.NET vs Java: What are the differences?
Developers describe .NET as "A free, cross-platform, open source developer platform for building many different types of applications". .NET is a general purpose development platform. With .NET, you can use multiple languages, editors, and libraries to build native applications for web, mobile, desktop, gaming, and IoT for Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, and more. On the other hand, Java is detailed as "A concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, language specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible". Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!.
.NET can be classified as a tool in the "Frameworks (Full Stack)" category, while Java is grouped under "Languages".
"Tight integration with visual studio", "Stable code" and "Great community" are the key factors why developers consider .NET; whereas "Great libraries", "Widely used" and "Excellent tooling" are the primary reasons why Java is favored.
.NET is an open source tool with 11K GitHub stars and 2.37K GitHub forks. Here's a link to .NET's open source repository on GitHub.
Slack, Lyft, and MIT are some of the popular companies that use Java, whereas .NET is used by Stack Exchange, Starbucks, and Docplanner. Java has a broader approval, being mentioned in 2378 company stacks & 2632 developers stacks; compared to .NET, which is listed in 1561 company stacks and 231 developer stacks.
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