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HTML5 vs XML: What are the differences?

HTML5: 5th major revision of the core language of the World Wide Web. HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997; XML: A simple, very flexible text format. A markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.

HTML5 and XML can be primarily classified as "Languages" tools.

reddit, Lyft, and StackShare are some of the popular companies that use HTML5, whereas XML is used by Sparks42 GmbH, Kasa Smart, and Securly. HTML5 has a broader approval, being mentioned in 3169 company stacks & 3488 developers stacks; compared to XML, which is listed in 7 company stacks and 27 developer stacks.

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What is HTML5?

HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997.

What is XML?

A markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
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        What are some alternatives to HTML5 and XML?
        Android SDK
        Android provides a rich application framework that allows you to build innovative apps and games for mobile devices in a Java language environment.
        JavaScript
        JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
        WordPress
        The core software is built by hundreds of community volunteers, and when you’re ready for more there are thousands of plugins and themes available to transform your site into almost anything you can imagine. Over 60 million people have chosen WordPress to power the place on the web they call “home” — we’d love you to join the family.
        Java
        Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!
        AngularJS
        AngularJS lets you write client-side web applications as if you had a smarter browser. It lets you use good old HTML (or HAML, Jade and friends!) as your template language and lets you extend HTML’s syntax to express your application’s components clearly and succinctly. It automatically synchronizes data from your UI (view) with your JavaScript objects (model) through 2-way data binding.
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        Decisions about HTML5 and XML
        Jonathan Pugh
        Jonathan Pugh
        Software Engineer / Project Manager / Technical Architect · | 23 upvotes · 743.9K views
        Framework7
        Framework7
        JavaScript
        JavaScript
        TypeScript
        TypeScript
        Figma
        Figma
        Visual Studio Code
        Visual Studio Code
        Webpack
        Webpack
        Babel
        Babel
        Ruby
        Ruby
        HTML5
        HTML5
        CouchDB
        CouchDB
        Pouchdb
        Pouchdb
        Font Awesome
        Font Awesome
        Apache Cordova
        Apache Cordova
        CSS 3
        CSS 3
        PhoneGap
        PhoneGap
        #Css
        #CSS3
        #SCSS
        #Sass
        #Less
        #Electron
        #HandleBars
        #Template7
        #Sketch
        #GraphQL
        #HTML5
        #GraphCool

        I needed to choose a full stack of tools for cross platform mobile application design & development. After much research and trying different tools, these are what I came up with that work for me today:

        For the client coding I chose Framework7 because of its performance, easy learning curve, and very well designed, beautiful UI widgets. I think it's perfect for solo development or small teams. I didn't like React Native. It felt heavy to me and rigid. Framework7 allows the use of #CSS3, which I think is the best technology to come out of the #WWW movement. No other tech has been able to allow designers and developers to develop such flexible, high performance, customisable user interface elements that are highly responsive and hardware accelerated before. Now #CSS3 includes variables and flexboxes it is truly a powerful language and there is no longer a need for preprocessors such as #SCSS / #Sass / #less. React Native contains a very limited interpretation of #CSS3 which I found very frustrating after using #CSS3 for some years already and knowing its powerful features. The other very nice feature of Framework7 is that you can even build for the browser if you want your app to be available for desktop web browsers. The latest release also includes the ability to build for #Electron so you can have MacOS, Windows and Linux desktop apps. This is not possible with React Native yet.

        Framework7 runs on top of Apache Cordova. Cordova and webviews have been slated as being slow in the past. Having a game developer background I found the tweeks to make it run as smooth as silk. One of those tweeks is to use WKWebView. Another important one was using srcset on images.

        I use #Template7 for the for the templating system which is a no-nonsense mobile-centric #HandleBars style extensible templating system. It's easy to write custom helpers for, is fast and has a small footprint. I'm not forced into a new paradigm or learning some new syntax. It operates with standard JavaScript, HTML5 and CSS 3. It's written by the developer of Framework7 and so dovetails with it as expected.

        I configured TypeScript to work with the latest version of Framework7. I consider TypeScript to be one of the best creations to come out of Microsoft in some time. They must have an amazing team working on it. It's very powerful and flexible. It helps you catch a lot of bugs and also provides code completion in supporting IDEs. So for my IDE I use Visual Studio Code which is a blazingly fast and silky smooth editor that integrates seamlessly with TypeScript for the ultimate type checking setup (both products are produced by Microsoft).

        I use Webpack and Babel to compile the JavaScript. TypeScript can compile to JavaScript directly but Babel offers a few more options and polyfills so you can use the latest (and even prerelease) JavaScript features today and compile to be backwards compatible with virtually any browser. My favorite recent addition is "optional chaining" which greatly simplifies and increases readability of a number of sections of my code dealing with getting and setting data in nested objects.

        I use some Ruby scripts to process images with ImageMagick and pngquant to optimise for size and even auto insert responsive image code into the HTML5. Ruby is the ultimate cross platform scripting language. Even as your scripts become large, Ruby allows you to refactor your code easily and make it Object Oriented if necessary. I find it the quickest and easiest way to maintain certain aspects of my build process.

        For the user interface design and prototyping I use Figma. Figma has an almost identical user interface to #Sketch but has the added advantage of being cross platform (MacOS and Windows). Its real-time collaboration features are outstanding and I use them a often as I work mostly on remote projects. Clients can collaborate in real-time and see changes I make as I make them. The clickable prototyping features in Figma are also very well designed and mean I can send clickable prototypes to clients to try user interface updates as they are made and get immediate feedback. I'm currently also evaluating the latest version of #AdobeXD as an alternative to Figma as it has the very cool auto-animate feature. It doesn't have real-time collaboration yet, but I heard it is proposed for 2019.

        For the UI icons I use Font Awesome Pro. They have the largest selection and best looking icons you can find on the internet with several variations in styles so you can find most of the icons you want for standard projects.

        For the backend I was using the #GraphCool Framework. As I later found out, #GraphQL still has some way to go in order to provide the full power of a mature graph query language so later in my project I ripped out #GraphCool and replaced it with CouchDB and Pouchdb. Primarily so I could provide good offline app support. CouchDB with Pouchdb is very flexible and efficient combination and overcomes some of the restrictions I found in #GraphQL and hence #GraphCool also. The most impressive and important feature of CouchDB is its replication. You can configure it in various ways for backups, fault tolerance, caching or conditional merging of databases. CouchDB and Pouchdb even supports storing, retrieving and serving binary or image data or other mime types. This removes a level of complexity usually present in database implementations where binary or image data is usually referenced through an #HTML5 link. With CouchDB and Pouchdb apps can operate offline and sync later, very efficiently, when the network connection is good.

        I use PhoneGap when testing the app. It auto-reloads your app when its code is changed and you can also install it on Android phones to preview your app instantly. iOS is a bit more tricky cause of Apple's policies so it's not available on the App Store, but you can build it and install it yourself to your device.

        So that's my latest mobile stack. What tools do you use? Have you tried these ones?

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        Jeyabalaji Subramanian
        Jeyabalaji Subramanian
        CTO at FundsCorner · | 21 upvotes · 202.6K views
        atFundsCornerFundsCorner
        JavaScript
        JavaScript
        HTML5
        HTML5
        Vue.js
        Vue.js
        Vuetify
        Vuetify
        Amazon Cognito
        Amazon Cognito

        At FundsCorner, when we set out to pick up the front-end tech stack (around Dec 2017), we drove our decision based on the following considerations:

        (1) We were clear that we will NOT have a hybrid app. We will start with Responsive Web & once there is traction, we will rollout our Android App. However, we wanted to ensure that the users have a consistent experience on both the Web & the App. So, the front-end framework must also have a material design component library which we can choose from.

        (2) Before joining FundsCorner as a CTO, I had already worked with Angular. I enjoyed working with Angular, but I felt that I must choose something that will provide us with the fastest time from Concept to Reality.

        (3) I am strong proponent of segregating HTML & JavaScript. I.e. I was not for writing or generating HTML through JavaScript. Because, this will mean that the Front-end developers I have to hire will always be very strong on JavaScript alongside HTML5 & CSS. I was looking for a Framework that was on JavaScript but not HEAVY on JavaScript.

        (3) The first iteration of the web app was to be done by myself. But I was clear that when someone takes up the mantle, they will be able to come up the curve fast.

        In the end, Vue.js and Vuetify satisfied all the above criteria with aplomb! When I did our first POC on Vue.js I could not believe that front-end development could be this fast. The documentation was par excellence and all the required essentials that come along with the Framework (viz. Routing, Store, Validations) etc. were available from the same community! It was also a breeze to integrate with other JavaScript libraries (such as Amazon Cognito).

        By picking Vuetify, we were able to provide a consistent UI experience between our Web App and Native App, besides making the UI development ultra blazing fast!

        In the end, we were able to rollout our Web App in record 6 weeks (that included the end to end Loan Origination flow, Loans management system & Customer engagement module). www.jeyabalaji.com

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        Omid Farhang
        Omid Farhang
        Sr. Full Stack Developer · | 11 upvotes · 94.7K views
        HTML5
        HTML5
        Bootstrap
        Bootstrap
        gulp
        gulp
        GitHub Pages
        GitHub Pages
        GitHub
        GitHub
        JavaScript
        JavaScript
        Google Analytics
        Google Analytics

        Developing static sites like a landing page for mobile app or just a personal resume using HTML5 and Bootstrap is a lot fun when you are using build tools like gulp . I made a personal resume using above tools and published them on GitHub Pages. It was fast and easy, Thanks to GitHub for the free service. All the JavaScript codes worked perfectly after being concat and minified and uglified by gulp and running perfectly on GitHub Pages. gulp created sitemap and inserted Google Analytics code into all pages and saved about 30% of images size by compressing them during build.

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        Visual Studio Code
        Visual Studio Code
        GitHub
        GitHub
        Linux
        Linux
        JavaScript
        JavaScript
        Swift
        Swift
        Java
        Java
        PHP
        PHP
        Python
        Python
        XML
        XML
        JSON
        JSON
        Git
        Git
        SVN (Subversion)
        SVN (Subversion)

        I use Visual Studio Code because at this time is a mature software and I can do practically everything using it.

        • It's free and open source: The project is hosted on GitHub and it’s free to download, fork, modify and contribute to the project.

        • Multi-platform: You can download binaries for different platforms, included Windows (x64), MacOS and Linux (.rpm and .deb packages)

        • LightWeight: It runs smoothly in different devices. It has an average memory and CPU usage. Starts almost immediately and it’s very stable.

        • Extended language support: Supports by default the majority of the most used languages and syntax like JavaScript, HTML, C#, Swift, Java, PHP, Python and others. Also, VS Code supports different file types associated to projects like .ini, .properties, XML and JSON files.

        • Integrated tools: Includes an integrated terminal, debugger, problem list and console output inspector. The project navigator sidebar is simple and powerful: you can manage your files and folders with ease. The command palette helps you find commands by text. The search widget has a powerful auto-complete feature to search and find your files.

        • Extensible and configurable: There are many extensions available for every language supported, including syntax highlighters, IntelliSense and code completion, and debuggers. There are also extension to manage application configuration and architecture like Docker and Jenkins.

        • Integrated with Git: You can visually manage your project repositories, pull, commit and push your changes, and easy conflict resolution.( there is support for SVN (Subversion) users by plugin)

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        Epistol
        Epistol
        Laravel
        Laravel
        PhpStorm
        PhpStorm
        Google Analytics
        Google Analytics
        Sass
        Sass
        HTML5
        HTML5
        JavaScript
        JavaScript
        Vue.js
        Vue.js
        Webpack
        Webpack
        Buddy
        Buddy
        nginx
        nginx
        Ubuntu
        Ubuntu
        GitHub
        GitHub
        Git
        Git
        Deployer
        Deployer
        CloudFlare
        CloudFlare
        Let's Encrypt
        Let's Encrypt
        Stripe
        Stripe
        Asana
        Asana
        Bulma
        Bulma
        PHP
        PHP
        #CDG
        CDG

        I use Laravel because it's the most advances PHP framework out there, easy to maintain, easy to upgrade and most of all : easy to get a handle on, and to follow every new technology ! PhpStorm is our main software to code, as of simplicity and full range of tools for a modern application.

        Google Analytics Analytics of course for a tailored analytics, Bulma as an innovative CSS framework, coupled with our Sass (Scss) pre-processor.

        As of more basic stuff, we use HTML5, JavaScript (but with Vue.js too) and Webpack to handle the generation of all this.

        To deploy, we set up Buddy to easily send the updates on our nginx / Ubuntu server, where it will connect to our GitHub Git private repository, pull and do all the operations needed with Deployer .

        CloudFlare ensure the rapidity of distribution of our content, and Let's Encrypt the https certificate that is more than necessary when we'll want to sell some products with our Stripe api calls.

        Asana is here to let us list all the functionalities, possibilities and ideas we want to implement.

        See more
        HTML5
        HTML5
        CSS 3
        CSS 3
        JavaScript
        JavaScript

        I use HTML5 because it's mandatory. Everyone who isn't a programmer should learn this as their first language because you can instantly get visual feedback for what you did. It's also one of the easiest languages to learn as it's just a markup language to display content. Learning this and then CSS 3 and then JavaScript should be the future of what everyone has to learn.

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        React
        React
        Redux
        Redux
        FeathersJS
        FeathersJS
        HTML5
        HTML5
        JavaScript
        JavaScript
        MongoDB
        MongoDB
        Redis
        Redis
        Socket.IO
        Socket.IO
        ES6
        ES6

        I have always been interested in building a real-time multiplayer game engine that could be massively scalable, and recently I decided to start working on a MMO version of the classic "snake" game. I wanted the entire #Stack to be based on ES6 JavaScript so for the #Backend I chose to use FeathersJS with MongoDB for game/user data storage, Redis for distributed mutex and pub/sub, and Socket.IO for real-time communication. For the #Frontend I used React with Redux.js, the FeathersJS client as well as HTML5 canvas to render the view.

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        Tom Klein
        Tom Klein
        CEO at Gentlent · | 4 upvotes · 42.8K views
        atGentlentGentlent
        JavaScript
        JavaScript
        Node.js
        Node.js
        PHP
        PHP
        HTML5
        HTML5
        Sass
        Sass
        nginx
        nginx
        React
        React
        PostgreSQL
        PostgreSQL
        Ubuntu
        Ubuntu
        ES6
        ES6
        TypeScript
        TypeScript
        Google Compute Engine
        Google Compute Engine
        Socket.IO
        Socket.IO
        Electron
        Electron
        Python
        Python

        Our most used programming languages are JavaScript / Node.js for it's lightweight and fast use, PHP because everyone knows it, HTML5 because you can't live without it and Sass to write great CSS. Occasionally, we use nginx as a web server and proxy, React for our UX, PostgreSQL as fast relational database, Ubuntu as server OS, ES6 and TypeScript for Node, Google Compute Engine for our infrastructure, and Socket.IO and Electron for specific use cases. We also use Python for some of our backends.

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        Nicolas Theck
        Nicolas Theck
        Student at RocketPlay · | 3 upvotes · 44.1K views
        atRocketPlayRocketPlay
        HTML5
        HTML5
        JavaScript
        JavaScript
        Vue.js
        Vue.js
        Webpack
        Webpack
        GitLab
        GitLab
        GitLab CI
        GitLab CI
        Ubuntu
        Ubuntu
        npm
        npm
        nginx
        nginx
        CloudFlare
        CloudFlare
        ExpressJS
        ExpressJS
        Sequelize
        Sequelize
        PostgreSQL
        PostgreSQL
        JSON Web Token
        JSON Web Token
        PM2
        PM2
        OVH
        OVH
        Node.js
        Node.js
        Twilio SendGrid
        Twilio SendGrid
        #Frontend
        #Backend
        #Pulsejs
        #Passport
        #Ns

        We use JavaScript in both our #Frontend and #Backend. Front-End wise, we're using tools like Vue.js , Webpack (for dev & building), pulsejs . For delivering the content, we push to GitLab & use GitLab CI (running on our own Ubuntu machine) to install (with npm) our packages, build the app trough Webpack and finally push it to our nginx server via a folder. From there, use accessing the website will get cached content thanks to CloudFlare. Back-End wise, we again use JavaScript with tools such as ExpressJS (http server), Sequelize (database, server running on PostgreSQL ) but also JSON Web Token with passport to authenticate our users. Same process used in front-end is used for back-end, we just copy files to a dist where PM2 watches for any change made to the Node.js app. Traffic doesn't go trough CloudFlare for upload process reasons but our nginx reverse proxy handles the request (which do go trough CloudFlare SSL-wise, since we're using their ns servers with our OVH domain.) Other utils we use are SendGrid for email sending & obviously HTML5 for the base Vue.js app. I hope this article will tell you more about the Tech we use here at RocketPlay :p

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        Labinator Team
        Labinator Team
        at Labinator · | 13 upvotes · 167.5K views
        atLabinatorLabinator
        HTML5
        HTML5
        CSS 3
        CSS 3
        Sass
        Sass
        Vanilla.JS
        Vanilla.JS
        PHP
        PHP
        WordPress
        WordPress
        Sublime Text
        Sublime Text
        Visual Studio Code
        Visual Studio Code
        Manjaro
        Manjaro
        Debian
        Debian

        At labinator.com, we use HTML5, CSS 3, Sass, Vanilla.JS and PHP when building our premium WordPress themes and plugins. When writing our codes, we use Sublime Text and Visual Studio Code depending on the project. We run Manjaro and Debian operating systems in our office. Manjaro is a great desktop operating system for all range of tasks while Debian is a solid choice for servers.

        WordPress became a very popular choice when it comes to content management systems and building websites. It is easy to learn and has a great community behind it. The high number of plugins as well that are available for WordPress allows any user to customize it depending on his/her needs.

        For development, HTML5 with Sass is our go-to choice when building our themes.

        Main Advantages Of Sass:

        • It's CSS syntax friendly
        • It offers variables
        • It uses a nested syntax
        • It includes mixins
        • Great community and online support.
        • Great documentation that is easy to read and follow.

        As for PHP, we always thrive to use PHP 7.3+. After the introduction of PHP 7, the WordPress development process became more stable and reliable than before. If you a developer considering PHP 7.3+ for your project, it would be good to note the following benefits.

        The Benefits Of Using PHP:

        • Open Source.
        • Highly Extendible.
        • Easy to learn and read.
        • Platform independent.
        • Compatible with APACHE.
        • Low development and maintenance cost.
        • Great community and support.
        • Detailed documentation that has everything you need!

        Why PHP 7.3+?

        • Flexible Heredoc & Nowdoc Syntaxes - Two key methods for defining strings within PHP. They also became easier to read and more reliable.
        • A good boost in performance speed which is extremely important when it comes to WordPress development.
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        Tassanai Singprom
        Tassanai Singprom
        JavaScript
        JavaScript
        PHP
        PHP
        HTML5
        HTML5
        jQuery
        jQuery
        Redis
        Redis
        Amazon EC2
        Amazon EC2
        Ubuntu
        Ubuntu
        Sass
        Sass
        Vue.js
        Vue.js
        Firebase
        Firebase
        Laravel
        Laravel
        Lumen
        Lumen
        Amazon RDS
        Amazon RDS
        GraphQL
        GraphQL
        MariaDB
        MariaDB
        Google Analytics
        Google Analytics
        Postman
        Postman
        Elasticsearch
        Elasticsearch
        Git
        Git
        GitHub
        GitHub
        GitLab
        GitLab
        npm
        npm
        Visual Studio Code
        Visual Studio Code
        Kibana
        Kibana
        Sentry
        Sentry
        BrowserStack
        BrowserStack
        Slack
        Slack

        This is my stack in Application & Data

        JavaScript PHP HTML5 jQuery Redis Amazon EC2 Ubuntu Sass Vue.js Firebase Laravel Lumen Amazon RDS GraphQL MariaDB

        My Utilities Tools

        Google Analytics Postman Elasticsearch

        My Devops Tools

        Git GitHub GitLab npm Visual Studio Code Kibana Sentry BrowserStack

        My Business Tools

        Slack

        See more
        Interest over time
        Reviews of HTML5 and XML
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        How developers use HTML5 and XML
        Avatar of OutSystems
        OutSystems uses HTML5HTML5

        Read more on how to extend the OutSystems UI with HTML here.

        At the user interface level, the platform provides a rich visual editor that allows web interfaces to be composed by dragging and dropping. Instead of purely writing HTML, developers use visual widgets. These widgets are wrapped and are easy to reuse just by dragging and dropping without everyone needing to understand how they are built.

        Avatar of Rajeshkumar T
        Rajeshkumar T uses HTML5HTML5
        • Its used for "Food Ordering System" with Mobile Responsive theme.

        • Custom email template ( Static and dynamic updates)

        • Cart and checkout modules.

        • Banners and ads management.

        • Restaurant listing and website ordering.

        • It support all the mobile browser compatibility.

        Avatar of Andrew Gatenby
        Andrew Gatenby uses HTML5HTML5

        All of our responsive wireframes that are used to build the front end of our clients' sites are built with HTML 5, so we can ensure the most efficient and up to date experience for their customers.

        Avatar of Eliana Abraham
        Eliana Abraham uses HTML5HTML5

        I mostly just use it when I need to customize something from Bootstrap or *SemanticUI *and when I need to tweak tiny details or get around the limitations of Javascript.

        Avatar of Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)
        Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) uses HTML5HTML5

        We exclusively use HTML5 instead of XHTML (or even older) HTML-versions. We like the new unity that HTML5 offers and try to keep our code according to the conventions.

        Avatar of ofaurax
        ofaurax uses XMLXML

        Human-readable storage

        How much does HTML5 cost?
        How much does XML cost?
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