Webpack vs. gulp vs. Grunt

Webpack vs Gulp vs Grunt: What are the differences?

Gulp and Grunt are JavaScript task runners, while Webpack is a bundler. Gulp and Grunt are more direct competitors to one another than either is to Webpack, though the three tools can serve many of the same functions.

Webpack has been seeing more use in place of Gulp and Grunt; it appears in more overall stacks than either of the two task runners, and is mentioned in nearly twice the number of job posts. It’s also far more popular on GitHub.

Hacker News, Reddit, Stack Overflow Stats

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GitHub Stats


What is Webpack?

A bundler for javascript and friends. Packs many modules into a few bundled assets. Code Splitting allows to load parts for the application on demand. Through "loaders" modules can be CommonJs, AMD, ES6 modules, CSS, Images, JSON, Coffeescript, LESS, ... and your custom stuff.

What is gulp?

Build system automating tasks: minification and copying of all JavaScript files, static images. More capable of watching files to automatically rerun the task when a file changes.

What is Grunt?

The less work you have to do when performing repetitive tasks like minification, compilation, unit testing, linting, etc, the easier your job becomes. After you've configured it, a task runner can do most of that mundane work for you—and your team—with basically zero effort.

Want advice about which of these to choose?Ask the StackShare community!


Why do developers choose Webpack?
Why do you like Webpack?

Why do developers choose gulp?
Why do you like gulp?

Why do developers choose Grunt?
Why do you like Grunt?


What are the cons of using Webpack?
No Cons submitted yet for Webpack
Downsides of Webpack?

What are the cons of using gulp?
No Cons submitted yet for gulp
Downsides of gulp?

What are the cons of using Grunt?
No Cons submitted yet for Grunt
Downsides of Grunt?

Why do developers choose Webpack vs Gulp vs Grunt?

  • Users of gulp cite build speed, readability and its focus on code over configuration as pros.
  • Users of Grunt appreciate its focus on configuration, its customer support, and its community.
  • Webpack is loved as the “most powerful” JavaScript bundler and users cite its easy configuration and ability to handle all types of assets as pros.


What companies use Webpack?
2462 companies on StackShare use Webpack
What companies use gulp?
1490 companies on StackShare use gulp
What companies use Grunt?
995 companies on StackShare use Grunt


What tools integrate with Webpack?
13 tools on StackShare integrate with Webpack
What tools integrate with gulp?
9 tools on StackShare integrate with gulp
What tools integrate with Grunt?
11 tools on StackShare integrate with Grunt

What are some alternatives to Webpack, gulp, and Grunt?

  • Brunch - Ultra-fast HTML5 build tool
  • Parcel - 📦🚀 A fast, zero configuration web application bundler
  • Webpacker - Use Webpack to manage app-like JavaScript modules in Rails (by Rails)
  • Backpack - Build Node.js backends with Webpack

See all alternatives to Webpack

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Interest Over Time