Gradleย vsย Apache Maven

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Gradle
Gradle

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Apache Maven

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Gradle vs Apache Maven: What are the differences?

Gradle: A powerful build system for the JVM. Gradle is a build tool with a focus on build automation and support for multi-language development. If you are building, testing, publishing, and deploying software on any platform, Gradle offers a flexible model that can support the entire development lifecycle from compiling and packaging code to publishing web sites; Apache Maven: Apache build manager for Java projects. Maven allows a project to build using its project object model (POM) and a set of plugins that are shared by all projects using Maven, providing a uniform build system. Once you familiarize yourself with how one Maven project builds you automatically know how all Maven projects build saving you immense amounts of time when trying to navigate many projects.

Gradle and Apache Maven belong to "Java Build Tools" category of the tech stack.

Some of the features offered by Gradle are:

  • Declarative builds and build-by-convention
  • Language for dependency based programming
  • Structure your build

On the other hand, Apache Maven provides the following key features:

  • Simple project setup that follows best practices - get a new project or module started in seconds
  • Consistent usage across all projects means no ramp up time for new developers coming onto a project
  • Superior dependency management including automatic updating, dependency closures (also known as transitive dependencies)

"Flexibility" is the top reason why over 106 developers like Gradle, while over 125 developers mention "Dependency management" as the leading cause for choosing Apache Maven.

Gradle and Apache Maven are both open source tools. Gradle with 9.23K GitHub stars and 2.7K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than Apache Maven with 1.74K GitHub stars and 1.28K GitHub forks.

Netflix, Lyft, and 9GAG are some of the popular companies that use Gradle, whereas Apache Maven is used by Zillow, Intuit, and Zalando. Gradle has a broader approval, being mentioned in 465 company stacks & 360 developers stacks; compared to Apache Maven, which is listed in 305 company stacks and 142 developer stacks.

What is Gradle?

Gradle is a build tool with a focus on build automation and support for multi-language development. If you are building, testing, publishing, and deploying software on any platform, Gradle offers a flexible model that can support the entire development lifecycle from compiling and packaging code to publishing web sites.

What is Apache Maven?

Maven allows a project to build using its project object model (POM) and a set of plugins that are shared by all projects using Maven, providing a uniform build system. Once you familiarize yourself with how one Maven project builds you automatically know how all Maven projects build saving you immense amounts of time when trying to navigate many projects.
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What are some alternatives to Gradle and Apache Maven?
Apache Ant
Ant is a Java-based build tool. In theory, it is kind of like Make, without Make's wrinkles and with the full portability of pure Java code.
Jenkins
In a nutshell Jenkins CI is the leading open-source continuous integration server. Built with Java, it provides over 300 plugins to support building and testing virtually any project.
Groovy
Groovy builds upon the strengths of Java but has additional power features inspired by languages like Python, Ruby and Smalltalk. It makes modern programming features available to Java developers with almost-zero learning curve.
Bazel
Bazel is a build tool that builds code quickly and reliably. It is used to build the majority of Google's software, and thus it has been designed to handle build problems present in Google's development environment.
CMake
It is used to control the software compilation process using simple platform and compiler independent configuration files, and generate native makefiles and workspaces that can be used in the compiler environment of the user's choice.
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Decisions about Gradle and Apache Maven
Apache Maven
Apache Maven
Gradle
Gradle

We use Apache Maven because it is a standard. Gradle is very good alternative, but Gradle doesn't provide any advantage for our project. Gradle is slower (without running daemon), need more resources and a learning curve is quite big. Our project can not use a great flexibility of Gradle. On the other hand, Maven is well-know tool integrated in many IDEs, Dockers and so on.

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Interest over time
Reviews of Gradle and Apache Maven
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How developers use Gradle and Apache Maven
Avatar of opening.io
opening.io uses Apache MavenApache Maven

Java build tool for internal processes: Jezebel daemon (in-mem classifiers/recommendations/feature analysis), Connemara (batch resume stream processor) and opes (opening elasticsearch plugin, simple process that listens for new incoming resumes and triggers analysis by Jezebel via a tcp json command).

Avatar of Giovanni Candido da Silva
Giovanni Candido da Silva uses GradleGradle

The main build tool. Integrate and delegate build to NodeJS in the client application, and build the server, its used for development productivity and production optimisations and quality. Automate all machine scripts and build things from dev to continuous integration to production

Avatar of Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschrรคnkt)
Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschrรคnkt) uses Apache MavenApache Maven

All Java-Projects are compiled using Maven. We prefer it over Ant and Gradle as it combines lightweightness with feature-richness and offers basically all we can imagine from a software project-management tool and more.

Avatar of Cirrus Labs
Cirrus Labs uses GradleGradle

All 20+ micro-services that power Cirrus CI are living in a single mono repository. Gradle is using for testing and building Docker containers for all services.

Avatar of Kang Hyeon Ku
Kang Hyeon Ku uses GradleGradle

maven ๊ณผ ํ•จ๊ป˜ ์ž๋ฐ”์˜ ์œ ๋ช…ํ•œ ๋นŒ๋“œ ํˆด์ค‘ ํ•˜๋‚˜์ธ๋ฐ ์†”์งํžˆ ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ ํ…Œ์Šคํฌ ๋Ÿฌ๋„ˆ๋ผ๋Š” ์ƒ๊ฐ์ด ๋“ ๋‹ค. ssh ํ”Œ๋Ÿฌ๊ทธ์ธ์„ ์“ฐ๋ฉด ๊ฐ„๋‹จํ•œ ๋ฐฐํฌ๋Š” ์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ์ž๋™ํ™” ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ssh ํ”Œ๋Ÿฌ๊ทธ์ธ์˜ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ์„œ๋ฒ„ ์‹œ์ž‘ ์ข…๋ฃŒ ์‰˜์ด ์ž˜ ์•ˆ๋˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค.

Avatar of Casey Smith
Casey Smith uses Apache MavenApache Maven

Package management and build automation for the back-end, plus integration of front-end build automation using Gulp/Bower/NPM.

Avatar of Refractal
Refractal uses GradleGradle

Gradle is used generally as our Android build tool, simplifying dependencies and general build process dramatically.

Avatar of claudiofus
claudiofus uses GradleGradle

Accelerate developer productivity. Gradle helps teams build, automate and deliver better software, faster.

Avatar of Undisclosed, Do Not Contact or Spam Please
Undisclosed, Do Not Contact or Spam Please uses Apache MavenApache Maven

Necessary for Google j2objc

Avatar of theskyinflames
theskyinflames uses Apache MavenApache Maven

JEE application development cycle management.

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