Alternatives to Nix logo

Alternatives to Nix

ZAP, Docker, Homebrew, Bazel, and Composer are the most popular alternatives and competitors to Nix.
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What is Nix and what are its top alternatives?

It makes package management reliable and reproducible. It provides atomic upgrades and rollbacks, side-by-side installation of multiple versions of a package, multi-user package management and easy setup of build environments.
Nix is a tool in the Package Managers category of a tech stack.
Nix is an open source tool with 5.2K GitHub stars and 818 GitHub forks. Here’s a link to Nix's open source repository on GitHub

Top Alternatives to Nix

  • ZAP

    ZAP

    It is a free, open-source penetration testing tool. It is designed specifically for testing web applications and is both flexible and extensible. ...

  • Docker

    Docker

    The Docker Platform is the industry-leading container platform for continuous, high-velocity innovation, enabling organizations to seamlessly build and share any application — from legacy to what comes next — and securely run them anywhere ...

  • Homebrew

    Homebrew

    Homebrew installs the stuff you need that Apple didn’t. Homebrew installs packages to their own directory and then symlinks their files into /usr/local. ...

  • Bazel

    Bazel

    Bazel is a build tool that builds code quickly and reliably. It is used to build the majority of Google's software, and thus it has been designed to handle build problems present in Google's development environment. ...

  • Composer

    Composer

    It is a tool for dependency management in PHP. It allows you to declare the libraries your project depends on and it will manage (install/update) them for you. ...

  • NuGet

    NuGet

    A free and open-source package manager designed for the Microsoft development platform. It is also distributed as a Visual Studio extension. ...

  • Chocolatey

    Chocolatey

    It is based on a developer-centric package manager called NuGet. Unlike manual installations, It adds, updates, and uninstalls programs in the background requiring very little user interaction. ...

  • fpm

    fpm

    It helps you build packages quickly and easily (Packages like RPM and DEB formats). ...

Nix alternatives & related posts

ZAP logo

ZAP

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A free, open-source penetration testing tool
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PROS OF ZAP
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    CONS OF ZAP
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      related ZAP posts

      Docker logo

      Docker

      115.7K
      92.1K
      3.8K
      Enterprise Container Platform for High-Velocity Innovation.
      115.7K
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      PROS OF DOCKER
      • 821
        Rapid integration and build up
      • 688
        Isolation
      • 517
        Open source
      • 505
        Testa­bil­i­ty and re­pro­ducibil­i­ty
      • 459
        Lightweight
      • 217
        Standardization
      • 182
        Scalable
      • 105
        Upgrading / down­grad­ing / ap­pli­ca­tion versions
      • 86
        Security
      • 84
        Private paas environments
      • 33
        Portability
      • 25
        Limit resource usage
      • 15
        I love the way docker has changed virtualization
      • 15
        Game changer
      • 12
        Fast
      • 11
        Concurrency
      • 7
        Docker's Compose tools
      • 4
        Fast and Portable
      • 4
        Easy setup
      • 4
        Because its fun
      • 3
        Makes shipping to production very simple
      • 2
        It's dope
      • 1
        Highly useful
      • 1
        MacOS support FAKE
      • 1
        Its cool
      • 1
        Docker hub for the FTW
      • 1
        Very easy to setup integrate and build
      • 1
        Package the environment with the application
      • 1
        Does a nice job hogging memory
      • 1
        Open source and highly configurable
      • 1
        Simplicity, isolation, resource effective
      CONS OF DOCKER
      • 7
        New versions == broken features
      • 5
        Documentation not always in sync
      • 5
        Unreliable networking
      • 3
        Moves quickly
      • 2
        Not Secure

      related Docker posts

      Simon Reymann
      Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH · | 28 upvotes · 3.3M views

      Our whole DevOps stack consists of the following tools:

      • GitHub (incl. GitHub Pages/Markdown for Documentation, GettingStarted and HowTo's) for collaborative review and code management tool
      • Respectively Git as revision control system
      • SourceTree as Git GUI
      • Visual Studio Code as IDE
      • CircleCI for continuous integration (automatize development process)
      • Prettier / TSLint / ESLint as code linter
      • SonarQube as quality gate
      • Docker as container management (incl. Docker Compose for multi-container application management)
      • VirtualBox for operating system simulation tests
      • Kubernetes as cluster management for docker containers
      • Heroku for deploying in test environments
      • nginx as web server (preferably used as facade server in production environment)
      • SSLMate (using OpenSSL) for certificate management
      • Amazon EC2 (incl. Amazon S3) for deploying in stage (production-like) and production environments
      • PostgreSQL as preferred database system
      • Redis as preferred in-memory database/store (great for caching)

      The main reason we have chosen Kubernetes over Docker Swarm is related to the following artifacts:

      • Key features: Easy and flexible installation, Clear dashboard, Great scaling operations, Monitoring is an integral part, Great load balancing concepts, Monitors the condition and ensures compensation in the event of failure.
      • Applications: An application can be deployed using a combination of pods, deployments, and services (or micro-services).
      • Functionality: Kubernetes as a complex installation and setup process, but it not as limited as Docker Swarm.
      • Monitoring: It supports multiple versions of logging and monitoring when the services are deployed within the cluster (Elasticsearch/Kibana (ELK), Heapster/Grafana, Sysdig cloud integration).
      • Scalability: All-in-one framework for distributed systems.
      • Other Benefits: Kubernetes is backed by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), huge community among container orchestration tools, it is an open source and modular tool that works with any OS.
      See more
      Tymoteusz Paul
      Devops guy at X20X Development LTD · | 23 upvotes · 4.7M views

      Often enough I have to explain my way of going about setting up a CI/CD pipeline with multiple deployment platforms. Since I am a bit tired of yapping the same every single time, I've decided to write it up and share with the world this way, and send people to read it instead ;). I will explain it on "live-example" of how the Rome got built, basing that current methodology exists only of readme.md and wishes of good luck (as it usually is ;)).

      It always starts with an app, whatever it may be and reading the readmes available while Vagrant and VirtualBox is installing and updating. Following that is the first hurdle to go over - convert all the instruction/scripts into Ansible playbook(s), and only stopping when doing a clear vagrant up or vagrant reload we will have a fully working environment. As our Vagrant environment is now functional, it's time to break it! This is the moment to look for how things can be done better (too rigid/too lose versioning? Sloppy environment setup?) and replace them with the right way to do stuff, one that won't bite us in the backside. This is the point, and the best opportunity, to upcycle the existing way of doing dev environment to produce a proper, production-grade product.

      I should probably digress here for a moment and explain why. I firmly believe that the way you deploy production is the same way you should deploy develop, shy of few debugging-friendly setting. This way you avoid the discrepancy between how production work vs how development works, which almost always causes major pains in the back of the neck, and with use of proper tools should mean no more work for the developers. That's why we start with Vagrant as developer boxes should be as easy as vagrant up, but the meat of our product lies in Ansible which will do meat of the work and can be applied to almost anything: AWS, bare metal, docker, LXC, in open net, behind vpn - you name it.

      We must also give proper consideration to monitoring and logging hoovering at this point. My generic answer here is to grab Elasticsearch, Kibana, and Logstash. While for different use cases there may be better solutions, this one is well battle-tested, performs reasonably and is very easy to scale both vertically (within some limits) and horizontally. Logstash rules are easy to write and are well supported in maintenance through Ansible, which as I've mentioned earlier, are at the very core of things, and creating triggers/reports and alerts based on Elastic and Kibana is generally a breeze, including some quite complex aggregations.

      If we are happy with the state of the Ansible it's time to move on and put all those roles and playbooks to work. Namely, we need something to manage our CI/CD pipelines. For me, the choice is obvious: TeamCity. It's modern, robust and unlike most of the light-weight alternatives, it's transparent. What I mean by that is that it doesn't tell you how to do things, doesn't limit your ways to deploy, or test, or package for that matter. Instead, it provides a developer-friendly and rich playground for your pipelines. You can do most the same with Jenkins, but it has a quite dated look and feel to it, while also missing some key functionality that must be brought in via plugins (like quality REST API which comes built-in with TeamCity). It also comes with all the common-handy plugins like Slack or Apache Maven integration.

      The exact flow between CI and CD varies too greatly from one application to another to describe, so I will outline a few rules that guide me in it: 1. Make build steps as small as possible. This way when something breaks, we know exactly where, without needing to dig and root around. 2. All security credentials besides development environment must be sources from individual Vault instances. Keys to those containers should exist only on the CI/CD box and accessible by a few people (the less the better). This is pretty self-explanatory, as anything besides dev may contain sensitive data and, at times, be public-facing. Because of that appropriate security must be present. TeamCity shines in this department with excellent secrets-management. 3. Every part of the build chain shall consume and produce artifacts. If it creates nothing, it likely shouldn't be its own build. This way if any issue shows up with any environment or version, all developer has to do it is grab appropriate artifacts to reproduce the issue locally. 4. Deployment builds should be directly tied to specific Git branches/tags. This enables much easier tracking of what caused an issue, including automated identifying and tagging the author (nothing like automated regression testing!).

      Speaking of deployments, I generally try to keep it simple but also with a close eye on the wallet. Because of that, I am more than happy with AWS or another cloud provider, but also constantly peeking at the loads and do we get the value of what we are paying for. Often enough the pattern of use is not constantly erratic, but rather has a firm baseline which could be migrated away from the cloud and into bare metal boxes. That is another part where this approach strongly triumphs over the common Docker and CircleCI setup, where you are very much tied in to use cloud providers and getting out is expensive. Here to embrace bare-metal hosting all you need is a help of some container-based self-hosting software, my personal preference is with Proxmox and LXC. Following that all you must write are ansible scripts to manage hardware of Proxmox, similar way as you do for Amazon EC2 (ansible supports both greatly) and you are good to go. One does not exclude another, quite the opposite, as they can live in great synergy and cut your costs dramatically (the heavier your base load, the bigger the savings) while providing production-grade resiliency.

      See more
      Homebrew logo

      Homebrew

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      The Missing Package Manager for macOS
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      PROS OF HOMEBREW
      • 2
        Clean, neat, powerful, fast and furious
      CONS OF HOMEBREW
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        Bazel logo

        Bazel

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        Build and test software of any size, quickly and reliably
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        PROS OF BAZEL
        • 26
          Fast
        • 18
          Deterministic incremental builds
        • 15
          Correct
        • 13
          Enforces declared inputs/outputs
        • 13
          Multi-language
        • 9
          High-level build language
        • 8
          Scalable
        • 5
          Multi-platform support
        • 4
          Sandboxing
        • 3
          Dependency management
        • 2
          Flexible
        • 2
          Windows Support
        • 1
          Android Studio integration
        CONS OF BAZEL
        • 3
          No Windows Support
        • 2
          Bad IntelliJ support
        • 1
          Poor windows support for some languages
        • 1
          Constant breaking changes
        • 1
          Learning Curve
        • 1
          Lack of Documentation

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        Joshua Dean Küpper
        CEO at Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) · | 2 upvotes · 242.7K views

        All Java-Projects are compiled using Apache Maven. We prefer it over Apache Ant and Gradle as it combines lightweightness with feature-richness and offers basically all we can imagine from a software project-management tool and more. We're open however to re-evaluate this decision in favor of Gradle or Bazel in the future if we feel like we're missing out on anything.

        See more
        Composer logo

        Composer

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        Dependency Manager for PHP
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        PROS OF COMPOSER
        • 7
          Must have dependency manager for PHP
        • 3
          Centralized autoload.php
        • 3
          Large number of libraries
        CONS OF COMPOSER
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          NuGet logo

          NuGet

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          The package manager for .NET
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          PROS OF NUGET
          • 0
            Best package (and maybe only 1) management for .NET
          CONS OF NUGET
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            Chocolatey logo

            Chocolatey

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            A command line application installer for Windows
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            PROS OF CHOCOLATEY
              Be the first to leave a pro
              CONS OF CHOCOLATEY
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                fpm logo

                fpm

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                packaging made simple
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                PROS OF FPM
                • 2
                  Easy to use
                CONS OF FPM
                  Be the first to leave a con

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