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Git vs GitHub: What are the differences?
What is Git? Fast, scalable, distributed revision control system. Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.
What is GitHub? Powerful collaboration, review, and code management for open source and private development projects. GitHub is the best place to share code with friends, co-workers, classmates, and complete strangers. Over three million people use GitHub to build amazing things together.
Git can be classified as a tool in the "Version Control System" category, while GitHub is grouped under "Code Collaboration & Version Control".
"Distributed version control system", "Efficient branching and merging" and "Fast" are the key factors why developers consider Git; whereas "Open source friendly", "Easy source control" and "Nice UI" are the primary reasons why GitHub is favored.
Git is an open source tool with 28.2K GitHub stars and 16.3K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Git's open source repository on GitHub.
According to the StackShare community, GitHub has a broader approval, being mentioned in 4714 company stacks & 6100 developers stacks; compared to Git, which is listed in 3934 company stacks and 4789 developer stacks.
To communicate isn’t just getting rid of syntax errors and making code work. The code should communicate ideas to people through a programming language that computers can also understand.
You should adopt semantic variables, classes, modules, and methods names. For instance, in Ruby, we avoid using particular prefixes such as
set_name. In their places, we use directly
My advice is to use idiomatic and features that the programming language you use offers to you whenever possible, and figure out ways to better pass the message.
Why wouldn’t we be worried about semantics, typos, and styles? We should care for the quality of our code, and the many concepts that define it. You can start by using a linter to collect some issues from your codebase automatically.
Do you review your Pull/Merge Request before assigning Reviewers?
If you work in a team opening a Pull Request (or Merge Request) looks appropriate. However, have you ever thought about opening a Pull/Merge Request when working by yourself? Here's a checklist of things you can review in your own:
- Pick the correct target branch
- Make Drafts explicit
- Name things properly
- Ask help for tools
- Remove the noise
- Fetch necessary data
- Understand Mergeability
- Pass the message
- Add screenshots
- Be found in the future
- Comment inline in your changes
Read the blog post for more detailed explanation for each item :D
What else do you review before asking for code review?
Using an inclusive language is crucial for fostering a diverse culture. Git has changed the naming conventions to be more language-inclusive, and so you should change. Our development tools, like GitHub and GitLab, already supports the change.
SourceLevel deals very nicely with repositories that changed the master branch to a more appropriate word. Besides, you can use the grep linter the look for exclusive terms contained in the source code.
As the inclusive language gap may happen in other aspects of our lives, have you already thought about them?
One of the magic tricks git performs is the ability to rewrite log history. You can do it in many ways, but
git rebase -i is the one I most use. With this command, It’s possible to switch commits order, remove a commit, squash two or more commits, or edit, for instance.
It’s particularly useful to run it before opening a pull request. It allows developers to “clean up” the mess and organize commits before submitting to review. If you follow the practice 3 and 4, then the list of commits should look very similar to a task list. It should reveal the rationale you had, telling the story of how you end up with that final code.
Out of most of the VCS solutions out there, we found Gitlab was the most feature complete with a free community edition. Their DevSecops offering is also a very robust solution. Gitlab CI/CD was quite easy to setup and the direct integration with your VCS + CI/CD is also a bonus. Out of the box integration with major cloud providers, alerting through instant messages etc. are all extremely convenient. We push our CI/CD updates to MS Teams.
Gitlab as A LOT of features that GitHub and Azure DevOps are missing. Even if both GH and Azure are backed by Microsoft, GitLab being open source has a faster upgrade rate and the hosted by gitlab.com solution seems more appealing than anything else! Quick win: the UI is way better and the Pipeline is way easier to setup on GitLab!
(1/2) In terms of DevOps we chose
Visual Studio Code,
GitHubwas chosen because of its features such as GitHub Projects, GitHub Issues, and GitHub Milestones, which are normally separate tools such as Trello for issue tracking, but come as part a package with GitHub. This choice is also influenced by our decision for using Git for version control.
Gitwas chosen as our version control because of the wide popularity, familiarity in our team, and rich list of tools that support integrations. A tool such as Perforce does not suit our needs because we do not require the mapping features important to huge code bases and the lack of many popular integrations is not appealing.
Visual Studio Codewas chosen as our primary source-code editor for an array of reasons. VS code works well with our chosen version control system since it comes with embedded Git control out of the box. For every language or framework that we are working in, there are multiple extensions to improve our team's productivity and efficiency. It also has live collaboration through their LiveShare feature and more, all while maintaining itself as a lightweight tool.
CircleCIin part 2.
We will use the ubiquitous combination of
Git for version control and
GitHub for code hosting. They have all the functionality we require for this project and will fit perfectly into our development workflow with up to three developers working simultaneously on the codebase. We also plan on using
GitHub Actions to set up our CI/CD workflows.
VS Code will be our primary code editor due to its combination of developer-friendly features, including a large extensions library, IntelliSense code completion, Git integration, and powerful debugging tools. Furthermore, it offers better performance and more simplicity than full-fledged IDEs while supporting a multitude of languages.
Selenium will be used to perform automated testing of our web application. It supports all major web browsers and operating systems and supports test scripts to be written in multiple languages, including Python which we are also planning to use for our back-end, helping us to consolidate the languages required for our project. In addition, Selenium is free and has support for most CI/CD tools.
At DeployPlace we use self-hosted GitLab, we have chosen GitLab as most of us are familiar with it. We are happy with all features GitLab provides, I can’t imagine our life without integrated GitLab CI. Another important feature for us is integrated code review tool, we use it every day, we use merge requests, code reviews, branching. To be honest, most of us have GitHub accounts as well, we like to contribute in open source, and we want to be a part of the tech community, but lack of solutions from GitHub in the area of CI doesn’t let us chose it for our projects.
Pros of Git
- Distributed version control system1.4K
- Efficient branching and merging1.1K
- Open source845
- Better than svn726
- Great command-line application368
- Easy to use232
- Does not require server222
- Small & Fast22
- Feature based workflow18
- Staging Area15
- Most wide-spread VSC13
- Role-based codelines11
- Disposable Experimentation11
- Frictionless Context Switching7
- Data Assurance6
- Just awesome4
- Github integration3
- Easy branching and merging3
- Possible to lose history and commits2
- Rebase supported natively; reflog; access to plumbing1
- Team Integration1
- Fast, scalable, distributed revision control system1
- Flexible, easy, Safe, and fast1
- CLI is great, but the GUI tools are awesome1
- It's what you do1
Pros of GitHub
- Open source friendly1.8K
- Easy source control1.5K
- Nice UI1.3K
- Great for team collaboration1.1K
- Easy setup864
- Issue tracker503
- Great community484
- Remote team collaboration480
- Great way to share450
- Pull request and features planning441
- Just works145
- Integrated in many tools131
- Free Public Repos119
- Github Gists114
- Github pages110
- Easy to find repos82
- Open source61
- Easy to find projects59
- It's free59
- Network effect56
- Extensive API48
- Developer Profiles33
- Git Powered Wikis32
- Great for collaboration29
- It's fun23
- Community SDK involvement22
- Clean interface and good integrations22
- Learn from others source code19
- Because: Git15
- It integrates directly with Azure14
- Standard in Open Source collab9
- It integrates directly with Hipchat8
- Beautiful user experience7
- Cloud SCM6
- Easy to discover new code libraries6
- Smooth integration5
- It's awesome5
- Nice API5
- Quick Onboarding4
- Remarkable uptime4
- Hands down best online Git service available4
- CI Integration4
- Loved by developers3
- Free HTML hosting3
- Security options3
- Simple but powerful3
- Uses GIT3
- Unlimited Public Repos at no cost3
- Version Control3
- Easy to use and collaborate with others3
- Nice to use2
- Easy and efficient maintainance of the projects1
- Good tools support1
- Free HTML hostings1
- Self Hosted1
- All in one development service1
- Easy to use1
- Easy source control and everything is backed up1
- Leads the copycats1
- Never dethroned1
- IAM integration1
- Issues tracker1
- Very Easy to Use1
- Easy deployment via SSH1
- Free private repos1
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Cons of Git
- Hard to learn16
- Inconsistent command line interface11
- Easy to lose uncommitted work9
- Worst documentation ever possibly made7
- Awful merge handling5
- Unexistent preventive security flows3
- Rebase hell3
- When --force is disabled, cannot rebase2
- Ironically even die-hard supporters screw up badly2
Cons of GitHub
- Owned by micrcosoft53
- Expensive for lone developers that want private repos37
- Relatively slow product/feature release cadence15
- API scoping could be better10
- Only 3 collaborators for private repos8
- Limited featureset for issue management3
- GitHub Packages does not support SNAPSHOT versions2
- Does not have a graph for showing history like git lens2
- Have to use a token for the package registry1
- No multilingual interface1
- Takes a long time to commit1
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What is Git?
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