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Linux vs Raspbian: What are the differences?

Introduction

Linux and Raspbian are both operating systems based on the Linux kernel. While Linux is a generic term referring to various distributions, Raspbian is specifically designed for the Raspberry Pi single-board computer. Although they share similarities, there are key differences that set them apart.

  1. Hardware Compatibility: Raspbian is optimized to run on Raspberry Pi hardware, providing better compatibility and support for various peripherals. Linux, on the other hand, can run on a wide range of devices, including computers, servers, and mobile devices, offering more versatile hardware compatibility options.

  2. Package Management: Raspbian utilizes the APT (Advanced Package Tool) package manager and includes the apt-get command for software installation and updates, making it straightforward for users to manage packages and dependencies. While Linux also supports APT, other package managers like yum, dnf, and pacman are commonly used, offering different package management approaches.

  3. Default Software: Raspbian comes pre-loaded with software specifically tailored for the Raspberry Pi. It includes the Chromium web browser, Python programming language, Scratch visual programming language, and Sonic Pi music synthesizer, among others. Linux distributions, on the other hand, typically provide a wider range of software options and allow users to choose which packages to install during the setup process.

  4. User Interface: Raspbian uses the PIXEL (Pi Improved Xwindows Environment, Lightweight) desktop environment, which is designed to be user-friendly and lightweight. It offers a familiar desktop experience similar to traditional operating systems. Linux distributions, however, provide a variety of desktop environments like GNOME, KDE, XFCE, and more, allowing users to customize their interface according to their preference.

  5. Community Support: Linux has a large and active community of users and developers, making it easy to find support, tutorials, and resources for various distributions. Raspbian, being a specific distribution for Raspberry Pi, benefits from its own dedicated community, providing targeted support and resources for Raspberry Pi users.

  6. Security Updates: While both Linux and Raspbian regularly receive security updates, Raspbian focuses on providing timely updates specifically tailored for the Raspberry Pi, ensuring the security of the device and its supported hardware. Linux, being a broader term, receives updates for a wide range of hardware and software configurations.

In summary, key differences between Linux and Raspbian include hardware compatibility, package management, default software, user interface options, community support, and security updates tailored for Raspberry Pi.

Decisions about Linux and Raspbian
Jennifer Briston

Netdata introduces Linux eBPF (Extended Berkeley Packet Filter) monitoring. With this enabled, monitor real-time metrics of Linux kernel functions and actions from the very same monitoring and troubleshooting dashboard used for watching entire systems, or even entire infrastructures.

This collector uses eBPF to monitor system calls inside your operating system’s kernel. For now, the main goal of this plugin is to monitor IO and process management on the host where it is running.

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Justin Dorfman
Open Source Program Manager at Reblaze · | 1 upvote · 82.1K views

If you have a file (demo.txt) that has 3 columns:

Column-1    Column-2    Column-3
Row-1a      Row-2a      Row-3a         
Row-1b      Row-2b      Row-3b
Row-1c      Row-2c      Row-3c
Row-1d      Row-2d      Row-3d
Row-1e      Row-2e      Row-3e

and you want to only view the first column of the file in your CLI, run the following:

awk {'print $1'} demo.txt

Column-1
Row-1a
Row-1b
Row-1c
Row-1d
Row-1e

If you want to print the second column of demo.txt, just replace $1 with $2

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Pros of Linux
Pros of Raspbian
  • 17
    Open Source
  • 11
    Free
  • 8
    Reliability
  • 5
    Safe
  • 7
    Runs well on rpi
  • 2
    Easy to use with little experience
  • 1
    Very Lightweight

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Cons of Linux
Cons of Raspbian
    Be the first to leave a con
    • 4
      Desktop enviroment is unstable
    • 1
      Uses ARMHF architecture, not commonly supported

    Sign up to add or upvote consMake informed product decisions

    What is Linux?

    A clone of the operating system Unix, written from scratch by Linus Torvalds with assistance from a loosely-knit team of hackers across the Net. It aims towards POSIX and Single UNIX Specification compliance.

    What is Raspbian?

    It is optimized for the Raspberry Pi hardware. It provides more than a pure OS: it comes with over 35,000 packages, pre-compiled software bundled in a nice format for easy installation on your Raspberry Pi.

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    What companies use Linux?
    What companies use Raspbian?
    See which teams inside your own company are using Linux or Raspbian.
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    What tools integrate with Raspbian?

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