PostCSS vs Sass: What are the differences?
PostCSS: Transform CSS with JS plugins. PostCSS is a tool for transforming CSS with JS plugins. These plugins can support variables and mixins, transpile future CSS syntax, inline images, and more; Sass: Syntactically Awesome Style Sheets. Sass is an extension of CSS3, adding nested rules, variables, mixins, selector inheritance, and more. It's translated to well-formatted, standard CSS using the command line tool or a web-framework plugin.
PostCSS and Sass can be categorized as "CSS Pre-processors / Extensions" tools.
"The "babel" of CSS" is the primary reason why developers consider PostCSS over the competitors, whereas "Variables" was stated as the key factor in picking Sass.
PostCSS and Sass are both open source tools. PostCSS with 21K GitHub stars and 1.15K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than Sass with 12K GitHub stars and 1.93K GitHub forks.
According to the StackShare community, Sass has a broader approval, being mentioned in 2082 company stacks & 1445 developers stacks; compared to PostCSS, which is listed in 62 company stacks and 47 developer stacks.
What is PostCSS?
What is Sass?
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ReactQL is written in TypeScript to provide full types/Intellisense, and pick up hard-to-diagnose goofs that might later show up at runtime. React makes heavy use of Webpack 4 to handle transforming your code to an optimised client-side bundle, and in throws back just enough code needed for the initial render, while seamlessly handling
import statements asynchronously as needed, making the payload your user downloads ultimately much smaller than trying to do it by hand.
React Helmet was chosen to handle
<head> content, because it works universally, making it easy to throw back the correct
<title> and other tags on the initial render, as well as inject new tags for subsequent client-side views.
<style> tags when using #StyledComponents.
React Router handles routing, because it works both on the server and in the client. ReactQL customises it further by capturing non-200 responses on the server, redirecting or throwing back custom 404 pages as needed.
Koa is the web server that handles all incoming HTTP requests, because it's fast (TTFB < 5ms, even after fully rendering React), and its natively #async, making it easy to async/await inside routes and middleware.
We use Sass because I invented it! No, that's not a joke at all! Well, let me explain. So, we used Sass before I started at Rent the Runway because it's the de-facto industry standard for pre-compiled and pre-processed CSS. We do also use PostCSS for stuff like vendor prefixing and various transformations, but Sass (specifically SCSS) is the main developer-focused language for describing our styling. Some internal apps use styled-components and @Aphrodite, but our main website is allllll Sassy. Oh, but the non-joking part is the inventing part. /shrug
PostCSS essentially allows you to set up your own CSS preprocessor with the features that matter to you. It has a modular plugin-based architecture, which means that if someone comes up with a useful new feature, you can easily add it to your stack as a PostCSS plugin. PreCSS and PostCSS-cssnext are some of my go-to plugins.
It was a little awkward building BS3 with LESS, and the rest of the site with SCSS, but it works. SCSS made building the UI elements (ink/flip buttons, img navs, etc) a breeze. It also drives the mobile menu open/close transitions - that would have been much too much with vanilla css.
PostCSS handles compiling node-based CSS libraries, including BassCSS (the whole site is only ~85 lines of custom CSS). It also does auto-vendor-prefixing and support for CSS variables.
Sass helps us write better stylesheets. One major improvement over CSS that we use a lot is variables - it allows for much easier theming to quickly change brand colors for new instances of the xCoLab.
When you realise that countless lines of CSS codes could be made countable. And off course, a wonderful and cool way to use the logic behind variables and nesting. Simply love it.
Sass is used as a part of Woltlab Suite Core, which offers to submit/configure own styles via the injection of own Sass-CSS. So we exclusively rely on Sass for our CSS needs.
CSS is a mess. There, we said it. Sass, on the other hand takes CSS and makes it pretty, easy to work with and has stuff like variables which make things seriously awesome.