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Capybara vs unittest : What are the differences?

Capybara: Acceptance test framework for web applications. Capybara helps you test web applications by simulating how a real user would interact with your app. It is agnostic about the driver running your tests and comes with Rack::Test and Selenium support built in. WebKit is supported through an external gem; unittest : A unit testing framework for Python. It is python’s xUnit style framework. It works much the same as the other styles of xUnit, and if you’re familiar with unit testing in other languages, this framework (or derived versions), may be the most comfortable for you.

Capybara and unittest can be primarily classified as "Testing Frameworks" tools.

Some of the features offered by Capybara are:

  • No setup necessary for Rails and Rack application. Works out of the box.
  • Intuitive API which mimics the language an actual user would use.
  • Switch the backend your tests run against from fast headless mode to an actual browser with no changes to your tests.

On the other hand, unittest provides the following key features:

  • Python’s xUnit style framework
  • Supports test automation
  • Aggregation of tests into collections

Capybara is an open source tool with 8.87K GitHub stars and 1.3K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Capybara's open source repository on GitHub.

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Pros of Capybara
Pros of unittest
  • 12
    Best acceptance test framework for Ruby on Rails apps
  • 2
    Synchronous with Rack::Test
  • 1
    Fast with Rack::Test
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    Cons of Capybara
    Cons of unittest
    • 1
      Hard to make reproducible tests when using with browser
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      - No public GitHub repository available -

      What is Capybara?

      Capybara helps you test web applications by simulating how a real user would interact with your app. It is agnostic about the driver running your tests and comes with Rack::Test and Selenium support built in. WebKit is supported through an external gem.

      What is unittest ?

      It is python’s xUnit style framework. It works much the same as the other styles of xUnit, and if you’re familiar with unit testing in other languages, this framework (or derived versions), may be the most comfortable for you.

      Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

      What companies use Capybara?
      What companies use unittest ?
      See which teams inside your own company are using Capybara or unittest .
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      What tools integrate with Capybara?
      What tools integrate with unittest ?

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