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Haskell vs R: What are the differences?

What is Haskell? An advanced purely-functional programming language. .

What is R? A language and environment for statistical computing and graphics. R provides a wide variety of statistical (linear and nonlinear modelling, classical statistical tests, time-series analysis, classification, clustering, ...) and graphical techniques, and is highly extensible.

Haskell and R can be primarily classified as "Languages" tools.

"Purely-functional programming " is the top reason why over 72 developers like Haskell, while over 58 developers mention "Data analysis " as the leading cause for choosing R.

According to the StackShare community, R has a broader approval, being mentioned in 128 company stacks & 97 developers stacks; compared to Haskell, which is listed in 33 company stacks and 47 developer stacks.

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What is Haskell?

What is R?

R provides a wide variety of statistical (linear and nonlinear modelling, classical statistical tests, time-series analysis, classification, clustering, ...) and graphical techniques, and is highly extensible.
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What are some alternatives to Haskell and R?
Scala
Scala is an acronym for “Scalable Language”. This means that Scala grows with you. You can play with it by typing one-line expressions and observing the results. But you can also rely on it for large mission critical systems, as many companies, including Twitter, LinkedIn, or Intel do. To some, Scala feels like a scripting language. Its syntax is concise and low ceremony; its types get out of the way because the compiler can infer them.
Clojure
Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system.
Erlang
Some of Erlang's uses are in telecoms, banking, e-commerce, computer telephony and instant messaging. Erlang's runtime system has built-in support for concurrency, distribution and fault tolerance. OTP is set of Erlang libraries and design principles providing middle-ware to develop these systems.
Rust
Rust is a systems programming language that combines strong compile-time correctness guarantees with fast performance. It improves upon the ideas of other systems languages like C++ by providing guaranteed memory safety (no crashes, no data races) and complete control over the lifecycle of memory.
Python
Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.
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Decisions about Haskell and R
Eric Colson
Eric Colson
Chief Algorithms Officer at Stitch Fix · | 19 upvotes · 289.9K views
atStitch FixStitch Fix
Amazon EC2 Container Service
Amazon EC2 Container Service
Docker
Docker
PyTorch
PyTorch
R
R
Python
Python
Presto
Presto
Apache Spark
Apache Spark
Amazon S3
Amazon S3
PostgreSQL
PostgreSQL
Kafka
Kafka
#AWS
#Etl
#ML
#DataScience
#DataStack
#Data

The algorithms and data infrastructure at Stitch Fix is housed in #AWS. Data acquisition is split between events flowing through Kafka, and periodic snapshots of PostgreSQL DBs. We store data in an Amazon S3 based data warehouse. Apache Spark on Yarn is our tool of choice for data movement and #ETL. Because our storage layer (s3) is decoupled from our processing layer, we are able to scale our compute environment very elastically. We have several semi-permanent, autoscaling Yarn clusters running to serve our data processing needs. While the bulk of our compute infrastructure is dedicated to algorithmic processing, we also implemented Presto for adhoc queries and dashboards.

Beyond data movement and ETL, most #ML centric jobs (e.g. model training and execution) run in a similarly elastic environment as containers running Python and R code on Amazon EC2 Container Service clusters. The execution of batch jobs on top of ECS is managed by Flotilla, a service we built in house and open sourced (see https://github.com/stitchfix/flotilla-os).

At Stitch Fix, algorithmic integrations are pervasive across the business. We have dozens of data products actively integrated systems. That requires serving layer that is robust, agile, flexible, and allows for self-service. Models produced on Flotilla are packaged for deployment in production using Khan, another framework we've developed internally. Khan provides our data scientists the ability to quickly productionize those models they've developed with open source frameworks in Python 3 (e.g. PyTorch, sklearn), by automatically packaging them as Docker containers and deploying to Amazon ECS. This provides our data scientist a one-click method of getting from their algorithms to production. We then integrate those deployments into a service mesh, which allows us to A/B test various implementations in our product.

For more info:

#DataScience #DataStack #Data

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Vadim Bakaev
Vadim Bakaev
Scala
Scala
Haskell
Haskell

Why I am using Haskell in my free time?

I have 3 reasons for it. I am looking for:

Fun.

Improve functional programming skill.

Improve problem-solving skill.

Laziness and mathematical abstractions behind Haskell makes it a wonderful language.

It is Pure functional, it helps me to write better Scala code.

Highly expressive language gives elegant ways to solve coding puzzle.

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Interest over time
Reviews of Haskell and R
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How developers use Haskell and R
Avatar of benyomin
benyomin uses RR

What are my other choices for a vectorized statistics language. Professor was pushing SAS Jump (or was that SPSS) with a menu-driven point and click approach. (Reproducibility can still be accomplished, you publish the script generated by all your clicks.) But I want to type everything, great online tutorials for R. I think I made the right pick.

Avatar of Vagner Oliveira
Vagner Oliveira uses HaskellHaskell
Avatar of Ralic Lo
Ralic Lo uses RR

Connect to database, data analytics, draw diagram. Machine Learning application, and also used Spark-R for big data processing.

Avatar of Tino Gehlert
Tino Gehlert uses RR

Visualisation of air quality in various rooms by RShiny (hosted free on shinyapps.io)

Avatar of Tinkhaven
Tinkhaven uses HaskellHaskell

Backend logic (REST, Auth0, Redis, Postgres, functional graph library (fgl), ...)

Avatar of RELEX Solutions
RELEX Solutions uses HaskellHaskell

Our internal deployment tool, called Mordor, is written in Haskell.

Avatar of Sesync
Sesync uses RR

R is primarily used by SESYNC's researchers

Avatar of Zetaops
Zetaops uses HaskellHaskell

Still experimental work for multikernel OS.

Avatar of STILLWATER SUPERCOMPUTING INC
STILLWATER SUPERCOMPUTING INC uses RR

Offline deep analytics and modeling

Avatar of Metrix Financial Reporting Solutions UG
Metrix Financial Reporting Solutions UG uses HaskellHaskell

Don't worry, be type-safe.

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