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C#

29.5K
22.1K
+ 1
1.7K
Python

116.2K
90.4K
+ 1
6.4K
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C# vs Python: What are the differences?

What is C#? Simple, general-purpose, object-oriented programming language for the .NET platform. C# (pronounced "See Sharp") is a simple, modern, object-oriented, and type-safe programming language. C# has its roots in the C family of languages and will be immediately familiar to C, C++, Java, and JavaScript programmers.

What is Python? A clear and powerful object-oriented programming language, comparable to Perl, Ruby, Scheme, or Java. Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.

C# and Python can be categorized as "Languages" tools.

"Cool syntax", "Great lambda support" and "Great generics support" are the key factors why developers consider C#; whereas "Great libraries", "Readable code" and "Beautiful code" are the primary reasons why Python is favored.

Python is an open source tool with 25K GitHub stars and 10.3K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Python's open source repository on GitHub.

According to the StackShare community, Python has a broader approval, being mentioned in 2789 company stacks & 3500 developers stacks; compared to C#, which is listed in 684 company stacks and 1118 developer stacks.

Decisions about C# and Python

Python has become the most popular language for machine learning right now since almost all machine learning tools provide service for this language, and it is really to use since it has many build-in objects like Hashtable. In C, you need to implement everything by yourself.

C++ is one of the most popular programming languages in graphics. It has many fancy libraries like eigen to help us process matrix. I have many previous projects about graphics based on C++ and this time, we also need to deal with graphics since we need to analyze movements of the human body. C++ has much more advantages than Java. C++ uses only compiler, whereas Java uses compiler and interpreter in both. C++ supports both operator overloading and method overloading whereas Java only supports method overloading. C++ supports manual object management with the help of new and delete keywords whereas Java has built-in automatic garbage collection.

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Kirill Mikhailov

Go is a way faster than both Python and PHP, which is pretty understandable, but we were amazed at how good we adapted to use it. Go was a blessing for a team , since strict typing is making it very easy to develop and control everything inside team, so the quality was really good. We made huge leap forward in dev speed because of it.

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Chose
PythonPython
over
ScalaScala

I am working in the domain of big data and machine learning. I am helping companies with bringing their machine learning models to the production. In many projects there is a tendency to port Python, PySpark code to Scala and Scala Spark.

This yields to longer time to market and a lot of mistakes due to necessity to understand and re-write the code. Also many libraries/apis that data scientists/machine learning practitioners use are not available in jvm ecosystem.

Simply, refactoring (if necessary) and organising the code of the data scientists by following best practices of software development is less error prone and faster comparing to re-write in Scala.

Pipeline orchestration tools such as Luigi/Airflow is python native and fits well to this picture.

I have heard some arguments against Python such as, it is slow, or it is hard to maintain due to its dynamically typed language. However cost/benefit of time consumed porting python code to java/scala alone would be enough as a counter-argument. ML pipelines rarerly contains a lot of code (if that is not the case, such as complex domain and significant amount of code, then scala would be a better fit).

In terms of performance, I did not see any issues with Python. It is not the fastest runtime around but ML applications are rarely time-critical (majority of them is batch based).

I still prefer Scala for developing APIs and for applications where the domain contains complex logic.

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Pros of C#
Pros of Python
  • 319
    Cool syntax
  • 268
    Great lambda support
  • 243
    Great generics support
  • 187
    Language integrated query (linq)
  • 161
    Extension methods
  • 76
    Properties with get/set methods
  • 75
    Automatic garbage collection
  • 69
    Backed by microsoft
  • 57
    Automatic memory management
  • 53
    Amaizing Crossplatform Support
  • 28
    High performance
  • 27
    Beautiful
  • 24
    LINQ
  • 21
    Great ecosystem of community packages with Nuget
  • 18
    Vibrant developer community
  • 13
    Dead-simple asynchronous programming with async/await
  • 12
    Great readability
  • 9
    Strongly typed by default, dynamic typing when needed
  • 8
    Productive
  • 7
    Easy separation of config/application code
  • 7
    Visual Studio - Great IDE
  • 6
    Open source
  • 6
    Object oriented programming paradigm
  • 5
    Events management using delegates
  • 5
    OOPS simplified with great syntax
  • 5
    Operator overloading
  • 4
    Conditional compilation
  • 3
    Organized and clean
  • 3
    High-performance
  • 3
    Coherent language backed by an extensive CLR
  • 3
    Cool
  • 3
    Comprehensive platform libraries
  • 3
    Great community
  • 3
    Good language to teach OO concepts
  • 2
    Linq expressions
  • 2
    Top level code
  • 2
    Concise syntax, productivity designed
  • 2
    Unity
  • 1
    Lovely
  • 1
    Interfaces
  • 0
    Interfaces
  • 1.1K
    Great libraries
  • 921
    Readable code
  • 815
    Beautiful code
  • 764
    Rapid development
  • 669
    Large community
  • 414
    Open source
  • 375
    Elegant
  • 264
    Great community
  • 257
    Object oriented
  • 206
    Dynamic typing
  • 68
    Great standard library
  • 51
    Very fast
  • 47
    Functional programming
  • 33
    Scientific computing
  • 31
    Easy to learn
  • 29
    Great documentation
  • 25
    Matlab alternative
  • 22
    Productivity
  • 21
    Easy to read
  • 19
    Simple is better than complex
  • 17
    Imperative
  • 17
    It's the way I think
  • 15
    Very programmer and non-programmer friendly
  • 14
    Free
  • 14
    Powerful
  • 13
    Fast and simple
  • 13
    Powerfull language
  • 12
    Scripting
  • 9
    Explicit is better than implicit
  • 9
    Machine learning support
  • 8
    Unlimited power
  • 8
    Ease of development
  • 7
    Import antigravity
  • 7
    Clear and easy and powerfull
  • 6
    Print "life is short, use python"
  • 6
    It's lean and fun to code
  • 5
    Great for tooling
  • 5
    Fast coding and good for competitions
  • 5
    There should be one-- and preferably only one --obvious
  • 5
    Python has great libraries for data processing
  • 5
    High Documented language
  • 5
    I love snakes
  • 5
    Although practicality beats purity
  • 5
    Flat is better than nested
  • 4
    Readability counts
  • 3
    Multiple Inheritence
  • 3
    Complex is better than complicated
  • 3
    Plotting
  • 3
    Rapid Prototyping
  • 3
    Lists, tuples, dictionaries
  • 3
    Socially engaged community
  • 3
    Great for analytics
  • 3
    CG industry needs
  • 3
    Beautiful is better than ugly
  • 2
    Easy to learn and use
  • 2
    List comprehensions
  • 2
    Generators
  • 2
    Special cases aren't special enough to break the rules
  • 2
    Now is better than never
  • 2
    If the implementation is hard to explain, it's a bad id
  • 2
    If the implementation is easy to explain, it may be a g
  • 2
    Simple and easy to learn
  • 2
    Import this
  • 2
    No cruft
  • 1
    It is Very easy , simple and will you be love programmi
  • 1
    Batteries included
  • 1
    Because of Netflix
  • 1
    Web scraping
  • 1
    Easy to setup and run smooth
  • 1
    Pip install everything
  • 1
    Only one way to do it
  • 1
    A-to-Z
  • 1
    Many types of collections
  • 1
    Flexible and easy
  • 1
    Better outcome
  • 0
    Powerful
  • 0
    Pro

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Cons of C#
Cons of Python
  • 11
    Poor x-platform GUI support
  • 6
    Closed source
  • 6
    Requires DllImportAttribute for getting stuff from unma
  • 5
    Fast and secure
  • 48
    Still divided between python 2 and python 3
  • 26
    Performance impact
  • 26
    Poor syntax for anonymous functions
  • 18
    Package management is a mess
  • 18
    GIL
  • 13
    Too imperative-oriented
  • 12
    Hard to understand
  • 10
    Dynamic typing
  • 8
    Very slow
  • 8
    Not everything is expression
  • 7
    Indentations matter a lot
  • 7
    Explicit self parameter in methods
  • 6
    Poor DSL capabilities
  • 6
    No anonymous functions
  • 6
    Requires C functions for dynamic modules
  • 5
    The "lisp style" whitespaces
  • 5
    Hard to obfuscate
  • 4
    The benevolent-dictator-for-life quit
  • 4
    Lack of Syntax Sugar leads to "the pyramid of doom"
  • 4
    Threading
  • 4
    Fake object-oriented programming
  • 4
    Incredibly slow
  • 3
    Not suitable for autocomplete
  • 3
    Official documentation is unclear.
  • 2
    Circular import
  • 1
    Training wheels (forced indentation)
  • 1
    Meta classes

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What is C#?

C# (pronounced "See Sharp") is a simple, modern, object-oriented, and type-safe programming language. C# has its roots in the C family of languages and will be immediately familiar to C, C++, Java, and JavaScript programmers.

What is Python?

Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.

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What companies use C#?
What companies use Python?

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What tools integrate with C#?
What tools integrate with Python?

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Sep 29 2020 at 7:36PM
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JavaScriptPythonPubNub+4
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What are some alternatives to C# and Python?
Java
Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!
JavaScript
JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
Go
Go is expressive, concise, clean, and efficient. Its concurrency mechanisms make it easy to write programs that get the most out of multicore and networked machines, while its novel type system enables flexible and modular program construction. Go compiles quickly to machine code yet has the convenience of garbage collection and the power of run-time reflection. It's a fast, statically typed, compiled language that feels like a dynamically typed, interpreted language.
PHP
Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.
HTML5
HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997.
See all alternatives
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