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Alpine Linux

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Void Linux

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Alpine Linux vs Void Linux: What are the differences?

Introduction

This Markdown code provides the key differences between Alpine Linux and Void Linux. These differences are specific and are presented in separate paragraphs below, highlighting the unique characteristics of each operating system.

  1. Package Manager: Alpine Linux uses the APK (Alpine Package Keeper) package manager, which is lightweight and designed specifically for Alpine. It allows for efficient package management, including package installation, removal, and updates. On the other hand, Void Linux uses the XBPS (X Binary Package System) package manager, which focuses on simplicity and stability. It offers a clean and consistent package management experience.

  2. Init System: Alpine Linux uses OpenRC as its default init system. OpenRC is known for its simplicity and reliability, providing a traditional approach to system initialization and service management. Void Linux, on the other hand, offers two options for init systems: runit and sinit. Runit is a simple, efficient, and robust init system, while sinit is a minimalistic init with a focus on simplicity and speed.

  3. Base System: Alpine Linux utilizes a busybox-based minimal base system, resulting in a small footprint and fast boot times. Busybox combines tiny versions of many common UNIX utilities into a single executable, optimizing resource usage. In contrast, Void Linux employs a musl-based base system, utilizing the lightweight and secure musl libc library. This alternative libc implementation offers improved performance and reduced memory usage compared to glibc.

  4. Default Shell: Alpine Linux uses the lightweight and minimal ash shell as its default shell. Ash is a POSIX-compliant shell that prioritizes speed and simplicity. Void Linux, on the other hand, uses the more feature-rich and versatile dash shell as its default. Dash is known for its compatibility with POSIX shell scripts and its emphasis on efficiency.

  5. Community and Support: Alpine Linux has gained popularity in the containerization and virtualization communities, commonly used in Docker images due to its small size and minimalistic nature. It has a strong community presence and active support from the Alpine developers. Void Linux has a smaller but dedicated community, providing support through forums and an IRC channel. It emphasizes its simplicity, stability, and rolling release model.

  6. Security Focus: Alpine Linux has a strong emphasis on security and is well-suited for hardened and minimalistic environments. It incorporates numerous security features, such as a grsec/PaX patched kernel, hardened compilers, and a strict package build process. Void Linux also pays attention to security but doesn't prioritize it to the same extent as Alpine, thus offering a more flexible approach with a wider range of package options.

In summary, Alpine Linux excels in lightweightness, packaging efficiency, and security focus, making it popular in containerization. Void Linux, on the other hand, focuses on simplicity, versatility, and a wider range of packaged options. Both operating systems have their respective strengths and provide unique solutions for different use cases.

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Pros of Alpine Linux
Pros of Void Linux
  • 10
    Secure
  • 9
    Good in containers
  • 8
    Fast
  • 1
    Supports armhf, aarch64, x86, ppc64, armv7,s390x
  • 1
    Does not run glibc binaries
  • 1
    Minimal dependencies
  • 1
    Widely used in docker containers everywhere
  • 1
    Musl based
  • 1
    Choice of init system
  • 1
    Excellent Package Manager
  • 1
    Small footprint
  • 1
    Small install footprint
  • 1
    Small memory footprint
  • 4
    Lightweight
  • 3
    Musl supporting
  • 2
    Stable
  • 2
    No systemd
  • 1
    Wayland friendly

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Cons of Alpine Linux
Cons of Void Linux
  • 2
    Cannot install metasploit
  • 1
    Does not run glibc binaries
  • 1
    Not for inexperienced users
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    What is Alpine Linux?

    Alpine Linux is a security-oriented, lightweight Linux distribution based on musl libc and busybox.

    What is Void Linux?

    It is a general purpose operating system, based on the monolithic Linux® kernel. Its package system allows you to quickly install, update and remove software; software is provided in binary packages or can be built directly from sources with the help of the XBPS source packages collection.

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    What companies use Alpine Linux?
    What companies use Void Linux?
    See which teams inside your own company are using Alpine Linux or Void Linux.
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    What tools integrate with Alpine Linux?
    What tools integrate with Void Linux?

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    What are some alternatives to Alpine Linux and Void Linux?
    Ubuntu
    Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning ‘humanity to others’. It also means ‘I am what I am because of who we all are’. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers.
    CoreOS
    It is designed for security, consistency, and reliability. Instead of installing packages via yum or apt, it uses Linux containers to manage your services at a higher level of abstraction. A single service's code and all dependencies are packaged within a container that can be run on one or many machines.
    Debian
    Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel or the FreeBSD kernel. Linux is a piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. FreeBSD is an operating system including a kernel and other software.
    CentOS
    The CentOS Project is a community-driven free software effort focused on delivering a robust open source ecosystem. For users, we offer a consistent manageable platform that suits a wide variety of deployments. For open source communities, we offer a solid, predictable base to build upon, along with extensive resources to build, test, release, and maintain their code.
    Android OS
    It is a mobile platform which powers phones, tablets, watches, TVs, cars etc. It makes doing business easier, in the office or out in the field. Manage entire fleets of devices with a touch. Keep corporate data protected with built-in security. And help your employees get more done.
    See all alternatives