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Clojure vs HTML5: What are the differences?

Developers describe Clojure as "A dynamic programming language that targets the Java Virtual Machine". Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system. On the other hand, HTML5 is detailed as "5th major revision of the core language of the World Wide Web". HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997.

Clojure and HTML5 can be primarily classified as "Languages" tools.

"It is a lisp", "Concise syntax" and "Persistent data structures" are the key factors why developers consider Clojure; whereas "New doctype", "Local storage" and "Canvas" are the primary reasons why HTML5 is favored.

Clojure is an open source tool with 7.85K GitHub stars and 1.25K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Clojure's open source repository on GitHub.

9GAG, Asana, and Pandora are some of the popular companies that use HTML5, whereas Clojure is used by CircleCI, Groupon, and Soundcloud. HTML5 has a broader approval, being mentioned in 3166 company stacks & 3482 developers stacks; compared to Clojure, which is listed in 95 company stacks and 80 developer stacks.

- No public GitHub repository available -

What is Clojure?

Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system.

What is HTML5?

HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997.
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    What are some alternatives to Clojure and HTML5?
    Scala
    Scala is an acronym for “Scalable Language”. This means that Scala grows with you. You can play with it by typing one-line expressions and observing the results. But you can also rely on it for large mission critical systems, as many companies, including Twitter, LinkedIn, or Intel do. To some, Scala feels like a scripting language. Its syntax is concise and low ceremony; its types get out of the way because the compiler can infer them.
    Haskell
    Common Lisp
    Lisp was originally created as a practical mathematical notation for computer programs, influenced by the notation of Alonzo Church's lambda calculus. It quickly became the favored programming language for artificial intelligence (AI) research. As one of the earliest programming languages, Lisp pioneered many ideas in computer science, including tree data structures, automatic storage management, dynamic typing, conditionals, higher-order functions, recursion, and the self-hosting compiler. [source: wikipedia]
    Elixir
    Elixir leverages the Erlang VM, known for running low-latency, distributed and fault-tolerant systems, while also being successfully used in web development and the embedded software domain.
    Julia
    Julia is a high-level, high-performance dynamic programming language for technical computing, with syntax that is familiar to users of other technical computing environments. It provides a sophisticated compiler, distributed parallel execution, numerical accuracy, and an extensive mathematical function library.
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    Decisions about Clojure and HTML5
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    How developers use Clojure and HTML5
    Avatar of OutSystems
    OutSystems uses HTML5HTML5

    Read more on how to extend the OutSystems UI with HTML here.

    At the user interface level, the platform provides a rich visual editor that allows web interfaces to be composed by dragging and dropping. Instead of purely writing HTML, developers use visual widgets. These widgets are wrapped and are easy to reuse just by dragging and dropping without everyone needing to understand how they are built.

    Avatar of Brandon Adams
    Brandon Adams uses ClojureClojure

    Cloure is a high level language that provides access to both the JVM (for server-side development) and javascript (for client-side development) with largely the same language. This is important to limit context switching and enable code-reuse during fast product cycles. Clojure is ideal for rapid prototyping and has a strong focus on stability, correctness, and concurrency. Tools like Schema and Spec enable well-structured development and high code confidence.

    Avatar of Brian Fults
    Brian Fults uses ClojureClojure

    To complement Java. The REPL lets me interactively exercise Java code. I can write performant and safe libraries in Java, and then use them in Clojure. I also find the data-centric aspect of Clojure (excellent build-in structures, literal syntax for easily creating those structures, functions that act well on abstractions of those structures) good for data processing.

    This fits a sweet spot between Ruby and Java.

    Avatar of Rajeshkumar T
    Rajeshkumar T uses HTML5HTML5
    • Its used for "Food Ordering System" with Mobile Responsive theme.

    • Custom email template ( Static and dynamic updates)

    • Cart and checkout modules.

    • Banners and ads management.

    • Restaurant listing and website ordering.

    • It support all the mobile browser compatibility.

    Avatar of BandSquare
    BandSquare uses ClojureClojure

    We use Clojure mostly for its "Minority Report"-like interactive development in situations that require 'semi-automatic programming' (data inspection, admin tasks, API exploration, scrapers, etc.). We have also used Clojure successfully to build some components of our stack very quickly and reliably, in the backend and the frontend.

    Avatar of papaver
    papaver uses ClojureClojure

    just started learning clojure, maybe around two weeks or so. i'm addicted. this is what i want to be working with and learning for the foreseeable future. the elegance of the language is refreshing. the community is really amazing. i've finally found a language that fits my passion for programming.

    Avatar of CloudRepo
    CloudRepo uses ClojureClojure

    Clojure simplifies and reduces the coding efforts involved in creating CloudRepo. The fact that it runs in the JVM gives us access to all the libraries that we could ever need. Our code base is much smaller and easier to reason about than it would have been had we gone with pure Java.

    Avatar of Andrew Gatenby
    Andrew Gatenby uses HTML5HTML5

    All of our responsive wireframes that are used to build the front end of our clients' sites are built with HTML 5, so we can ensure the most efficient and up to date experience for their customers.

    Avatar of Eliana Abraham
    Eliana Abraham uses HTML5HTML5

    I mostly just use it when I need to customize something from Bootstrap or *SemanticUI *and when I need to tweak tiny details or get around the limitations of Javascript.

    Avatar of Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)
    Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) uses HTML5HTML5

    We exclusively use HTML5 instead of XHTML (or even older) HTML-versions. We like the new unity that HTML5 offers and try to keep our code according to the conventions.

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