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Erlang vs ES6: What are the differences?

Erlang: A programming language used to build massively scalable soft real-time systems with requirements on high availability. Some of Erlang's uses are in telecoms, banking, e-commerce, computer telephony and instant messaging. Erlang's runtime system has built-in support for concurrency, distribution and fault tolerance. OTP is set of Erlang libraries and design principles providing middle-ware to develop these systems; ES6: The next version of JavaScript. Goals for ECMAScript 2015 include providing better support for large applications, library creation, and for use of ECMAScript as a compilation target for other languages. Some of its major enhancements include modules, class declarations, lexical block scoping, iterators and generators, promises for asynchronous programming, destructuring patterns, and proper tail calls.

Erlang and ES6 can be primarily classified as "Languages" tools.

"Real time, distributed applications" is the primary reason why developers consider Erlang over the competitors, whereas "ES6 code is shorter than traditional JS" was stated as the key factor in picking ES6.

Erlang is an open source tool with 7.74K GitHub stars and 2.1K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Erlang's open source repository on GitHub.

Slack, StackShare, and ebay are some of the popular companies that use ES6, whereas Erlang is used by WhatsApp, Heroku, and thoughtbot. ES6 has a broader approval, being mentioned in 1461 company stacks & 1725 developers stacks; compared to Erlang, which is listed in 70 company stacks and 47 developer stacks.

- No public GitHub repository available -

What is Erlang?

Some of Erlang's uses are in telecoms, banking, e-commerce, computer telephony and instant messaging. Erlang's runtime system has built-in support for concurrency, distribution and fault tolerance. OTP is set of Erlang libraries and design principles providing middle-ware to develop these systems.

What is ES6?

Goals for ECMAScript 2015 include providing better support for large applications, library creation, and for use of ECMAScript as a compilation target for other languages. Some of its major enhancements include modules, class declarations, lexical block scoping, iterators and generators, promises for asynchronous programming, destructuring patterns, and proper tail calls.
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Why do developers choose Erlang?
Why do developers choose ES6?

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      What are some alternatives to Erlang and ES6?
      Elixir
      Elixir leverages the Erlang VM, known for running low-latency, distributed and fault-tolerant systems, while also being successfully used in web development and the embedded software domain.
      Haskell
      Go
      Go is expressive, concise, clean, and efficient. Its concurrency mechanisms make it easy to write programs that get the most out of multicore and networked machines, while its novel type system enables flexible and modular program construction. Go compiles quickly to machine code yet has the convenience of garbage collection and the power of run-time reflection. It's a fast, statically typed, compiled language that feels like a dynamically typed, interpreted language.
      Clojure
      Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system.
      OCaml
      It is an industrial strength programming language supporting functional, imperative and object-oriented styles. It is the technology of choice in companies where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters,
      See all alternatives
      Decisions about Erlang and ES6
      StackShare Editors
      StackShare Editors
      Erlang
      Erlang
      Elixir
      Elixir
      Consul
      Consul

      Postmates built a tool called Bazaar that helps onboard new partners and handles several routine tasks, like nightly emails to merchants alerting them about items that are out of stock.

      Since they ran Bazaar across multiple instances, the team needed to avoid sending multiple emails to their partners by obtaining lock across multiple hosts. To solve their challenge, they created and open sourced ConsulMutEx, and an Elixir module for acquiring and releasing locks with Consul and other backends.

      It works with Consul’s KV store, as well as other backends, including ets, Erlang’s in-memory database.

      See more
      Nick Parsons
      Nick Parsons
      Director of Developer Marketing at Stream · | 33 upvotes · 210.4K views
      atStreamStream
      Go
      Go
      Stream
      Stream
      Python
      Python
      Yarn
      Yarn
      Babel
      Babel
      Node.js
      Node.js
      ES6
      ES6
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      #Languages
      #FrameworksFullStack

      Winds 2.0 is an open source Podcast/RSS reader developed by Stream with a core goal to enable a wide range of developers to contribute.

      We chose JavaScript because nearly every developer knows or can, at the very least, read JavaScript. With ES6 and Node.js v10.x.x, it’s become a very capable language. Async/Await is powerful and easy to use (Async/Await vs Promises). Babel allows us to experiment with next-generation JavaScript (features that are not in the official JavaScript spec yet). Yarn allows us to consistently install packages quickly (and is filled with tons of new tricks)

      We’re using JavaScript for everything – both front and backend. Most of our team is experienced with Go and Python, so Node was not an obvious choice for this app.

      Sure... there will be haters who refuse to acknowledge that there is anything remotely positive about JavaScript (there are even rants on Hacker News about Node.js); however, without writing completely in JavaScript, we would not have seen the results we did.

      #FrameworksFullStack #Languages

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      Jake Stein
      Jake Stein
      CEO at Stitch · | 15 upvotes · 72.5K views
      atStitchStitch
      ES6
      ES6
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      CoffeeScript
      CoffeeScript
      React
      React
      AngularJS
      AngularJS

      Stitch’s frontend is used to configure data sources and destinations and monitor the status of each. Although we have been using AngularJS since its early days, we recently introduced React components into our front end, which many of our developers find easier to work with. We started using CoffeeScript when it was one of the few options for a more expressive alternative to vanilla JavaScript, but today we opt to instead write new code in ES6, which we feel is a more mature alternative.

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      Antonio Kobashikawa
      Antonio Kobashikawa
      Web developer | Blogger | Freelancer at Rulo Kobashikawa · | 4 upvotes · 45.1K views
      Koa
      Koa
      ES6
      ES6
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      Ionic
      Ionic
      Vue.js
      Vue.js
      MongoDB
      MongoDB
      ExpressJS
      ExpressJS
      Node.js
      Node.js

      We are using Node.js and ExpressJS to build a REST services that is middleware of a legacy system. MongoDB as database. Vue.js helps us to make rapid UI to test use cases. Frontend is build for mobile with Ionic . We like using JavaScript and ES6 .

      I think next step could be to use Koa but I am not sure.

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      Johnny Bell
      Johnny Bell
      Senior Software Engineer at StackShare · | 9 upvotes · 115.5K views
      atStackShareStackShare
      Apollo
      Apollo
      GraphQL
      GraphQL
      MobX
      MobX
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      ES6
      ES6
      React
      React
      jQuery
      jQuery
      #Context
      #Hooks🎣

      We are always building new features and replacing old code at StackShare. Lately we have been building out new features for the frontend, and removing a lot of old jQuery code (sorry jQuery but it's time to go).

      We've mainly been using React, ES6 and JavaScript on the frontend to build out the components, and we've been slowly removing some legacy MobX and using GraphQL and Apollo for our state management, if we need to control state further than GraphQL and Apollo allows us to we use just plain React with #context , or the new fancy React #hooks🎣 .

      As we've moved towards the above tech, its really made smashing out new features and updating legacy code super fast, and really fun!

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      Hampton Catlin
      Hampton Catlin
      VP of Engineering at Rent The Runway · | 9 upvotes · 11.9K views
      atRent the RunwayRent the Runway
      React
      React
      TypeScript
      TypeScript
      ES6
      ES6
      JavaScript
      JavaScript

      We use JavaScript because it's the standard for web development, especially with browser execution. And, over the years, some smart work by the W3C has taken Javascript from the most-hated-language to the okay-I-can-make-that-good. No small feat!

      Obviously, using ES6 and TypeScript is what makes it decent in browser contexts. Throw in a bit of React and now we're cooking with gas!

      See more
      Sebastian Gębski
      Sebastian Gębski
      CTO at Shedul/Fresha · | 7 upvotes · 38.1K views
      atFresha EngineeringFresha Engineering
      AppSignal
      AppSignal
      Hex
      Hex
      Credo
      Credo
      Erlang
      Erlang
      Phoenix Framework
      Phoenix Framework
      Elixir
      Elixir

      Another major decision was to adopt Elixir and Phoenix Framework - the DX (Developer eXperience) is pretty similar to what we know from RoR, but this tech is running on the top of rock-solid Erlang platform which is powering planet-scale telecom solutions for 20+ years. So we're getting pretty much the best from both worlds: minimum friction & smart conventions that eliminate the excessive boilerplate AND highly concurrent EVM (Erlang's Virtual Machine) that makes all the scalability problems vanish. The transition was very smooth - none of Ruby developers we had decided to leave because of Elixir. What is more, we kept recruiting Ruby developers w/o any requirement regarding Elixir proficiency & we still were able to educate them internally in almost no time. Obviously Elixir comes with some more tools in the stack: Credo , Hex , AppSignal (required to properly monitor BEAM apps).

      See more
      ES6
      ES6
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      Socket.IO
      Socket.IO
      Redis
      Redis
      MongoDB
      MongoDB
      HTML5
      HTML5
      FeathersJS
      FeathersJS
      Redux
      Redux
      React
      React

      I have always been interested in building a real-time multiplayer game engine that could be massively scalable, and recently I decided to start working on a MMO version of the classic "snake" game. I wanted the entire #Stack to be based on ES6 JavaScript so for the #Backend I chose to use FeathersJS with MongoDB for game/user data storage, Redis for distributed mutex and pub/sub, and Socket.IO for real-time communication. For the #Frontend I used React with Redux.js, the FeathersJS client as well as HTML5 canvas to render the view.

      See more
      Tom Klein
      Tom Klein
      CEO at Gentlent · | 4 upvotes · 28.7K views
      atGentlentGentlent
      Python
      Python
      Electron
      Electron
      Socket.IO
      Socket.IO
      Google Compute Engine
      Google Compute Engine
      TypeScript
      TypeScript
      ES6
      ES6
      Ubuntu
      Ubuntu
      PostgreSQL
      PostgreSQL
      React
      React
      nginx
      nginx
      Sass
      Sass
      HTML5
      HTML5
      PHP
      PHP
      Node.js
      Node.js
      JavaScript
      JavaScript

      Our most used programming languages are JavaScript / Node.js for it's lightweight and fast use, PHP because everyone knows it, HTML5 because you can't live without it and Sass to write great CSS. Occasionally, we use nginx as a web server and proxy, React for our UX, PostgreSQL as fast relational database, Ubuntu as server OS, ES6 and TypeScript for Node, Google Compute Engine for our infrastructure, and Socket.IO and Electron for specific use cases. We also use Python for some of our backends.

      See more
      Osamah Aldoaiss
      Osamah Aldoaiss
      UI Engineer | Maker at Triad Apparel Inc. · | 6 upvotes · 12K views
      atTriad Apparel Inc.Triad Apparel Inc.
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      ES6
      ES6
      Node.js
      Node.js
      GraphQL
      GraphQL
      React
      React
      Lighthouse
      Lighthouse
      Gatsby
      Gatsby

      Gatsby has been at the core of our Shop system since day one. It gives its User the power to create fast and performant sites out-of-the-box. You barely have to do anything to get great Lighthouse results. And it all runs on ES6 JavaScript.

      The power of SSR React and then hydrating it client-side to add interactivity and App-like feel is what makes Gatsby powerful.

      It comes with a ton of plugins, that are mind-boggling: Image Processing, GraphQL, Node.js, and so much more. This is thanks to a great ecosystem, a great user-base and the revolutionary Community work, which led to the Gatsby repo to be one of the most committed to, out there.

      See more
      Pedro Arnal Puente
      Pedro Arnal Puente
      CTO at La Cupula Music SL · | 8 upvotes · 12.5K views
      atLa Cupula Music SLLa Cupula Music SL
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      ES6
      ES6
      Babel
      Babel
      ESLint
      ESLint
      Webpack
      Webpack
      Vue.js
      Vue.js
      jQuery UI
      jQuery UI
      jQuery
      jQuery

      We are phasing out jQuery and jQuery UI in favour or Vue.js and @Vue-cli so we can support building a modern, well-architectured frontend.

      The JavaScript build pipeline is supported by Webpack , and includes tools like ESLint and Babel , so we can properly support the latest ES/JS versions, with ES6 as the minimum baseline.

      See more
      Ali Soueidan
      Ali Soueidan
      Creative Web Developer at Ali Soueidan · | 16 upvotes · 80.9K views
      npm
      npm
      Babel
      Babel
      PHP
      PHP
      Adobe Illustrator
      Adobe Illustrator
      Asana
      Asana
      ES6
      ES6
      GitHub
      GitHub
      Git
      Git
      JSON
      JSON
      Sass
      Sass
      Pug
      Pug
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      vuex
      vuex
      Vue.js
      Vue.js

      Application and Data: Since my personal website ( https://alisoueidan.com ) is a SPA I've chosen to use Vue.js, as a framework to create it. After a short skeptical phase I immediately felt in love with the single file component concept! I also used vuex for state management, which makes working with several components, which are communicating with each other even more fun and convenient to use. Of course, using Vue requires using JavaScript as well, since it is the basis of it.

      For markup and style, I used Pug and Sass, since they’re the perfect match to me. I love the clean and strict syntax of both of them and even more that their structure is almost similar. Also, both of them come with an expanded functionality such as mixins, loops and so on related to their “siblings” (HTML and CSS). Both of them require nesting and prevent untidy code, which can be a huge advantage when working in teams. I used JSON to store data (since the data quantity on my website is moderate) – JSON works also good in combo with Pug, using for loops, based on the JSON Objects for example.

      To send my contact form I used PHP, since sending emails using PHP is still relatively convenient, simple and easy done.

      DevOps: Of course, I used Git to do my version management (which I even do in smaller projects like my website just have an additional backup of my code). On top of that I used GitHub since it now supports private repository for free accounts (which I am using for my own). I use Babel to use ES6 functionality such as arrow functions and so on, and still don’t losing cross browser compatibility.

      Side note: I used npm for package management. 🎉

      *Business Tools: * I use Asana to organize my project. This is a big advantage to me, even if I work alone, since “private” projects can get interrupted for some time. By using Asana I still know (even after month of not touching a project) what I’ve done, on which task I was at last working on and what still is to do. Working in Teams (for enterprise I’d take on Jira instead) of course Asana is a Tool which I really love to use as well. All the graphics on my website are SVG which I have created with Adobe Illustrator and adjusted within the SVG code or by using JavaScript or CSS (SASS).

      See more
      Interest over time
      Reviews of Erlang and ES6
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      How developers use Erlang and ES6
      Avatar of Kurzor, s.r.o.
      Kurzor, s.r.o. uses ES6ES6

      We started using CoffeeScript years ago, so the switch to ES6 is quite natural in our team. ES6 of course advances the JS standard to a level of an advanced language. We are using it today simply because it: 1. helps to keep the code shorter, 2. integrates easily with JSX, 3. helps to deal with immutable using const.

      Avatar of Jake Taylor
      Jake Taylor uses ES6ES6

      ES6 is a new-ish, modern form of JavaScript that adds in extra functionality that make code cleaner and easier to work with, such as arrow functions, const and let declarations, array helper methods, object/array destructuring etc.

      Avatar of Ryan VanBelkum
      Ryan VanBelkum uses ES6ES6

      ES6 (ES2015) is a huge improvement to the javascript spec. These additions are heavily leveraged in React development, such as spread operators, fat arrow functions, and classes.

      Avatar of Ataccama
      Ataccama uses ES6ES6

      ES6 brings some sweet features to the language. Our favourites are lambda-expressions, block-scoped consts and lets and Promises.

      Avatar of Mick Dekkers
      Mick Dekkers uses ES6ES6

      ES6/ES2015+ makes JavaScript a pleasure to write. Arrow functions, template literals and ES modules especially. RIP CoffeeScript.

      Avatar of Analytical Informatics
      Analytical Informatics uses ErlangErlang

      The central business logic and ETL engine is written in Erlang.

      Avatar of Mathias Vonende
      Mathias Vonende uses ErlangErlang

      Very nice programming language, used for backend integration.

      Avatar of Ryan Jennings
      Ryan Jennings uses ErlangErlang

      foundation VM for phoenix framework

      Avatar of Software Joint
      Software Joint uses ErlangErlang

      Cowboy web server serves content

      Avatar of KongHack Inc.
      KongHack Inc. uses ErlangErlang

      Custom plugins for ejabberd

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