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JUnit vs TestNG: What are the differences?

Developers describe JUnit as "A programmer-oriented testing framework for Java". JUnit is a simple framework to write repeatable tests. It is an instance of the xUnit architecture for unit testing frameworks. On the other hand, TestNG is detailed as "A testing framework inspired from JUnit and NUnit". It is a testing framework designed to simplify a broad range of testing needs, it covers all categories of tests: unit, functional, end-to-end, integration, etc.Run your tests in arbitrarily big thread pools with various policies available (all methods in their own thread, one thread per test class, etc.

JUnit and TestNG can be categorized as "Testing Frameworks" tools.

JUnit is an open source tool with 7.56K GitHub stars and 2.83K GitHub forks. Here's a link to JUnit's open source repository on GitHub.

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What is JUnit?

JUnit is a simple framework to write repeatable tests. It is an instance of the xUnit architecture for unit testing frameworks.

What is TestNG?

It is a testing framework designed to simplify a broad range of testing needs, it covers all categories of tests: unit, functional, end-to-end, integration, etc.Run your tests in arbitrarily big thread pools with various policies available (all methods in their own thread, one thread per test class, etc.

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What are some alternatives to JUnit and TestNG?
NUnit
An evolving, open source framework designed for writing and running tests in Microsoft .NET programming languages.It is an aspect of test-driven development , which is part of a larger software design paradigm known as Extreme Programming
Mockito
It is a mocking framework that tastes really good. It lets you write beautiful tests with a clean & simple API. It doesn’t give you hangover because the tests are very readable and they produce clean verification errors.
Arquillian
It is an integration and functional testing platform that can be used for Java middleware testing. With the main goal of making integration (and functional) tests as simple to write as unit tests, it brings the tests to the runtime environment, freeing developers from managing the runtime from within the test.
Selenium
Selenium automates browsers. That's it! What you do with that power is entirely up to you. Primarily, it is for automating web applications for testing purposes, but is certainly not limited to just that. Boring web-based administration tasks can (and should!) also be automated as well.
xUnit
It is a free, open source, community-focused unit testing tool for the .NET Framework. It is the latest technology for unit testing C#, F#, VB.NET and other .NET languages. It works with ReSharper, CodeRush, TestDriven.NET and Xamarin.
See all alternatives