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ActiveMQ vs Mosquitto: What are the differences?

Comparison between ActiveMQ and Mosquitto

ActiveMQ and Mosquitto are both messaging brokers used for communication between applications. However, there are key differences that set them apart.

  1. Support for Protocols: ActiveMQ supports multiple messaging protocols, including AMQP, MQTT, OpenWire, and STOMP, making it versatile for different communication requirements. On the other hand, Mosquitto is designed specifically for MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport) protocol, focusing on lightweight and efficient messaging.

  2. Ease of Setup and Configuration: ActiveMQ offers a comprehensive and feature-rich messaging system, which requires more extensive setup and configuration. It provides advanced features like message persistence, clustering, and load balancing. In contrast, Mosquitto focuses on simplicity and minimalism, offering a lightweight and easy-to-use messaging broker with straightforward configuration options.

  3. Community and Support: ActiveMQ has a large and active community, providing extensive documentation, tutorials, and support channels. It benefits from being an Apache Software Foundation project, which ensures continuous development and updates. Mosquitto, originally developed by Eclipse, also has a strong community and ongoing development support, though it may not be as widespread as ActiveMQ.

  4. Scalability and Performance: ActiveMQ is designed to handle high-traffic enterprise environments, providing robust scalability and performance capabilities. It supports features like message persistence, load balancing, and cluster-based deployments. Mosquitto, being a lightweight MQTT broker, is more suited for low-latency, low-bandwidth scenarios, where simplicity and efficiency are prioritized over heavy enterprise-grade capabilities.

  5. Interoperability and Integration: ActiveMQ has extensive support for integration with various systems and platforms, such as Java/J2EE, .NET, Spring Framework, and Apache Camel. It also supports interoperability with other messaging systems like JMS (Java Message Service) and MQTT. Mosquitto, being MQTT-focused, offers seamless integration with MQTT clients and libraries across different programming languages.

  6. Commercial Support: ActiveMQ has commercial support available from companies like Red Hat and IBM, providing enterprise-level support, consulting, and training services. Mosquitto, being an open-source project, primarily relies on community support, although professional services may be available from third-party vendors.

In summary, ActiveMQ is a feature-rich messaging broker with support for multiple protocols, advanced features, and extensive community support. Mosquitto, on the other hand, is a lightweight MQTT broker focusing on simplicity, efficiency, and ease of use. The choice between them depends on specific requirements and the scale of the messaging system.

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Pros of ActiveMQ
Pros of Mosquitto
  • 18
    Easy to use
  • 14
    Open source
  • 13
  • 10
    JMS compliant
  • 6
    High Availability
  • 5
  • 3
    Distributed Network of brokers
  • 3
  • 3
    Support XA (distributed transactions)
  • 1
    Docker delievery
  • 1
    Highly configurable
  • 0
  • 10
    Simple and light
  • 4

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Cons of ActiveMQ
Cons of Mosquitto
  • 1
    ONLY Vertically Scalable
  • 1
  • 1
    Low resilience to exceptions and interruptions
  • 1
    Difficult to scale
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    What is ActiveMQ?

    Apache ActiveMQ is fast, supports many Cross Language Clients and Protocols, comes with easy to use Enterprise Integration Patterns and many advanced features while fully supporting JMS 1.1 and J2EE 1.4. Apache ActiveMQ is released under the Apache 2.0 License.

    What is Mosquitto?

    It is lightweight and is suitable for use on all devices from low power single board computers to full servers.. The MQTT protocol provides a lightweight method of carrying out messaging using a publish/subscribe model. This makes it suitable for Internet of Things messaging such as with low power sensors or mobile devices such as phones, embedded computers or microcontrollers.

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    IBM MQ
    It is a messaging middleware that simplifies and accelerates the integration of diverse applications and business data across multiple platforms. It offers proven, enterprise-grade messaging capabilities that skillfully and safely move information.
    The 0MQ lightweight messaging kernel is a library which extends the standard socket interfaces with features traditionally provided by specialised messaging middleware products. 0MQ sockets provide an abstraction of asynchronous message queues, multiple messaging patterns, message filtering (subscriptions), seamless access to multiple transport protocols and more.
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