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Clojure
Clojure

716
537
+ 1
887
Grain
Grain

2
8
+ 1
0
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Clojure vs Grain: What are the differences?

Clojure: A dynamic programming language that targets the Java Virtual Machine. Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system; Grain: A strongly-typed functional programming language. Grain is a strongly-typed functional programming language built for the modern web. Unlike other languages used on the web today (like TypeScript or Elm), Grain doesn’t compile into JavaScript. Grain complies all the way down to WebAssembly, and is supported by a tiny JavaScript runtime to give Grain access to web features that WebAssembly doesn’t yet support.

Clojure and Grain can be primarily classified as "Languages" tools.

Clojure and Grain are both open source tools. It seems that Clojure with 7.85K GitHub stars and 1.25K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Grain with 1.21K GitHub stars and 21 GitHub forks.

What is Clojure?

Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system.

What is Grain?

Grain is a strongly-typed functional programming language built for the modern web. Unlike other languages used on the web today (like TypeScript or Elm), Grain doesn’t compile into JavaScript. Grain complies all the way down to WebAssembly, and is supported by a tiny JavaScript runtime to give Grain access to web features that WebAssembly doesn’t yet support.
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          What are some alternatives to Clojure and Grain?
          Scala
          Scala is an acronym for “Scalable Language”. This means that Scala grows with you. You can play with it by typing one-line expressions and observing the results. But you can also rely on it for large mission critical systems, as many companies, including Twitter, LinkedIn, or Intel do. To some, Scala feels like a scripting language. Its syntax is concise and low ceremony; its types get out of the way because the compiler can infer them.
          Haskell
          Common Lisp
          Lisp was originally created as a practical mathematical notation for computer programs, influenced by the notation of Alonzo Church's lambda calculus. It quickly became the favored programming language for artificial intelligence (AI) research. As one of the earliest programming languages, Lisp pioneered many ideas in computer science, including tree data structures, automatic storage management, dynamic typing, conditionals, higher-order functions, recursion, and the self-hosting compiler. [source: wikipedia]
          Elixir
          Elixir leverages the Erlang VM, known for running low-latency, distributed and fault-tolerant systems, while also being successfully used in web development and the embedded software domain.
          Julia
          Julia is a high-level, high-performance dynamic programming language for technical computing, with syntax that is familiar to users of other technical computing environments. It provides a sophisticated compiler, distributed parallel execution, numerical accuracy, and an extensive mathematical function library.
          See all alternatives
          Decisions about Clojure and Grain
          Jake Stein
          Jake Stein
          CEO at Stitch · | 13 upvotes · 94.6K views
          atStitchStitch
          Go
          Go
          Clojure
          Clojure
          JavaScript
          JavaScript
          Python
          Python
          Kubernetes
          Kubernetes
          AWS OpsWorks
          AWS OpsWorks
          Amazon EC2
          Amazon EC2
          Amazon Redshift
          Amazon Redshift
          Amazon S3
          Amazon S3
          Amazon RDS
          Amazon RDS

          Stitch is run entirely on AWS. All of our transactional databases are run with Amazon RDS, and we rely on Amazon S3 for data persistence in various stages of our pipeline. Our product integrates with Amazon Redshift as a data destination, and we also use Redshift as an internal data warehouse (powered by Stitch, of course).

          The majority of our services run on stateless Amazon EC2 instances that are managed by AWS OpsWorks. We recently introduced Kubernetes into our infrastructure to run the scheduled jobs that execute Singer code to extract data from various sources. Although we tend to be wary of shiny new toys, Kubernetes has proven to be a good fit for this problem, and its stability, strong community and helpful tooling have made it easy for us to incorporate into our operations.

          While we continue to be happy with Clojure for our internal services, we felt that its relatively narrow adoption could impede Singer's growth. We chose Python both because it is well suited to the task, and it seems to have reached critical mass among data engineers. All that being said, the Singer spec is language agnostic, and integrations and libraries have been developed in JavaScript, Go, and Clojure.

          See more
          C#
          C#
          Java
          Java
          JavaScript
          JavaScript
          ClojureScript
          ClojureScript
          Clojure
          Clojure

          I adopted Clojure and ClojureScript because:

          • it's 1 language, multiple platforms.
          • Simple syntax.
          • Designed to avoid unwanted side effects and bugs.
          • Immutable data-structures.
          • Compact code, very expressive.
          • Source code is data.
          • It has super-flexible macro.
          • Has metadata.
          • Interoperability with JavaScript, Java and C#.
          See more
          Interest over time
          Reviews of Clojure and Grain
          No reviews found
          How developers use Clojure and Grain
          Avatar of Brandon Adams
          Brandon Adams uses ClojureClojure

          Cloure is a high level language that provides access to both the JVM (for server-side development) and javascript (for client-side development) with largely the same language. This is important to limit context switching and enable code-reuse during fast product cycles. Clojure is ideal for rapid prototyping and has a strong focus on stability, correctness, and concurrency. Tools like Schema and Spec enable well-structured development and high code confidence.

          Avatar of Brian Fults
          Brian Fults uses ClojureClojure

          To complement Java. The REPL lets me interactively exercise Java code. I can write performant and safe libraries in Java, and then use them in Clojure. I also find the data-centric aspect of Clojure (excellent build-in structures, literal syntax for easily creating those structures, functions that act well on abstractions of those structures) good for data processing.

          This fits a sweet spot between Ruby and Java.

          Avatar of BandSquare
          BandSquare uses ClojureClojure

          We use Clojure mostly for its "Minority Report"-like interactive development in situations that require 'semi-automatic programming' (data inspection, admin tasks, API exploration, scrapers, etc.). We have also used Clojure successfully to build some components of our stack very quickly and reliably, in the backend and the frontend.

          Avatar of papaver
          papaver uses ClojureClojure

          just started learning clojure, maybe around two weeks or so. i'm addicted. this is what i want to be working with and learning for the foreseeable future. the elegance of the language is refreshing. the community is really amazing. i've finally found a language that fits my passion for programming.

          Avatar of CloudRepo
          CloudRepo uses ClojureClojure

          Clojure simplifies and reduces the coding efforts involved in creating CloudRepo. The fact that it runs in the JVM gives us access to all the libraries that we could ever need. Our code base is much smaller and easier to reason about than it would have been had we gone with pure Java.

          How much does Clojure cost?
          How much does Grain cost?
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