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Java 8 vs Java EE: What are the differences?

Introduction

Java 8 and Java EE are two different versions of the Java programming language. While Java 8 is the latest major release of the core Java language, Java EE, which stands for Java Enterprise Edition, is a set of specifications and APIs built on top of Java SE (Standard Edition) that are specifically designed for developing large-scale enterprise applications.

  1. Java 8:

    • Java 8 introduced several significant language enhancements, including lambda expressions, functional interfaces, default methods in interfaces, streams, and the new date/time API. These features enable developers to write more concise and expressive code, improve code readability, and make it easier to work with collections and manipulate data.
  2. Java EE:

    • Java EE, on the other hand, provides a set of standardized APIs and services that simplify the development of enterprise applications. It includes specifications for web services, servlets, JavaServer Pages (JSP), Java Persistence API (JPA), Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB), and many other components. Java EE also provides support for distributed computing, messaging, security, and transaction management, making it well-suited for building large-scale, mission-critical applications.
  3. Compatibility:

    • While Java 8 is a standalone language update, Java EE is built on top of Java SE and requires a Java SE implementation to run. Java 8 can be used to write applications for any platform or device that supports Java, whereas Java EE is primarily used for developing server-side applications that run on application servers.
  4. Scope:

    • Java 8 focuses on improving the language itself, introducing new features and enhancing existing ones. Java EE, on the other hand, provides a comprehensive platform for building enterprise applications by defining a set of specifications and APIs that cover various aspects of application development.
  5. Target Audience:

    • Java 8 is targeted towards all Java developers, including those working on desktop, web, and mobile applications, as well as those working on backend services and APIs. Java EE, on the other hand, is primarily targeted towards enterprise developers who need to build scalable, distributed, and transactional applications.
  6. Deployment and Packaging:

    • Java 8 applications can be deployed as standalone JAR files or bundled into self-executing JAR files. Java EE applications, on the other hand, are typically packaged as Enterprise Archive (EAR) files, which contain multiple modules (EJB, web, etc.) and are deployed to a Java EE application server.

In Summary, Java 8 focuses on language improvements and provides new language features, while Java EE provides a comprehensive platform for developing large-scale enterprise applications by defining a set of specifications and APIs.

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Pros of Java 8
Pros of Java EE
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      Inherits all java advantages
    • 1
      High level of security

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    Cons of Java 8
    Cons of Java EE
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      • 2
        PAID

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      What is Java 8?

      It is a revolutionary release of the world’s no 1 development platform. It includes a huge upgrade to the Java programming model and a coordinated evolution of the JVM, Java language, and libraries. Java 8 includes features for productivity, ease of use, improved polyglot programming, security and improved performance.

      What is Java EE?

      It is developed using the Java Community Process, with contributions from industry experts, commercial and open source organizations, Java User Groups, and countless individuals. It offers a rich enterprise software platform and with over 20 compliant implementations to choose from.

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      What companies use Java 8?
      What companies use Java EE?
      See which teams inside your own company are using Java 8 or Java EE.
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      What tools integrate with Java 8?
      What tools integrate with Java EE?

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      What are some alternatives to Java 8 and Java EE?
      Scala
      Scala is an acronym for “Scalable Language”. This means that Scala grows with you. You can play with it by typing one-line expressions and observing the results. But you can also rely on it for large mission critical systems, as many companies, including Twitter, LinkedIn, or Intel do. To some, Scala feels like a scripting language. Its syntax is concise and low ceremony; its types get out of the way because the compiler can infer them.
      JavaScript
      JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
      Git
      Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.
      GitHub
      GitHub is the best place to share code with friends, co-workers, classmates, and complete strangers. Over three million people use GitHub to build amazing things together.
      Python
      Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.
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