CakePHP vs Hack: What are the differences?
What is CakePHP? The Rapid Development Framework for PHP. CakePHP makes building web applications simpler, faster, while requiring less code. A modern PHP 7 framework offering a flexible database access layer and a powerful scaffolding system.
What is Hack? A programming language for HHVM that interoperates seamlessly with PHP. Hack provides instantaneous type checking via a local server that watches the filesystem. It typically runs in less than 200 milliseconds, making it easy to integrate into your development workflow without introducing a noticeable delay.
CakePHP and Hack are primarily classified as "Frameworks (Full Stack)" and "Languages" tools respectively.
"Open source" is the primary reason why developers consider CakePHP over the competitors, whereas "Interoperates seamlessly with php" was stated as the key factor in picking Hack.
CakePHP is an open source tool with 7.9K GitHub stars and 3.4K GitHub forks. Here's a link to CakePHP's open source repository on GitHub.
According to the StackShare community, CakePHP has a broader approval, being mentioned in 66 company stacks & 29 developers stacks; compared to Hack, which is listed in 8 company stacks and 3 developer stacks.
What is CakePHP?
What is Hack?
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What are the cons of using CakePHP?
What are the cons of using Hack?
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Throughout 2016, Slack began migrating from PHP5 to Hack. They cite several well-known challenges inherent to PHP, including surprise type conversions, inconsistency around reference semantics, inconsistencies in the standard library, and the fact that “PHP tries very, very hard to keep the request running, even if it has done something deeply strange.”
To overcome these challenges while maintaining the unique values of PHP, Slack turned to Hack, a gradual typing system for PHP. Hack runs on the HipHop Virtual Machine, or HHVM, an open source just-in-time (JIT) environment for PHP.
Since the beginning, Cal Henderson has been the CTO of Slack. Earlier this year, he commented on a Quora question summarizing their current stack.Apps
- Desktop: And Electron to ship it as a desktop application.
- Android: a mix of Java and Kotlin.
- iOS: written in a mix of Objective C and Swift.
- The core application and the API written in PHP/Hack that runs on HHVM.
- The data is stored in MySQL using Vitess.
- Caching is done using Memcached and MCRouter.
- The search service takes help from SolrCloud, with various Java services.
- The messaging system uses WebSockets with many services in Java and Go.
- Load balancing is done using HAproxy with Consul for configuration.
- Most services talk to each other over gRPC,
- Some Thrift and JSON-over-HTTP
- Voice and video calling service was built in Elixir.
- Built using open source tools including Presto, Spark, Airflow, Hadoop and Kafka.
The main pro of CakePHP is "bake" functionality and use of conventions, which, if you follow them and buy into them you can really create some complex, large applications quite fast. Faster than any other PHP framework I've ever used, and I've tried all the popular ones.
However, my issues with Cake are as follows:
The ORM is slow. Slower than many of the alternatives. It's queries sometimes do strange things like querying 2 tables separately instead of using a join and I've often faced memory issues stemming from the ORM.
The code conventions, while since 3 they have adopted PSR-2 are still a long way to go to being as compliant with the many PSRs as say, Laravel and Symfony. For example the controllers have an "initialize" method which is doing what you would/should do in __construct. Bugs me.
The template layer needs to be Twig and not the ctp one. This is where the conventions fall apart and I've seen controller code, and tonnes of php logic in views because ctp offers nothing useful, unlike twig or blade templates which are very clean in comparison.
That said I work on a project with hundreds of models and controllers and it holds up really well. I couldn't imagine the same application in Laravel or Symfony. It would be a mess.
CakePhp has is own Comunity and its very coprative they helpd me lot wen i wind no way to resolve a problem then i go for googling and Stack OverFlow but when we could not find any answer then we have to just post and shere issue with CakePhp Community and get answer Shortly
CakePHP is used because it is a very feature-complete, battle-tested rapid development framework. This saves us months of development time because the API's do most of the work. There is also an extensive plugin and community built around this platform.
CakePHP is one of the most mature and developed PHP Frameworks available, it brings order to Chaos and the core team are a decent bunch of people who really care about the project