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Bootstrap vs Next.js: What are the differences?

Developers describe Bootstrap as "Simple and flexible HTML, CSS, and JS for popular UI components and interactions". Bootstrap is the most popular HTML, CSS, and JS framework for developing responsive, mobile first projects on the web. On the other hand, Next.js is detailed as "*A small framework for server-rendered universal JavaScript apps *". Next.js is a minimalistic framework for server-rendered React applications.

Bootstrap belongs to "Front-End Frameworks" category of the tech stack, while Next.js can be primarily classified under "Frameworks (Full Stack)".

Some of the features offered by Bootstrap are:

  • Preprocessors: Bootstrap ships with vanilla CSS, but its source code utilizes the two most popular CSS preprocessors, Less and Sass. Quickly get started with precompiled CSS or build on the source.
  • One framework, every device: Bootstrap easily and efficiently scales your websites and applications with a single code base, from phones to tablets to desktops with CSS media queries.
  • Full of features: With Bootstrap, you get extensive and beautiful documentation for common HTML elements, dozens of custom HTML and CSS components, and awesome jQuery plugins.

On the other hand, Next.js provides the following key features:

  • Zero setup. Use the filesystem as an API
  • Only JavaScript. Everything is a function
  • Automatic server rendering and code splitting

"Responsiveness" is the primary reason why developers consider Bootstrap over the competitors, whereas "Automatic server rendering and code splitting" was stated as the key factor in picking Next.js.

Bootstrap and Next.js are both open source tools. It seems that Bootstrap with 134K GitHub stars and 66K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Next.js with 38.7K GitHub stars and 4.69K GitHub forks.

Spotify, Twitter, and Lyft are some of the popular companies that use Bootstrap, whereas Next.js is used by CircleCI, Avocode, and SeatGeek. Bootstrap has a broader approval, being mentioned in 7046 company stacks & 1115 developers stacks; compared to Next.js, which is listed in 82 company stacks and 69 developer stacks.

What is Bootstrap?

Bootstrap is the most popular HTML, CSS, and JS framework for developing responsive, mobile first projects on the web.

What is Next.js?

Next.js is a minimalistic framework for server-rendered React applications.
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    What are some alternatives to Bootstrap and Next.js?
    Semantic UI
    Semantic empowers designers and developers by creating a shared vocabulary for UI.
    jQuery
    jQuery is a cross-platform JavaScript library designed to simplify the client-side scripting of HTML.
    Material
    Express your creativity with Material, an animation and graphics framework for Google's Material Design and Apple's Flat UI in Swift.
    React
    Lots of people use React as the V in MVC. Since React makes no assumptions about the rest of your technology stack, it's easy to try it out on a small feature in an existing project.
    Foundation
    Foundation is the most advanced responsive front-end framework in the world. You can quickly prototype and build sites or apps that work on any kind of device with Foundation, which includes layout constructs (like a fully responsive grid), elements and best practices.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about Bootstrap and Next.js
    Koa
    Koa
    React Router
    React Router
    Foundation
    Foundation
    Semantic UI
    Semantic UI
    Bootstrap
    Bootstrap
    PostCSS
    PostCSS
    Less
    Less
    Sass
    Sass
    styled-components
    styled-components
    React Helmet
    React Helmet
    Webpack
    Webpack
    TypeScript
    TypeScript
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Apollo
    Apollo
    GraphQL
    GraphQL
    React
    React
    #JSX
    #React.
    #Css
    #StyledComponents.
    #Async
    #HTML
    #GraphQL
    #Apollo

    ReactQL is a React + GraphQL front-end starter kit. #JSX is a natural way to think about building UI, and it renders to pure #HTML in the browser and on the server, making it trivial to build server-rendered Single Page Apps. GraphQL via Apollo was chosen for the data layer; #GraphQL makes it simple to request just the data your app needs, and #Apollo takes care of communicating with your API (written in any language; doesn't have to be JavaScript!), caching, and rendering to #React.

    ReactQL is written in TypeScript to provide full types/Intellisense, and pick up hard-to-diagnose goofs that might later show up at runtime. React makes heavy use of Webpack 4 to handle transforming your code to an optimised client-side bundle, and in throws back just enough code needed for the initial render, while seamlessly handling import statements asynchronously as needed, making the payload your user downloads ultimately much smaller than trying to do it by hand.

    React Helmet was chosen to handle <head> content, because it works universally, making it easy to throw back the correct <title> and other tags on the initial render, as well as inject new tags for subsequent client-side views.

    styled-components, Sass, Less and PostCSS were added to give developers a choice of whether to build styles purely in React / JavaScript, or whether to defer to a #css #preprocessor. This is especially useful for interop with UI frameworks like Bootstrap, Semantic UI, Foundation, etc - ReactQL lets you mix and match #css and renders to both a static .css file during bundling as well as generates per-page <style> tags when using #StyledComponents.

    React Router handles routing, because it works both on the server and in the client. ReactQL customises it further by capturing non-200 responses on the server, redirecting or throwing back custom 404 pages as needed.

    Koa is the web server that handles all incoming HTTP requests, because it's fast (TTFB < 5ms, even after fully rendering React), and its natively #async, making it easy to async/await inside routes and middleware.

    See more
    Divine Bawa
    Divine Bawa
    at PayHub Ghana Limited · | 13 upvotes · 85.8K views
    Apollo
    Apollo
    Next.js
    Next.js
    styled-components
    styled-components
    React
    React
    graphql-yoga
    graphql-yoga
    Prisma
    Prisma
    MySQL
    MySQL
    GraphQL
    GraphQL
    Node.js
    Node.js

    I just finished a web app meant for a business that offers training programs for certain professional courses. I chose this stack to test out my skills in graphql and react. I used Node.js , GraphQL , MySQL for the #Backend utilizing Prisma as a database interface for MySQL to provide CRUD APIs and graphql-yoga as a server. For the #frontend I chose React, styled-components for styling, Next.js for routing and SSR and Apollo for data management. I really liked the outcome and I will definitely use this stack in future projects.

    See more
    David Ritsema
    David Ritsema
    Frontend Architect at Herman Miller · | 7 upvotes · 17.4K views
    atHerman MillerHerman Miller
    prismic.io
    prismic.io
    Next.js
    Next.js
    React
    React
    Node.js
    Node.js

    When we started thinking about technology options for our own Design System, we wanted to focus on two primary goals

    1. Build a design system site using design system components - a living prototype
    2. Explore new ways of working to position our technical capabilities for the future

    We have a small team of developers responsible for the initial build so we knew that we couldn’t spend too much time maintaining infrastructure on the Backend. We also wanted freedom to make decisions on the Frontend with the ability to adapt over time.

    For this first iteration we decided to use Node.js, React, and Next.js. Content will be managed via headless CMS in prismic.io.

    1. Next.js so that we can run React serverside without worrying about server code.
    2. prismic.io so that our content is accessible via API and our frontend is fully independent.
    See more
    Martin Johannesson
    Martin Johannesson
    Senior Software Developer at IT Minds · | 10 upvotes · 12.6K views
    atIT MindsIT Minds
    AMP
    AMP
    PWA
    PWA
    React
    React
    MongoDB
    MongoDB
    Next.js
    Next.js
    GraphQL
    GraphQL
    Apollo
    Apollo
    PostgreSQL
    PostgreSQL
    TypeORM
    TypeORM
    Node.js
    Node.js
    TypeScript
    TypeScript
    #Serverless
    #Backend
    #B2B

    At IT Minds we create customized internal or #B2B web and mobile apps. I have a go to stack that I pitch to our customers consisting of 3 core areas. 1) A data core #backend . 2) A micro #serverless #backend. 3) A user client #frontend.

    For the Data Core I create a backend using TypeScript Node.js and with TypeORM connecting to a PostgreSQL Exposing an action based api with Apollo GraphQL

    For the micro serverless backend, which purpose is verification for authentication, autorization, logins and the likes. It is created with Next.js api pages. Using MongoDB to store essential information, caching etc.

    Finally the frontend is built with React using Next.js , TypeScript and @Apollo. We create the frontend as a PWA and have a AMP landing page by default.

    See more
    Michael Mota
    Michael Mota
    CEO & Founder at AlterEstate · | 4 upvotes · 582 views
    Next.js
    Next.js
    Graphene
    Graphene
    GraphQL
    GraphQL
    Django
    Django

    I've been using Django for quite a long time and in my opinion I would never switch from it. My company is currently using Django with REST framework and a part in GraphQL using Graphene. On the frontend we use Next.js and so far everything has been running quite good. I've found limitations but manage to solve it.

    As someone mentioned before, if you are comfortable with Django, don't switch. There's no need since with django you can basically achieve anything. Of course this will depend on the project you want to build, but the scalability and flexibility django can offer it's just out of this world. (Don't want to sound like a fan boy haha but it really is).

    See more
    Interest over time
    Reviews of Bootstrap and Next.js
    Avatar of longgge
    pm at 36kr
    Review ofBootstrapBootstrap

    我们团队一直在使用bootstrap,非常简单易用,并且有帮助。支持也很到位,很喜欢!用了4年的时间,会持续的用下去,加油!!Bootstrap!!!

    Review ofBootstrapBootstrap

    We have been using it for the past 3 years and have no complaints

    Review ofBootstrapBootstrap

    Good service with a good price, worth the money.

    How developers use Bootstrap and Next.js
    Avatar of StackShare
    StackShare uses BootstrapBootstrap

    Leanstack was on Bootstrap 2. Chose this because it is wildly popular, so it’s active, has been used a lot in production, and has a ton of features. Anything you need to do from a UI perspective, there’s likely a plugin for it already part of the library. Haven’t tried the others, but we're happy with BS.

    For StackShare, we upgraded to Bootstrap 3. I don’t like that they changed the name of columns, essentially breaking the grid layout for Bootstrap 2 and below, so that was a real pain to update. I hope they don’t do that again. Once we have more bandwidth, we’re totally going to decouple our markup from Bootstrap.

    Avatar of shridhardalavi
    shridhardalavi uses BootstrapBootstrap

    Bootstrap is a framework to help you design websites faster and easier. It includes HTML and CSS based design templates for typography, forms, buttons, tables, navigation, modals, image carousels, etc. It also gives you support for JavaScript plugins. Bootstrap's responsive CSS adjusts to phones, tablets, and desktops Bootstrap is compatible with all modern browsers (Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Safari, and Opera)

    Avatar of CloudRepo
    CloudRepo uses BootstrapBootstrap

    We started with a bootstrap based template and then completely rewrote it due to poor design of the template. Using boostrap properly was a great experience - once you learn it and use it properly, it's simple to use and very good at being responsive and adapting to the various screen view.

    Avatar of Perljobs.Ru
    Perljobs.Ru uses BootstrapBootstrap

    I simply bought a "job board" template for the website, which is written using Bootstrap 2. I'm hoping to upgrade the site to Boostrap 3 when I'll have a time.

    Я просто купил шаблон для доски вакансий, написанный на Boostrap 2. Когда будет время перепишу все на Bootstrap 3.

    Avatar of Ujjwal Bhujel
    Ujjwal Bhujel uses BootstrapBootstrap

    With the advancement in CSS, Bootstrap is creating new milestones when it comes to minimising our CSS codes. So elegant and beautiful yet easy and convenient to use once you go through all the classes and its elements. In addition, its JS function is impressive too.

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    How much does Next.js cost?
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