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MariaDB
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MariaDB vs RocksDB: What are the differences?

MariaDB: An enhanced, drop-in replacement for MySQL. Started by core members of the original MySQL team, MariaDB actively works with outside developers to deliver the most featureful, stable, and sanely licensed open SQL server in the industry. MariaDB is designed as a drop-in replacement of MySQL(R) with more features, new storage engines, fewer bugs, and better performance; RocksDB: Embeddable persistent key-value store for fast storage, developed and maintained by Facebook Database Engineering Team. RocksDB is an embeddable persistent key-value store for fast storage. RocksDB can also be the foundation for a client-server database but our current focus is on embedded workloads. RocksDB builds on LevelDB to be scalable to run on servers with many CPU cores, to efficiently use fast storage, to support IO-bound, in-memory and write-once workloads, and to be flexible to allow for innovation.

MariaDB and RocksDB can be categorized as "Databases" tools.

Some of the features offered by MariaDB are:

  • Replication
  • Insert Delayed
  • Events

On the other hand, RocksDB provides the following key features:

  • Designed for application servers wanting to store up to a few terabytes of data on locally attached Flash drives or in RAM
  • Optimized for storing small to medium size key-values on fast storage -- flash devices or in-memory
  • Scales linearly with number of CPUs so that it works well on ARM processors

"Drop-in mysql replacement" is the primary reason why developers consider MariaDB over the competitors, whereas "Very fast" was stated as the key factor in picking RocksDB.

MariaDB and RocksDB are both open source tools. RocksDB with 14.3K GitHub stars and 3.12K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than MariaDB with 2.82K GitHub stars and 864 GitHub forks.

Grooveshark, Shutterstock, and Geocodio are some of the popular companies that use MariaDB, whereas RocksDB is used by Facebook, LinkedIn, and Skry, Inc.. MariaDB has a broader approval, being mentioned in 496 company stacks & 461 developers stacks; compared to RocksDB, which is listed in 6 company stacks and 7 developer stacks.

What is MariaDB?

Started by core members of the original MySQL team, MariaDB actively works with outside developers to deliver the most featureful, stable, and sanely licensed open SQL server in the industry. MariaDB is designed as a drop-in replacement of MySQL(R) with more features, new storage engines, fewer bugs, and better performance.

What is RocksDB?

RocksDB is an embeddable persistent key-value store for fast storage. RocksDB can also be the foundation for a client-server database but our current focus is on embedded workloads. RocksDB builds on LevelDB to be scalable to run on servers with many CPU cores, to efficiently use fast storage, to support IO-bound, in-memory and write-once workloads, and to be flexible to allow for innovation.
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      What are some alternatives to MariaDB and RocksDB?
      PostgreSQL
      PostgreSQL is an advanced object-relational database management system that supports an extended subset of the SQL standard, including transactions, foreign keys, subqueries, triggers, user-defined types and functions.
      MySQL
      The MySQL software delivers a very fast, multi-threaded, multi-user, and robust SQL (Structured Query Language) database server. MySQL Server is intended for mission-critical, heavy-load production systems as well as for embedding into mass-deployed software.
      Percona
      It delivers enterprise-class software, support, consulting and managed services for both MySQL and MongoDB across traditional and cloud-based platforms.
      Oracle
      Oracle Database is an RDBMS. An RDBMS that implements object-oriented features such as user-defined types, inheritance, and polymorphism is called an object-relational database management system (ORDBMS). Oracle Database has extended the relational model to an object-relational model, making it possible to store complex business models in a relational database.
      MongoDB
      MongoDB stores data in JSON-like documents that can vary in structure, offering a dynamic, flexible schema. MongoDB was also designed for high availability and scalability, with built-in replication and auto-sharding.
      See all alternatives
      Decisions about MariaDB and RocksDB
      StackShare Editors
      StackShare Editors
      MariaDB
      MariaDB
      MySQL
      MySQL

      Airbnb’s web experience is powered by a Rails monolith, called Monorail, that talks to several different Java services. MySQL databases store business data and are partitioned by functionality, with messages and calendar management, for example, stored separately from the main booking flow in their own databases.

      As traffic to the site continued growing, though, “one notable resource issue with MySQL databases [was] the increasing number of database connections from application servers.”

      Airbnb uses AWS’s Relational Database Service (RDS) to power their MySQL instances, and “RDS uses the community edition of MySQL server, which employs a one-thread-per-connection model of connection management.” With Airbnb’s scale, this meant that their databases would hit the C10K problem, which states that “there is an upper bound in the number of connections that MySQL server can accept and serve without dramatically increasing the number of threads running, which severely degrades MySQL server performance.”

      When an RDS MySQL server hits resource limits, users will have trouble connecting to the site.

      MySQL does have dynamic thread pooling, but it’s only available in the enterprise edition; AWS MySQL RDS, though, doesn’t offer this feature, meaning Airbnb didn’t have access to dynamic thread pooling out-of-the-box.

      After surveying several options, the team chose MariaDB MaxScale, which is “a MySQL database proxy that supports intelligent query routing in between client applications and a set of backend MySQL servers.”

      Instead of using the MariaDB MaxScale off-the-shelf, however, they decided to fork it and implement their own version that would include connection pooling. Other MaxScale features, like request throttling and query blocklisting were implemented as well.

      To enable horizontal scaling of the web application, the team deployed a MaxScale database proxy service in between app servers and MySQL servers. Through the service discovery system SmartStack, applications now “discover and connect to the database proxy service instead of the MySQL database,” allowing horizontal scaling to meet capacity demands.

      Additionally, new Airbnb MaxScale proxy server instances can be launched to further enable horizontal scaling.

      See more
      Amazon ElastiCache
      Amazon ElastiCache
      Amazon Elasticsearch Service
      Amazon Elasticsearch Service
      AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)
      AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)
      Memcached
      Memcached
      Redis
      Redis
      Python
      Python
      AWS Lambda
      AWS Lambda
      Amazon RDS
      Amazon RDS
      Microsoft SQL Server
      Microsoft SQL Server
      MariaDB
      MariaDB
      Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL
      Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL
      Rails
      Rails
      Ruby
      Ruby
      Heroku
      Heroku
      AWS Elastic Beanstalk
      AWS Elastic Beanstalk

      We initially started out with Heroku as our PaaS provider due to a desire to use it by our original developer for our Ruby on Rails application/website at the time. We were finding response times slow, it was painfully slow, sometimes taking 10 seconds to start loading the main page. Moving up to the next "compute" level was going to be very expensive.

      We moved our site over to AWS Elastic Beanstalk , not only did response times on the site practically become instant, our cloud bill for the application was cut in half.

      In database world we are currently using Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL also, we have both MariaDB and Microsoft SQL Server both hosted on Amazon RDS. The plan is to migrate to AWS Aurora Serverless for all 3 of those database systems.

      Additional services we use for our public applications: AWS Lambda, Python, Redis, Memcached, AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB), Amazon Elasticsearch Service, Amazon ElastiCache

      See more
      Joshua Dean Küpper
      Joshua Dean Küpper
      CEO at Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) · | 5 upvotes · 39.6K views
      atScrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)
      Sentry
      Sentry
      GitLab
      GitLab
      PostgreSQL
      PostgreSQL
      MariaDB
      MariaDB

      We primarily use MariaDB but use PostgreSQL as a part of GitLab , Sentry and @Nextcloud , which (initially) forced us to use it anyways. While this isn't much of a decision – because we didn't have one (ha ha) – we learned to love the perks and advantages of PostgreSQL anyways. PostgreSQLs extension system makes it even more flexible than a lot of the other SQL-based DBs (that only offer stored procedures) and the additional JOIN options, the enhanced role management and the different authentication options came in really handy, when doing manual maintenance on the databases.

      See more
      Interest over time
      Reviews of MariaDB and RocksDB
      Review ofMariaDBMariaDB

      MySQL was founded by Allan Larsson, Michael Widenius and David Axmark in the year 1995, 19 years ago. It was released under the name of co-founder Michael Widenius daughter, ‘My‘. This project was released under GNU General Public License as well as under certain Proprietary License. MySQL was owned by MySQL AB firm until it went into the hands of Oracle Corporation. It is written in Programming Language – C and C++ and is available for Windows, Linux, Solaris, MacOS and FreeBSD.

      In the year 2009, Michael Widenius started working on MarisDB as a fork of MySQL. In the year 2012 the bricks of nonprofit MariaDB Foundation was laid. It was named after the founder’s daughter Maria.

      MariaDB is a fork of MySQL Relational Database Management System which again is released under GNU General Public License. It is written in Programming Language – C, C++, Perl and Bash and is available for Systems Linux, Windows, Solaris, MacOS and FreeBSD.

      How developers use MariaDB and RocksDB
      Avatar of Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)
      Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) uses MariaDBMariaDB

      Aside from Redis, we use MariaDB to store long-term information like user-data and big-data like regeneration-information for our open-world servers. We extensively use the relational aspects of MariaDB in joins, nested queries and unions.

      Avatar of Seungkwon Park
      Seungkwon Park uses MariaDBMariaDB

      mysql보다 mariaDB가 join면에서 우수하다는 문서를 읽었습니다. 이 부분은 저의 블로그에서도 다뤘고 저의 word press 블로그는 mysql 대신 mariaDB 를 사용합니다.

      특히 limit 기능이 pagenation 처리를 할 때 너무 직관적이고 편해서 mariaDB, mysql을 사랑합니다.

      Avatar of Ana Phi Sancho
      Ana Phi Sancho uses MariaDBMariaDB

      Introduced in computer science course.managing relational database management systems, database analytics, and for data processing

      Avatar of nrise
      nrise uses MariaDBMariaDB

      수 백만개가 넘는 태그 키워드의 자동완성을 위해서 별도의 데이터베이스를 구축하였습니다. MariaDB 는 MySQL 을 포크한 프로젝트입니다. MySQL 과의 강력한 호환성을 지니며, 큰 튜닝 없이 강력한 성능을 보장합니다.

      Avatar of Dolls Kill
      Dolls Kill uses MariaDBMariaDB

      MariaDB has allowed us to easily scale out our DB cluster. Also has better replication tools than MySQL

      How much does MariaDB cost?
      How much does RocksDB cost?
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