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Meteor vs Next.js: What are the differences?

Developers describe Meteor as "An ultra-simple, database-everywhere, data-on-the-wire, pure-Javascript web framework". A Meteor application is a mix of JavaScript that runs inside a client web browser, JavaScript that runs on the Meteor server inside a Node.js container, and all the supporting HTML fragments, CSS rules, and static assets. On the other hand, Next.js is detailed as "*A small framework for server-rendered universal JavaScript apps *". Next.js is a minimalistic framework for server-rendered React applications.

Meteor and Next.js can be categorized as "Frameworks (Full Stack)" tools.

Some of the features offered by Meteor are:

  • Pure JavaScript
  • Live page updates
  • Clean, powerful data synchronization

On the other hand, Next.js provides the following key features:

  • Zero setup. Use the filesystem as an API
  • Only JavaScript. Everything is a function
  • Automatic server rendering and code splitting

"Real-time" is the top reason why over 244 developers like Meteor, while over 9 developers mention "Automatic server rendering and code splitting" as the leading cause for choosing Next.js.

Meteor and Next.js are both open source tools. It seems that Meteor with 41.2K GitHub stars and 5.03K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Next.js with 38.7K GitHub stars and 4.69K GitHub forks.

According to the StackShare community, Meteor has a broader approval, being mentioned in 195 company stacks & 156 developers stacks; compared to Next.js, which is listed in 82 company stacks and 69 developer stacks.

What is Meteor?

A Meteor application is a mix of JavaScript that runs inside a client web browser, JavaScript that runs on the Meteor server inside a Node.js container, and all the supporting HTML fragments, CSS rules, and static assets.

What is Next.js?

Next.js is a minimalistic framework for server-rendered React applications.
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    What are some alternatives to Meteor and Next.js?
    React
    Lots of people use React as the V in MVC. Since React makes no assumptions about the rest of your technology stack, it's easy to try it out on a small feature in an existing project.
    Angular 2
    It is a TypeScript-based open-source web application framework. It is a development platform for building mobile and desktop web applications.
    Node.js
    Node.js uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient, perfect for data-intensive real-time applications that run across distributed devices.
    ASP.NET
    .NET is a developer platform made up of tools, programming languages, and libraries for building many different types of applications.
    Django
    Django is a high-level Python Web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about Meteor and Next.js
    Divine Bawa
    Divine Bawa
    at PayHub Ghana Limited | 14 upvotes 195.3K views
    Node.js
    Node.js
    GraphQL
    GraphQL
    MySQL
    MySQL
    Prisma
    Prisma
    graphql-yoga
    graphql-yoga
    React
    React
    styled-components
    styled-components
    Next.js
    Next.js
    Apollo
    Apollo

    I just finished a web app meant for a business that offers training programs for certain professional courses. I chose this stack to test out my skills in graphql and react. I used Node.js , GraphQL , MySQL for the #Backend utilizing Prisma as a database interface for MySQL to provide CRUD APIs and graphql-yoga as a server. For the #frontend I chose React, styled-components for styling, Next.js for routing and SSR and Apollo for data management. I really liked the outcome and I will definitely use this stack in future projects.

    See more
    David Ritsema
    David Ritsema
    Frontend Architect at Herman Miller | 7 upvotes 31.8K views
    atHerman MillerHerman Miller
    Node.js
    Node.js
    React
    React
    Next.js
    Next.js
    prismic.io
    prismic.io

    When we started thinking about technology options for our own Design System, we wanted to focus on two primary goals

    1. Build a design system site using design system components - a living prototype
    2. Explore new ways of working to position our technical capabilities for the future

    We have a small team of developers responsible for the initial build so we knew that we couldn鈥檛 spend too much time maintaining infrastructure on the Backend. We also wanted freedom to make decisions on the Frontend with the ability to adapt over time.

    For this first iteration we decided to use Node.js, React, and Next.js. Content will be managed via headless CMS in prismic.io.

    1. Next.js so that we can run React serverside without worrying about server code.
    2. prismic.io so that our content is accessible via API and our frontend is fully independent.
    See more
    Meteor
    Meteor
    Node.js
    Node.js

    Mixmax was originally built using Meteor as a single monolithic app. As more users began to onboard, we started noticing scaling issues, and so we broke out our first microservice: our Compose service, for writing emails and Sequences, was born as a Node.js service. Soon after that, we broke out all recipient searching and storage functionality to another Node.js microservice, our Contacts service. This practice of breaking out microservices in order to help our system more appropriately scale, by being more explicit about each microservice鈥檚 responsibilities, continued as we broke out numerous more microservices.

    See more
    Mixmax
    Mixmax
    Meteor
    Meteor
    Node.js
    Node.js
    Amazon EC2
    Amazon EC2
    Go
    Go
    nginx
    nginx
    AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)
    AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)
    AWS Elastic Beanstalk
    AWS Elastic Beanstalk

    As Mixmax began to scale super quickly, with more and more customers joining the platform, we started to see that the Meteor app was still having a lot of trouble scaling due to how it tried to provide its reactivity layer. To be honest, this led to a brutal summer of playing Galaxy container whack-a-mole as containers would saturate their CPU and become unresponsive. I鈥檒l never forget hacking away at building a new microservice to relieve the load on the system so that we鈥檇 stop getting paged every 30-40 minutes. Luckily, we鈥檝e never had to do that again! After stabilizing the system, we had to build out two more microservices to provide the necessary reactivity and authentication layers as we rebuilt our Meteor app from the ground up in Node.js. This also had the added benefit of being able to deploy the entire application in the same AWS VPCs. Thankfully, AWS had also released their ALB product so that we didn鈥檛 have to build and maintain our own websocket layer in Amazon EC2. All of our microservices, except for one special Go one, are now in Node with an nginx frontend on each instance, all behind AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB) or ALBs running in AWS Elastic Beanstalk.

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    Martin Johannesson
    Martin Johannesson
    Senior Software Developer at IT Minds | 11 upvotes 30.8K views
    atIT MindsIT Minds
    TypeScript
    TypeScript
    Node.js
    Node.js
    TypeORM
    TypeORM
    PostgreSQL
    PostgreSQL
    Apollo
    Apollo
    GraphQL
    GraphQL
    Next.js
    Next.js
    MongoDB
    MongoDB
    React
    React
    PWA
    PWA
    AMP
    AMP
    #B2B
    #Backend
    #Serverless

    At IT Minds we create customized internal or #B2B web and mobile apps. I have a go to stack that I pitch to our customers consisting of 3 core areas. 1) A data core #backend . 2) A micro #serverless #backend. 3) A user client #frontend.

    For the Data Core I create a backend using TypeScript Node.js and with TypeORM connecting to a PostgreSQL Exposing an action based api with Apollo GraphQL

    For the micro serverless backend, which purpose is verification for authentication, autorization, logins and the likes. It is created with Next.js api pages. Using MongoDB to store essential information, caching etc.

    Finally the frontend is built with React using Next.js , TypeScript and @Apollo. We create the frontend as a PWA and have a AMP landing page by default.

    See more
    Michael Mota
    Michael Mota
    CEO & Founder at AlterEstate | 4 upvotes 2.6K views
    Django
    Django
    GraphQL
    GraphQL
    Graphene
    Graphene
    Next.js
    Next.js

    I've been using Django for quite a long time and in my opinion I would never switch from it. My company is currently using Django with REST framework and a part in GraphQL using Graphene. On the frontend we use Next.js and so far everything has been running quite good. I've found limitations but manage to solve it.

    As someone mentioned before, if you are comfortable with Django, don't switch. There's no need since with django you can basically achieve anything. Of course this will depend on the project you want to build, but the scalability and flexibility django can offer it's just out of this world. (Don't want to sound like a fan boy haha but it really is).

    See more
    Bryam Rodriguez
    Bryam Rodriguez
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Bit
    Bit
    Python
    Python
    Next.js
    Next.js
    React Native
    React Native
    Redis
    Redis
    MongoDB
    MongoDB
    PostgreSQL
    PostgreSQL
    RSpec
    RSpec
    react-testing-library
    react-testing-library
    Jest
    Jest
    Create React App
    Create React App
    Redux
    Redux
    React
    React
    Rails
    Rails
    Ruby
    Ruby

    I'm working as one of the engineering leads in RunaHR. As our platform is a Saas, we thought It'd be good to have an API (We chose Ruby and Rails for this) and a SPA (built with React and Redux ) connected. We started the SPA with Create React App since It's pretty easy to start.

    We use Jest as the testing framework and react-testing-library to test React components. In Rails we make tests using RSpec.

    Our main database is PostgreSQL, but we also use MongoDB to store some type of data. We started to use Redis 聽for cache and other time sensitive operations.

    We have a couple of extra projects: One is an Employee app built with React Native and the other is an internal back office dashboard built with Next.js for the client and Python in the backend side.

    Since we have different frontend apps we have found useful to have Bit to document visual components and utils in JavaScript.

    See more
    Interest over time
    Reviews of Meteor and Next.js
    Avatar of MichelFloyd
    Founder at cloak.ly
    Review ofMeteorMeteor

    I discovered Meteor thanks to my daughter who used it for a project at MIT. I was amazed at how much she had built in such a short time. I had also been trying to figure out how to build a browser-based crypto app so I jumped into Meteor and had an MVP for cloak.ly in a few short months starting from nothing. Learning Meteor really alters what you perceive as easy and difficult in full-stack development. It has an amazing ability to simplify your thinking and your code. Community support in terms of packages is outstanding as well which saves tremendous time. The quality of the software is outstanding with very few regressions cropping up during their frequent releases.

    Being at the bleeding edge of the js community does have its downsides however. While early Meteor (with Blaze/handlebars templates) was exceedingly simple, Meteor have had to introduce support for both angular and react. In combination with the move to ECMAscript this has resulted in a lot of work for developers to just keep up with the evolution of the platform. Someone who was an expert 6 months ago might quickly find themselves being a newb again. If you're someone who doesn't like change you may want to stick to jQuery.

    Living in the bay area I have the luxury of being able to attend Meteor events frequently. Having met many members of the MDG team, I have tremendous confidence in the future of the platform. This is a very solid group with a rare combination of broad vision and excellent execution.

    Review ofMeteorMeteor

    Meteor is my favorite framework. It makes everything fun. Syncing data across devices is really easy and you don't have to mess around with sockets at all. You can insert data into the database on the client. There's tons of security options. There's over 3000 packages on the packaging system. Instant iOS and Android apps. Amazing, reactive routing. Free hosting. Easy deployment with Meteor Up. What's not to like?

    Review ofMeteorMeteor

    Meteor is so powerful and flexible. I love it. In the near future, it will be the top-used framework.

    Review ofMeteorMeteor

    We have gone "all in" on Meteor and I recommend you do to.

    How developers use Meteor and Next.js
    Avatar of cloak.ly
    cloak.ly uses MeteorMeteor

    Without Meteor cloak.ly could not have been built as quickly by such a small team. Meteor was instrumental to getting an MVP up quickly and dealing with the complexities of browser-based encryption.

    Avatar of ShareThis
    ShareThis uses MeteorMeteor

    Built on Node.js, Meteor's real time reactivity and its wide package ecosystem allows us to quickly prototype and build apps in a lean way

    Avatar of Giftstarter
    Giftstarter uses MeteorMeteor

    We would like to make magic with Meteor for the future of GiftStarter.

    Avatar of Hooked
    Hooked uses MeteorMeteor

    Hooked is built with Meteor as the primary application framework.

    Avatar of IVS
    IVS uses MeteorMeteor

    Typical buzz tech. Nothing practical in here.

    How much does Meteor cost?
    How much does Next.js cost?
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