your own company are using Elasticsearch or Google Cloud Datastore.
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    Sign up to get full access to all the companiesMake informed product decisions

    What tools integrate with Elasticsearch?
    What tools integrate with Google Cloud Datastore?

    Sign up to get full access to all the tool integrationsMake informed product decisions

    Blog Posts

    May 21 2019 at 12:20AM

    Elastic

    ElasticsearchKibanaLogstash+4
    12
    4151
    GitHubPythonReact+42
    48
    39988
    GitHubPythonNode.js+47
    53
    70776
    What are some alternatives to Elasticsearch and Google Cloud Datastore?
    Datadog
    Datadog is the leading service for cloud-scale monitoring. It is used by IT, operations, and development teams who build and operate applications that run on dynamic or hybrid cloud infrastructure. Start monitoring in minutes with Datadog!
    Solr
    Solr is the popular, blazing fast open source enterprise search platform from the Apache Lucene project. Its major features include powerful full-text search, hit highlighting, faceted search, near real-time indexing, dynamic clustering, database integration, rich document (e.g., Word, PDF) handling, and geospatial search. Solr is highly reliable, scalable and fault tolerant, providing distributed indexing, replication and load-balanced querying, automated failover and recovery, centralized configuration and more. Solr powers the search and navigation features of many of the world's largest internet sites.
    Lucene
    Lucene Core, our flagship sub-project, provides Java-based indexing and search technology, as well as spellchecking, hit highlighting and advanced analysis/tokenization capabilities.
    MongoDB
    MongoDB stores data in JSON-like documents that can vary in structure, offering a dynamic, flexible schema. MongoDB was also designed for high availability and scalability, with built-in replication and auto-sharding.
    Algolia
    Our mission is to make you a search expert. Push data to our API to make it searchable in real time. Build your dream front end with one of our web or mobile UI libraries. Tune relevance and get analytics right from your dashboard.
    See all alternatives