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C# vs Perl: What are the differences?

C#: Simple, general-purpose, object-oriented programming language for the .NET platform. C# (pronounced "See Sharp") is a simple, modern, object-oriented, and type-safe programming language. C# has its roots in the C family of languages and will be immediately familiar to C, C++, Java, and JavaScript programmers; Perl: Highly capable, feature-rich programming language with over 26 years of development. Perl is a general-purpose programming language originally developed for text manipulation and now used for a wide range of tasks including system administration, web development, network programming, GUI development, and more.

C# and Perl can be categorized as "Languages" tools.

"Cool syntax", "Great lambda support" and "Great generics support" are the key factors why developers consider C#; whereas "Lots of libraries", "Open source" and "Text processing" are the primary reasons why Perl is favored.

Perl is an open source tool with 435 GitHub stars and 152 GitHub forks. Here's a link to Perl's open source repository on GitHub.

Intuit, Stack Exchange, and OpenTable are some of the popular companies that use C#, whereas Perl is used by Tilt, DuckDuckGo, and Twilio SendGrid. C# has a broader approval, being mentioned in 697 company stacks & 1163 developers stacks; compared to Perl, which is listed in 133 company stacks and 64 developer stacks.

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What is C#?

C# (pronounced "See Sharp") is a simple, modern, object-oriented, and type-safe programming language. C# has its roots in the C family of languages and will be immediately familiar to C, C++, Java, and JavaScript programmers.

What is Perl?

Perl is a general-purpose programming language originally developed for text manipulation and now used for a wide range of tasks including system administration, web development, network programming, GUI development, and more.
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What are some alternatives to C# and Perl?
PHP
Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.
JavaScript
JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
Python
Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.
Java
Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!
HTML5
HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997.
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Decisions about C# and Perl
Seth Ammons
Seth Ammons
Principal Software Developer at SendGrid · | 10 upvotes · 19.1K views
atTwilio SendGridTwilio SendGrid
Go
Go
Docker
Docker
Perl
Perl
#CodeCollaborationVersionControl
#ContinuousIntegration

In addition to our fancy Docker setup, we have captured and sanitized production logs for the behavior of our legacy Perl MTA, and we can test that the log output from the new Go version behaves the same way as the old version. These tests are set up to allow us to switch between the legacy and new version of the MTA and ensure that both systems behave in a legacy-compatible way. Not only can we ensure that we operate against a variety of issues we've seen over time from inboxes, but we know that the newest version of our MTA continues to cover all the same expected behaviors of the legacy version. #CodeCollaborationVersionControl #ContinuousIntegration

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Yshay Yaacobi
Yshay Yaacobi
Software Engineer · | 29 upvotes · 491.3K views
atSolutoSoluto
Docker Swarm
Docker Swarm
.NET
.NET
F#
F#
C#
C#
JavaScript
JavaScript
TypeScript
TypeScript
Go
Go
Visual Studio Code
Visual Studio Code
Kubernetes
Kubernetes

Our first experience with .NET core was when we developed our OSS feature management platform - Tweek (https://github.com/soluto/tweek). We wanted to create a solution that is able to run anywhere (super important for OSS), has excellent performance characteristics and can fit in a multi-container architecture. We decided to implement our rule engine processor in F# , our main service was implemented in C# and other components were built using JavaScript / TypeScript and Go.

Visual Studio Code worked really well for us as well, it worked well with all our polyglot services and the .Net core integration had great cross-platform developer experience (to be fair, F# was a bit trickier) - actually, each of our team members used a different OS (Ubuntu, macos, windows). Our production deployment ran for a time on Docker Swarm until we've decided to adopt Kubernetes with almost seamless migration process.

After our positive experience of running .Net core workloads in containers and developing Tweek's .Net services on non-windows machines, C# had gained back some of its popularity (originally lost to Node.js), and other teams have been using it for developing microservices, k8s sidecars (like https://github.com/Soluto/airbag), cli tools, serverless functions and other projects...

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.NET
.NET
F#
F#
C#
C#
Docker
Docker
Kubernetes
Kubernetes

I've used .NET for many years, but only in recent years, after Microsoft introduced .NET Core, I've found a new love and excitement for the technology again. The main driver for us using .NET Core is not that it is cross platform compatible, open source or blazingly fast (which it is!), but the fact that we can use (what we consider) the best programming languages (mainly F# and C#) to carry out our jobs without sacrificing the other benefits.

Today we run most of our web infrastructure on .NET Core in Docker containers, deployed into a Kubernetes cluster which spans across multiple time zones in the Google Cloud and we couldn't be happier. Due to the portability of the .NET Core platform we are even able to develop many new services as serverless functions with F# which has become an absolute game changer.

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Conor Myhrvold
Conor Myhrvold
Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber · | 19 upvotes · 1M views
atUber TechnologiesUber Technologies
Jaeger
Jaeger
Python
Python
Java
Java
Node.js
Node.js
Go
Go
C++
C++
Kubernetes
Kubernetes
JavaScript
JavaScript
OpenShift
OpenShift
C#
C#
Apache Spark
Apache Spark

How Uber developed the open source, end-to-end distributed tracing Jaeger , now a CNCF project:

Distributed tracing is quickly becoming a must-have component in the tools that organizations use to monitor their complex, microservice-based architectures. At Uber, our open source distributed tracing system Jaeger saw large-scale internal adoption throughout 2016, integrated into hundreds of microservices and now recording thousands of traces every second.

Here is the story of how we got here, from investigating off-the-shelf solutions like Zipkin, to why we switched from pull to push architecture, and how distributed tracing will continue to evolve:

https://eng.uber.com/distributed-tracing/

(GitHub Pages : https://www.jaegertracing.io/, GitHub: https://github.com/jaegertracing/jaeger)

Bindings/Operator: Python Java Node.js Go C++ Kubernetes JavaScript OpenShift C# Apache Spark

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C#
C#
Java
Java
Visual Studio
Visual Studio

I use C# because it is incredibly clear and easy to use. The documentation is second to none, being a Microsoft product, and if you just want something that works without exploring a million frameworks and libraries you can pretty much start a C# website and have it running in an hour. C# is basically, in my opinion, a cleaner and easier to use Java. My experience is limited to web design, however. It might come down to personal opinion but I wouldn't even know where to start writing a java back end website but visual studio makes it very easy to write it in C#. If you are new to full stack development I can't recommend Visual Studio enough. It does, however, hide away a lot of abstraction that programmers much more clever than me use to make really interesting websites and server setups. C# will do everything you need to create any website you can imagine, though.

Before I end my rant about how much I love this language I'd like to reiterate how easy it is to figure out problems you encounter. I was stuck on how to store a path string in a database and found the solution by browsing the documentation for 2 minutes, which included examples. Every ASP element is clearly and wonderfully documented.

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Clojure
Clojure
ClojureScript
ClojureScript
JavaScript
JavaScript
Java
Java
C#
C#

I adopted Clojure and ClojureScript because:

  • it's 1 language, multiple platforms.
  • Simple syntax.
  • Designed to avoid unwanted side effects and bugs.
  • Immutable data-structures.
  • Compact code, very expressive.
  • Source code is data.
  • It has super-flexible macro.
  • Has metadata.
  • Interoperability with JavaScript, Java and C#.
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Omar Melendrez
Omar Melendrez
Front-end developer · | 4 upvotes · 4.3K views
Vue.js
Vue.js
React
React
Node.js
Node.js
C#
C#
Python
Python
#Fullstack
#Vscode

I'm #Fullstack here and work with Vue.js, React and Node.js in some projects but also C# for other clients. Also started learning Python. And all this with just one tool!: #Vscode I have used Atom and Sublime Text in the past and they are very good too, but for me now is just vscode. I think the combination of vscode with the free available extensions that the community is creating makes a powerful tool and that's why vscode became the most popular IDE for software development. You can match it to your own needs in a couple of minutes. Did I mention you can style it your way? Amazing tool!

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Nicholas Rogoff
Nicholas Rogoff
at Avanade UK Ltd. · | 7 upvotes · 206.7K views
atNHS Digital (NHS.UK)NHS Digital (NHS.UK)
.NET Core
.NET Core
C#
C#
Microsoft SQL Server
Microsoft SQL Server
JavaScript
JavaScript
jQuery
jQuery
Git
Git
Azure DevOps
Azure DevOps
Postman
Postman
Newman
Newman
Visual Studio Code
Visual Studio Code
Visual Studio
Visual Studio

Secure Membership Web API backed by SQL Server. This is the backing API to store additional profile and complex membership metadata outside of an Azure AD B2C provider. The front-end using the Azure AD B2C to allow 3rd party trusted identity providers to authenticate. This API provides a way to add and manage more complex permission structures than can easily be maintained in Azure AD.

We have .Net developers and an Azure infrastructure environment using server-less functions, logic apps and SaaS where ever possible. For this service I opted to keep it as a classic WebAPI project and deployed to AppService.

  • Trusted Authentication Provider: @AzureActiveDirectoryB2C
  • Frameworks: .NET Core
  • Language: C# , Microsoft SQL Server , JavaScript
  • IDEs: Visual Studio Code , Visual Studio
  • Libraries: jQuery @EntityFramework, @AutoMapper, @FeatureToggle , @Swashbuckle
  • Database: @SqlAzure
  • Source Control: Git
  • Build and Release Pipelines: Azure DevOps
  • Test tools: Postman , Newman
  • Test framework: @nUnit, @moq
  • Infrastructure: @AzureAppService, @AzureAPIManagement
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C#
C#
Java
Java
Visual Studio
Visual Studio

I use C# because of the ease of designing user interfaces compared to Java. Using Visual Studio makes C# a breeze for prototyping and creating apps and I really appreciate how quickly I can turn an idea into reality. I was first introduced to C# in a special topics course and quickly started preferring it over Java. The similarities between the two made the switch easy while the added benefits C# offers made it very worth it.

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Interest over time
Reviews of C# and Perl
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How developers use C# and Perl
Avatar of Arbor Health, LLC
Arbor Health, LLC uses C#C#

C# is the most productive production language - it exposes a lot of functional conveniences along with the robustness of strong typing. And they're finally embracing the open source community - a huge plus.

#Language Features We use the basic syntax (for, foreach, if,while) and object oriented constructs (classes, very simple inheritance).

We also use lambdas and block methods extensively, an intermediate level programming construct, but in a very formulaic and predictable way.

Avatar of Promethean TV
Promethean TV uses C#C#

PrometheanTV has used .NET and C# for several back-end applications and services including the Morphic Video Task System utilized to stream video assets to a variety of video delivery platforms including, Akamai, Brightcove, and others.

Avatar of Jonathan Bro
Jonathan Bro uses C#C#

Unity3d builds the app and scripts are written in C#. It receives first class support from the Unity3d developer and most plugins exist in C# in comparison to Javascript (the other supported scripting language)

Avatar of Perljobs.Ru
Perljobs.Ru uses PerlPerl

The whole backend part (deployment and other scripts, business logic, web interface) is written in Perl.

Весь бэкенд (скрипты деплоя и прочие, бизнес-логика, веб-интерфейс) написан на Perl.

Avatar of Carbonmade
Carbonmade uses C#C#

The main Carbonmade backend / API is written in C# and is ready to run on the CLR. We currently host on Windows but are preparing to migrate to Linux when the CoreCLR stabilizes.

Avatar of Andrew Miller
Andrew Miller uses C#C#

C# is the industry standard for Microsoft developers. It has a lot of syntactical similarities to Java & JavaScript. New releases integrate cutting-edge features.

Avatar of John Galbraith
John Galbraith uses PerlPerl

I use Perl to rip through log files and compare them to some signature files I have created. When I get a match, it adds the bad guy to the list of shame in MySQL.

Avatar of Alexander Karelas
Alexander Karelas uses PerlPerl

A very expressive language, lets you say the same thing in many different ways

Avatar of rapt.fm
rapt.fm uses PerlPerl

We use perl with rex to control our distributed systems.

Avatar of ssshake
ssshake uses PerlPerl

I use perl on some legacy applications.

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