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nginx vs Wowza: What are the differences?

Developers describe nginx as "A high performance free open source web server powering busiest sites on the Internet". nginx [engine x] is an HTTP and reverse proxy server, as well as a mail proxy server, written by Igor Sysoev. According to Netcraft nginx served or proxied 30.46% of the top million busiest sites in Jan 2018. On the other hand, Wowza is detailed as "*A customizable live streaming platform *". It offers a customizable live streaming platform to build, deploy and manage high-quality video, live and on-demand. It powers professional-grade streaming for any use case and any device.

nginx can be classified as a tool in the "Web Servers" category, while Wowza is grouped under "Video Streaming".

nginx is an open source tool with 9.31K GitHub stars and 3.5K GitHub forks. Here's a link to nginx's open source repository on GitHub.

Airbnb, Uber Technologies, and Spotify are some of the popular companies that use nginx, whereas Wowza is used by AbemaTV, Debut, and Wirtualna Polska. nginx has a broader approval, being mentioned in 10607 company stacks & 12950 developers stacks; compared to Wowza, which is listed in 7 company stacks and 3 developer stacks.

Advice on NGINX and Wowza
Needs advice
on
WowzaWowza
and
BitmovinBitmovin

We want to make a live streaming platform demo to show off our video compression technology.

Simply put, we will stream content from 12 x 4K cameras ——> to an edge server(s) containing our compression software ——> either to Bitmovin or Wowza ——> to a media player.

What we would like to know is, is one of the above streaming engines more suited to multiple feeds (we will eventually be using more than 100 4K cameras for the actual streaming platform), 4K content streaming, latency, and functions such as being to Zoom in on the 4K content?

If anyone has any insight into the above, we would be grateful for your advice. We are a Japanese company and were recommended the above two streaming engines but know nothing about them as they literally “foreign” to us.

Thanks so much.

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Replies (1)
Recommends
WowzaWowza

I've been working with Wowza Streaming Engine for more than 10 years, and it's likely very well suited to your application, particularly if you intend to host the streaming engine software. But, you should confirm that both the encoding format (e.g. H.264) and transport protocol (e.g. RTMP) you intend to use is supported by Wowza.

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We would like to connect a number of (about 25) video streams, from an Amazon S3 bucket containing video data to endpoints accessible to a Docker image, which, when run, will process the input video streams and emit some JSON statistics.

The 25 video streams should be synchronized. Could people share their experiences with a similar scenario and perhaps offer advice about which is better (Wowza, Amazon Kinesis Video Streams) for this kind of problem, or why they chose one technology over the other?

The video stream duration will be quite long (about 8 hours each x 25 camera sources). The 25 video streams will have no audio component. If you worked with a similar problem, what was your experience with scaling, latency, resource requirements, config, etc.?

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Replies (1)
Amit Mor
Software Architect at Payoneer · | 6 upvotes · 6K views
Recommends
AWS LambdaAWS Lambda

I have different experience with processing video files that I'll describe below. It might be helpful or at least make you think a bit diffferent about the problem. What I did (part of it is a mistake): To increase the level of parallelism at the time consuming step which was the video upload, using a custom cmd tool written in Python, I splitted the input videos to much smaller chunks (without losing their ordering - just file name labeling with timestamp) . It then uploaded the chunks to S3. That triggered a few Lambdas that each first pulled a chunked video, did the processing with ffmpeg (the Lambdas were the mistake - at that time the local Lambda storage was up to 512MB so lots of chunks and lots of Lambdas had to be in place, also Lambda are hell to debug), later called Rekognition and later using AWS Elemental MediaConvert to rebuild the full length video. I would use some sort of ECS deployment where processing is triggered by S3 event, and scale the number of Fargate nodes dependent on the number of chucks/videos. Then each processor pulls its video (not stream) to its local storage (local EBS drive) and works. I failed to understand why are you trying to stream videos that are basically static, as a file, or that putting the files on S3 is a current limitation (while your input videos are 'live' and streaming) that you're trying to remove ?

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I am diving into web development, both front and back end. I feel comfortable with administration, scripting and moderate coding in bash, Python and C++, but I am also a Windows fan (i love inner conflict). What are the votes on web servers? IIS is expensive and restrictive (has Windows adoption of open source changed this?) Apache has the history but seems to be at the root of most of my Infosec issues, and I know nothing about nginx (is it too new to rely on?). And no, I don't know what I want to do on the web explicitly, but hosting and data storage (both cloud and tape) are possibilities. Ready, aim fire!

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Replies (1)
Simon Aronsson
Developer Advocate at k6 / Load Impact · | 4 upvotes · 235.5K views
Recommends
NGINXNGINX

I would pick nginx over both IIS and Apace HTTP Server any day. Combine it with docker, and as you grow maybe even traefik, and you'll have a really flexible solution for serving http content where you can take sites and projects up and down without effort, easily move it between systems and dont have to handle any dependencies on your actual local machine.

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Needs advice
on
Apache HTTP ServerApache HTTP Server
and
NGINXNGINX

From a StackShare Community member: "We are a LAMP shop currently focused on improving web performance for our customers. We have made many front-end optimizations and now we are considering replacing Apache with nginx. I was wondering if others saw a noticeable performance gain or any other benefits by switching."

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Replies (3)
Recommends
NGINXNGINX

I use nginx because it is very light weight. Where Apache tries to include everything in the web server, nginx opts to have external programs/facilities take care of that so the web server can focus on efficiently serving web pages. While this can seem inefficient, it limits the number of new bugs found in the web server, which is the element that faces the client most directly.

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Leandro Barral
Recommends
NGINXNGINX

I use nginx because its more flexible and easy to configure

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Christian Cwienk
Software Developer at SAP · | 1 upvotes · 223.5K views

I use Apache HTTP Server because it's intuitive, comprehensive, well-documented, and just works

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Pros of NGINX
Pros of Wowza
  • 1.4K
    High-performance http server
  • 896
    Performance
  • 728
    Easy to configure
  • 606
    Open source
  • 529
    Load balancer
  • 286
    Scalability
  • 285
    Free
  • 222
    Web server
  • 173
    Simplicity
  • 134
    Easy setup
  • 29
    Content caching
  • 19
    Web Accelerator
  • 14
    Capability
  • 13
    Fast
  • 11
    Predictability
  • 10
    High-latency
  • 7
    Reverse Proxy
  • 6
    Supports http/2
  • 4
    The best of them
  • 4
    Lots of Modules
  • 4
    Enterprise version
  • 4
    Great Community
  • 3
    High perfomance proxy server
  • 3
    Streaming media
  • 3
    Embedded Lua scripting
  • 3
    Reversy Proxy
  • 3
    Streaming media delivery
  • 2
    Fast and easy to set up
  • 2
    Lightweight
  • 2
    Slim
  • 2
    saltstack
  • 1
    Virtual hosting
  • 1
    Blash
  • 1
    GRPC-Web
  • 1
    Ingress controller
  • 1
    Narrow focus. Easy to configure. Fast
  • 1
    Along with Redis Cache its the Most superior
  • 0
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    Cons of NGINX
    Cons of Wowza
    • 8
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      - No public GitHub repository available -

      What is NGINX?

      nginx [engine x] is an HTTP and reverse proxy server, as well as a mail proxy server, written by Igor Sysoev. According to Netcraft nginx served or proxied 30.46% of the top million busiest sites in Jan 2018.

      What is Wowza?

      It offers a customizable live streaming platform to build, deploy and manage high-quality video, live and on-demand. It powers professional-grade streaming for any use case and any device.

      Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

      What companies use NGINX?
      What companies use Wowza?
      See which teams inside your own company are using NGINX or Wowza.
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      What tools integrate with NGINX?
      What tools integrate with Wowza?

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      What are some alternatives to NGINX and Wowza?
      HAProxy
      HAProxy (High Availability Proxy) is a free, very fast and reliable solution offering high availability, load balancing, and proxying for TCP and HTTP-based applications.
      lighttpd
      lighttpd has a very low memory footprint compared to other webservers and takes care of cpu-load. Its advanced feature-set (FastCGI, CGI, Auth, Output-Compression, URL-Rewriting and many more) make lighttpd the perfect webserver-software for every server that suffers load problems.
      Traefik
      A modern HTTP reverse proxy and load balancer that makes deploying microservices easy. Traefik integrates with your existing infrastructure components and configures itself automatically and dynamically.
      Caddy
      Caddy 2 is a powerful, enterprise-ready, open source web server with automatic HTTPS written in Go.
      Envoy
      Originally built at Lyft, Envoy is a high performance C++ distributed proxy designed for single services and applications, as well as a communication bus and “universal data plane” designed for large microservice “service mesh” architectures.
      See all alternatives