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MariaDB vs SQLite: What are the differences?

Developers describe MariaDB as "An enhanced, drop-in replacement for MySQL". Started by core members of the original MySQL team, MariaDB actively works with outside developers to deliver the most featureful, stable, and sanely licensed open SQL server in the industry. MariaDB is designed as a drop-in replacement of MySQL(R) with more features, new storage engines, fewer bugs, and better performance. On the other hand, SQLite is detailed as "A software library that implements a self-contained, serverless, zero-configuration, transactional SQL database engine". SQLite is an embedded SQL database engine. Unlike most other SQL databases, SQLite does not have a separate server process. SQLite reads and writes directly to ordinary disk files. A complete SQL database with multiple tables, indices, triggers, and views, is contained in a single disk file.

MariaDB and SQLite belong to "Databases" category of the tech stack.

"Drop-in mysql replacement", "Great performance" and "Open source" are the key factors why developers consider MariaDB; whereas "Lightweight", "Portable" and "Simple" are the primary reasons why SQLite is favored.

MariaDB is an open source tool with 2.82K GitHub stars and 864 GitHub forks. Here's a link to MariaDB's open source repository on GitHub.

According to the StackShare community, MariaDB has a broader approval, being mentioned in 496 company stacks & 461 developers stacks; compared to SQLite, which is listed in 314 company stacks and 477 developer stacks.

- No public GitHub repository available -

What is MariaDB?

Started by core members of the original MySQL team, MariaDB actively works with outside developers to deliver the most featureful, stable, and sanely licensed open SQL server in the industry. MariaDB is designed as a drop-in replacement of MySQL(R) with more features, new storage engines, fewer bugs, and better performance.

What is SQLite?

SQLite is an embedded SQL database engine. Unlike most other SQL databases, SQLite does not have a separate server process. SQLite reads and writes directly to ordinary disk files. A complete SQL database with multiple tables, indices, triggers, and views, is contained in a single disk file.
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    What are some alternatives to MariaDB and SQLite?
    PostgreSQL
    PostgreSQL is an advanced object-relational database management system that supports an extended subset of the SQL standard, including transactions, foreign keys, subqueries, triggers, user-defined types and functions.
    MySQL
    The MySQL software delivers a very fast, multi-threaded, multi-user, and robust SQL (Structured Query Language) database server. MySQL Server is intended for mission-critical, heavy-load production systems as well as for embedding into mass-deployed software.
    Percona
    It delivers enterprise-class software, support, consulting and managed services for both MySQL and MongoDB across traditional and cloud-based platforms.
    Oracle
    Oracle Database is an RDBMS. An RDBMS that implements object-oriented features such as user-defined types, inheritance, and polymorphism is called an object-relational database management system (ORDBMS). Oracle Database has extended the relational model to an object-relational model, making it possible to store complex business models in a relational database.
    MongoDB
    MongoDB stores data in JSON-like documents that can vary in structure, offering a dynamic, flexible schema. MongoDB was also designed for high availability and scalability, with built-in replication and auto-sharding.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about MariaDB and SQLite
    StackShare Editors
    StackShare Editors
    MariaDB
    MariaDB
    MySQL
    MySQL

    Airbnb’s web experience is powered by a Rails monolith, called Monorail, that talks to several different Java services. MySQL databases store business data and are partitioned by functionality, with messages and calendar management, for example, stored separately from the main booking flow in their own databases.

    As traffic to the site continued growing, though, “one notable resource issue with MySQL databases [was] the increasing number of database connections from application servers.”

    Airbnb uses AWS’s Relational Database Service (RDS) to power their MySQL instances, and “RDS uses the community edition of MySQL server, which employs a one-thread-per-connection model of connection management.” With Airbnb’s scale, this meant that their databases would hit the C10K problem, which states that “there is an upper bound in the number of connections that MySQL server can accept and serve without dramatically increasing the number of threads running, which severely degrades MySQL server performance.”

    When an RDS MySQL server hits resource limits, users will have trouble connecting to the site.

    MySQL does have dynamic thread pooling, but it’s only available in the enterprise edition; AWS MySQL RDS, though, doesn’t offer this feature, meaning Airbnb didn’t have access to dynamic thread pooling out-of-the-box.

    After surveying several options, the team chose MariaDB MaxScale, which is “a MySQL database proxy that supports intelligent query routing in between client applications and a set of backend MySQL servers.”

    Instead of using the MariaDB MaxScale off-the-shelf, however, they decided to fork it and implement their own version that would include connection pooling. Other MaxScale features, like request throttling and query blocklisting were implemented as well.

    To enable horizontal scaling of the web application, the team deployed a MaxScale database proxy service in between app servers and MySQL servers. Through the service discovery system SmartStack, applications now “discover and connect to the database proxy service instead of the MySQL database,” allowing horizontal scaling to meet capacity demands.

    Additionally, new Airbnb MaxScale proxy server instances can be launched to further enable horizontal scaling.

    See more
    Amazon ElastiCache
    Amazon ElastiCache
    Amazon Elasticsearch Service
    Amazon Elasticsearch Service
    AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)
    AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)
    Memcached
    Memcached
    Redis
    Redis
    Python
    Python
    AWS Lambda
    AWS Lambda
    Amazon RDS
    Amazon RDS
    Microsoft SQL Server
    Microsoft SQL Server
    MariaDB
    MariaDB
    Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL
    Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL
    Rails
    Rails
    Ruby
    Ruby
    Heroku
    Heroku
    AWS Elastic Beanstalk
    AWS Elastic Beanstalk

    We initially started out with Heroku as our PaaS provider due to a desire to use it by our original developer for our Ruby on Rails application/website at the time. We were finding response times slow, it was painfully slow, sometimes taking 10 seconds to start loading the main page. Moving up to the next "compute" level was going to be very expensive.

    We moved our site over to AWS Elastic Beanstalk , not only did response times on the site practically become instant, our cloud bill for the application was cut in half.

    In database world we are currently using Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL also, we have both MariaDB and Microsoft SQL Server both hosted on Amazon RDS. The plan is to migrate to AWS Aurora Serverless for all 3 of those database systems.

    Additional services we use for our public applications: AWS Lambda, Python, Redis, Memcached, AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB), Amazon Elasticsearch Service, Amazon ElastiCache

    See more
    Joshua Dean Küpper
    Joshua Dean Küpper
    CEO at Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) · | 5 upvotes · 35.8K views
    atScrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)
    Sentry
    Sentry
    GitLab
    GitLab
    PostgreSQL
    PostgreSQL
    MariaDB
    MariaDB

    We primarily use MariaDB but use PostgreSQL as a part of GitLab , Sentry and @Nextcloud , which (initially) forced us to use it anyways. While this isn't much of a decision – because we didn't have one (ha ha) – we learned to love the perks and advantages of PostgreSQL anyways. PostgreSQLs extension system makes it even more flexible than a lot of the other SQL-based DBs (that only offer stored procedures) and the additional JOIN options, the enhanced role management and the different authentication options came in really handy, when doing manual maintenance on the databases.

    See more
    Daniel Quinn
    Daniel Quinn
    Senior Developer at Founders4Schools · | 2 upvotes · 20.9K views
    atThe Paperless ProjectThe Paperless Project
    PostgreSQL
    PostgreSQL
    SQLite
    SQLite

    SQLite is a tricky beast. It's great if you're working single-threaded, but a Terrible Idea if you've got more than one concurrent connection. You use it because it's easy to setup, light, and portable (it's just a file).

    In Paperless, we've built a self-hosted web application, so it makes sense to standardise on something small & light, and as we don't have to worry about multiple connections (it's just you using the app), it's a perfect fit.

    For users wanting to scale Paperless up to a multi-user environment though, we do provide the hooks to switch to PostgreSQL .

    See more
    Interest over time
    Reviews of MariaDB and SQLite
    Review ofMariaDBMariaDB

    MySQL was founded by Allan Larsson, Michael Widenius and David Axmark in the year 1995, 19 years ago. It was released under the name of co-founder Michael Widenius daughter, ‘My‘. This project was released under GNU General Public License as well as under certain Proprietary License. MySQL was owned by MySQL AB firm until it went into the hands of Oracle Corporation. It is written in Programming Language – C and C++ and is available for Windows, Linux, Solaris, MacOS and FreeBSD.

    In the year 2009, Michael Widenius started working on MarisDB as a fork of MySQL. In the year 2012 the bricks of nonprofit MariaDB Foundation was laid. It was named after the founder’s daughter Maria.

    MariaDB is a fork of MySQL Relational Database Management System which again is released under GNU General Public License. It is written in Programming Language – C, C++, Perl and Bash and is available for Systems Linux, Windows, Solaris, MacOS and FreeBSD.

    How developers use MariaDB and SQLite
    Avatar of Romans Malinovskis
    Romans Malinovskis uses SQLiteSQLite

    We build queries in PHP with DSQL that work with SQLite. We also have SQLite data controller, so that you can build SQLite-based models.

    Avatar of Coolfront Technologies
    Coolfront Technologies uses SQLiteSQLite

    Used during the "build process" of Coolfront Mobile's Flat rate search engine database. Flat rate data that resides in Salesforce is transformed using SQLite into a format that is usable for our mobile Flat rate search engine (AKA: Charlie).

    Avatar of Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)
    Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) uses MariaDBMariaDB

    Aside from Redis, we use MariaDB to store long-term information like user-data and big-data like regeneration-information for our open-world servers. We extensively use the relational aspects of MariaDB in joins, nested queries and unions.

    Avatar of Sripathi Krishnan
    Sripathi Krishnan uses SQLiteSQLite

    RDBTools is a self-hosted application, and it is important that the installation process is simple. With SQLite, we create a new database file for every analysis. Once the analysis is done, the SQLite file can be thrown away easily.

    Avatar of Seungkwon Park
    Seungkwon Park uses MariaDBMariaDB

    mysql보다 mariaDB가 join면에서 우수하다는 문서를 읽었습니다. 이 부분은 저의 블로그에서도 다뤘고 저의 word press 블로그는 mysql 대신 mariaDB 를 사용합니다.

    특히 limit 기능이 pagenation 처리를 할 때 너무 직관적이고 편해서 mariaDB, mysql을 사랑합니다.

    Avatar of Perljobs.Ru
    Perljobs.Ru uses SQLiteSQLite

    All the dynamic data (i.e.: jobs) is stored in a simple SQLite database.

    Все динамические данные (вакансии) хранятся в простой SQLite БД.

    Avatar of Ana Phi Sancho
    Ana Phi Sancho uses MariaDBMariaDB

    Introduced in computer science course.managing relational database management systems, database analytics, and for data processing

    Avatar of nrise
    nrise uses MariaDBMariaDB

    수 백만개가 넘는 태그 키워드의 자동완성을 위해서 별도의 데이터베이스를 구축하였습니다. MariaDB 는 MySQL 을 포크한 프로젝트입니다. MySQL 과의 강력한 호환성을 지니며, 큰 튜닝 없이 강력한 성능을 보장합니다.

    Avatar of A. M. Douglas
    A. M. Douglas uses SQLiteSQLite

    There's really no call for something heavier for this site. SQLite is simple, easy to use and quite reliable given its age.

    Avatar of Dolls Kill
    Dolls Kill uses MariaDBMariaDB

    MariaDB has allowed us to easily scale out our DB cluster. Also has better replication tools than MySQL

    How much does MariaDB cost?
    How much does SQLite cost?
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