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CouchDB

HTTP + JSON document database with Map Reduce views and peer-based replication
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What is CouchDB?

Apache CouchDB is a database that uses JSON for documents, JavaScript for MapReduce indexes, and regular HTTP for its API. CouchDB is a database that completely embraces the web. Store your data with JSON documents. Access your documents and query your indexes with your web browser, via HTTP. Index, combine, and transform your documents with JavaScript.
CouchDB is a tool in the Databases category of a tech stack.
CouchDB is an open source tool with 4.4K GitHub stars and 867 GitHub forks. Here’s a link to CouchDB's open source repository on GitHub

Who uses CouchDB?

Companies
73 companies reportedly use CouchDB in their tech stacks, including BrightMachine, Bit Zesty, and Meltwater.

Developers
215 developers on StackShare have stated that they use CouchDB.

CouchDB Integrations

Datadog, RxDB, Server Density, OutSystems, and ElasticBox are some of the popular tools that integrate with CouchDB. Here's a list of all 6 tools that integrate with CouchDB.

Why developers like CouchDB?

Here’s a list of reasons why companies and developers use CouchDB
CouchDB Reviews

Here are some stack decisions, common use cases and reviews by companies and developers who chose CouchDB in their tech stack.

Jonathan Pugh
Jonathan Pugh
Software Engineer / Project Manager / Technical Architect · | 19 upvotes · 444.3K views
Framework7
Framework7
JavaScript
JavaScript
TypeScript
TypeScript
Figma
Figma
Visual Studio Code
Visual Studio Code
Webpack
Webpack
Babel
Babel
Ruby
Ruby
HTML5
HTML5
CouchDB
CouchDB
Pouchdb
Pouchdb
Font Awesome
Font Awesome
Apache Cordova
Apache Cordova
CSS 3
CSS 3
PhoneGap
PhoneGap
#Css
#CSS3
#SCSS
#Sass
#Less
#Electron
#HandleBars
#Template7
#Sketch
#GraphQL
#HTML5
#GraphCool

I needed to choose a full stack of tools for cross platform mobile application design & development. After much research and trying different tools, these are what I came up with that work for me today:

For the client coding I chose Framework7 because of its performance, easy learning curve, and very well designed, beautiful UI widgets. I think it's perfect for solo development or small teams. I didn't like React Native. It felt heavy to me and rigid. Framework7 allows the use of #CSS3, which I think is the best technology to come out of the #WWW movement. No other tech has been able to allow designers and developers to develop such flexible, high performance, customisable user interface elements that are highly responsive and hardware accelerated before. Now #CSS3 includes variables and flexboxes it is truly a powerful language and there is no longer a need for preprocessors such as #SCSS / #Sass / #less. React Native contains a very limited interpretation of #CSS3 which I found very frustrating after using #CSS3 for some years already and knowing its powerful features. The other very nice feature of Framework7 is that you can even build for the browser if you want your app to be available for desktop web browsers. The latest release also includes the ability to build for #Electron so you can have MacOS, Windows and Linux desktop apps. This is not possible with React Native yet.

Framework7 runs on top of Apache Cordova. Cordova and webviews have been slated as being slow in the past. Having a game developer background I found the tweeks to make it run as smooth as silk. One of those tweeks is to use WKWebView. Another important one was using srcset on images.

I use #Template7 for the for the templating system which is a no-nonsense mobile-centric #HandleBars style extensible templating system. It's easy to write custom helpers for, is fast and has a small footprint. I'm not forced into a new paradigm or learning some new syntax. It operates with standard JavaScript, HTML5 and CSS 3. It's written by the developer of Framework7 and so dovetails with it as expected.

I configured TypeScript to work with the latest version of Framework7. I consider TypeScript to be one of the best creations to come out of Microsoft in some time. They must have an amazing team working on it. It's very powerful and flexible. It helps you catch a lot of bugs and also provides code completion in supporting IDEs. So for my IDE I use Visual Studio Code which is a blazingly fast and silky smooth editor that integrates seamlessly with TypeScript for the ultimate type checking setup (both products are produced by Microsoft).

I use Webpack and Babel to compile the JavaScript. TypeScript can compile to JavaScript directly but Babel offers a few more options and polyfills so you can use the latest (and even prerelease) JavaScript features today and compile to be backwards compatible with virtually any browser. My favorite recent addition is "optional chaining" which greatly simplifies and increases readability of a number of sections of my code dealing with getting and setting data in nested objects.

I use some Ruby scripts to process images with ImageMagick and pngquant to optimise for size and even auto insert responsive image code into the HTML5. Ruby is the ultimate cross platform scripting language. Even as your scripts become large, Ruby allows you to refactor your code easily and make it Object Oriented if necessary. I find it the quickest and easiest way to maintain certain aspects of my build process.

For the user interface design and prototyping I use Figma. Figma has an almost identical user interface to #Sketch but has the added advantage of being cross platform (MacOS and Windows). Its real-time collaboration features are outstanding and I use them a often as I work mostly on remote projects. Clients can collaborate in real-time and see changes I make as I make them. The clickable prototyping features in Figma are also very well designed and mean I can send clickable prototypes to clients to try user interface updates as they are made and get immediate feedback. I'm currently also evaluating the latest version of #AdobeXD as an alternative to Figma as it has the very cool auto-animate feature. It doesn't have real-time collaboration yet, but I heard it is proposed for 2019.

For the UI icons I use Font Awesome Pro. They have the largest selection and best looking icons you can find on the internet with several variations in styles so you can find most of the icons you want for standard projects.

For the backend I was using the #GraphCool Framework. As I later found out, #GraphQL still has some way to go in order to provide the full power of a mature graph query language so later in my project I ripped out #GraphCool and replaced it with CouchDB and Pouchdb. Primarily so I could provide good offline app support. CouchDB with Pouchdb is very flexible and efficient combination and overcomes some of the restrictions I found in #GraphQL and hence #GraphCool also. The most impressive and important feature of CouchDB is its replication. You can configure it in various ways for backups, fault tolerance, caching or conditional merging of databases. CouchDB and Pouchdb even supports storing, retrieving and serving binary or image data or other mime types. This removes a level of complexity usually present in database implementations where binary or image data is usually referenced through an #HTML5 link. With CouchDB and Pouchdb apps can operate offline and sync later, very efficiently, when the network connection is good.

I use PhoneGap when testing the app. It auto-reloads your app when its code is changed and you can also install it on Android phones to preview your app instantly. iOS is a bit more tricky cause of Apple's policies so it's not available on the App Store, but you can build it and install it yourself to your device.

So that's my latest mobile stack. What tools do you use? Have you tried these ones?

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Josh Dzielak
Josh Dzielak
Developer Advocate at DeveloperMode · | 5 upvotes · 79.3K views
Firebase
Firebase
Pouchdb
Pouchdb
CouchDB
CouchDB
Cloudant
Cloudant

As a side project, I was building a note taking app that needed to synchronize between the client and the server so that it would work offline. At first I used Firebase to store the data on the server and wrote my own code to cache Firebase data in local storage and synchronize it. This was brittle and not performant. I figured that someone else must have solved this in a better way so I went looking for a better solution.

I needed a tool where I could write the data once and it would write to client and server, and when clients came back on line they would automatically catch the client up. I also needed conflict resolution. I was thrilled to discover Pouchdb and its server-side counterpart CouchDB. Together, they met nearly all of my requirements and were very easy to implement - I was able to remove a ton of custom code and have found the synchronization to be very robust. Pouchdb 7 has improved mobile support too, so I can run the app on iOS or Android browsers.

My Couchdb instance is actually a Cloudant instance running on IBM Bluemix. For my fairly low level of API usage, it's been totally free, and it has a decent GUI for managing users and replications.

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Gabriel Pa
Gabriel Pa
CEO at NaoLogic Inc · | 5 upvotes · 34.9K views
atNaologicNaologic
Memcached
Memcached
Couchbase
Couchbase
CouchDB
CouchDB

We implemented our first large scale EPR application from naologic.com using CouchDB .

Very fast, replication works great, doesn't consume much RAM, queries are blazing fast but we found a problem: the queries were very hard to write, it took a long time to figure out the API, we had to go and write our own @nodejs library to make it work properly.

It lost most of its support. Since then, we migrated to Couchbase and the learning curve was steep but all worth it. Memcached indexing out of the box, full text search works great.

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Marten Schoenherr
Marten Schoenherr
CEO, Founder at Automat Berlin · | 3 upvotes · 5.5K views
atimmmrimmmr
CouchDB
CouchDB

We needed to find a solution how to sync data between different client technologies as iOS, Android, (mobile) Web and Desktop applications. Apart from the usual requirements such as energy efficiency on mobile devices, and smart mobile data consumption we have been focused on the evolution of data schemas with different app versions in the field. See our blog post where we describe details with code examples that made us use CouchDB in an operational environment to sync data.

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Jonathan Pugh
Jonathan Pugh
Software Engineer / Project Manager / Technical Architect · | 3 upvotes · 4.7K views
CouchDB
CouchDB
#Apache
#Couchbase
#Json
#JavaScript
#Mango
#MongoDB

CouchDB is a free and open source #Apache project. It is the predecessor to #Couchbase, which is a commercial incarnation designed by some of the people from the CouchDB project. CouchDB is the database to use if you're looking for open source, fault tolerance and efficient syncing and are also into document oriented databases (read #JSON and #Javascript) with flexible schemas. The fault tolerance and efficient syncing functionality is automagically provided by the underlying implementation layers.

Using CouchDB does require a mindset shift. You need to get the hang of its flat document store (although documents themselves can be nested #JSON documents) and map/reduce features. Once you get used to the way it works it is refreshing and light to use, very powerful, and very efficient. You are given a lot of control and power in the simplest of ways. If you're starting out with CouchDB there is it's #Mango query language (inspired by #MongoDB) that can serve as a good stepping stone into the CouchDB world from other databases. For me I prefer the raw power and control given by directly creating and querying views.

CouchDB ships with the Fauxton Admin UI which I find very simple yet very powerful and fast. You can easily create and replicate databases, create documents and views, and execute #Mango queries from within it.

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Gabriel Pa
Gabriel Pa
CEO at NaoLogic Inc · | 1 upvotes · 31.5K views
atNaologicNaologic
CouchDB
CouchDB
Couchbase
Couchbase
Realm
Realm
RxDB
RxDB
Pouchdb
Pouchdb

If you want to use Pouchdb might as well use RxDB which is an observables wrapper for Pouch but much more comfortable to use. Realm is awesome but Pouchdb and RxDB give you more control. You can use Couchbase (recommended) or CouchDB to enable 2-way sync

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CouchDB Alternatives & Comparisons

What are some alternatives to CouchDB?
MongoDB
MongoDB stores data in JSON-like documents that can vary in structure, offering a dynamic, flexible schema. MongoDB was also designed for high availability and scalability, with built-in replication and auto-sharding.
Couchbase
Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible SQL databases, the Couchbase NoSQL database is built on an open source foundation and architected to help developers solve real-world problems and meet high scalability demands.
Cloudant
Cloudant’s distributed database as a service (DBaaS) allows developers of fast-growing web and mobile apps to focus on building and improving their products, instead of worrying about scaling and managing databases on their own.
MariaDB
Started by core members of the original MySQL team, MariaDB actively works with outside developers to deliver the most featureful, stable, and sanely licensed open SQL server in the industry. MariaDB is designed as a drop-in replacement of MySQL(R) with more features, new storage engines, fewer bugs, and better performance.
RethinkDB
RethinkDB is built to store JSON documents, and scale to multiple machines with very little effort. It has a pleasant query language that supports really useful queries like table joins and group by, and is easy to setup and learn.
See all alternatives

CouchDB's Followers
260 developers follow CouchDB to keep up with related blogs and decisions.
q4Zar
Nagarjuna Reddy Somu
datocrats-org
韻晟 李
madscatter
Yusuf A Y
Pau Ramon
ddlees
Marius Snyman
maziar55