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Erlang vs Python: What are the differences?

What is Erlang? A programming language used to build massively scalable soft real-time systems with requirements on high availability. Some of Erlang's uses are in telecoms, banking, e-commerce, computer telephony and instant messaging. Erlang's runtime system has built-in support for concurrency, distribution and fault tolerance. OTP is set of Erlang libraries and design principles providing middle-ware to develop these systems.

What is Python? A clear and powerful object-oriented programming language, comparable to Perl, Ruby, Scheme, or Java. Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.

Erlang and Python belong to "Languages" category of the tech stack.

"Real time, distributed applications" is the top reason why over 49 developers like Erlang, while over 1022 developers mention "Great libraries" as the leading cause for choosing Python.

Erlang and Python are both open source tools. It seems that Python with 25.3K GitHub stars and 10.5K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Erlang with 7.74K GitHub stars and 2.1K GitHub forks.

According to the StackShare community, Python has a broader approval, being mentioned in 2826 company stacks & 3632 developers stacks; compared to Erlang, which is listed in 70 company stacks and 47 developer stacks.

What is Erlang?

Some of Erlang's uses are in telecoms, banking, e-commerce, computer telephony and instant messaging. Erlang's runtime system has built-in support for concurrency, distribution and fault tolerance. OTP is set of Erlang libraries and design principles providing middle-ware to develop these systems.

What is Python?

Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.

Want advice about which of these to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

Why do developers choose Erlang?
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    What companies use Erlang?
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    What are some alternatives to Erlang and Python?
    Elixir
    Elixir leverages the Erlang VM, known for running low-latency, distributed and fault-tolerant systems, while also being successfully used in web development and the embedded software domain.
    Haskell
    Go
    Go is expressive, concise, clean, and efficient. Its concurrency mechanisms make it easy to write programs that get the most out of multicore and networked machines, while its novel type system enables flexible and modular program construction. Go compiles quickly to machine code yet has the convenience of garbage collection and the power of run-time reflection. It's a fast, statically typed, compiled language that feels like a dynamically typed, interpreted language.
    Clojure
    Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system.
    Akka
    Akka is a toolkit and runtime for building highly concurrent, distributed, and resilient message-driven applications on the JVM.
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    What tools integrate with Erlang?
    What tools integrate with Python?
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      Avatar of Exchange rates API
      Exchange rates API uses PythonPython

      Beautiful is better than ugly.

      Explicit is better than implicit.

      Simple is better than complex.

      Complex is better than complicated.

      Flat is better than nested.

      Sparse is better than dense.

      Readability counts.

      Special cases aren't special enough to break the rules.

      Although practicality beats purity.

      Errors should never pass silently.

      Unless explicitly silenced.

      In the face of ambiguity, refuse the temptation to guess.

      There should be one-- and preferably only one --obvious way to do it.

      Although that way may not be obvious at first unless you're Dutch.

      Now is better than never.

      Although never is often better than right now.

      If the implementation is hard to explain, it's a bad idea.

      If the implementation is easy to explain, it may be a good idea.

      Namespaces are one honking great idea -- let's do more of those!

      Avatar of Web Dreams
      Web Dreams uses PythonPython

      To me, this is by far the best programming language. Why? Because it’s the only language that really got me going after trying to get into programming with Java for a while. Python is powerful, easy to learn, and gets you to unsderstand other languages more once you understand it. Did I state I love the python language? Well, I do..

      Avatar of ttandon
      ttandon uses PythonPython

      Backend server for analysis of image samples from iPhone microscope lens. Chose this because of familiarity. The number one thing that I've learned at hackathons is that work exclusively with what you're 100% comfortable with. I use Python extensively at my day job at Wit.ai, so it was the obvious choice for the bulk of my coding.

      Avatar of papaver
      papaver uses PythonPython

      been a pythoner for around 7 years, maybe longer. quite adept at it, and love using the higher constructs like decorators. was my goto scripting language until i fell in love with clojure. python's also the goto for most vfx studios and great for the machine learning. numpy and pyqt for the win.

      Avatar of Blood Bot
      Blood Bot uses PythonPython

      Large swaths of resources built for python to achieve natural language processing. (We are in the process of deprecating the services written in python and porting them over to Javascript and node)

      Avatar of Analytical Informatics
      Analytical Informatics uses ErlangErlang

      The central business logic and ETL engine is written in Erlang.

      Avatar of Mathias Vonende
      Mathias Vonende uses ErlangErlang

      Very nice programming language, used for backend integration.

      Avatar of Ryan Jennings
      Ryan Jennings uses ErlangErlang

      foundation VM for phoenix framework

      Avatar of Software Joint
      Software Joint uses ErlangErlang

      Cowboy web server serves content

      Avatar of KongHack Inc.
      KongHack Inc. uses ErlangErlang

      Custom plugins for ejabberd

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