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Android Studio vs Xcode: What are the differences?

What is Android Studio? Android development environment based on IntelliJ IDEA. Android Studio is a new Android development environment based on IntelliJ IDEA. It provides new features and improvements over Eclipse ADT and will be the official Android IDE once it's ready.

What is Xcode? The complete toolset for building great apps. The Xcode IDE is at the center of the Apple development experience. Tightly integrated with the Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks, Xcode is an incredibly productive environment for building amazing apps for Mac, iPhone, and iPad.

Android Studio and Xcode can be categorized as "Integrated Development Environment" tools.

Some of the features offered by Android Studio are:

  • Flexible Gradle-based build system.
  • Build variants and multiple APK generation.
  • Expanded template support for Google Services and various device types.

On the other hand, Xcode provides the following key features:

  • Source Editor
  • Assistant Editor
  • Asset Catalog

"Android studio is a great tool, getting better and bet " is the top reason why over 164 developers like Android Studio, while over 127 developers mention "IOS Development" as the leading cause for choosing Xcode.

According to the StackShare community, Xcode has a broader approval, being mentioned in 1051 company stacks & 603 developers stacks; compared to Android Studio, which is listed in 928 company stacks and 690 developer stacks.

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What is Android Studio?

Android Studio is a new Android development environment based on IntelliJ IDEA. It provides new features and improvements over Eclipse ADT and will be the official Android IDE once it's ready.

What is Xcode?

The Xcode IDE is at the center of the Apple development experience. Tightly integrated with the Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks, Xcode is an incredibly productive environment for building amazing apps for Mac, iPhone, and iPad.
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What are some alternatives to Android Studio and Xcode?
IntelliJ IDEA
Out of the box, IntelliJ IDEA provides a comprehensive feature set including tools and integrations with the most important modern technologies and frameworks for enterprise and web development with Java, Scala, Groovy and other languages.
Visual Studio
Visual Studio is a suite of component-based software development tools and other technologies for building powerful, high-performance applications.
Eclipse
Standard Eclipse package suited for Java and plug-in development plus adding new plugins; already includes Git, Marketplace Client, source code and developer documentation. Click here to file a bug against Eclipse Platform.
Xamarin
Xamarin鈥檚 Mono-based products enable .NET developers to use their existing code, libraries and tools (including Visual Studio*), as well as skills in .NET and the C# programming language, to create mobile applications for the industry鈥檚 most widely-used mobile devices, including Android-based smartphones and tablets, iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch.
Flutter
Flutter is a mobile app SDK to help developers and designers build modern mobile apps for iOS and Android.
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Decisions about Android Studio and Xcode
Sezgi Ulu莽am
Sezgi Ulu莽am
Sr. Software Engineer at StackShare | 7 upvotes 102.9K views
Expo
Expo
Xcode
Xcode
React Native
React Native
Android Studio
Android Studio
Android SDK
Android SDK

I've recently switched to using Expo for initializing and developing my React Native apps. Compared to React Native CLI, it's so much easier to get set up and going. Setting up and maintaining Android Studio, Android SDK, and virtual devices used to be such a headache. Thanks to Expo, I can now test my apps directly on my Android phone, just by installing the Expo app. I still use Xcode Simulator for iOS testing, since I don't have an iPhone, but that's easy anyway. The big win for me with Expo is ease of Android testing.

The Expo SDK also provides convenient features like Facebook login, MapView, push notifications, and many others. https://docs.expo.io/versions/v31.0.0/sdk/

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Julien DeFrance
Julien DeFrance
Principal Software Engineer at Tophatter | 8 upvotes 65.1K views
atSmartZipSmartZip
Xcode
Xcode
Objective-C
Objective-C
Android Studio
Android Studio
React Native
React Native
#MobileDev

As a Engineering Manager & Director at SmartZip, I had a mix of front-end, back-end, #mobile engineers reporting to me.

Sprints after sprints, I noticed some inefficiencies on the MobileDev side. People working multiple sprints in a row on their Xcode / Objective-C codebase while some others were working on Android Studio. After which, QA & Product ensured both applications were in sync, on a UI/UX standpoint, creating addional work, which also happened to be extremely costly.

Our resources being so limited, my role was to stop this bleeding and keep my team productive and their time, valuable.

After some analysis, discussions, proof of concepts... etc. We decided to move to a single codebase using React Native so our velocity would increase.

After some initial investment, our initial assumptions were confirmed and we indeed started to ship features a lot faster than ever before. Also, our engineers found a way to perform this upgrade incrementally, so the initial platform-specific codebase wouldn't have to entirely be rewritten at once but only gradually and at will.

Feedback around React Native was very positive. And I doubt - for the kind of application we had - no one would want to go back to two or more code bases. Our application was still as Native as it gets. And no feature or device capability was compromised.

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Interest over time
Reviews of Android Studio and Xcode
Review ofAndroid StudioAndroid Studio
  1. It is pretty neat and stable. I find very few issues with it.

  2. This software provides a good base or platform on building apps and has great features.

  3. I prefer this software since it gives me more options in building my app and has no restrictions.

How developers use Android Studio and Xcode
Avatar of papaver
papaver uses Android StudioAndroid Studio

mainly use for building and debugging android projects. used it to test builds out of both unity and ionic. used the plugin version back in the day when i was developing the android app at my startup.

Avatar of Ryan VanBelkum
Ryan VanBelkum uses XcodeXcode

Even though React Native takes care of most of the heavy lifting, there are still some cases where we need xcode. These cases include app icon integration, mobile deployments, loading screens, ect...

Avatar of Refractal
Refractal uses XcodeXcode

Xcode is our primary development platform for iOS applications, with a very fully featured set of dev tools for the platform. For everything else, there's Sublime Text 3.

Avatar of Antoine Praet
Antoine Praet uses Android StudioAndroid Studio

Android Mobile Application is partially developed with Android Studio (UI Component only) The core is developed with Xamarin.

Avatar of Promethean TV
Promethean TV uses Android StudioAndroid Studio

PrometheanTV provides SDKs for Android devices and utilizes the Android Studio DE for development and testing purposes.

Avatar of Nick De Cooman
Nick De Cooman uses XcodeXcode

Experience with Xcode in the context of iOS development. This includes Storyboards, Debugging tools and the Simulator.

Avatar of Ujjwal Bhujel
Ujjwal Bhujel uses XcodeXcode

QA and Testing have been so much easier with the help of its simulators on Apple Devices like; iPhones and iPads.

Avatar of MadElf1337
MadElf1337 uses Android StudioAndroid Studio

Android studio is the best platform for app development & screwing around with the code Also very user-friendly

Avatar of Nick De Cooman
Nick De Cooman uses Android StudioAndroid Studio

Experience with Android Studio in the context of Android Development. Mostly using Genymotion as main emulator.

Avatar of Promethean TV
Promethean TV uses XcodeXcode

PrometheanTV provides SDKs for IOS devices and utilizes the XCode IDE for development and testing purposes.

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