Apache Ant vs Gradle

Apache Ant
Apache Ant

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7
Gradle
Gradle

2.8K
1.9K
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Apache Ant vs Gradle: What are the differences?

Developers describe Apache Ant as "Java based build tool". Ant is a Java-based build tool. In theory, it is kind of like Make, without Make's wrinkles and with the full portability of pure Java code. On the other hand, Gradle is detailed as "A powerful build system for the JVM". Gradle is a build tool with a focus on build automation and support for multi-language development. If you are building, testing, publishing, and deploying software on any platform, Gradle offers a flexible model that can support the entire development lifecycle from compiling and packaging code to publishing web sites.

Apache Ant and Gradle can be primarily classified as "Java Build" tools.

Some of the features offered by Apache Ant are:

  • The most complete Java build and deployment tool available.
  • Platform neutral and can handle platform specific properties such as file separators
  • Can be used to perform platform specific tasks such as modifying the modified time of a file using 'touch' command

On the other hand, Gradle provides the following key features:

  • Declarative builds and build-by-convention
  • Language for dependency based programming
  • Structure your build

"Flexible" is the primary reason why developers consider Apache Ant over the competitors, whereas "Flexibility" was stated as the key factor in picking Gradle.

Apache Ant and Gradle are both open source tools. Gradle with 9.16K GitHub stars and 2.67K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than Apache Ant with 244 GitHub stars and 255 GitHub forks.

According to the StackShare community, Gradle has a broader approval, being mentioned in 456 company stacks & 351 developers stacks; compared to Apache Ant, which is listed in 24 company stacks and 12 developer stacks.

What is Apache Ant?

Ant is a Java-based build tool. In theory, it is kind of like Make, without Make's wrinkles and with the full portability of pure Java code.

What is Gradle?

Gradle is a build tool with a focus on build automation and support for multi-language development. If you are building, testing, publishing, and deploying software on any platform, Gradle offers a flexible model that can support the entire development lifecycle from compiling and packaging code to publishing web sites.

Want advice about which of these to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

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    What are some alternatives to Apache Ant and Gradle?
    Eclipse
    Standard Eclipse package suited for Java and plug-in development plus adding new plugins; already includes Git, Marketplace Client, source code and developer documentation. Click here to file a bug against Eclipse Platform.
    Apache Maven
    Maven allows a project to build using its project object model (POM) and a set of plugins that are shared by all projects using Maven, providing a uniform build system. Once you familiarize yourself with how one Maven project builds you automatically know how all Maven projects build saving you immense amounts of time when trying to navigate many projects.
    CMake
    It is used to control the software compilation process using simple platform and compiler independent configuration files, and generate native makefiles and workspaces that can be used in the compiler environment of the user's choice.
    Sonatype Nexus
    It is an open source repository that supports many artifact formats, including Docker, Java™ and npm. With the Nexus tool integration, pipelines in your toolchain can publish and retrieve versioned apps and their dependencies
    Bazel
    Bazel is a build tool that builds code quickly and reliably. It is used to build the majority of Google's software, and thus it has been designed to handle build problems present in Google's development environment.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about Apache Ant and Gradle
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    How developers use Apache Ant and Gradle
    Avatar of Giovanni Candido da Silva
    Giovanni Candido da Silva uses GradleGradle

    The main build tool. Integrate and delegate build to NodeJS in the client application, and build the server, its used for development productivity and production optimisations and quality. Automate all machine scripts and build things from dev to continuous integration to production

    Avatar of Cirrus Labs
    Cirrus Labs uses GradleGradle

    All 20+ micro-services that power Cirrus CI are living in a single mono repository. Gradle is using for testing and building Docker containers for all services.

    Avatar of Kang Hyeon Ku
    Kang Hyeon Ku uses GradleGradle

    maven 과 함께 자바의 유명한 빌드 툴중 하나인데 솔직히 그냥 테스크 러너라는 생각이 든다. ssh 플러그인을 쓰면 간단한 배포는 쉽게 자동화 할 수 있다. ssh 플러그인의 경우 서버 시작 종료 쉘이 잘 안되는 경우가 있는 것 같다.

    Avatar of Refractal
    Refractal uses GradleGradle

    Gradle is used generally as our Android build tool, simplifying dependencies and general build process dramatically.

    Avatar of claudiofus
    claudiofus uses GradleGradle

    Accelerate developer productivity. Gradle helps teams build, automate and deliver better software, faster.

    Avatar of ByeongGi
    ByeongGi uses Apache AntApache Ant
    • 전 회사 레거시 프로젝트에서 war 빌드시에 사용하였다.
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