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Clojure vs CSS 3: What are the differences?

Developers describe Clojure as "A dynamic programming language that targets the Java Virtual Machine". Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system. On the other hand, CSS 3 is detailed as "The latest evolution of the Cascading Style Sheets language". CSS3 is the latest evolution of the Cascading Style Sheets language and aims at extending CSS2.1. It brings a lot of long-awaited novelties, like rounded corners, shadows, gradients, transitions or animations, as well as new layouts like multi-columns, flexible box or grid layouts. Experimental parts are vendor-prefixed and should either be avoided in production environments, or used with extreme caution as both their syntax and semantics can change in the future.

Clojure and CSS 3 belong to "Languages" category of the tech stack.

Clojure is an open source tool with 7.85K GitHub stars and 1.25K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Clojure's open source repository on GitHub.

Simply Business, Ontuitive, and SupplyAI are some of the popular companies that use CSS 3, whereas Clojure is used by Nubank, CircleCI, and Groupon. CSS 3 has a broader approval, being mentioned in 100 company stacks & 283 developers stacks; compared to Clojure, which is listed in 95 company stacks and 80 developer stacks.

- No public GitHub repository available -

What is Clojure?

Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system.

What is CSS 3?

CSS3 is the latest evolution of the Cascading Style Sheets language and aims at extending CSS2.1. It brings a lot of long-awaited novelties, like rounded corners, shadows, gradients, transitions or animations, as well as new layouts like multi-columns, flexible box or grid layouts. Experimental parts are vendor-prefixed and should either be avoided in production environments, or used with extreme caution as both their syntax and semantics can change in the future.
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      What are some alternatives to Clojure and CSS 3?
      Scala
      Scala is an acronym for “Scalable Language”. This means that Scala grows with you. You can play with it by typing one-line expressions and observing the results. But you can also rely on it for large mission critical systems, as many companies, including Twitter, LinkedIn, or Intel do. To some, Scala feels like a scripting language. Its syntax is concise and low ceremony; its types get out of the way because the compiler can infer them.
      Haskell
      Common Lisp
      Lisp was originally created as a practical mathematical notation for computer programs, influenced by the notation of Alonzo Church's lambda calculus. It quickly became the favored programming language for artificial intelligence (AI) research. As one of the earliest programming languages, Lisp pioneered many ideas in computer science, including tree data structures, automatic storage management, dynamic typing, conditionals, higher-order functions, recursion, and the self-hosting compiler. [source: wikipedia]
      Elixir
      Elixir leverages the Erlang VM, known for running low-latency, distributed and fault-tolerant systems, while also being successfully used in web development and the embedded software domain.
      Julia
      Julia is a high-level, high-performance dynamic programming language for technical computing, with syntax that is familiar to users of other technical computing environments. It provides a sophisticated compiler, distributed parallel execution, numerical accuracy, and an extensive mathematical function library.
      See all alternatives
      Decisions about Clojure and CSS 3
      Jake Stein
      Jake Stein
      CEO at Stitch · | 13 upvotes · 93.5K views
      atStitchStitch
      Go
      Go
      Clojure
      Clojure
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      Python
      Python
      Kubernetes
      Kubernetes
      AWS OpsWorks
      AWS OpsWorks
      Amazon EC2
      Amazon EC2
      Amazon Redshift
      Amazon Redshift
      Amazon S3
      Amazon S3
      Amazon RDS
      Amazon RDS

      Stitch is run entirely on AWS. All of our transactional databases are run with Amazon RDS, and we rely on Amazon S3 for data persistence in various stages of our pipeline. Our product integrates with Amazon Redshift as a data destination, and we also use Redshift as an internal data warehouse (powered by Stitch, of course).

      The majority of our services run on stateless Amazon EC2 instances that are managed by AWS OpsWorks. We recently introduced Kubernetes into our infrastructure to run the scheduled jobs that execute Singer code to extract data from various sources. Although we tend to be wary of shiny new toys, Kubernetes has proven to be a good fit for this problem, and its stability, strong community and helpful tooling have made it easy for us to incorporate into our operations.

      While we continue to be happy with Clojure for our internal services, we felt that its relatively narrow adoption could impede Singer's growth. We chose Python both because it is well suited to the task, and it seems to have reached critical mass among data engineers. All that being said, the Singer spec is language agnostic, and integrations and libraries have been developed in JavaScript, Go, and Clojure.

      See more
      Jonathan Pugh
      Jonathan Pugh
      Software Engineer / Project Manager / Technical Architect · | 18 upvotes · 172.7K views
      Pouchdb
      Pouchdb
      CouchDB
      CouchDB
      Font Awesome
      Font Awesome
      CSS 3
      CSS 3
      Apache Cordova
      Apache Cordova
      PhoneGap
      PhoneGap
      HTML5
      HTML5
      Ruby
      Ruby
      Babel
      Babel
      Webpack
      Webpack
      Visual Studio Code
      Visual Studio Code
      Figma
      Figma
      TypeScript
      TypeScript
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      Framework7
      Framework7
      #Css
      #CSS3
      #SCSS
      #Sass
      #Less
      #Electron
      #HandleBars
      #Template7
      #Sketch
      #GraphQL
      #HTML5
      #GraphCool

      I needed to choose a full stack of tools for cross platform mobile application design & development. After much research and trying different tools, these are what I came up with that work for me today:

      For the client coding I chose Framework7 because of its performance, easy learning curve, and very well designed, beautiful UI widgets. I think it's perfect for solo development or small teams. I didn't like React Native. It felt heavy to me and rigid. Framework7 allows the use of #CSS3, which I think is the best technology to come out of the #WWW movement. No other tech has been able to allow designers and developers to develop such flexible, high performance, customisable user interface elements that are highly responsive and hardware accelerated before. Now #CSS3 includes variables and flexboxes it is truly a powerful language and there is no longer a need for preprocessors such as #SCSS / #Sass / #less. React Native contains a very limited interpretation of #CSS3 which I found very frustrating after using #CSS3 for some years already and knowing its powerful features. The other very nice feature of Framework7 is that you can even build for the browser if you want your app to be available for desktop web browsers. The latest release also includes the ability to build for #Electron so you can have MacOS, Windows and Linux desktop apps. This is not possible with React Native yet.

      Framework7 runs on top of Apache Cordova. Cordova and webviews have been slated as being slow in the past. Having a game developer background I found the tweeks to make it run as smooth as silk. One of those tweeks is to use WKWebView. Another important one was using srcset on images.

      I use #Template7 for the for the templating system which is a no-nonsense mobile-centric #HandleBars style extensible templating system. It's easy to write custom helpers for, is fast and has a small footprint. I'm not forced into a new paradigm or learning some new syntax. It operates with standard JavaScript, HTML5 and CSS 3. It's written by the developer of Framework7 and so dovetails with it as expected.

      I configured TypeScript to work with the latest version of Framework7. I consider TypeScript to be one of the best creations to come out of Microsoft in some time. They must have an amazing team working on it. It's very powerful and flexible. It helps you catch a lot of bugs and also provides code completion in supporting IDEs. So for my IDE I use Visual Studio Code which is a blazingly fast and silky smooth editor that integrates seamlessly with TypeScript for the ultimate type checking setup (both products are produced by Microsoft).

      I use Webpack and Babel to compile the JavaScript. TypeScript can compile to JavaScript directly but Babel offers a few more options and polyfills so you can use the latest (and even prerelease) JavaScript features today and compile to be backwards compatible with virtually any browser. My favorite recent addition is "optional chaining" which greatly simplifies and increases readability of a number of sections of my code dealing with getting and setting data in nested objects.

      I use some Ruby scripts to process images with ImageMagick and pngquant to optimise for size and even auto insert responsive image code into the HTML5. Ruby is the ultimate cross platform scripting language. Even as your scripts become large, Ruby allows you to refactor your code easily and make it Object Oriented if necessary. I find it the quickest and easiest way to maintain certain aspects of my build process.

      For the user interface design and prototyping I use Figma. Figma has an almost identical user interface to #Sketch but has the added advantage of being cross platform (MacOS and Windows). Its real-time collaboration features are outstanding and I use them a often as I work mostly on remote projects. Clients can collaborate in real-time and see changes I make as I make them. The clickable prototyping features in Figma are also very well designed and mean I can send clickable prototypes to clients to try user interface updates as they are made and get immediate feedback. I'm currently also evaluating the latest version of #AdobeXD as an alternative to Figma as it has the very cool auto-animate feature. It doesn't have real-time collaboration yet, but I heard it is proposed for 2019.

      For the UI icons I use Font Awesome Pro. They have the largest selection and best looking icons you can find on the internet with several variations in styles so you can find most of the icons you want for standard projects.

      For the backend I was using the #GraphCool Framework. As I later found out, #GraphQL still has some way to go in order to provide the full power of a mature graph query language so later in my project I ripped out #GraphCool and replaced it with CouchDB and Pouchdb. Primarily so I could provide good offline app support. CouchDB with Pouchdb is very flexible and efficient combination and overcomes some of the restrictions I found in #GraphQL and hence #GraphCool also. The most impressive and important feature of CouchDB is its replication. You can configure it in various ways for backups, fault tolerance, caching or conditional merging of databases. CouchDB and Pouchdb even supports storing, retrieving and serving binary or image data or other mime types. This removes a level of complexity usually present in database implementations where binary or image data is usually referenced through an #HTML5 link. With CouchDB and Pouchdb apps can operate offline and sync later, very efficiently, when the network connection is good.

      I use PhoneGap when testing the app. It auto-reloads your app when its code is changed and you can also install it on Android phones to preview your app instantly. iOS is a bit more tricky cause of Apple's policies so it's not available on the App Store, but you can build it and install it yourself to your device.

      So that's my latest mobile stack. What tools do you use? Have you tried these ones?

      See more
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      CSS 3
      CSS 3
      HTML5
      HTML5

      I use HTML5 because it's mandatory. Everyone who isn't a programmer should learn this as their first language because you can instantly get visual feedback for what you did. It's also one of the easiest languages to learn as it's just a markup language to display content. Learning this and then CSS 3 and then JavaScript should be the future of what everyone has to learn.

      See more
      C#
      C#
      Java
      Java
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      ClojureScript
      ClojureScript
      Clojure
      Clojure

      I adopted Clojure and ClojureScript because:

      • it's 1 language, multiple platforms.
      • Simple syntax.
      • Designed to avoid unwanted side effects and bugs.
      • Immutable data-structures.
      • Compact code, very expressive.
      • Source code is data.
      • It has super-flexible macro.
      • Has metadata.
      • Interoperability with JavaScript, Java and C#.
      See more
      Labinator Team
      Labinator Team
      at Labinator · | 13 upvotes · 63.2K views
      atLabinatorLabinator
      Debian
      Debian
      Manjaro
      Manjaro
      Visual Studio Code
      Visual Studio Code
      Sublime Text
      Sublime Text
      WordPress
      WordPress
      PHP
      PHP
      Vanilla.JS
      Vanilla.JS
      Sass
      Sass
      CSS 3
      CSS 3
      HTML5
      HTML5

      At labinator.com, we use HTML5, CSS 3, Sass, Vanilla.JS and PHP when building our premium WordPress themes and plugins. When writing our codes, we use Sublime Text and Visual Studio Code depending on the project. We run Manjaro and Debian operating systems in our office. Manjaro is a great desktop operating system for all range of tasks while Debian is a solid choice for servers.

      WordPress became a very popular choice when it comes to content management systems and building websites. It is easy to learn and has a great community behind it. The high number of plugins as well that are available for WordPress allows any user to customize it depending on his/her needs.

      For development, HTML5 with Sass is our go-to choice when building our themes.

      Main Advantages Of Sass:

      • It's CSS syntax friendly
      • It offers variables
      • It uses a nested syntax
      • It includes mixins
      • Great community and online support.
      • Great documentation that is easy to read and follow.

      As for PHP, we always thrive to use PHP 7.3+. After the introduction of PHP 7, the WordPress development process became more stable and reliable than before. If you a developer considering PHP 7.3+ for your project, it would be good to note the following benefits.

      The Benefits Of Using PHP:

      • Open Source.
      • Highly Extendible.
      • Easy to learn and read.
      • Platform independent.
      • Compatible with APACHE.
      • Low development and maintenance cost.
      • Great community and support.
      • Detailed documentation that has everything you need!

      Why PHP 7.3+?

      • Flexible Heredoc & Nowdoc Syntaxes - Two key methods for defining strings within PHP. They also became easier to read and more reliable.
      • A good boost in performance speed which is extremely important when it comes to WordPress development.
      See more
      Helio Junior
      Helio Junior
      CSS 3
      CSS 3
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      Python
      Python
      #Electron
      #NodeJS
      #UXdesign
      #DataScience

      Python is a excellent tool for #DataScience , but up to now is very poor in #uxdesign . To do some design I'm using JavaScript and #nodejs , #electron stack. The possibility of use CSS 3 to draw interfaces is very awesome and fast. Unfortunatelly Python don't have (yet) a good way to make a #UXdesign .

      See more
      Interest over time
      Reviews of Clojure and CSS 3
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      How developers use Clojure and CSS 3
      Avatar of Brandon Adams
      Brandon Adams uses ClojureClojure

      Cloure is a high level language that provides access to both the JVM (for server-side development) and javascript (for client-side development) with largely the same language. This is important to limit context switching and enable code-reuse during fast product cycles. Clojure is ideal for rapid prototyping and has a strong focus on stability, correctness, and concurrency. Tools like Schema and Spec enable well-structured development and high code confidence.

      Avatar of Brian Fults
      Brian Fults uses ClojureClojure

      To complement Java. The REPL lets me interactively exercise Java code. I can write performant and safe libraries in Java, and then use them in Clojure. I also find the data-centric aspect of Clojure (excellent build-in structures, literal syntax for easily creating those structures, functions that act well on abstractions of those structures) good for data processing.

      This fits a sweet spot between Ruby and Java.

      Avatar of BandSquare
      BandSquare uses ClojureClojure

      We use Clojure mostly for its "Minority Report"-like interactive development in situations that require 'semi-automatic programming' (data inspection, admin tasks, API exploration, scrapers, etc.). We have also used Clojure successfully to build some components of our stack very quickly and reliably, in the backend and the frontend.

      Avatar of papaver
      papaver uses ClojureClojure

      just started learning clojure, maybe around two weeks or so. i'm addicted. this is what i want to be working with and learning for the foreseeable future. the elegance of the language is refreshing. the community is really amazing. i've finally found a language that fits my passion for programming.

      Avatar of CloudRepo
      CloudRepo uses ClojureClojure

      Clojure simplifies and reduces the coding efforts involved in creating CloudRepo. The fact that it runs in the JVM gives us access to all the libraries that we could ever need. Our code base is much smaller and easier to reason about than it would have been had we gone with pure Java.

      How much does Clojure cost?
      How much does CSS 3 cost?
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