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Django vs Rails API: What are the differences?
What is Django? The Web framework for perfectionists with deadlines. Django is a high-level Python Web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design.
What is Rails API? Rails for API only applications. Rails::API is a subset of a normal Rails application, created for applications that don't require all functionality that a complete Rails application provides. It is a bit more lightweight, and consequently a bit faster than a normal Rails application. The main example for its usage is in API applications only, where you usually don't need the entire Rails middleware stack nor template generation.
Django and Rails API are primarily classified as "Frameworks (Full Stack)" and "Microframeworks (Backend)" tools respectively.
"Rapid development" is the top reason why over 492 developers like Django, while over 4 developers mention "Great for quick decoupled apps" as the leading cause for choosing Rails API.
Django and Rails API are both open source tools. It seems that Django with 42.6K GitHub stars and 18.3K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Rails API with 5.26K GitHub stars and 293 GitHub forks.
I am a graduate student working as a software engineer in a company. For my personal development, I want to learn web development. I have some experience in Springboot while I was in university. So I want to continue with spring-boot, but I heard about Django. I'm reaching out to the experts here to help me choose a future proof framework. Django or Spring Boot?
Thanks in Advance
Kamrul Hasan, Don't choose dying technologies with small communities. How many startups do you think use Spring and Django? Use Google Trends to compare technologies. Study the StackOverflow developer survey and job websites to see what technologies are wanted. Few teams can afford to train you to get up to their level so be a life-long learner. Embrace the dawn of a new industry and become an expert.
I recommend you stick to Java Spring as you already have experience with the technology, i suggest you master this technology and then if Django seam to be very interesting to you, django is a framework you can easily pickup as python is also easy, you have to probably be able to manage the context switching between a static typed language like Java to dynamic language like python
It really depends on the kind of project and whether you feel more comfortable with Java or Python. Both are excellent frameworks, with a huge community and learning material. I've been working with Spring Boot since I started coding almost and I can assure you it's the perfect combination for Java. The learning curve may be harder that Django, but once you know the basics you're good to go. I can't tell you much about Django but you must now by now that it has a great reputation with Python users. In any case I don't think you can go wrong with any of these two. My advice is, if you are already familiar with the Spring framework, give Spring Boot a try, because you're going to find out that it just makes the whole Spring experience so much easier. Let us know what you chose!
It depends on what you want. Spring is Java-based whereas Django is Python-based. The question rather is Java vs Python. I personally recommend Python as it's shorter and easy to learn. But Java has advantages in really big systems.
Both are in active development and had huge community support. It really depends on you what you are comfortable with. Both are married to their respective languages. I choose Python over Java because of its simplicity and readability. To develop in java you need to write a lot of code. That's how java is. The best part I love with Django is its synchronization with Databases.
Hi there, I'm deciding the technology to use in my project.
I need to build software that has:
- Main View (access to a user account, News, General Info, Business hours, software, and parts section).
- Account Preferences.
- Web Shop for Parts (Support, Download Sections, Ticket System).
The most critical functionality is a WebSocket that connects between a car that sends real-time data through serial communication, and a server performs diagnosis on the car and sends the results back to the user.
You can use NestJs with microservice architecture.where you can also use socket.io for web socket. you can use MongoDB (For real-time data) & MySQL for customer management.if you don't want to implement websocket.you can use firebase.it gives realtime database & firestore.which can handle millions of connections and scale it up.
I would also go with NestJS. I would say Java is unnecessarily complicated and limited. And Python is not typed. TypeScript is powerful and typed and goes well with NestJS, especially using RxJS.
Django does not enforce backend-frontend separation, which probably was a good thing back in the days, but not anymore. But on the other hand enforces the project structure to you, which I don't like.
Just a simple Node.JS app with templating engine for UI can be sufficient for what you want to achieve.
Spring boot with Spring Security[JWT], Websocket, Thymeleaf or Mustache, and styling with Bootstrap.
Currently, I am a university student, and it is my second last semester with a major in Computer science. I want to start my career in full-stack web development. I know Python with Django + PHP with Laravel, and my focus is on learning MERN stack. I am a little bit confused as to which technology I should choose: Django or Magento or MERN stack.
I suggest you to go with MERN Stack (Mongo,express,react,Node). As you know python and django which is a plus point because you can use python and node as your backend and for front-end use react(easy to learn) and database of your choice.(Mongo or SQL)
GO For MERN Stack... brother
As a medium level .Net programmer trying to implementing a website, I decided to go through the Asp.Net Core. I found some tutorials on the web and started learning; however, I faced a problem. Even though I have been working with .Net and C# (mostly with unity game engine, which led to a quite amazing mobile game, published on a Persian app store) for two years or even more, by start learning Asp.Net Core, I found out that I do not know .Net as much as I expected. There were some things I should have learned before.
I searched for other frameworks, and Django was a popular one. Besides, I have planned to learn Python for machine learning. The website I want to make (with a small team) is nearly similar to Khan Academy. (We are going to use React for front-end)
So, What should I do? Continue working on .Net core with its amazing new features, or start getting into the Python and Django?
Your advice accompanied by reasons will be greatly appreciated!
Having worked with many J2EE database applications in the past, I now turn to Django if I can and the project allows it as it is so quick to get up and running. It has a logical workflow and organized structure and it comes with a high level of security (if you import the appropriate backends). If you are wanting to incorporate python-based data processing (or cython), it is relatively easy to write a backend plugin. I have found it more stable with updates than other frameworks (particularly compared to the NPM world such as React which so often descends into dependency hell when a version of something is updated). One hassle worth mentioning is the database migrations support which can sometimes mess up during development but there are workarounds. With a React frontend, you would be using the Django REST Framework (https://www.django-rest-framework.org/) so you may find that you have to overwrite a lot of the methods here as the defaults are fairly basic CRUD operations which don't really support nested relationships very well. I don't have any experience with .Net so I can't give a comparison except of course, the obvious one, portability, as Python is platform-independent. PS, I would recommend Vue over React also for a well organized front-end.
I find myself in the opposite boat, I have made commercial websites with Django and now find myself learning ASP.NET. My recommendation comes with the following caveats... regardless of direction the learning will happen. Django is a very battery included framework, so the initial process will be painless, I found that documentation and support for more advanced use cases to be fairly easy to get support.
I personally found Django pretty nice to work with.
You can get done what you want with just about any modern framework and language.
Django is fast and easy to learn but as your website grows you will need more and more community apps whose release cycles do not keep up with Django. Unless you are willing to work on the community apps, Django may not be for you.
Compare the active community sizes of Django apps to Ruby on Rails apps and you'll see very active communities with Ruby on Rails and small Django communities. Don't switch to Ruby on Rails though--it is a small, dying community of enthusiasts.
ASP.NET Core is a great backend framework, the community is large and you can always find answers; however, according to the StackOverflow developer survey, it is not desirable for the majority of programmers. I still use it though because my background evolved from C to C++ and then to C#. I also like the Microsoft world.
I've programmed a lot using Angular and some React but am switching to Vue.js which is much easier to learn and faster to code in. Be sure to use TypeScript with Vue.js. Just watch the video on the Vue home page to see how fast he can code using Vue.
But do you really want to code a website from scratch? If not, try WordPress Elementor. It may save you tons of time.
For mobile, use Google Flutter. In my 35 years of professional programming I've never seen anything more elegant, easy to learn, well documented and beautiful than Flutter. From one a single base you can target both Android and IOS and soon Web. You can also develop in Android Studio which means your screen real estate requirements are small so you don't need two monitors.
I recommend you use a framework such as Firebase instead of implementing your own backend server for the website.
I found that Firebase enables me to build websites more quickly since it takes care of the backend for me so most of my development time is building the front-end (using React in your case).
Go with the ASP.NET Core. It is a very mature technology now and there are tons of documentation, tutorials and support you can find online. Also ASP.NET Core Web API plays quite well with the React. It is easy to implement the entire back-end in .NET Core (APIs, authentication, database access layer...) and if you need any third party package, I'm pretty sure you will find and implement in a form of a NuGet package. Who knows, maybe one day you'll need to create a mobile app and with a fully functional Web API, it would be more-less easy task to build a mobile app on top of it.
If you're going to learn Python anyway, Django project will boost your learning process. Since you're going to use React , you only neet to create REST API. Basic API can be created with Django rather easy.
If you are currently not working my first suggestion is to study both the frameworks and get a good grasp of those. If you didn't get confident with Django in the first place you should reconsider going back and study more. Get a video course with some code-along and produce some simple application you can showcase on your interviews. If you already took a course take a different one. Another trainer could be more effective and you could experience something new with different excercises. There are lots of both free and paid courses out there. When you will get confident with Django get your feet wet with Node.js because it surely worth it. Node is very different from Django from some perspective, it looks more like an asynchronous version of Flask to me. Be sure to have a good knowledge of ES6 first, because it will be really useful to understand the Node best practices. Study as much as you can now if you are not working. It will supercharge you for the future...
From my experience of the early startup world, a majority of companies these days use Node.js. Python and Go are the next biggest languages, but significantly smaller than Node.
However, if you're having trouble with the front end aspect of Django, using Node probably won't make that easier for you. You'll have a lot more options between front end frameworks (React, Vue.js, Angular 2) , but they'll definitely take more time to learn than Django's templating system.
Think about whether you want to focus on front end or back end for now, and make a decision from there.
I would suggest to go with js, it's the craze now when you enter into the stack it has variety of options and tools that you can adopt , and more than that the demand for js engineers is exponentially increasing and js can do magic in any type of application or architecture.
Jinja is a template rendering engine and you will encounter some sort of template rendering engine in each language. Jinja is a pretty standard tool and almost every language has some sort of Jinja equivalent. Ruby has Liquid, Node has Nunjucks, Java has Jinjava, Go's default templating engine is easy to pick up if you know Jinja, Helm charts are easier to pick if know Jinja . So learning Jinja is a good thing.
If you already know some django stuff you should keep that learning path. And for the job if you really want an internship you should learn to make rest APIs using django or nodejs, and a front end that consumes those APIs using some framework
Actually, you could get very good solution with implementing BE and admin panel with Django and FE with React.js or Vue.js. it will provide you a pretty flexible and powerful environment.
I have a mission to make a web application for my organization (engineering consultant). With the following bullet points that the new web app has to cover, what is the right tool?
It should be able to display employee data and project data. For example, when searching the name of Mr. Peter Parker, I should be able to click on the name to see his personal profile and also a list of construction projects he is or was a part of. Also, if I click on a project name, say Project ABC building, it should show me the detail of this project (who is the client, who works on this project, where, start-finish dates, etc.)
It should be able to sync with the database from Microsoft Access.
(optional) 3. The user of this web app should be able to propose a rotation of role (Ex. Boss might want Mr. Peter Paker to work in another project next month, he can just drag Peter into XYZ Building.)
you can achieve what you want with both. but for me, the obvious choice is Aspnet core. the main reason is being the easiness of writing code in a multi-threading manner & ORM. the Django ORM is ugly as hell that I don't even want to look into its code. I did a couple of projects with Django and I wish I never did it. the amount of nuances was so much that after we delivered the projects I rejected any new Django project. I know people still using that and getting projects done but it's not a clever choice when there are easier choices out there.
moreover, after the latest upgrade, the Aspnet core 3 is the fastest and best of framework in 2020.
I always use Django on my projects. It is really easy and friendly fro the developer. It also comes with an inbuilt admin panel where you can manage all your models (tables), Django has a great authentication and authorization system, and it provides a great and powerful URL dispatcher, suitable for your needs. Furthermore, you can use a called django-pyodbc that is coded specifically for Microsoft SQL Server, and the SQL dialects for SQL Server ("T-SQL") and Access ("Access SQL"). However, I would not recommend using an Access DataBase with any web application's backend. Of course, it depends if you explicitly have Microsoft as your main tech stack.
Hope I helped you, and good luck with your project!
Would recommend Asp.net core with angular, It would integrate fine. I have experienced Django its good for fast, short span projects. But when it comes to speed, maintainability Asp .net is a winner. Though you can use angular/react in both frameworks. Your application consists of crud operations so you can have a choice based upon availability of resource, maintenance and time
Short answer, ASP.NET because of #2. I think the Microsoft stack, now and in the future will be easier to sync with Microsoft Access. I haven't done extensive research but usually Microsoft office apps work well with the MSFT stack. BUT I personally prefer Django.
Which is better to learn first as a beginner? Is it true that django is going out of the trend?
I was thinking to learn nodejs but after some thoughts I moved to django and learned most of the basics. Should I learn django more deeply or else drop the django learning and start learning nodejs from scratch?
Hey, I have found Laravel to be a great first web framework for me. Mainly, I would look at what you want to build, and go with the framework that will help you get there. It is not about learning a certain framework, but about building apps that help people solve problems. So you should start with a small project that helps people, and find a framework that can help you build that.
I am sure that others will disagree, but this is my opinion.
Don't by trendy, try to learn the basics and learn for future. For beginner Go is a great start, they're having a great documentation. Once you get Go, backend development wouldn't be a problem. I'll suggest you not to use and framework or library at the beginning. Do things from scratch, it may sounds inefficient, but hey! you'll learn more than others. Afterwards you'll be also able to do application development in Go.
I am a front-end guy and in the last month I've been trynig to be learn backend in python. I think python is a great language to but when i start to learn django I didn't like it because everythong is already done for you, you dont need to do much make it works and I like coding thing that take me time. I've been thinking about switching to another programing language or just learn Node js and stick with it. I need to know if django is that easy.
I would stick with Node. Both are great frameworks but it appears Node edges over Django on performance and other aspects such as the underlying architecture. Node is also an event driven platform which comes with the added benefit of easily crafting asynchronous code.
I do not see the benefit of learning a new language when your current skill set can get the job done.
I would like to build a medium to large scale app, that has real-time operations and a good authentication system and a secure and fast API. Should I use Django with React only? Or maybe use Django for the API, Node.js for real-time operations and React for the frontend? Any suggestions? Which database should I use with those technologies? Should I use both MySQL / PostgreSQL and MongoDB together? Should I use only MongoDB or MySQL / PostgreSQL? Or is it better to go with both MySQL and PostgreSQL at the same time? Should I use also GraphQL?
TL;DR PostgreSQL + Django + React.js.
A few notes about Django: * Django includes own ORM which is able to work with SQL databases. In this case, you're able to use any SQL storage like a PostgreSQL / MySQL / etc., but you can't use MongoDB. * Django is synchronous web-framework. If you want to use asynchronous operations in the database, you have to choose another tool (aiohttp for Python or fastify.js for Node.js). * Django is stable. You don't need to worry about data consistency, etc. * Django-Rest-Framework is a great library for handling REST API requests. * django-channels is a library for handling WebSocket connections. * GraphQL is a great thing, but it requires additional knowledge for using it. (especially, performance knowledge).
A few notes about Node.js: * You have to choose Node.js web-framework. Node.js includes a lot of web-frameworks like a express.js, hapi.js, fastify.js, etc. * Node.js applications are asynchronous. It can give you additional performance. * You have to know about data consistency inside your own application. * You're able to use MongoDB or any SQL database because npm includes a lot of libraries that can work with databases. * You're able to use GraphQL because Node.js is a better choice for GraphQL. * You don't need to use additional libraries for handling REST and WebSocket connections.
So, my conclusion is using Django + PostgreSQL + React.js. For this stack, you can get more stability. If you need to get more performance, you have to think about some asynchronous languages (like a Node.js).
Take a look at Flask + SQLAlchemy + PostgreSQL + React.js. SQLAlchemy is a better ORM than Django-ORM.
I hope, it's useful for you :)
Best regards, Max
Node.js is a great option for real-time applications, especially in conjunction with Socket.IO.
In terms of databases, I'd go with PostgreSQL. MongoDB has its benefits (schema-less, sharding, map-reduce), but for most CRUD-based apps, it makes sense to store the bulk of your data in a relational database (of which PostgreSQL is the best IMO). You can throw in MongoDB if you have a specific need for it. There's certainly no need to use both MySQL and PostgreSQL.
As for GraphQL, it can be nice to work with since you don't need to predefine specific data endpoints on your backend, instead shifting the power to your frontend in requesting the data it needs. It's also useful for public APIs, when you don't know what data users want (see Github's API). It can be useful at the early stage when you're prototyping and want to be able to fetch data quickly, but certainly isn't necessary.
At BaseDash we use Node.js, ExpressJS, Socket.IO, PostgreSQL, and Sequelize to fit our use case of database management and real-time operations.
Hi, I a manager in a financial firm. We need to develop a Community/forum kind of application for internal collaboration kind of requirement. People can post something and others can reply with comments etc.. Bit of gamification will be very useful (likes, votes, trust level in a forum, etc.). The Application will require the admin module and also the reporting page.
I need to hire people yet. contemplating flask vs Django vs webapi vs node.js for backend, angular vs react for front-end and Postgres vs Mysql vs ms SQL (ignore the cost).
What stack you suggest?
Backend/Frontend (Unified): I would recommend Django in your use case. Django have a lot of components out of the box.
Mix SPA + REST Api (w/wo GraphQL) - SPA: Vue + Vuex (Checkout Nuxt.JS) | React + Redux - Django (django-rest-framework) or Node.JS (koa|express|hapi)
First I would ask you: Do you really need to go the full Single Page Application way ?
In my opinion the answer is No.
Regarding the database: - Django -> Postgres - Node.JS -> Postgres / MongoDB (Node.JS friendly)
I throw away MSSQL/Oracle of the discussion too much power for such thing, unless if your IT infrastructure provide it. So ask the IT what databases are available and use them. No need to add new technologies to the infrastructure.
Unless you already have someone with great knowledge in node, i would go with django. This framework brings easiness to develop fast functionalities.
It really depends on what you need. If you are building something very custom, I would use Node.js and the backend as maybe just AWS Lambdas with AWS RDS Postgres or AWS DynamoDB. You might need to also add ElasticSearch if you need to add search support.
If you want more of an out of box solution with just some tweaks them Django is a great option as well
Really though from your requirements besides the gamification I would go with a full out of the box solution like Atlassian Confluence. Then you don't have to hire anyone.
Hello Kapil, First, I'd recommend looking for existing opensource community/forum software. Sadly a lot of them are still in PHP but nowadays you can find some Node and Python-based ones. Obviously since you'd need to extend their features, you'd want to look for the ones which have extensibility in mind. I used NodeBB a while back and it worked quite well. Now regarding your actual advice requirements (which would assume you start from scratch): I'd go with Node.js (in TypeScript) with a framework like Nest.js and Angular for the front-end (with Postgres for the database, more on that later). You can even use Nx to have a single repository holding both front-end and back-end code and sharing libraries with a unified build process. Moreover, Nest and Angular work the same way with their module and injection mechanisms so the developers could easily work on front-end and back-end code with a large overlap in terms of necessary skills. Regarding Angular vs React, I favor Angular because it's a complete framework (while React focuses on the view) that provides a lot of guidelines and structure to a project. When your team grows or changes, it is convenient to have a predictable style and to easily get started because Angular code pretty much looks the same in every project. React could have the advantage of being able to use React Native (if you want to go down that road) but even on that front you can quickly get a PWA up and running with any Angular project. Regarding the back-end, there are less differences between the options you listed. Here to me the main advantage of Node+Nest is that it aligns with the Angular and Nx mindsets. Note that going down the Python road would have the advantage of sharing some skill set with potential data science related requirements. However, from your description - an internal application - I doubt this is something you'd need. Regarding Postgres vs MySQL vs MS SQL, I prefer Postgres because it offers interesting features outside the classical SQL scope, works quite well and you can get the EnterpriseDB version if you want enterprise-grade support. MySQL to me is a no-go because of the Oracle licensing model, and MS SQL is fine but it will be easier to find cloud offerings hosting Postgres. Just my two cents anyway, hope it helps.
Totally go with NodeJS even if you want to do concurrency. Node.JS event loop execution is designed to optmize the frontend experience and unless you are building an application that is ingesting data from multiple streams, sending data to multiple nodes, use Node.JS for the backend. For all other cases use Java or C for backend.
Also, please share your project if my answer helped you. Would like to learn a bit more :)
If you want to develop an internal only tool, go for something that delivers almost everything out-of-the box.
Drupal delivers a lot. It has the basic features you need and with the help of some extensions you can have the others. You will need some configuration, sure, but the programming work should be close to none.
Django is an awesome framework and already delivers a lot of work done (thanks, django-admin), but you still need to code a lot to get your feature set to work.
I have used both the tools . Both of them are super awesome , very reliable and their learning curve is also super easy. But, the reason I choose Ruby on Rails over Django is the fact that the dependency injection is super easy in Rails than Django. What I mean is the fact that, Django requires a lot of import statement to do a lot of work, which remembering is not so easy and even after that you may need to write a lot of code. But Ruby on Rails uses gem to add addition feature or dependency in the project. Which requires just copying the gem statement from github and pasting it in the Gemfile, then running bundle install(these days just bundle works super fine). And there you are with the new feature in your app. You can see this with the example of Authentication, where in Django you require several steps like adding class based views and many more, but in rails it's just as easy as installing the 'devise' gem . And if you want to make it beautiful use bootstrap_template gem to make it look prettier. Now with Rails 6 , Rails is a total developer's fervent friend because it has come up with features like Action Mail and Action Text.
i find python quite resourceful. given the bulk of libraries that python has and the trends of the tech i find django which runs on python to be the framework of choice to the upcoming web services and application. Laravel on the other hand which is powered by PHP is also quite resourceful and great for startups and common web applications.
Since I came from python I had two choices: #django or #flask. It felt like it was a better idea to go for #django considering I was building a blogging platform, this is kind of what #django was made for. On the other hand, #rails seems to be a fantastic framework to get things done. Although I do not regret any of my time spent on developing with #django I want to give #rails a try some day in the future for the sake of curiosity.
Decided to change all my stack to microsoft technologies for they behave just great together. It is very easy to set up and deploy projects using visual studio and azure. Visual studio is also an amazing IDE, if not the best, when used for C#, it allows you to work in every aspect of your software.
Visual studio templates for ASP.NET MVC are the best I've found compared to django, rails, laravel, and others.
Pros of Django
- Rapid development660
- Open source480
- Great community416
- Easy to learn371
- Beautiful code225
- Great packages198
- Great libraries186
- Comes with auth and crud admin panel73
- Great documentation69
- Great for web65
- Great orm39
- Great for api37
- All included28
- Web Apps23
- Used by top startups20
- Easy setup19
- Convention over configuration14
- Allows for very rapid development with great libraries13
- The Django community12
- Great MVC and templating engine10
- King of backend world10
- Full stack8
- Its elegant and practical7
- Batteries included7
- Very quick to get something up and running6
- Have not found anything that it can't do6
- Fast prototyping6
- Easy Structure , useful inbuilt library5
- Zero code burden to change databases5
- Easy to develop end to end AI Models5
- Python community4
- Easy to use4
- Easy to change database manager4
- Great peformance4
- Many libraries4
- Full-Text Search3
- Just the right level of abstraction3
- Node js1
Pros of Rails API
- Great for quick decoupled apps5
- Simply the best3
- Soon to be merged into core Rails 52
- Logging by default1
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Cons of Django
- Underpowered templating26
- Autoreload restarts whole server22
- Underpowered ORM22
- URL dispatcher ignores HTTP method15
- Internal subcomponents coupling10
- Not nodejs8
- Configuration hell8
- Not as clean and nice documentation like Laravel5
- Not typed3
- Bloated admin panel included3
- Overwhelming folder structure2
- InEffective Multithreading2
- Not type safe1
Cons of Rails API
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