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Grain
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Grain vs Java: What are the differences?

Grain: A strongly-typed functional programming language. Grain is a strongly-typed functional programming language built for the modern web. Unlike other languages used on the web today (like TypeScript or Elm), Grain doesn鈥檛 compile into JavaScript. Grain complies all the way down to WebAssembly, and is supported by a tiny JavaScript runtime to give Grain access to web features that WebAssembly doesn鈥檛 yet support; Java: A concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, language specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!.

Grain and Java can be categorized as "Languages" tools.

Grain is an open source tool with 1.21K GitHub stars and 21 GitHub forks. Here's a link to Grain's open source repository on GitHub.

- No public GitHub repository available -

What is Grain?

Grain is a strongly-typed functional programming language built for the modern web. Unlike other languages used on the web today (like TypeScript or Elm), Grain doesn鈥檛 compile into JavaScript. Grain complies all the way down to WebAssembly, and is supported by a tiny JavaScript runtime to give Grain access to web features that WebAssembly doesn鈥檛 yet support.

What is Java?

Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!
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Why do developers choose Grain?
Why do developers choose Java?
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      What companies use Java?
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          What are some alternatives to Grain and Java?
          PHP
          Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.
          JavaScript
          JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
          Python
          Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.
          HTML5
          HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997.
          ASP.NET
          .NET is a developer platform made up of tools, programming languages, and libraries for building many different types of applications.
          See all alternatives
          Decisions about Grain and Java
          PagerDuty
          PagerDuty
          Slack
          Slack
          Go
          Go
          PHP
          PHP
          Java
          Java
          Python
          Python
          Ruby
          Ruby
          Node.js
          Node.js
          Sqreen
          Sqreen

          I chose Sqreen because it provides an out-of-the-box Security as a Service solution to protect my customer data. I get full visibility over my application security in real-time and I reduce my risk against the most common threats. My customers are happy and I don't need to spend any engineering resources or time on this. We're only alerted when our attention is required and the data that is provided helps engineering teams easily remediate vulnerabilities. The platform grows with us and will allow us to have all the right tools in place when our first security engineer joins the company. Advanced security protections against business logic threats can then be implemented.

          Installation was super easy on my Node.js and Ruby apps. But Sqreen also supports Python , Java , PHP and soon Go .

          It integrates well with the tools I'm using every day Slack , PagerDuty and more.

          See more
          Nitzan Shapira
          Nitzan Shapira
          at Epsagon | 11 upvotes 105.5K views
          atEpsagonEpsagon
          AWS Lambda
          AWS Lambda
          GitHub
          GitHub
          Java
          Java
          Go
          Go
          Node.js
          Node.js
          npm
          npm
          Serverless
          Serverless
          Python
          Python

          At Epsagon, we use hundreds of AWS Lambda functions, most of them are written in Python, and the Serverless Framework to pack and deploy them. One of the issues we've encountered is the difficulty to package external libraries into the Lambda environment using the Serverless Framework. This limitation is probably by design since the external code your Lambda needs can be usually included with a package manager.

          In order to overcome this issue, we've developed a tool, which we also published as open-source (see link below), which automatically packs these libraries using a simple npm package and a YAML configuration file. Support for Node.js, Go, and Java will be available soon.

          The GitHub respoitory: https://github.com/epsagon/serverless-package-external

          See more
          Conor Myhrvold
          Conor Myhrvold
          Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber | 16 upvotes 710.9K views
          atUber TechnologiesUber Technologies
          Apache Spark
          Apache Spark
          C#
          C#
          OpenShift
          OpenShift
          JavaScript
          JavaScript
          Kubernetes
          Kubernetes
          C++
          C++
          Go
          Go
          Node.js
          Node.js
          Java
          Java
          Python
          Python
          Jaeger
          Jaeger

          How Uber developed the open source, end-to-end distributed tracing Jaeger , now a CNCF project:

          Distributed tracing is quickly becoming a must-have component in the tools that organizations use to monitor their complex, microservice-based architectures. At Uber, our open source distributed tracing system Jaeger saw large-scale internal adoption throughout 2016, integrated into hundreds of microservices and now recording thousands of traces every second.

          Here is the story of how we got here, from investigating off-the-shelf solutions like Zipkin, to why we switched from pull to push architecture, and how distributed tracing will continue to evolve:

          https://eng.uber.com/distributed-tracing/

          (GitHub Pages : https://www.jaegertracing.io/, GitHub: https://github.com/jaegertracing/jaeger)

          Bindings/Operator: Python Java Node.js Go C++ Kubernetes JavaScript OpenShift C# Apache Spark

          See more
          Conor Myhrvold
          Conor Myhrvold
          Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber | 6 upvotes 416.8K views
          atUber TechnologiesUber Technologies
          JavaScript
          JavaScript
          Java
          Java
          C
          C

          Why Uber developed H3, our open source grid system to make geospatial data visualization and exploration easier and more efficient:

          We decided to create H3 to combine the benefits of a hexagonal global grid system with a hierarchical indexing system. A global grid system usually requires at least two things: a map projection and a grid laid on top of the map. For map projection, we chose to use gnomonic projections centered on icosahedron faces. This projects from Earth as a sphere to an icosahedron, a twenty-sided platonic solid. The H3 grid is constructed by laying out 122 base cells over the Earth, with ten cells per face. H3 supports sixteen resolutions: https://eng.uber.com/h3/

          (GitHub Pages : https://uber.github.io/h3/#/ Written in C w/ bindings in Java & JavaScript )

          See more
          Martin Lonkwitz
          Martin Lonkwitz
          Software engineering at SVA | 3 upvotes 14K views
          Java
          Java
          C++
          C++

          Maybe not in everybody focus but I do like programming for @z/OS, @z/Linux and @z/VM with C++ , Java and Assembler . Who else love to dig into control blocks and get a deep dive into system resources to run things in a high valuable way ? And also go all the way up to the application to enlight all the infrastructure features to it ?

          See more
          Hampton Catlin
          Hampton Catlin
          VP of Engineering at Rent The Runway | 6 upvotes 8.1K views
          atRent the RunwayRent the Runway
          Java
          Java
          Python
          Python
          Ruby
          Ruby

          At our company, and I've noticed a lot of other ones... application developers and dev-ops people tend to use Ruby and our statisticians and data scientists love Python . Like most companies, our stack is kind of split that way. Ruby is used as glue in most of our production systems ( Java being the main backend language), and then all of our data scientists and their various pipelines tend towards Python

          See more
          Java
          Java
          Visual Studio Code
          Visual Studio Code
          JavaScript
          JavaScript
          TypeScript
          TypeScript

          I use TypeScript because it is strongly typed superset of JavaScript that provides many benefits. Integration with #IDE like Visual Studio Code is excellent. The main benefit is maintainability. Many error can be caught before code running. Also Angular recommends TypeScript as better alternative to JavaScript . Syntax is very easy to learn especially for people from the Java world.

          See more
          SVN (Subversion)
          SVN (Subversion)
          Git
          Git
          JSON
          JSON
          XML
          XML
          Python
          Python
          PHP
          PHP
          Java
          Java
          Swift
          Swift
          JavaScript
          JavaScript
          Linux
          Linux
          GitHub
          GitHub
          Visual Studio Code
          Visual Studio Code

          I use Visual Studio Code because at this time is a mature software and I can do practically everything using it.

          • It's free and open source: The project is hosted on GitHub and it鈥檚 free to download, fork, modify and contribute to the project.

          • Multi-platform: You can download binaries for different platforms, included Windows (x64), MacOS and Linux (.rpm and .deb packages)

          • LightWeight: It runs smoothly in different devices. It has an average memory and CPU usage. Starts almost immediately and it鈥檚 very stable.

          • Extended language support: Supports by default the majority of the most used languages and syntax like JavaScript, HTML, C#, Swift, Java, PHP, Python and others. Also, VS Code supports different file types associated to projects like .ini, .properties, XML and JSON files.

          • Integrated tools: Includes an integrated terminal, debugger, problem list and console output inspector. The project navigator sidebar is simple and powerful: you can manage your files and folders with ease. The command palette helps you find commands by text. The search widget has a powerful auto-complete feature to search and find your files.

          • Extensible and configurable: There are many extensions available for every language supported, including syntax highlighters, IntelliSense and code completion, and debuggers. There are also extension to manage application configuration and architecture like Docker and Jenkins.

          • Integrated with Git: You can visually manage your project repositories, pull, commit and push your changes, and easy conflict resolution.( there is support for SVN (Subversion) users by plugin)

          See more
          Visual Studio
          Visual Studio
          Java
          Java
          C#
          C#

          I use C# because it is incredibly clear and easy to use. The documentation is second to none, being a Microsoft product, and if you just want something that works without exploring a million frameworks and libraries you can pretty much start a C# website and have it running in an hour. C# is basically, in my opinion, a cleaner and easier to use Java. My experience is limited to web design, however. It might come down to personal opinion but I wouldn't even know where to start writing a java back end website but visual studio makes it very easy to write it in C#. If you are new to full stack development I can't recommend Visual Studio enough. It does, however, hide away a lot of abstraction that programmers much more clever than me use to make really interesting websites and server setups. C# will do everything you need to create any website you can imagine, though.

          Before I end my rant about how much I love this language I'd like to reiterate how easy it is to figure out problems you encounter. I was stuck on how to store a path string in a database and found the solution by browsing the documentation for 2 minutes, which included examples. Every ASP element is clearly and wonderfully documented.

          See more
          Michael Pfaff
          Michael Pfaff
          CEO at Nucleus Development | 3 upvotes 7.9K views
          Java
          Java
          Dart
          Dart

          I use Dart because it is a fast, modern language with an intuitive package manager and syntax similar to Java, while less verbose (i.e. public by default, _ in front of a variable, class, etc. to be private). Dart has an excellent asynchronous syntax making asynchronous calls such as filesystem interaction or HTTP requests simple and concise.

          See more
          C#
          C#
          Java
          Java
          JavaScript
          JavaScript
          ClojureScript
          ClojureScript
          Clojure
          Clojure

          I adopted Clojure and ClojureScript because:

          • it's 1 language, multiple platforms.
          • Simple syntax.
          • Designed to avoid unwanted side effects and bugs.
          • Immutable data-structures.
          • Compact code, very expressive.
          • Source code is data.
          • It has super-flexible macro.
          • Has metadata.
          • Interoperability with JavaScript, Java and C#.
          See more
          Ganesa Vijayakumar
          Ganesa Vijayakumar
          Full Stack Coder | Module Lead | 15 upvotes 382.8K views
          SonarQube
          SonarQube
          Codacy
          Codacy
          Docker
          Docker
          Git
          Git
          Apache Maven
          Apache Maven
          Amazon EC2 Container Service
          Amazon EC2 Container Service
          Microsoft Azure
          Microsoft Azure
          Amazon Route 53
          Amazon Route 53
          Elasticsearch
          Elasticsearch
          Solr
          Solr
          Amazon RDS
          Amazon RDS
          Amazon S3
          Amazon S3
          Heroku
          Heroku
          Hibernate
          Hibernate
          MySQL
          MySQL
          Node.js
          Node.js
          Java
          Java
          Bootstrap
          Bootstrap
          jQuery Mobile
          jQuery Mobile
          jQuery UI
          jQuery UI
          jQuery
          jQuery
          JavaScript
          JavaScript
          React Native
          React Native
          React Router
          React Router
          React
          React

          I'm planning to create a web application and also a mobile application to provide a very good shopping experience to the end customers. Shortly, my application will be aggregate the product details from difference sources and giving a clear picture to the user that when and where to buy that product with best in Quality and cost.

          I have planned to develop this in many milestones for adding N number of features and I have picked my first part to complete the core part (aggregate the product details from different sources).

          As per my work experience and knowledge, I have chosen the followings stacks to this mission.

          UI: I would like to develop this application using React, React Router and React Native since I'm a little bit familiar on this and also most importantly these will help on developing both web and mobile apps. In addition, I'm gonna use the stacks JavaScript, jQuery, jQuery UI, jQuery Mobile, Bootstrap wherever required.

          Service: I have planned to use Java as the main business layer language as I have 7+ years of experience on this I believe I can do better work using Java than other languages. In addition, I'm thinking to use the stacks Node.js.

          Database and ORM: I'm gonna pick MySQL as DB and Hibernate as ORM since I have a piece of good knowledge and also work experience on this combination.

          Search Engine: I need to deal with a large amount of product data and it's in-detailed info to provide enough details to end user at the same time I need to focus on the performance area too. so I have decided to use Solr as a search engine for product search and suggestions. In addition, I'm thinking to replace Solr by Elasticsearch once explored/reviewed enough about Elasticsearch.

          Host: As of now, my plan to complete the application with decent features first and deploy it in a free hosting environment like Docker and Heroku and then once it is stable then I have planned to use the AWS products Amazon S3, EC2, Amazon RDS and Amazon Route 53. I'm not sure about Microsoft Azure that what is the specialty in it than Heroku and Amazon EC2 Container Service. Anyhow, I will do explore these once again and pick the best suite one for my requirement once I reached this level.

          Build and Repositories: I have decided to choose Apache Maven and Git as these are my favorites and also so popular on respectively build and repositories.

          Additional Utilities :) - I would like to choose Codacy for code review as their Startup plan will be very helpful to this application. I'm already experienced with Google CheckStyle and SonarQube even I'm looking something on Codacy.

          Happy Coding! Suggestions are welcome! :)

          Thanks, Ganesa

          See more
          Vishwa Bhat
          Vishwa Bhat
          Fullstack Developer at Sequoia | 10 upvotes 4.4K views
          atSequoia Consulting GroupSequoia Consulting Group
          Java
          Java
          Go
          Go
          Node.js
          Node.js

          Our new backend micro services are primarily written in Node.js and Go and legacy systems are written in Java. For our new stack decision, we aimed to achieve greater developer productivity, low IO latency and good community so we had couple of technologies in hand to choose but finally we concluded to go for Node.js for API layer and Go for CPU/IO intensive tasks. Currently the inter-services communication is happening via REST but soon to be moved to RPC-based communication.

          See more
          Praveen Mooli
          Praveen Mooli
          Technical Leader at Taylor and Francis | 11 upvotes 157.3K views
          MongoDB Atlas
          MongoDB Atlas
          Amazon S3
          Amazon S3
          Amazon DynamoDB
          Amazon DynamoDB
          Amazon RDS
          Amazon RDS
          Serverless
          Serverless
          Docker
          Docker
          Terraform
          Terraform
          Travis CI
          Travis CI
          GitHub
          GitHub
          RxJS
          RxJS
          Angular 2
          Angular 2
          AWS Lambda
          AWS Lambda
          Amazon SQS
          Amazon SQS
          Amazon SNS
          Amazon SNS
          Amazon Kinesis Firehose
          Amazon Kinesis Firehose
          Amazon Kinesis
          Amazon Kinesis
          Flask
          Flask
          Python
          Python
          ExpressJS
          ExpressJS
          Node.js
          Node.js
          Spring Boot
          Spring Boot
          Java
          Java
          #Data
          #Devops
          #Webapps
          #Eventsourcingframework
          #Microservices
          #Backend

          We are in the process of building a modern content platform to deliver our content through various channels. We decided to go with Microservices architecture as we wanted scale. Microservice architecture style is an approach to developing an application as a suite of small independently deployable services built around specific business capabilities. You can gain modularity, extensive parallelism and cost-effective scaling by deploying services across many distributed servers. Microservices modularity facilitates independent updates/deployments, and helps to avoid single point of failure, which can help prevent large-scale outages. We also decided to use Event Driven Architecture pattern which is a popular distributed asynchronous architecture pattern used to produce highly scalable applications. The event-driven architecture is made up of highly decoupled, single-purpose event processing components that asynchronously receive and process events.

          To build our #Backend capabilities we decided to use the following: 1. #Microservices - Java with Spring Boot , Node.js with ExpressJS and Python with Flask 2. #Eventsourcingframework - Amazon Kinesis , Amazon Kinesis Firehose , Amazon SNS , Amazon SQS, AWS Lambda 3. #Data - Amazon RDS , Amazon DynamoDB , Amazon S3 , MongoDB Atlas

          To build #Webapps we decided to use Angular 2 with RxJS

          #Devops - GitHub , Travis CI , Terraform , Docker , Serverless

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          Visual Studio
          Visual Studio
          Java
          Java
          C#
          C#

          I use C# because of the ease of designing user interfaces compared to Java. Using Visual Studio makes C# a breeze for prototyping and creating apps and I really appreciate how quickly I can turn an idea into reality. I was first introduced to C# in a special topics course and quickly started preferring it over Java. The similarities between the two made the switch easy while the added benefits C# offers made it very worth it.

          See more
          Interest over time
          Reviews of Grain and Java
          No reviews found
          How developers use Grain and Java
          Avatar of Brian Fults
          Brian Fults uses JavaJava

          Pretty much everything - Java is reasonably fast, reasonably safe, and reasonably expressive. I wouldn't call it the best at any of those things. The real advantage to me is that the virtual machine is ubiquitous and many people can understand it. Since I have the most experience in this language, it's my tool of choice for most projects.

          I've also been learning JavaFx so that I can build user interfaces without the web. I've started several single-page-application projects that worked, but felt like workarounds or hacks and would be better-served as self-contained applications.

          Avatar of denkbar.io
          denkbar.io uses JavaJava

          Do I really need to explain? Well to me, the most appealing factor in Java besides the unbelievable community and vast array of available libraries, is just the amount of effort that has been put in the modern JVM. Decades of optimization and improvements have lead to a terrific piece of technology. I admire the people contributed to that.

          Avatar of Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschr盲nkt)
          Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschr盲nkt) uses JavaJava

          Shouldn't surprise anyone, as minecraft is also java-based. Java is used for much more than just the plugins though. JCVortex (our API) is also served with vert.x (Java) and many of our team-internal tools also originated from java or are still java-applications.

          Avatar of Web Dreams
          Web Dreams uses JavaJava

          The most popular language in the world, definitely every programmer would use the Java language at some point. Frankly, I only use java when it鈥檚 a must. I find the language to be a little bit tedious when working with it.

          Avatar of brenoinojosa
          brenoinojosa uses JavaJava

          bytelore.com makes extensive use of Java in its applications. We use Java due to its performance, community and the number of other projects built in the language. We have many projects and libraries built in Java.

          How much does Grain cost?
          How much does Java cost?
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