Prometheus vs Vector: What are the differences?
Developers describe Prometheus as "An open-source service monitoring system and time series database, developed by SoundCloud". Prometheus is a systems and service monitoring system. It collects metrics from configured targets at given intervals, evaluates rule expressions, displays the results, and can trigger alerts if some condition is observed to be true. On the other hand, Vector is detailed as "On-host performance monitoring framework which exposes hand picked high resolution metrics to every engineer’s browser, by Netflix". Vector provides a simple way for users to visualize and analyze system and application-level metrics in near real-time. It leverages the battle tested open source system monitoring framework, Performance Co-Pilot (PCP), layering on top a flexible and user-friendly UI. The UI polls metrics at up to 1 second resolution, rendering the data in completely configurable dashboards that simplify cross-metric correlation and analysis.
Prometheus belongs to "Monitoring Tools" category of the tech stack, while Vector can be primarily classified under "Performance Monitoring".
Prometheus and Vector are both open source tools. Prometheus with 24.6K GitHub stars and 3.49K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than Vector with 3.15K GitHub stars and 229 GitHub forks.
What is Prometheus?
What is Vector?
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We recently implemented Thanos alongside Prometheus into our Kubernetes clusters, we had previously used a variety of different metrics systems and we wanted to make life simpler for everyone by just picking one.
Prometheus seemed like an obvious choice due to its powerful querying language, native Kubernetes support and great community. However we found it somewhat lacking when it came to being highly available, something that would be very important if we wanted this to be the single source of all our metrics.
Thanos came along and solved a lot of these problems. It allowed us to run multiple Prometheis without duplicating metrics, query multiple Prometheus clusters at once, and easily back up data and then query it. Now we have a single place to go if you want to view metrics across all our clusters, with many layers of redundancy to make sure this monitoring solution is as reliable and resilient as we could reasonably make it.
If you're interested in a bit more detail feel free to check out the blog I wrote on the subject that's linked.
Why we spent several years building an open source, large-scale metrics alerting system, M3, built for Prometheus:
By late 2014, all services, infrastructure, and servers at Uber emitted metrics to a Graphite stack that stored them using the Whisper file format in a sharded Carbon cluster. We used Grafana for dashboarding and Nagios for alerting, issuing Graphite threshold checks via source-controlled scripts. While this worked for a while, expanding the Carbon cluster required a manual resharding process and, due to lack of replication, any single node’s disk failure caused permanent loss of its associated metrics. In short, this solution was not able to meet our needs as the company continued to grow.
To ensure the scalability of Uber’s metrics backend, we decided to build out a system that provided fault tolerant metrics ingestion, storage, and querying as a managed platform...
(GitHub : https://github.com/m3db/m3)
We have Prometheus as a monitoring engine as a part of our stack which contains Kubernetes cluster, container images and other open source tools. Also, I am aware that Sysdig can be integrated with Prometheus but I really wanted to know whether Sysdig or sysdig+prometheus will make better monitoring solution.
We primarily use Prometheus to gather metrics and statistics to display them in Grafana. Aside from that we poll Prometheus for our orchestration-solution "JCOverseer" to determine, which host is least occupied at the moment.
Gather metrics from systems and applications. Evaluate alerting rules. Alerts are pushed to OpsGenie and Slack.
We primarily use Prometheus to gather metrics and statistics to display them in Grafana.