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Cassandra vs Galera Cluster: What are the differences?

What is Cassandra? A partitioned row store. Rows are organized into tables with a required primary key. Partitioning means that Cassandra can distribute your data across multiple machines in an application-transparent matter. Cassandra will automatically repartition as machines are added and removed from the cluster. Row store means that like relational databases, Cassandra organizes data by rows and columns. The Cassandra Query Language (CQL) is a close relative of SQL.

What is Galera Cluster? A Multi-Master Cluster based on synchronous replication for MySQL. It’s an easy-to-use, high-availability solution, which provides high system up-time, no data loss and scalability for future growth. You can Keep it up and running 24/7. Putting our expertise to use will help you avoid trial and error.

Cassandra and Galera Cluster can be categorized as "Databases" tools.

Cassandra and Galera Cluster are both open source tools. It seems that Cassandra with 5.34K GitHub stars and 2.36K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Galera Cluster with 279 GitHub stars and 118 GitHub forks.

Uber Technologies, Facebook, and Netflix are some of the popular companies that use Cassandra, whereas Galera Cluster is used by Broker Genius, Rolosync, and Stockopedia. Cassandra has a broader approval, being mentioned in 431 company stacks & 1388 developers stacks; compared to Galera Cluster, which is listed in 14 company stacks and 5 developer stacks.

What is Cassandra?

Partitioning means that Cassandra can distribute your data across multiple machines in an application-transparent matter. Cassandra will automatically repartition as machines are added and removed from the cluster. Row store means that like relational databases, Cassandra organizes data by rows and columns. The Cassandra Query Language (CQL) is a close relative of SQL.

What is Galera Cluster?

It’s an easy-to-use, high-availability solution, which provides high system up-time, no data loss and scalability for future growth. You can Keep it up and running 24/7. Putting our expertise to use will help you avoid trial and error.
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        What are some alternatives to Cassandra and Galera Cluster?
        HBase
        Apache HBase is an open-source, distributed, versioned, column-oriented store modeled after Google' Bigtable: A Distributed Storage System for Structured Data by Chang et al. Just as Bigtable leverages the distributed data storage provided by the Google File System, HBase provides Bigtable-like capabilities on top of Apache Hadoop.
        Hadoop
        The Apache Hadoop software library is a framework that allows for the distributed processing of large data sets across clusters of computers using simple programming models. It is designed to scale up from single servers to thousands of machines, each offering local computation and storage.
        Redis
        Redis is an open source, BSD licensed, advanced key-value store. It is often referred to as a data structure server since keys can contain strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets.
        Couchbase
        Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible SQL databases, the Couchbase NoSQL database is built on an open source foundation and architected to help developers solve real-world problems and meet high scalability demands.
        MySQL
        The MySQL software delivers a very fast, multi-threaded, multi-user, and robust SQL (Structured Query Language) database server. MySQL Server is intended for mission-critical, heavy-load production systems as well as for embedding into mass-deployed software.
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        How developers use Cassandra and Galera Cluster
        Avatar of Soundcloud
        Soundcloud uses CassandraCassandra

        Stitch is a wrapper around a Cassandra database. It has a web application that provides read-access to the counts through an HTTP API. The counts are written to Cassandra in two distinct ways, and it's possible to use either or both of them:

        • Real-time: For real-time updates, Stitch has a processor application that handles a stream of events coming from a broker and increments the appropriate counts in Cassandra.

        • Batch: The batch part is a MapReduce job running on Hadoop that reads event logs, calculates the overall totals, and bulk loads this into Cassandra.

        Avatar of Vital Labs, Inc.
        Vital Labs, Inc. uses CassandraCassandra

        Cassandra is our data management workhorse. It handles all our key-value services, supports time-series data storage and retrieval, securely stores all our audit trails, and backs our Datomic database.

        Avatar of SocialCops
        SocialCops uses CassandraCassandra

        While we experimented with Cassandra in the past, we are no longer using it. It is, however, open for consideration in future projects.

        Avatar of ShareThis
        ShareThis uses CassandraCassandra

        We are using Cassandra in a few of our apps. One of them is as a count service application to track the number of shares, clicks.. etc

        Avatar of Kaiko
        Kaiko uses CassandraCassandra
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