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Java vs XML: What are the differences?

What is Java? A concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, language specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!.

What is XML? A simple, very flexible text format. A markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.

Java and XML belong to "Languages" category of the tech stack.

According to the StackShare community, Java has a broader approval, being mentioned in 2400 company stacks & 2728 developers stacks; compared to XML, which is listed in 7 company stacks and 27 developer stacks.

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What is Java?

Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!

What is XML?

A markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
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      What are some alternatives to Java and XML?
      C
      Abstract
      Abstract builds upon and extends the stable technology of Git to host and manage your work.
      Go
      Go is expressive, concise, clean, and efficient. Its concurrency mechanisms make it easy to write programs that get the most out of multicore and networked machines, while its novel type system enables flexible and modular program construction. Go compiles quickly to machine code yet has the convenience of garbage collection and the power of run-time reflection. It's a fast, statically typed, compiled language that feels like a dynamically typed, interpreted language.
      Python
      Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.
      Scala
      Scala is an acronym for “Scalable Language”. This means that Scala grows with you. You can play with it by typing one-line expressions and observing the results. But you can also rely on it for large mission critical systems, as many companies, including Twitter, LinkedIn, or Intel do. To some, Scala feels like a scripting language. Its syntax is concise and low ceremony; its types get out of the way because the compiler can infer them.
      See all alternatives
      Decisions about Java and XML
      Hampton Catlin
      Hampton Catlin
      VP of Engineering at Rent The Runway · | 9 upvotes · 109.9K views
      atRent the RunwayRent the Runway
      Ruby
      Ruby
      Python
      Python
      Java
      Java

      At our company, and I've noticed a lot of other ones... application developers and dev-ops people tend to use Ruby and our statisticians and data scientists love Python . Like most companies, our stack is kind of split that way. Ruby is used as glue in most of our production systems ( Java being the main backend language), and then all of our data scientists and their various pipelines tend towards Python

      See more
      frido
      frido
      TypeScript
      TypeScript
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      Visual Studio Code
      Visual Studio Code
      Java
      Java

      I use TypeScript because it is strongly typed superset of JavaScript that provides many benefits. Integration with #IDE like Visual Studio Code is excellent. The main benefit is maintainability. Many error can be caught before code running. Also Angular recommends TypeScript as better alternative to JavaScript . Syntax is very easy to learn especially for people from the Java world.

      See more
      Visual Studio Code
      Visual Studio Code
      GitHub
      GitHub
      Linux
      Linux
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      Swift
      Swift
      Java
      Java
      PHP
      PHP
      Python
      Python
      XML
      XML
      JSON
      JSON
      Git
      Git
      SVN (Subversion)
      SVN (Subversion)

      I use Visual Studio Code because at this time is a mature software and I can do practically everything using it.

      • It's free and open source: The project is hosted on GitHub and it’s free to download, fork, modify and contribute to the project.

      • Multi-platform: You can download binaries for different platforms, included Windows (x64), MacOS and Linux (.rpm and .deb packages)

      • LightWeight: It runs smoothly in different devices. It has an average memory and CPU usage. Starts almost immediately and it’s very stable.

      • Extended language support: Supports by default the majority of the most used languages and syntax like JavaScript, HTML, C#, Swift, Java, PHP, Python and others. Also, VS Code supports different file types associated to projects like .ini, .properties, XML and JSON files.

      • Integrated tools: Includes an integrated terminal, debugger, problem list and console output inspector. The project navigator sidebar is simple and powerful: you can manage your files and folders with ease. The command palette helps you find commands by text. The search widget has a powerful auto-complete feature to search and find your files.

      • Extensible and configurable: There are many extensions available for every language supported, including syntax highlighters, IntelliSense and code completion, and debuggers. There are also extension to manage application configuration and architecture like Docker and Jenkins.

      • Integrated with Git: You can visually manage your project repositories, pull, commit and push your changes, and easy conflict resolution.( there is support for SVN (Subversion) users by plugin)

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      C#
      C#
      Java
      Java
      Visual Studio
      Visual Studio

      I use C# because it is incredibly clear and easy to use. The documentation is second to none, being a Microsoft product, and if you just want something that works without exploring a million frameworks and libraries you can pretty much start a C# website and have it running in an hour. C# is basically, in my opinion, a cleaner and easier to use Java. My experience is limited to web design, however. It might come down to personal opinion but I wouldn't even know where to start writing a java back end website but visual studio makes it very easy to write it in C#. If you are new to full stack development I can't recommend Visual Studio enough. It does, however, hide away a lot of abstraction that programmers much more clever than me use to make really interesting websites and server setups. C# will do everything you need to create any website you can imagine, though.

      Before I end my rant about how much I love this language I'd like to reiterate how easy it is to figure out problems you encounter. I was stuck on how to store a path string in a database and found the solution by browsing the documentation for 2 minutes, which included examples. Every ASP element is clearly and wonderfully documented.

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      Michael Pfaff
      Michael Pfaff
      CEO & Developer at Pfaff Development · | 3 upvotes · 16.4K views
      Dart
      Dart
      Java
      Java

      I use Dart because it is a fast, modern language with an intuitive package manager and syntax similar to Java, while less verbose (i.e. public by default, _ in front of a variable, class, etc. to be private). Dart has an excellent asynchronous syntax making asynchronous calls such as filesystem interaction or HTTP requests simple and concise.

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      Clojure
      Clojure
      ClojureScript
      ClojureScript
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      Java
      Java
      C#
      C#

      I adopted Clojure and ClojureScript because:

      • it's 1 language, multiple platforms.
      • Simple syntax.
      • Designed to avoid unwanted side effects and bugs.
      • Immutable data-structures.
      • Compact code, very expressive.
      • Source code is data.
      • It has super-flexible macro.
      • Has metadata.
      • Interoperability with JavaScript, Java and C#.
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      Ganesa Vijayakumar
      Ganesa Vijayakumar
      Full Stack Coder | Module Lead · | 15 upvotes · 982.7K views
      Codacy
      Codacy
      SonarQube
      SonarQube
      React
      React
      React Router
      React Router
      React Native
      React Native
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      jQuery
      jQuery
      jQuery UI
      jQuery UI
      jQuery Mobile
      jQuery Mobile
      Bootstrap
      Bootstrap
      Java
      Java
      Node.js
      Node.js
      MySQL
      MySQL
      Hibernate
      Hibernate
      Heroku
      Heroku
      Amazon S3
      Amazon S3
      Amazon RDS
      Amazon RDS
      Solr
      Solr
      Elasticsearch
      Elasticsearch
      Amazon Route 53
      Amazon Route 53
      Microsoft Azure
      Microsoft Azure
      Amazon EC2 Container Service
      Amazon EC2 Container Service
      Apache Maven
      Apache Maven
      Git
      Git
      Docker
      Docker

      I'm planning to create a web application and also a mobile application to provide a very good shopping experience to the end customers. Shortly, my application will be aggregate the product details from difference sources and giving a clear picture to the user that when and where to buy that product with best in Quality and cost.

      I have planned to develop this in many milestones for adding N number of features and I have picked my first part to complete the core part (aggregate the product details from different sources).

      As per my work experience and knowledge, I have chosen the followings stacks to this mission.

      UI: I would like to develop this application using React, React Router and React Native since I'm a little bit familiar on this and also most importantly these will help on developing both web and mobile apps. In addition, I'm gonna use the stacks JavaScript, jQuery, jQuery UI, jQuery Mobile, Bootstrap wherever required.

      Service: I have planned to use Java as the main business layer language as I have 7+ years of experience on this I believe I can do better work using Java than other languages. In addition, I'm thinking to use the stacks Node.js.

      Database and ORM: I'm gonna pick MySQL as DB and Hibernate as ORM since I have a piece of good knowledge and also work experience on this combination.

      Search Engine: I need to deal with a large amount of product data and it's in-detailed info to provide enough details to end user at the same time I need to focus on the performance area too. so I have decided to use Solr as a search engine for product search and suggestions. In addition, I'm thinking to replace Solr by Elasticsearch once explored/reviewed enough about Elasticsearch.

      Host: As of now, my plan to complete the application with decent features first and deploy it in a free hosting environment like Docker and Heroku and then once it is stable then I have planned to use the AWS products Amazon S3, EC2, Amazon RDS and Amazon Route 53. I'm not sure about Microsoft Azure that what is the specialty in it than Heroku and Amazon EC2 Container Service. Anyhow, I will do explore these once again and pick the best suite one for my requirement once I reached this level.

      Build and Repositories: I have decided to choose Apache Maven and Git as these are my favorites and also so popular on respectively build and repositories.

      Additional Utilities :) - I would like to choose Codacy for code review as their Startup plan will be very helpful to this application. I'm already experienced with Google CheckStyle and SonarQube even I'm looking something on Codacy.

      Happy Coding! Suggestions are welcome! :)

      Thanks, Ganesa

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      Vishwa Bhat
      Vishwa Bhat
      Fullstack Developer at Sequoia · | 10 upvotes · 4.7K views
      atSequoia Consulting GroupSequoia Consulting Group
      Node.js
      Node.js
      Go
      Go
      Java
      Java

      Our new backend micro services are primarily written in Node.js and Go and legacy systems are written in Java. For our new stack decision, we aimed to achieve greater developer productivity, low IO latency and good community so we had couple of technologies in hand to choose but finally we concluded to go for Node.js for API layer and Go for CPU/IO intensive tasks. Currently the inter-services communication is happening via REST but soon to be moved to RPC-based communication.

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      Praveen Mooli
      Praveen Mooli
      Engineering Manager at Taylor and Francis · | 12 upvotes · 696.9K views
      MongoDB Atlas
      MongoDB Atlas
      Java
      Java
      Spring Boot
      Spring Boot
      Node.js
      Node.js
      ExpressJS
      ExpressJS
      Python
      Python
      Flask
      Flask
      Amazon Kinesis
      Amazon Kinesis
      Amazon Kinesis Firehose
      Amazon Kinesis Firehose
      Amazon SNS
      Amazon SNS
      Amazon SQS
      Amazon SQS
      AWS Lambda
      AWS Lambda
      Angular 2
      Angular 2
      RxJS
      RxJS
      GitHub
      GitHub
      Travis CI
      Travis CI
      Terraform
      Terraform
      Docker
      Docker
      Serverless
      Serverless
      Amazon RDS
      Amazon RDS
      Amazon DynamoDB
      Amazon DynamoDB
      Amazon S3
      Amazon S3
      #Backend
      #Microservices
      #Eventsourcingframework
      #Webapps
      #Devops
      #Data

      We are in the process of building a modern content platform to deliver our content through various channels. We decided to go with Microservices architecture as we wanted scale. Microservice architecture style is an approach to developing an application as a suite of small independently deployable services built around specific business capabilities. You can gain modularity, extensive parallelism and cost-effective scaling by deploying services across many distributed servers. Microservices modularity facilitates independent updates/deployments, and helps to avoid single point of failure, which can help prevent large-scale outages. We also decided to use Event Driven Architecture pattern which is a popular distributed asynchronous architecture pattern used to produce highly scalable applications. The event-driven architecture is made up of highly decoupled, single-purpose event processing components that asynchronously receive and process events.

      To build our #Backend capabilities we decided to use the following: 1. #Microservices - Java with Spring Boot , Node.js with ExpressJS and Python with Flask 2. #Eventsourcingframework - Amazon Kinesis , Amazon Kinesis Firehose , Amazon SNS , Amazon SQS, AWS Lambda 3. #Data - Amazon RDS , Amazon DynamoDB , Amazon S3 , MongoDB Atlas

      To build #Webapps we decided to use Angular 2 with RxJS

      #Devops - GitHub , Travis CI , Terraform , Docker , Serverless

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      C#
      C#
      Java
      Java
      Visual Studio
      Visual Studio

      I use C# because of the ease of designing user interfaces compared to Java. Using Visual Studio makes C# a breeze for prototyping and creating apps and I really appreciate how quickly I can turn an idea into reality. I was first introduced to C# in a special topics course and quickly started preferring it over Java. The similarities between the two made the switch easy while the added benefits C# offers made it very worth it.

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      Kamil Kowalski
      Kamil Kowalski
      Engineering Manager at Fresha · | 26 upvotes · 196.8K views
      atFresha EngineeringFresha Engineering
      Selenium
      Selenium
      Java
      Java
      Ruby
      Ruby
      Elixir
      Elixir
      JavaScript
      JavaScript
      Cypress
      Cypress

      When you think about test automation, it’s crucial to make it everyone’s responsibility (not just QA Engineers'). We started with Selenium and Java, but with our platform revolving around Ruby, Elixir and JavaScript, QA Engineers were left alone to automate tests. Cypress was the answer, as we could switch to JS and simply involve more people from day one. There's a downside too, as it meant testing on Chrome only, but that was "good enough" for us + if really needed we can always cover some specific cases in a different way.

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      Node.js
      Node.js
      Java
      Java
      Spring Boot
      Spring Boot
      Python
      Python
      Flask
      Flask
      Django
      Django

      Since you said that your middleware will be accessing DB and expose API, you can go with Node.js. It will make your development fast and easy. Suppose in future you will add some business logic you can choose Java with Spring Boot or Python with Flask / Django. NOTE: Language or framework doesn't matter. Choose based on your programming knowledge.

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      Jakub Olan
      Jakub Olan
      DevOps Engineer · | 17 upvotes · 21.6K views
      ataraclxaraclx
      Java
      Java
      Python
      Python
      C++
      C++
      Node.js
      Node.js
      Rust
      Rust
      Kotlin
      Kotlin
      Go
      Go

      In our company we have think a lot about languages that we're willing to use, there we have considering Java, Python and C++ . All of there languages are old and well developed at fact but that's not ideology of araclx. We've choose a edge technologies such as Node.js , Rust , Kotlin and Go as our programming languages which is some kind of fun. Node.js is one of biggest trends of 2019, same for Go. We want to grow in our company with growth of languages we have choose, and probably when we would choose Java that would be almost impossible because larger languages move on today's market slower, and cannot have big changes.

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      Shivam Bhargava
      Shivam Bhargava
      AVP - Business at VAYUZ Technologies Pvt. Ltd. · | 9 upvotes · 6.5K views
      Swift
      Swift
      Kotlin
      Kotlin
      React
      React
      Python
      Python
      Rails
      Rails
      Java
      Java
      Node.js
      Node.js
      #Neobank

      Hi Community! Trust everyone is keeping safe. I am exploring the idea of building a #Neobank (App) with end-to-end banking capabilities. In the process of exploring this space, I have come across multiple Apps (N26, Revolut, Monese, etc) and explored their stacks in detail. The confusion remains to be the Backend Tech to be used?

      What would you go with considering all of the languages such as Node.js Java Rails Python are suggested by some person or the other. As a general trend, I have noticed the usage of Node with React on the front or Node with a combination of Kotlin and Swift. Please suggest what would be the right approach!

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      Saurav Pandit
      Saurav Pandit
      Application Devloper at Bny Mellon · | 5 upvotes · 3.7K views
      JSON Web Token
      JSON Web Token
      OpenAPI
      OpenAPI
      Java
      Java
      AngularJS
      AngularJS
      Oracle
      Oracle
      Python
      Python

      I have just started learning Python 3 week back. I want to create REST api using python. The api will be use to save form data in Oracle database. The front end is using AngularJS 8 with Angular Material. In python there are so many framework for developing REST ** I am looking for some suggestions which REST framework to choose? ** Here are some feature I am looking for * Easy integration and unit testing like in Angular we just run command. * Code packageing, like in Java maven project we can build and package. I am looking for something which I can push in artifactory and deploy whole code as package. *Support for swagger/ OpenAPI * Support for JSON Web Token * Support for testcase coverage report Framework can have feature included or can be available by extension.

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      Interest over time
      Reviews of Java and XML
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      How developers use Java and XML
      Avatar of Brian Fults
      Brian Fults uses JavaJava

      Pretty much everything - Java is reasonably fast, reasonably safe, and reasonably expressive. I wouldn't call it the best at any of those things. The real advantage to me is that the virtual machine is ubiquitous and many people can understand it. Since I have the most experience in this language, it's my tool of choice for most projects.

      I've also been learning JavaFx so that I can build user interfaces without the web. I've started several single-page-application projects that worked, but felt like workarounds or hacks and would be better-served as self-contained applications.

      Avatar of denkbar.io
      denkbar.io uses JavaJava

      Do I really need to explain? Well to me, the most appealing factor in Java besides the unbelievable community and vast array of available libraries, is just the amount of effort that has been put in the modern JVM. Decades of optimization and improvements have lead to a terrific piece of technology. I admire the people contributed to that.

      Avatar of Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)
      Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) uses JavaJava

      Shouldn't surprise anyone, as minecraft is also java-based. Java is used for much more than just the plugins though. JCVortex (our API) is also served with vert.x (Java) and many of our team-internal tools also originated from java or are still java-applications.

      Avatar of Web Dreams
      Web Dreams uses JavaJava

      The most popular language in the world, definitely every programmer would use the Java language at some point. Frankly, I only use java when it’s a must. I find the language to be a little bit tedious when working with it.

      Avatar of brenoinojosa
      brenoinojosa uses JavaJava

      bytelore.com makes extensive use of Java in its applications. We use Java due to its performance, community and the number of other projects built in the language. We have many projects and libraries built in Java.

      Avatar of ofaurax
      ofaurax uses XMLXML

      Human-readable storage

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