Hugo vs Middleman: What are the differences?
What is Hugo? A Fast and Flexible Static Site Generator built with love by spf13 in GoLang. Hugo is a static site generator written in Go. It is optimized for speed, easy use and configurability. Hugo takes a directory with content and templates and renders them into a full html website. Hugo makes use of markdown files with front matter for meta data.
What is Middleman? A static site generator using all the shortcuts and tools in modern web development. Middleman is a command-line tool for creating static websites using all the shortcuts and tools of the modern web development environment.
Hugo and Middleman can be categorized as "Static Site Generators" tools.
Some of the features offered by Hugo are:
- Run Anywhere - Hugo is quite possibly the easiest to install software you've ever used, simply download and run. Hugo doesn't depend on administrative privileges, databases, runtimes, interpreters or external libraries. Sites built with Hugo can be deployed on S3, Github Pages, Dropbox or any web host.
- Fast & Powerful - Hugo is written for speed and performance. Great care has been taken to ensure that Hugo build time is as short as possible. We're talking milliseconds to build your entire site for most setups.
- Flexible - Hugo is designed to work how you do. Organize your content however you want with any URL structure. Declare your own content types. Define your own meta data in YAML, TOML or JSON.
On the other hand, Middleman provides the following key features:
- Sass for DRY stylesheets
- Multiple asset management solutions, including Sprockets
"Lightning fast" is the top reason why over 35 developers like Hugo, while over 17 developers mention "Rails for static sites" as the leading cause for choosing Middleman.
Hugo and Middleman are both open source tools. It seems that Hugo with 36.4K GitHub stars and 4.09K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Middleman with 6.49K GitHub stars and 696 GitHub forks.
According to the StackShare community, Hugo has a broader approval, being mentioned in 37 company stacks & 62 developers stacks; compared to Middleman, which is listed in 32 company stacks and 17 developer stacks.
What is Hugo?
What is Middleman?
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Earlier this year, I migrated my personal website (dzello.com) from Jekyll to Hugo. My goal with the migration was to make the development environment as pleasant as possible and to make it really easy to add new types of content. For example, I knew I wanted to add a consulting page and some portfolio-style pages to show off talks I had given and projects I had worked on.
I had heard about how fast Hugo was, so I tried it out with my content after using a simple migration tool. The results were impressive - the startup and rebuild times were in milliseconds, making the process of iterating on content or design less cumbersome. Then I started to see how I could use Hugo to create new page types and was very impressed by the flexibility of the content model. It took me a few days to really understand where content should go with Hugo, but then I felt very confident that I could create many different types of pages - even multiple blogs if I wanted - using a consistent syntax and with full control of the layouts and the URLs.
After about 6 months, I've been very happy with the results of the migration. The dev environment is light and fast and I feel at ease adding new pages and sections to the site.
A few months ago we decided to move our whole static website (www.algolia.com) to a new stack. At the time we were using a website generator called Middleman, written in Ruby. As a team of only front-end developers we didn't feel very comfortable with the language itself, and the time it took to build was not satisfying. We decided to move to Gatsby to take advantage of its use of React , as well as its incredibly high performances in terms of build and page rendering.
The Static Content Generator engine, Hugo, is what I use to convert the Markdown content of my site into HTML for serving to the public.
Using Hugo as a backend to generate content for a statically hosted frontend reduces the security risk of hosting a dynamically interactive site.
We use Hugo to build our documentation website based on Markdown content.
We use Hugo to generate all of our secondary sites including documentation, blog and help center.
[FREE] We use middleman for its ease and speed to develop and deploy micro/marketing sites.
Hugo is my favorite static site generator. It's the engine behind my personal blog.
Flexible static site generator, doesn't need to be more complex than this.