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Bazel

173
322
+ 1
110
Apache Maven

2K
1.3K
+ 1
413
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Bazel vs Apache Maven: What are the differences?

What is Bazel? Correct, reproducible, fast builds for everyone. Bazel is a build tool that builds code quickly and reliably. It is used to build the majority of Google's software, and thus it has been designed to handle build problems present in Google's development environment.

What is Apache Maven? Apache build manager for Java projects. Maven allows a project to build using its project object model (POM) and a set of plugins that are shared by all projects using Maven, providing a uniform build system. Once you familiarize yourself with how one Maven project builds you automatically know how all Maven projects build saving you immense amounts of time when trying to navigate many projects.

Bazel and Apache Maven belong to "Java Build Tools" category of the tech stack.

Some of the features offered by Bazel are:

  • Multi-language support: Bazel supports Java, Objective-C and C++ out of the box, and can be extended to support arbitrary programming languages.
  • High-level build language: Projects are described in the BUILD language, a concise text format that describes a project as sets of small interconnected libraries, binaries and tests. By contrast, with tools like Make you have to describe individual files and compiler invocations.
  • Multi-platform support: The same tool and the same BUILD files can be used to build software for different architectures, and even different platforms. At Google, we use Bazel to build both server applications running on systems in our data centers and client apps running on mobile phones.

On the other hand, Apache Maven provides the following key features:

  • Simple project setup that follows best practices - get a new project or module started in seconds
  • Consistent usage across all projects means no ramp up time for new developers coming onto a project
  • Superior dependency management including automatic updating, dependency closures (also known as transitive dependencies)

"Fast" is the primary reason why developers consider Bazel over the competitors, whereas "Dependency management" was stated as the key factor in picking Apache Maven.

Bazel and Apache Maven are both open source tools. Bazel with 12.2K GitHub stars and 2K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than Apache Maven with 1.71K GitHub stars and 1.26K GitHub forks.

Zillow, Bodybuilding.com, and PedidosYa are some of the popular companies that use Apache Maven, whereas Bazel is used by Square, Asana, and Google. Apache Maven has a broader approval, being mentioned in 301 company stacks & 138 developers stacks; compared to Bazel, which is listed in 11 company stacks and 7 developer stacks.

Pros of Bazel
Pros of Apache Maven
  • 24
    Fast
  • 16
    Deterministic incremental builds
  • 14
    Correct
  • 11
    Enforces declared inputs/outputs
  • 11
    Multi-language
  • 9
    High-level build language
  • 8
    Scalable
  • 5
    Multi-platform support
  • 4
    Sandboxing
  • 3
    Dependency management
  • 2
    Flexible
  • 2
    Windows Support
  • 1
    Android Studio integration
  • 137
    Dependency management
  • 71
    Necessary evil
  • 59
    I’d rather code my app, not my build
  • 48
    Publishing packaged artifacts
  • 43
    Convention over configuration
  • 18
    Modularisation
  • 11
    Consistency across builds
  • 6
    Prevents overengineering using scripting
  • 4
    Runs Tests
  • 4
    Lot of cool plugins
  • 3
    Extensible
  • 2
    Hard to customize
  • 2
    Runs on Linux
  • 1
    Runs on OS X
  • 1
    Slow incremental build
  • 1
    Inconsistent buillds
  • 1
    Undeterminisc
  • 1
    Good IDE tooling

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Cons of Bazel
Cons of Apache Maven
  • 3
    No Windows Support
  • 1
    Bad IntelliJ support
  • 1
    Lack of Documentation
  • 0
    Learning Curve
  • 6
    Complex
  • 1
    Inconsistent buillds
  • 0
    Not many plugin-alternatives

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What is Bazel?

Bazel is a build tool that builds code quickly and reliably. It is used to build the majority of Google's software, and thus it has been designed to handle build problems present in Google's development environment.

What is Apache Maven?

Maven allows a project to build using its project object model (POM) and a set of plugins that are shared by all projects using Maven, providing a uniform build system. Once you familiarize yourself with how one Maven project builds you automatically know how all Maven projects build saving you immense amounts of time when trying to navigate many projects.

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Jobs that mention Bazel and Apache Maven as a desired skillset
What companies use Bazel?
What companies use Apache Maven?

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What tools integrate with Bazel?
What tools integrate with Apache Maven?

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What are some alternatives to Bazel and Apache Maven?
Pants
Pants is a build system for Java, Scala and Python. It works particularly well for a source code repository that contains many distinct projects.
Webpack
A bundler for javascript and friends. Packs many modules into a few bundled assets. Code Splitting allows to load parts for the application on demand. Through "loaders" modules can be CommonJs, AMD, ES6 modules, CSS, Images, JSON, Coffeescript, LESS, ... and your custom stuff.
Ansible
Ansible is an IT automation tool. It can configure systems, deploy software, and orchestrate more advanced IT tasks such as continuous deployments or zero downtime rolling updates. Ansible’s goals are foremost those of simplicity and maximum ease of use.
Buck
Buck encourages the creation of small, reusable modules consisting of code and resources, and supports a variety of languages on many platforms.
CMake
It is used to control the software compilation process using simple platform and compiler independent configuration files, and generate native makefiles and workspaces that can be used in the compiler environment of the user's choice.
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