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Grunt vs Apache Maven: What are the differences?

Grunt: The JavaScript Task Runner. The less work you have to do when performing repetitive tasks like minification, compilation, unit testing, linting, etc, the easier your job becomes. After you've configured it, a task runner can do most of that mundane work for you鈥攁nd your team鈥攚ith basically zero effort; Apache Maven: Apache build manager for Java projects. Maven allows a project to build using its project object model (POM) and a set of plugins that are shared by all projects using Maven, providing a uniform build system. Once you familiarize yourself with how one Maven project builds you automatically know how all Maven projects build saving you immense amounts of time when trying to navigate many projects.

Grunt belongs to "JS Build Tools / JS Task Runners" category of the tech stack, while Apache Maven can be primarily classified under "Java Build Tools".

"Configuration ", "Open source" and "Automation of minification and live reload" are the key factors why developers consider Grunt; whereas "Dependency management", "Necessary evil" and "I鈥檇 rather code my app, not my build" are the primary reasons why Apache Maven is favored.

Grunt and Apache Maven are both open source tools. It seems that Grunt with 11.9K GitHub stars and 1.55K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Apache Maven with 1.74K GitHub stars and 1.28K GitHub forks.

Medium, Twitter, and Udemy are some of the popular companies that use Grunt, whereas Apache Maven is used by Zillow, Intuit, and Zalando. Grunt has a broader approval, being mentioned in 796 company stacks & 429 developers stacks; compared to Apache Maven, which is listed in 305 company stacks and 142 developer stacks.

What is Grunt?

The less work you have to do when performing repetitive tasks like minification, compilation, unit testing, linting, etc, the easier your job becomes. After you've configured it, a task runner can do most of that mundane work for you鈥攁nd your team鈥攚ith basically zero effort.

What is Apache Maven?

Maven allows a project to build using its project object model (POM) and a set of plugins that are shared by all projects using Maven, providing a uniform build system. Once you familiarize yourself with how one Maven project builds you automatically know how all Maven projects build saving you immense amounts of time when trying to navigate many projects.
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    What are some alternatives to Grunt and Apache Maven?
    gulp
    Build system automating tasks: minification and copying of all JavaScript files, static images. More capable of watching files to automatically rerun the task when a file changes.
    Webpack
    A bundler for javascript and friends. Packs many modules into a few bundled assets. Code Splitting allows to load parts for the application on demand. Through "loaders" modules can be CommonJs, AMD, ES6 modules, CSS, Images, JSON, Coffeescript, LESS, ... and your custom stuff.
    npm
    npm is the command-line interface to the npm ecosystem. It is battle-tested, surprisingly flexible, and used by hundreds of thousands of JavaScript developers every day.
    Yarn
    Yarn caches every package it downloads so it never needs to again. It also parallelizes operations to maximize resource utilization so install times are faster than ever.
    Gradle
    Gradle is a build tool with a focus on build automation and support for multi-language development. If you are building, testing, publishing, and deploying software on any platform, Gradle offers a flexible model that can support the entire development lifecycle from compiling and packaging code to publishing web sites.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about Grunt and Apache Maven
    Gradle
    Gradle
    Apache Maven
    Apache Maven

    We use Apache Maven because it is a standard. Gradle is very good alternative, but Gradle doesn't provide any advantage for our project. Gradle is slower (without running daemon), need more resources and a learning curve is quite big. Our project can not use a great flexibility of Gradle. On the other hand, Maven is well-know tool integrated in many IDEs, Dockers and so on.

    See more
    Gustavo Mu帽oz
    Gustavo Mu帽oz
    Web UI Developer at Globant | 4 upvotes 15.6K views
    Parcel
    Parcel
    gulp
    gulp
    Grunt
    Grunt
    Webpack
    Webpack
    #WebPackDevServer
    #Merge

    Using Webpack is one of the best decision ever. I have used to Grunt and gulp previously, but the experience is not the same, and despite I know there are other bundlers like Parcel, Webpack gives me the perfect balance between automatization and configuration. The ecosystem of tools and loaders is amazing, and with WebPack #merge, you can modularize your build and define standard pieces to assemble different build configurations. I don't like processes where you cannot see their guts, and you have to trust in magic a little bit too much for my taste. But also I don't want to reinvent the wheel and lose too much time configuring my build processes. And of course, I love #WebPackDevServer and hot reloading.

    See more
    Interest over time
    Reviews of Grunt and Apache Maven
    Review ofGruntGrunt

    Grunt is all based on configuration. Some of the configuration is well documented, and some pre-built Gruntfiles can be dropped in and work like a charm. But if you are ever in the position where you have to make any changes to your large and complicated Gruntfile, set aside a few days to work on it. The deeper you get into it, the less intuitive you will find it, and the more strange behaviors you will find from plugins with some 'automagical' undocumented configuration or behavior. If you want a build process that you can understand, and that six months from now you will still understand, you are better off using Gulp.

    How developers use Grunt and Apache Maven
    Avatar of opening.io
    opening.io uses Apache MavenApache Maven

    Java build tool for internal processes: Jezebel daemon (in-mem classifiers/recommendations/feature analysis), Connemara (batch resume stream processor) and opes (opening elasticsearch plugin, simple process that listens for new incoming resumes and triggers analysis by Jezebel via a tcp json command).

    Avatar of Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschr盲nkt)
    Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschr盲nkt) uses Apache MavenApache Maven

    All Java-Projects are compiled using Maven. We prefer it over Ant and Gradle as it combines lightweightness with feature-richness and offers basically all we can imagine from a software project-management tool and more.

    Avatar of IVS
    IVS uses GruntGrunt

    Using ES7 async/await make the whole tooling chain "problem" disappear. No more code - no grunt tasks, no problems. We don't use grunt anymore.

    Avatar of Chris Saylor
    Chris Saylor uses GruntGrunt

    We use it in development for the main application and is responsible for generating the Electron binary artifacts for the client application.

    Avatar of Cian 脫 Cuinneag谩in
    Cian 脫 Cuinneag谩in uses GruntGrunt

    Concat all javascript files, less files plus other work. Then moves all output files to build directory(declared in the build.config file).

    Avatar of Casey Smith
    Casey Smith uses Apache MavenApache Maven

    Package management and build automation for the back-end, plus integration of front-end build automation using Gulp/Bower/NPM.

    Avatar of Aspire
    Aspire uses GruntGrunt

    Build our client-side app: process and minify LESS, AngularJS, HTML partials, etc.

    Avatar of Giftstarter
    Giftstarter uses GruntGrunt

    We use Grunt to automate some stuff, mostly related to tasks for the the Web App.

    Avatar of Undisclosed, Do Not Contact or Spam Please
    Undisclosed, Do Not Contact or Spam Please uses Apache MavenApache Maven

    Necessary for Google j2objc

    Avatar of theskyinflames
    theskyinflames uses Apache MavenApache Maven

    JEE application development cycle management.

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