What is Spring and what are its top alternatives?
Top Alternatives to Spring
- Spring Boot
Spring Boot makes it easy to create stand-alone, production-grade Spring based Applications that you can "just run". We take an opinionated view of the Spring platform and third-party libraries so you can get started with minimum fuss. Most Spring Boot applications need very little Spring configuration. ...
Foundation is the most advanced responsive front-end framework in the world. You can quickly prototype and build sites or apps that work on any kind of device with Foundation, which includes layout constructs (like a fully responsive grid), elements and best practices. ...
Node.js uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient, perfect for data-intensive real-time applications that run across distributed devices. ...
Django is a high-level Python Web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design. ...
.NET is a developer platform made up of tools, programming languages, and libraries for building many different types of applications. ...
It is a web application framework with expressive, elegant syntax. It attempts to take the pain out of development by easing common tasks used in the majority of web projects, such as authentication, routing, sessions, and caching. ...
- Android SDK
Android provides a rich application framework that allows you to build innovative apps and games for mobile devices in a Java language environment. ...
Rails is a web-application framework that includes everything needed to create database-backed web applications according to the Model-View-Controller (MVC) pattern. ...
Spring alternatives & related posts
- Powerful and handy145
- Easy setup133
- Lots of "off the shelf" functionalities37
- Cloud Solid32
- Caches well26
- Many receipes around for obscure features24
- Integrations with most other Java frameworks23
- Spring ecosystem is great22
- Fast Performance With Microservices21
- Easy setup, Community Support, Solid for ERP apps17
- One-stop shop15
- Easy to parallelize14
- Powerful 3rd party libraries and frameworks13
- Easy setup, good for build erp systems, well documented13
- Easy setup, Git Integration12
- It's so easier to start a project on spring5
- The ability to integrate with the open source ecosystem1
- Microservice and Reactive Programming1
- Heavy weight23
- Annotation ceremony18
- Many config files needed11
- Excellent tools for cloud hosting, since 5.x4
related Spring Boot posts
We are in the process of building a modern content platform to deliver our content through various channels. We decided to go with Microservices architecture as we wanted scale. Microservice architecture style is an approach to developing an application as a suite of small independently deployable services built around specific business capabilities. You can gain modularity, extensive parallelism and cost-effective scaling by deploying services across many distributed servers. Microservices modularity facilitates independent updates/deployments, and helps to avoid single point of failure, which can help prevent large-scale outages. We also decided to use Event Driven Architecture pattern which is a popular distributed asynchronous architecture pattern used to produce highly scalable applications. The event-driven architecture is made up of highly decoupled, single-purpose event processing components that asynchronously receive and process events.
To build our #Backend capabilities we decided to use the following: 1. #Microservices - Java with Spring Boot , Node.js with ExpressJS and Python with Flask 2. #Eventsourcingframework - Amazon Kinesis , Amazon Kinesis Firehose , Amazon SNS , Amazon SQS, AWS Lambda 3. #Data - Amazon RDS , Amazon DynamoDB , Amazon S3 , MongoDB Atlas
To build #Webapps we decided to use Angular 2 with RxJS
#Devops - GitHub , Travis CI , Terraform , Docker , Serverless
Is learning Spring and Spring Boot for web apps back-end development is still relevant in 2021? Feel free to share your views with comparison to Django/Node.js/ ExpressJS or other frameworks.
Please share some good beginner resources to start learning about spring/spring boot framework to build the web apps.
- Responsive grid160
- Mobile first93
- Open source80
- Quick to prototype51
- Simple ui50
- Best practices44
- Easy setup39
- HTML, SCSS and JS6
- Neutral style6
- Accessibility support5
- Xy grid3
- Every new version is smaller, smarter & more efficient2
- Requires jQuery5
- Awful site4
related Foundation posts
ReactQL is written in TypeScript to provide full types/Intellisense, and pick up hard-to-diagnose goofs that might later show up at runtime. React makes heavy use of Webpack 4 to handle transforming your code to an optimised client-side bundle, and in throws back just enough code needed for the initial render, while seamlessly handling
import statements asynchronously as needed, making the payload your user downloads ultimately much smaller than trying to do it by hand.
React Helmet was chosen to handle
<head> content, because it works universally, making it easy to throw back the correct
<title> and other tags on the initial render, as well as inject new tags for subsequent client-side views.
<style> tags when using #StyledComponents.
React Router handles routing, because it works both on the server and in the client. ReactQL customises it further by capturing non-200 responses on the server, redirecting or throwing back custom 404 pages as needed.
Koa is the web server that handles all incoming HTTP requests, because it's fast (TTFB < 5ms, even after fully rendering React), and its natively #async, making it easy to async/await inside routes and middleware.
- Great libraries1.1K
- Open source804
- Great for apis485
- Great community422
- Great for realtime apps390
- Great for command line utilities296
- Node Modules82
- Uber Simple69
- Great modularity59
- Allows us to reuse code in the frontend58
- Easy to start42
- Great for Data Streaming35
- Non blocking IO25
- Can be used as a proxy18
- High performance, open source, scalable17
- Non-blocking and modular16
- Easy and Fun15
- Easy and powerful14
- Same lang as AngularJS13
- Future of BackEnd13
- Cross platform10
- Mean Stack8
- Easy concurrency7
- Great for webapps7
- Fast, simple code and async6
- Its amazingly fast and scalable5
- Great speed5
- Easy to use and fast and goes well with JSONdb's5
- Control everything5
- Fast development5
- Easy to use4
- It's fast4
- Isomorphic coolness4
- One language, end-to-end3
- Scales, fast, simple, great community, npm, express3
- TypeScript Support3
- Sooper easy for the Backend connectivity3
- Not Python3
- Great community3
- Easy to learn3
- Less boilerplate code3
- Performant and fast prototyping3
- Blazing fast3
- Event Driven2
- Npm i ape-updating2
- Creat for apis1
- Bound to a single CPU46
- New framework every day45
- Lots of terrible examples on the internet39
- Asynchronous programming is the worst32
- Dependency based on GitHub11
- Dependency hell11
- Low computational power10
- Can block whole server easily7
- Callback functions may not fire on expected sequence7
- Very very Slow7
- Breaking updates4
- No standard approach3
- Unneeded over complication3
- Can't read server session1
- Bad transitive dependency management1
related Node.js posts
When I joined NYT there was already broad dissatisfaction with the LAMP (Linux Apache HTTP Server MySQL PHP) Stack and the front end framework, in particular. So, I wasn't passing judgment on it. I mean, LAMP's fine, you can do good work in LAMP. It's a little dated at this point, but it's not ... I didn't want to rip it out for its own sake, but everyone else was like, "We don't like this, it's really inflexible." And I remember from being outside the company when that was called MIT FIVE when it had launched. And been observing it from the outside, and I was like, you guys took so long to do that and you did it so carefully, and yet you're not happy with your decisions. Why is that? That was more the impetus. If we're going to do this again, how are we going to do it in a way that we're gonna get a better result?
So we're moving quickly away from LAMP, I would say. So, right now, the new front end is React based and using Apollo. And we've been in a long, protracted, gradual rollout of the core experiences.
React is now talking to GraphQL as a primary API. There's a Node.js back end, to the front end, which is mainly for server-side rendering, as well.
Behind there, the main repository for the GraphQL server is a big table repository, that we call Bodega because it's a convenience store. And that reads off of a Kafka pipeline.
How Uber developed the open source, end-to-end distributed tracing Jaeger , now a CNCF project:
Distributed tracing is quickly becoming a must-have component in the tools that organizations use to monitor their complex, microservice-based architectures. At Uber, our open source distributed tracing system Jaeger saw large-scale internal adoption throughout 2016, integrated into hundreds of microservices and now recording thousands of traces every second.
Here is the story of how we got here, from investigating off-the-shelf solutions like Zipkin, to why we switched from pull to push architecture, and how distributed tracing will continue to evolve:
- Rapid development665
- Open source484
- Great community419
- Easy to learn376
- Beautiful code228
- Great packages200
- Great libraries189
- Comes with auth and crud admin panel76
- Great documentation71
- Great for web68
- Great orm41
- Great for api39
- All included31
- Web Apps24
- Easy setup22
- Used by top startups20
- Convention over configuration14
- The Django community13
- Allows for very rapid development with great libraries13
- King of backend world10
- Great MVC and templating engine10
- Full stack9
- Its elegant and practical7
- Batteries included7
- Fast prototyping6
- Have not found anything that it can't do6
- Very quick to get something up and running6
- Zero code burden to change databases5
- Python community5
- Easy to develop end to end AI Models5
- Easy Structure , useful inbuilt library5
- Easy to use4
- Easy to change database manager4
- Great peformance4
- Many libraries4
- Just the right level of abstraction3
- Full-Text Search3
- Node js1
- Underpowered templating26
- Autoreload restarts whole server22
- Underpowered ORM22
- URL dispatcher ignores HTTP method15
- Internal subcomponents coupling10
- Not nodejs8
- Configuration hell8
- Not as clean and nice documentation like Laravel5
- Not typed3
- Bloated admin panel included3
- Overwhelming folder structure2
- InEffective Multithreading2
- Not type safe1
related Django posts
Simple controls over complex technologies, as we put it, wouldn't be possible without neat UIs for our user areas including start page, dashboard, settings, and docs.
Initially, there was Django. Back in 2011, considering our Python-centric approach, that was the best choice. Later, we realized we needed to iterate on our website more quickly. And this led us to detaching Django from our front end. That was when we decided to build an SPA.
For building user interfaces, we're currently using React as it provided the fastest rendering back when we were building our toolkit. It’s worth mentioning Uploadcare is not a front-end-focused SPA: we aren’t running at high levels of complexity. If it were, we’d go with Ember.js.
However, there's a chance we will shift to the faster Preact, with its motto of using as little code as possible, and because it makes more use of browser APIs. One of our future tasks for our front end is to configure our Webpack bundler to split up the code for different site sections. For styles, we use PostCSS along with its plugins such as cssnano which minifies all the code.
All that allows us to provide a great user experience and quickly implement changes where they are needed with as little code as possible.
- Great mvc20
- Easy to learn12
- Entity framework is very slow1
- Not highly flexible for advance Developers1
related ASP.NET posts
Finding the most effective dev stack for a solo developer. Over the past year, I've been looking at many tech stacks that would be 'best' for me, as a solo, indie, developer to deliver a desktop app (Windows & Mac) plus mobile - iOS mainly. Initially, Xamarin started to stand-out. Using .NET Core as the run-time, Xamarin as the native API provider and Xamarin Forms for the UI seemed to solve all issues. But, the cracks soon started to appear. Xamarin Forms is mobile only; the Windows incarnation is different. There is no Mac UI solution (you have to code it natively in Mac OS Storyboard. I was also worried how Xamarin Forms , if I was to use it, was going to cope, in future, with Apple's new SwiftUI and Google's new Fuchsia.
This plethora of techs for the UI-layer made me reach for the safer waters of using Web-techs for the UI. Lovely! Consistency everywhere (well, mostly). But that consistency evaporates when platform issues are addressed. There are so many web frameworks!
But, I made a simple decision. It's just me...I am clever, but there is no army of coders here. And I have big plans for a business app. How could just 1 developer go-on to deploy a decent app to Windows, iPhone, iPad & Mac OS? I remembered earlier days when I've used Microsoft's ASP.NET to scaffold - generate - loads of Code for a web-app that I needed for several charities that I worked with. What 'generators' exist that do a lot of the platform-specific rubbish, allow the necessary customisation of such platform integration and provide a decent UI?
I've placed my colours to the Quasar Framework mast. Oh dear, that means Electron desktop apps doesn't it? Well, Ive had enough of loads of Developers saying that "the menus won't look native" or "it uses too much RAM" and so on. I've been using non-native UI-wrapped apps for ages - the date picker in Outlook on iOS is way better than the native date-picker and I'd been using it for years without getting hot under the collar about it. Developers do get so hung-up on things that busy Users hardly notice; don't you think?. As to the RAM usage issue; that's a bit true. But Users only really notice when an app uses so much RAM that the machine starts to page-out. Electron contributes towards that horizon but does not cause it. My Users will be business-users after all. Somewhat decent machines.
Looking forward to all that lovely Vue.js around my TypeScript and all those really, really, b e a u t I f u l UI controls of Quasar Framework . Still not sure that 1 dev can deliver all that... but I'm up for trying...
I am looking for a new framework to learn and achieve more efficient development. I come mainly from Laravel, which greatly simplifies development, but is somewhat slow for the volumes of data that I usually handle (although very stable) and it falls far behind in terms of simultaneous connections.
I'm looking for something that responds well to high concurrency, adapts well to server resources (cores) without the need to be concerned about consciously multi-threading or similar things, has a good ORM and friendly integration with PostgreSQL, request validation, And of course, it is scalable.
The main use would be for API development and behind the scenes processing of large volumes of data (50M on average, although this goes hand in hand with the database and server capacity)..
The last framework I would include but couldn't is ASP.NET MVC.
- Clean architecture548
- Growing community388
- Composer friendly367
- Open source341
- The only framework to consider for php321
- Quickly develop208
- Dependency injection166
- Application architecture154
- Embraces good community packages142
- Write less, do more71
- Orm (eloquent)68
- Restful routing65
- Database migrations & seeds55
- Artisan scaffolding and migrations54
- Great documentation39
- Awsome, Powerfull, Fast and Rapid29
- Build Apps faster, easier and better28
- Promotes elegant coding26
- Eloquent ORM26
- Modern PHP25
- JSON friendly24
- Most easy for me23
- Easy to learn, scalability23
- Blade Template22
- Based on SOLID15
- Easy to attach Middleware13
- Clean Documentation13
- Convention over Configuration12
- Easy Request Validatin11
- Easy to use10
- Get going quickly straight out of the box. BYOKDM9
- Its just wow9
- Laravel + Cassandra = Killer Framework8
- Friendly API8
- Simplistic , easy and faster8
- Super easy and powerful7
- Less dependencies7
- Great customer support6
- Its beautiful to code in6
- Minimum system requirements5
- Laravel Mix5
- The only "cons" is wrong! No static method just Facades5
- Fast and Clarify framework5
- Active Record5
- Laravel casher4
- Laravel Forge and Envoy4
- Ease of use4
- Cashier with Braintree and Stripe4
- Easy views handling and great ORM4
- Laravel Nova3
- Laravel Spark3
- Intuitive usage3
- Laravel Horizon and Telescope3
- Rapid development3
- Laravel Passport3
- Laravel Vite2
- Succint sintax1
- Too many dependency32
- Slower than the other two23
- A lot of static method calls for convenience17
- Too many include15
- Too underrated5
- Not fast with MongoDB4
- Slow and too much big1
- Not using SOLID principles1
- Difficult to learn1
related Laravel posts
I need to build a web application plus android and IOS apps for an enterprise, like an e-commerce portal. It will have intensive use of MySQL to display thousands (40-50k) of live product information in an interactive table (searchable, filterable), live delivery tracking. It has to be secure, as it will handle information on customers, sales, inventory. Here is the technology stack: Backend: Laravel 7 Frondend: Vue.js, React or AngularJS?
Need help deciding technology stack. Thanks.
Back at the start of 2017, we decided to create a web-based tool for the SEO OnPage analysis of our clients' websites. We had over 2.000 websites to analyze, so we had to perform thousands of requests to get every single page from those websites, process the information and save the big amounts of data somewhere.
Very soon we realized that the initial chosen script language and database, PHP, Laravel and MySQL, was not going to be able to cope efficiently with such a task.
By that time, we were doing some experiments for other projects with a language we had recently get to know, Go , so we decided to get a try and code the crawler using it. It was fantastic, we could process much more data with way less CPU power and in less time. By using the concurrency abilites that the language has to offers, we could also do more Http requests in less time.
Unfortunately, I have no comparison numbers to show about the performance differences between Go and PHP since the difference was so clear from the beginning and that we didn't feel the need to do further comparison tests nor document it. We just switched fully to Go.
There was still a problem: despite the big amount of Data we were generating, MySQL was performing very well, but as we were adding more and more features to the software and with those features more and more different type of data to save, it was a nightmare for the database architects to structure everything correctly on the database, so it was clear what we had to do next: switch to a NoSQL database. So we switched to MongoDB, and it was also fantastic: we were expending almost zero time in thinking how to structure the Database and the performance also seemed to be better, but again, I have no comparison numbers to show due to the lack of time.
As of now, we don't only use the tool intern but we also opened it for everyone to use for free: https://tool-seo.com
- Android development288
- Necessary for android155
- Android studio128
- Mobile framework86
- Backed by google82
- Eclipse + adt plugin21
- Powerful, simple, one stop environment5
related Android SDK posts
We are using React Native in #SmartHome to share the business logic between Android and iOS team and approach users with a unique brand experience. The drawback is that we require lots of native Android SDK and Objective-C modules, so a good part of the invested time is there. The gain for a app that relies less on native communication, sensors and OS tools should be even higher.
We use a microservices structure on top of Zeit's @now that read from firebase. We use JWT auth to authenticate requests among services and from users, following GitHub philosophy of using the same infrastructure than its API consumers. Firebase is used mainly as a key-value store between services and as a backup database for users. We also use its authentication mechanisms.
You can be super locked-in if you also rely on it's analytics, but we use Amplitude for that, which offers us great insights. Intercom for communications with end-user and Mailjet for marketing.
I've recently switched to using Expo for initializing and developing my React Native apps. Compared to React Native CLI, it's so much easier to get set up and going. Setting up and maintaining Android Studio, Android SDK, and virtual devices used to be such a headache. Thanks to Expo, I can now test my apps directly on my Android phone, just by installing the Expo app. I still use Xcode Simulator for iOS testing, since I don't have an iPhone, but that's easy anyway. The big win for me with Expo is ease of Android testing.
The Expo SDK also provides convenient features like Facebook login,
MapView, push notifications, and many others. https://docs.expo.io/versions/v31.0.0/sdk/
- Rapid development855
- Great gems652
- Great community605
- Convention over configuration483
- Great for web348
- Beautiful code343
- Open source310
- Great libraries270
- Active record261
- Easy to learn90
- Easy Database Migrations88
- Makes you happy82
- Great routing62
- Has everything you need to get the job done54
- Great Data Modeling41
- MVC - Easy to start on38
- Easy setup35
- Great caching26
- Ultra rapid development time25
- It's super easy22
- Great Resources17
- Easy to build mockups that work16
- Less Boilerplate14
- Developer Friendly7
- API Development7
- Great documentation6
- Easy REST API creation5
- Great language4
- Haml and sass4
- Easy to learn, use, improvise and update4
- It works2
- Jet packs come standard2
- Easy and fast2
- It's intuitive1
- Convention over configuration1
- Easy Testing1
- Too much "magic" (hidden behavior)24
- Poor raw performance14
- Asset system is too primitive and outdated12
- Heavy use of mixins6
- Bloat in models6
- Very Very slow4
related Rails posts
But wowza, things have changed. Tooling is just way, way better. I'm primarily web-oriented, and using React and Apollo together the past few years really opened my eyes to building rich apps. And I deeply apologize for using the phrase rich apps; I don't think I've ever said such Enterprisey words before.
But yeah, things are different now. I still love Rails, and still use it for a lot of apps I build. But it's that silly rich apps phrase that's the problem. Users have way more comprehensive expectations than they did even five years ago, and the JS community does a good job at building tools and tech that tackle the problems of making heavy, complicated UI and frontend work.
StackShare Feed is built entirely with React, Glamorous, and Apollo. One of our objectives with the public launch of the Feed was to enable a Server-side rendered (SSR) experience for our organic search traffic. When you visit the StackShare Feed, and you aren't logged in, you are delivered the Trending feed experience. We use an in-house Node.js rendering microservice to generate this HTML. This microservice needs to run and serve requests independent of our Rails web app. Up until recently, we had a mono-repo with our Rails and React code living happily together and all served from the same web process. In order to deploy our SSR app into a Heroku environment, we needed to split out our front-end application into a separate repo in GitHub. The driving factor in this decision was mostly due to limitations imposed by Heroku specifically with how processes can't communicate with each other. A new SSR app was created in Heroku and linked directly to the frontend repo so it stays in-sync with changes.
Related to this, we need a way to "deploy" our frontend changes to various server environments without building & releasing the entire Ruby application. We built a hybrid Amazon S3 Amazon CloudFront solution to host our Webpack bundles. A new CircleCI script builds the bundles and uploads them to S3. The final step in our rollout is to update some keys in Redis so our Rails app knows which bundles to serve. The result of these efforts were significant. Our frontend team now moves independently of our backend team, our build & release process takes only a few minutes, we are now using an edge CDN to serve JS assets, and we have pre-rendered React pages!
#StackDecisionsLaunch #SSR #Microservices #FrontEndRepoSplit