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AngularJS vs Elm: What are the differences?

AngularJS: Superheroic JavaScript MVW Framework. AngularJS lets you write client-side web applications as if you had a smarter browser. It lets you use good old HTML (or HAML, Jade and friends!) as your template language and lets you extend HTML’s syntax to express your application’s components clearly and succinctly. It automatically synchronizes data from your UI (view) with your JavaScript objects (model) through 2-way data binding; Elm: A type inferred, functional reactive language that compiles to HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Writing HTML apps is super easy with elm-lang/html. Not only does it render extremely fast, it also quietly guides you towards well-architected code.

AngularJS can be classified as a tool in the "Javascript MVC Frameworks" category, while Elm is grouped under "Languages".

"Quick to develop" is the top reason why over 882 developers like AngularJS, while over 37 developers mention "Code stays clean" as the leading cause for choosing Elm.

AngularJS and Elm are both open source tools. AngularJS with 59.6K GitHub stars and 28.9K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than Elm with 5.3K GitHub stars and 424 GitHub forks.

Google, Lyft, and Udemy are some of the popular companies that use AngularJS, whereas Elm is used by NoRedInk, Brilliant, and RolePoint. AngularJS has a broader approval, being mentioned in 2799 company stacks & 1860 developers stacks; compared to Elm, which is listed in 27 company stacks and 35 developer stacks.

Advice on AngularJS and Elm
Needs advice
on
AngularJSAngularJSReactReact
and
Vue.jsVue.js

What is the best MVC stack to build mobile-friendly, light-weight, and fast single-page application with Spring Boot as back-end (Java)? Is Bootstrap still required to front-end layer these days?

The idea is to host on-premise initially with the potential to move to the cloud. Which combo would have minimal developer ramp-up time and low long-term maintenance costs (BAU support)?

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Replies (3)
Carolyne Stopa
Full Stack Developer at Contabilizei · | 10 upvotes · 373.5K views
Recommends
Vue.jsVue.js

React might be a good option if you're considering a mobile app for the future, because of react native. Although, Vue.js has the easiest learning curve and offers a better developer ramp-up time. Vue.js is great to build SPAs, very clean and organized and you won't have a lot of long-term maintenance problems (like AngularJS, for example). Bootstrap can still be used, but with flexbox there's no need anymore.

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Chaitanya Chunduri
Recommends
ReactReact

I recommend React because of less memory occupant compare to Angular, but this will depend on your organisation flexibility. When you use React you need to import different libraries as per your need. On the other side angular is a complete framework.

Performance-wise I vote for react js as it loads up quickly and lighter on the mobile. You can make good PWA with SSR as well.

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Recommends
ReactReact

If you are new to all three react will be a good choice considering, react-native will be useful if you want to build cross platform mobile application today or tomorrow. If you are talking about bootstrap styling framework than it's a choice you can style ur components by ur self or use bootstrap 4.0 framework. The complete stack mentioned above is platform agnostic u can run it anywhere you want be it cloud or on-premise.

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Decisions about AngularJS and Elm
neha menahil

Have you ever stuck with the question that which one is the best front-end framework for you?

With continuous web development progress, the trends of the latest front-end technologies are also continuously changing with more and more sophisticated web features. These top front-end frameworks and libraries have made your complex web tasks more flexible and efficient.

Check out top front end frameworks and their features at https://www.nmtechedge.com/2020/09/24/top-4-trending-front-end-frameworks-2020/

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Peter Schmalfeldt
Senior Software Engineer · | 5 upvotes · 100K views

I honestly think the best choice for which framework you use should come down to your team's skills. If you have one Senior Dev that is great at React, but like 3-4 mid-level devs, and a handful of junior devs that know Vue.js ... maybe look at using Vue.js a little more seriously.

Yes, there are pros and cons to framework decisions, but I honestly see a LOT of teams not even consider whether a specific framework is a good fit.

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Peter Schmalfeldt
Senior Software Engineer · | 4 upvotes · 91.5K views

I honestly think the best choice for which framework you use should come down to your team's skills. If you have one Senior Dev that is great at React, but like 3-4 mid-level devs, and a handful of junior devs that know Angular ... maybe look at using Angular a little more seriously.

Yes, there are pros and cons to framework decisions, but I honestly see a LOT of teams not even consider whether a specific framework is a good fit.

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Kamaleshwar BN
Senior Software Engineer at Pulley · | 10 upvotes · 432.1K views

It was easier to find people who've worked on React than Vue. Angular did not have this problem, but seemed way too bloated compared to React. Angular also brings in restrictions working within their MVC framework. React on the other hand only handles the view/rendering part and rest of the control is left to the developers. React has a very active community, support and has lots of ready-to-use plugins/libraries available.

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José Oberto
Head of Engineering & Development at Chiper · | 14 upvotes · 377.6K views

It is a very versatile library that provides great development speed. Although, with a bad organization, maintaining projects can be a disaster. With a good architecture, this does not happen.

Angular is obviously powerful and robust. I do not rule it out for any future application, in fact with the arrival of micro frontends and cross-functional teams I think it could be useful. However, if I have to build a stack from scratch again, I'm left with react.

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John Clifford de Vera
Software Engineer at CircleYY · | 21 upvotes · 261.7K views

I used React not just because it is more popular than Angular. But the declarative and composition it gives out of the box is fascinating and React.js is just a very small UI library and you can build anything on top of it.

Composing components is the strongest asset of React for me as it can breakdown your application into smaller pieces which makes it easy to reuse and scale.

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Dennis Ziolkowski
Migrated
from
AngularJSAngularJS
to
Angular 2Angular 2

I was first sceptical about using Angular over AngularJS. That's because AngularJS was so easy to integrate in existing websites. But building apps from scratch with Angular is so much easier. Of course, you have to build and boilerplate them first, but after that - you save a ton of time. Also it's very cozy to write code in TypeScript.

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Simon Reymann
Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH · | 22 upvotes · 1.3M views

Our whole Vue.js frontend stack (incl. SSR) consists of the following tools:

  • Nuxt.js consisting of Vue CLI, Vue Router, vuex, Webpack and Sass (Bundler for HTML5, CSS 3), Babel (Transpiler for JavaScript),
  • Vue Styleguidist as our style guide and pool of developed Vue.js components
  • Vuetify as Material Component Framework (for fast app development)
  • TypeScript as programming language
  • Apollo / GraphQL (incl. GraphiQL) for data access layer (https://apollo.vuejs.org/)
  • ESLint, TSLint and Prettier for coding style and code analyzes
  • Jest as testing framework
  • Google Fonts and Font Awesome for typography and icon toolkit
  • NativeScript-Vue for mobile development

The main reason we have chosen Vue.js over React and AngularJS is related to the following artifacts:

  • Empowered HTML. Vue.js has many similar approaches with Angular. This helps to optimize HTML blocks handling with the use of different components.
  • Detailed documentation. Vue.js has very good documentation which can fasten learning curve for developers.
  • Adaptability. It provides a rapid switching period from other frameworks. It has similarities with Angular and React in terms of design and architecture.
  • Awesome integration. Vue.js can be used for both building single-page applications and more difficult web interfaces of apps. Smaller interactive parts can be easily integrated into the existing infrastructure with no negative effect on the entire system.
  • Large scaling. Vue.js can help to develop pretty large reusable templates.
  • Tiny size. Vue.js weights around 20KB keeping its speed and flexibility. It allows reaching much better performance in comparison to other frameworks.
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Julius alvarado

It is a complete waste of time and life to learn a different framework to solve the same problem (Both AngularJS and Angular build A+ UI's, but both require a lot of time to learn). It's dumb to spend 200 hours learning AngularJS, then 200 hours learning Angular when you could spend 200 hours learning AngularJS and 200 hours learning how to solve a different problem (like AI/ML, Data Science, AR/VR, Digital Marketing, etc.)

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Jonas Stendahl

React has by far and away been our most important library choice throughout the history of Sellpy. It is a library that offers great flexibility supported by a really strong core. The React team is doing incredible work bringing quality features to the core project and tons of quality third party libraries fill in the gaps.

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Pros of AngularJS
Pros of Elm
  • 887
    Quick to develop
  • 587
    Great mvc
  • 572
    Powerful
  • 521
    Restful
  • 503
    Backed by google
  • 349
    Two-way data binding
  • 343
    Javascript
  • 328
    Open source
  • 306
    Dependency injection
  • 197
    Readable
  • 75
    Fast
  • 64
    Directives
  • 63
    Great community
  • 56
    Free
  • 38
    Extend html vocabulary
  • 29
    Components
  • 26
    Easy to test
  • 24
    Easy to learn
  • 23
    Easy to templates
  • 23
    Great documentation
  • 21
    Easy to start
  • 18
    Awesome
  • 17
    Light weight
  • 14
    Angular 2.0
  • 14
    Javascript mvw framework
  • 13
    Efficient
  • 13
    Great extensions
  • 10
    Easy to prototype with
  • 8
    Coffeescript
  • 8
    High performance
  • 7
    Lots of community modules
  • 7
    Two-way binding
  • 7
    Mvc
  • 6
    Clean and keeps code readable
  • 6
    Easy to e2e
  • 5
    One of the best frameworks
  • 5
    Easy for small applications
  • 4
    Fast development
  • 4
    Works great with jquery
  • 3
    I do not touch DOM
  • 2
    Dart
  • 2
    Declarative programming
  • 2
    Be a developer, not a plumber.
  • 2
    Hierarchical Data Structure
  • 2
    Typescript
  • 2
    Community
  • 2
    The two-way Data Binding is awesome
  • 1
    Common Place
  • 1
    Great
  • 1
    Very very useful and fast framework for development
  • 1
    Amazing community support
  • 1
    Readable code
  • 1
    Linear learning curve
  • 1
    Scopes
  • 1
    Programming fun again
  • 1
    Supports api , easy development
  • 1
    Opinionated in the right areas
  • 1
    Fkin awesome
  • 1
    The powerful of binding, routing and controlling routes
  • 1
    Consistency with backend architecture if using Nest
  • 44
    Code stays clean
  • 42
    Great type system
  • 40
    No Runtime Exceptions
  • 33
    Fun
  • 28
    Easy to understand
  • 22
    Type safety
  • 22
    Correctness
  • 16
    JS fatigue
  • 12
    Declarative
  • 12
    Ecosystem agrees on one Application Architecture
  • 10
    Friendly compiler messages
  • 8
    Fast rendering
  • 7
    Welcoming community
  • 7
    If it compiles, it runs
  • 5
    Stable ecosystem
  • 4
    'Batteries included'
  • 2
    Package.elm-lang.org

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Cons of AngularJS
Cons of Elm
  • 10
    Complex
  • 3
    Dependency injection
  • 2
    Learning Curve
  • 2
    Event Listener Overload
  • 1
    Hard to learn
  • 2
    No typeclasses -> repitition (i.e. map has 130versions)
  • 2
    JS interoperability a bit more involved
  • 1
    Backwards compability breaks between releases
  • 1
    More code is required
  • 1
    Main developer enforces "the correct" style hard
  • 1
    JS interop can not be async
  • 1
    No communication with users

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What is AngularJS?

AngularJS lets you write client-side web applications as if you had a smarter browser. It lets you use good old HTML (or HAML, Jade and friends!) as your template language and lets you extend HTML’s syntax to express your application’s components clearly and succinctly. It automatically synchronizes data from your UI (view) with your JavaScript objects (model) through 2-way data binding.

What is Elm?

Writing HTML apps is super easy with elm-lang/html. Not only does it render extremely fast, it also quietly guides you towards well-architected code.

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What are some alternatives to AngularJS and Elm?
JavaScript
JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
Angular 2
It is a TypeScript-based open-source web application framework. It is a development platform for building mobile and desktop web applications.
React
Lots of people use React as the V in MVC. Since React makes no assumptions about the rest of your technology stack, it's easy to try it out on a small feature in an existing project.
Node.js
Node.js uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient, perfect for data-intensive real-time applications that run across distributed devices.
jQuery
jQuery is a cross-platform JavaScript library designed to simplify the client-side scripting of HTML.
See all alternatives