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Elixir

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1.3K
Haskell

1.1K
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Elixir vs Haskell: What are the differences?

Developers describe Elixir as "Dynamic, functional language designed for building scalable and maintainable applications". Elixir leverages the Erlang VM, known for running low-latency, distributed and fault-tolerant systems, while also being successfully used in web development and the embedded software domain. On the other hand, Haskell is detailed as "An advanced purely-functional programming language". .

Elixir and Haskell can be primarily classified as "Languages" tools.

"Concurrency" is the primary reason why developers consider Elixir over the competitors, whereas "Purely-functional programming " was stated as the key factor in picking Haskell.

Elixir is an open source tool with 15.6K GitHub stars and 2.22K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Elixir's open source repository on GitHub.

According to the StackShare community, Elixir has a broader approval, being mentioned in 177 company stacks & 190 developers stacks; compared to Haskell, which is listed in 33 company stacks and 47 developer stacks.

Decisions about Elixir and Haskell

#rust #elixir So am creating a messenger with voice call capabilities app which the user signs up using phone number and so at first i wanted to use Actix so i learned Rust so i thought to myself because well its first i felt its a bit immature to use actix web even though some companies are using Rust but we cant really say the full potential of Rust in a full scale app for example in Discord both Elixir and Rust are used meaning there is equal need for them but for Elixir so many companies use it from Whatsapp, Wechat, etc and this means something for Rust is not ready to go full scale we cant assume all this possibilities when it come Rust. So i decided to go the Erlang way after alot of Thinking so Do you think i made the right decision?Am 19 year programmer so i assume am not experienced as you so your answer or comment would really valuable to me

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Timm Stelzer
VP Of Engineering at Flexperto GmbH · | 18 upvotes · 377K views

We have a lot of experience in JavaScript, writing our services in NodeJS allows developers to transition to the back end without any friction, without having to learn a new language. There is also the option to write services in TypeScript, which adds an expressive type layer. The semi-shared ecosystem between front and back end is nice as well, though specifically NodeJS libraries sometimes suffer in quality, compared to other major languages.

As for why we didn't pick the other languages, most of it comes down to "personal preference" and historically grown code bases, but let's do some post-hoc deduction:

Go is a practical choice, reasonably easy to learn, but until we find performance issues with our NodeJS stack, there is simply no reason to switch. The benefits of using NodeJS so far outweigh those of picking Go. This might change in the future.

PHP is a language we're still using in big parts of our system, and are still sometimes writing new code in. Modern PHP has fixed some of its issues, and probably has the fastest development cycle time, but it suffers around modelling complex asynchronous tasks, and (on a personal note) lack of support for writing in a functional style.

We don't use Python, Elixir or Ruby, mostly because of personal preference and for historic reasons.

Rust, though I personally love and use it in my projects, would require us to specifically hire for that, as the learning curve is quite steep. Its web ecosystem is OK by now (see https://www.arewewebyet.org/), but in my opinion, it is still no where near that of the other web languages. In other words, we are not willing to pay the price for playing this innovation card.

Haskell, as with Rust, I personally adore, but is simply too esoteric for us. There are problem domains where it shines, ours is not one of them.

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Pros of Elixir
Pros of Haskell
  • 169
    Concurrency
  • 155
    Functional
  • 130
    Erlang vm
  • 110
    Great documentation
  • 103
    Great tooling
  • 84
    Immutable data structures
  • 79
    Open source
  • 76
    Pattern-matching
  • 61
    Easy to get started
  • 58
    Actor library
  • 29
    Functional with a neat syntax
  • 28
    Ruby inspired
  • 24
    Homoiconic
  • 23
    Erlang evolved
  • 21
    Beauty of Ruby, Speed of Erlang/C
  • 17
    Fault Tolerant
  • 13
    High Performance
  • 13
    Simple
  • 10
    Good lang
  • 9
    Stinkin' fast, no memory leaks, easy on the eyes
  • 9
    Doc as first class citizen
  • 9
    Pipe Operator
  • 7
    Resilient to failure
  • 6
    Fun to write
  • 5
    OTP
  • 5
    GenServer takes the guesswork out of background work
  • 4
    Fast, Concurrent with clean error messages
  • 4
    Idempotence
  • 4
    Not Swift
  • 4
    Pattern matching
  • 2
    Error isolation
  • 1
    Easy to use
  • 1
    Dynamic Typing
  • 87
    Purely-functional programming
  • 65
    Statically typed
  • 58
    Type-safe
  • 38
    Great community
  • 38
    Open source
  • 29
    Composable
  • 29
    Built-in concurrency
  • 28
    Built-in parallelism
  • 22
    Referentially transparent
  • 19
    Generics
  • 14
    Intellectual satisfaction
  • 13
    Type inference
  • 11
    If it compiles, it's correct
  • 7
    Flexible
  • 7
    Monads
  • 4
    Great type system
  • 4
    Proposition testing with QuickCheck
  • 3
    One of the most powerful languages *(see blub paradox)*
  • 2
    Great maintainability of the code
  • 2
    Fun
  • 2
    Purely-functional Programming
  • 2
    Kind system
  • 2
    Reliable
  • 2
    Highly expressive, type-safe, fast development time
  • 2
    Type classes
  • 2
    Better type-safe than sorry
  • 2
    Pattern matching and completeness checking
  • 2
    Best in class thinking tool
  • 0
    Orthogonality
  • 0
    Predictable

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Cons of Elixir
Cons of Haskell
  • 11
    Fewer jobs for Elixir experts
  • 7
    Smaller userbase than other mainstream languages
  • 5
    Elixir's dot notation less readable ("object": 1st arg)
  • 4
    Dynamic typing
  • 1
    Difficult to understand
  • 1
    Not a lot of learning books available
  • 7
    Too much distraction in language extensions
  • 7
    Error messages can be very confusing
  • 4
    Libraries have poor documentation
  • 3
    No best practices
  • 3
    No good ABI
  • 2
    Sometimes performance is unpredictable
  • 2
    Poor packaging for apps written in it for Linux distros
  • 1
    Slow compilation

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- No public GitHub repository available -

What is Elixir?

Elixir leverages the Erlang VM, known for running low-latency, distributed and fault-tolerant systems, while also being successfully used in web development and the embedded software domain.

What is Haskell?

It is a general purpose language that can be used in any domain and use case, it is ideally suited for proprietary business logic and data analysis, fast prototyping and enhancing existing software environments with correct code, performance and scalability.

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Jobs that mention Elixir and Haskell as a desired skillset
CBRE
Poland Mazowieckie Warsaw
CBRE
United States of America Texas Dallas
CBRE
United States of America Texas Richardson
CBRE
United States of America Texas Richardson
CBRE
United States of America Texas Dallas
What companies use Elixir?
What companies use Haskell?
See which teams inside your own company are using Elixir or Haskell.
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What tools integrate with Elixir?
What tools integrate with Haskell?

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Blog Posts

Oct 24 2019 at 7:43PM

AppSignal

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What are some alternatives to Elixir and Haskell?
Golang
Go is expressive, concise, clean, and efficient. Its concurrency mechanisms make it easy to write programs that get the most out of multicore and networked machines, while its novel type system enables flexible and modular program construction. Go compiles quickly to machine code yet has the convenience of garbage collection and the power of run-time reflection. It's a fast, statically typed, compiled language that feels like a dynamically typed, interpreted language.
Erlang
Some of Erlang's uses are in telecoms, banking, e-commerce, computer telephony and instant messaging. Erlang's runtime system has built-in support for concurrency, distribution and fault tolerance. OTP is set of Erlang libraries and design principles providing middle-ware to develop these systems.
Clojure
Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system.
Ruby
Ruby is a language of careful balance. Its creator, Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto, blended parts of his favorite languages (Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, and Lisp) to form a new language that balanced functional programming with imperative programming.
Rust
Rust is a systems programming language that combines strong compile-time correctness guarantees with fast performance. It improves upon the ideas of other systems languages like C++ by providing guaranteed memory safety (no crashes, no data races) and complete control over the lifecycle of memory.
See all alternatives