Apache Struts vs Spring MVC: What are the differences?
What is Apache Struts? A free open source framework for creating Java web applications. It is a free, open-source, MVC framework for creating elegant, modern Java web applications. It favors convention over configuration, is extensible using a plugin architecture, and ships with plugins to support REST, AJAX and JSON.
What is Spring MVC? A Java framework which is used to build web applications. A Java framework that follows the Model-View-Controller design pattern and provides an elegant solution to use MVC in spring framework by the help of DispatcherServlet.
Apache Struts and Spring MVC can be primarily classified as "Frameworks (Full Stack)" tools.
Some of the features offered by Apache Struts are:
- MVC framework
- extensible using a plugin architecture
- ships with plugins to support REST, AJAX and JSON
On the other hand, Spring MVC provides the following key features:
- Clear separation of roles
- Customizable binding and validation
Apache Struts and Spring MVC are both open source tools. Spring MVC with 31.2K GitHub stars and 20.1K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than Apache Struts with 959 GitHub stars and 637 GitHub forks.