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Debian vs Windows: What are the differences?

Debian: The Universal Operating System. Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel or the FreeBSD kernel. Linux is a piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. FreeBSD is an operating system including a kernel and other software; Windows: A group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed by Microsoft. A series of personal computer operating systems produced by Microsoft as part of its Windows NT family of operating systems.

Debian and Windows can be categorized as "Operating Systems" tools.

According to the StackShare community, Debian has a broader approval, being mentioned in 387 company stacks & 390 developers stacks; compared to Windows, which is listed in 10 company stacks and 33 developer stacks.

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What is Debian?

Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel or the FreeBSD kernel. Linux is a piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. FreeBSD is an operating system including a kernel and other software.

What is Windows?

A series of personal computer operating systems produced by Microsoft as part of its Windows NT family of operating systems.
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What are some alternatives to Debian and Windows?
Ubuntu
Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning ‘humanity to others’. It also means ‘I am what I am because of who we all are’. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers.
Fedora
Fedora is a Linux-based operating system that provides users with access to the latest free and open source software, in a stable, secure and easy to manage form. Fedora is the largest of many free software creations of the Fedora Project. Because of its predominance, the word "Fedora" is often used interchangeably to mean both the Fedora Project and the Fedora operating system.
CentOS
The CentOS Project is a community-driven free software effort focused on delivering a robust open source ecosystem. For users, we offer a consistent manageable platform that suits a wide variety of deployments. For open source communities, we offer a solid, predictable base to build upon, along with extensive resources to build, test, release, and maintain their code.
Linux Mint
The purpose of Linux Mint is to produce a modern, elegant and comfortable operating system which is both powerful and easy to use.
Arch Linux
A lightweight and flexible Linux distribution that tries to Keep It Simple.
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Decisions about Debian and Windows
Marcel Kornegoor
Marcel Kornegoor
CTO at AT Computing · | 5 upvotes · 208.5K views
atAT ComputingAT Computing
Linux
Linux
Ubuntu
Ubuntu
CentOS
CentOS
Debian
Debian
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Fedora
Fedora
Visual Studio Code
Visual Studio Code
Jenkins
Jenkins
VirtualBox
VirtualBox
GitHub
GitHub
Docker
Docker
Kubernetes
Kubernetes
Google Compute Engine
Google Compute Engine
Ansible
Ansible
Puppet Labs
Puppet Labs
Chef
Chef
Python
Python
#ATComputing

Since #ATComputing is a vendor independent Linux and open source specialist, we do not have a favorite Linux distribution. We mainly use Ubuntu , Centos Debian , Red Hat Enterprise Linux and Fedora during our daily work. These are also the distributions we see most often used in our customers environments.

For our #ci/cd training, we use an open source pipeline that is build around Visual Studio Code , Jenkins , VirtualBox , GitHub , Docker Kubernetes and Google Compute Engine.

For #ServerConfigurationAndAutomation, we have embraced and contributed to Ansible mainly because it is not only flexible and powerful, but also straightforward and easier to learn than some other (open source) solutions. On the other hand: we are not affraid of Puppet Labs and Chef either.

Currently, our most popular #programming #Language course is Python . The reason Python is so popular has to do with it's versatility, but also with its low complexity. This helps sysadmins to write scripts or simple programs to make their job less repetitive and automating things more fun. Python is also widely used to communicate with (REST) API's and for data analysis.

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Tim Abbott
Tim Abbott
Founder at Zulip · | 9 upvotes · 39.5K views
atZulipZulip
Debian
Debian
Ubuntu
Ubuntu
Fedora
Fedora

We use Debian and its derivative Ubuntu because the apt ecosystem and toolchain for Debian packages is far superior to the yum-based system used by Fedora and RHEL. This is large part due to a huge amount of investment into tools like debhelper/dh over the years by the Debian community. I haven't dealt with RPM in the last couple years, but every experience I've had with RPM is that the RPM tools are slower, have less useful options, and it's more work to package software for them (and one makes more compromises in doing so).

I think everyone has seen the better experience using Ubuntu in the shift of prevalence from RHEL to Ubuntu in what most new companies are deploying on their servers, and I expect that trend to continue as long as Red Hat is using the RPM system (and I don't really see them as having a path to migrate).

The experience with Ubuntu and Debian stable releases is pretty similar: A solid release every 2 years that's supported for a few years. (While Ubuntu in theory releases every 6 months, their non-LTS releases are effectively betas: They're often unstable, only have 9 months of support, etc. I wouldn't recommend them to anyone not actively participating in Ubuntu the development community). Ubuntu has better integration of non-free drivers, which may be important if you have hardware that requires them. But it's also the case that most bugs I experience when using Ubuntu are Ubuntu-specific issues, especially on servers (in part because Ubuntu has a bunch of "cloud management" stuff pre-installed that is definitely a regression if you're not using Canonical's cloud management products).

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Tim Abbott
Tim Abbott
Founder at Zulip · | 4 upvotes · 27.8K views
atZulipZulip
macOS
macOS
Linux
Linux
Windows
Windows
Vagrant
Vagrant

We use Vagrant because it is the best toolchain for having a standardized development environment that is readily provisoned with just a single command on macOS, Linux, and Windows.

There's a lot of things that could be better; the thing I dislike the most is how Vagrant configuration file is a Ruby script with weird semantics around conditionals, which makes it its own special language to learn. They would have been a lot better off with the configuration approach taken by Xen (where the configuration file was a straightforward Python system).

Also, it's error messages are optimized too much for people developing Vagrant itself, and not enough for helping end users who are using Vagrant, which means one has to google often to figure out what the actual problem is.

Still, I don't think there's a better alternative for a development environment that Just Works for hundreds of developers. Docker isn't really designed for the development environment use case in my view, since it's optimized for throwing away state and getting a clean one when you make changes, and that's sometimes really not what you want. And having to SSH into a remote development environment has significant latency and editor setup costs that in my view make it a backup plan, not the main way to do things.

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Windows
Windows
Ubuntu
Ubuntu
VirtualBox
VirtualBox
Cloud9 IDE
Cloud9 IDE
Docker
Docker

I have long sought after the perfect local development environment for developing JavaScript applications, and after having tried several different complete setups, I finally ended up choosing to develop on a Windows host with a Ubuntu virtual machine running with VirtualBox. When the VM comes up, it automatically brings up Cloud9 IDE, which provides a great JavaScript editor, terminal access from your browser, as well as the ability to work remotely by choice and still have the exact same development environment, all served up in a browser. This helps keep the host system clean, and using Docker in the virtual machine helps keep the VM clean as well as it is the only dependency that is required to be installed to run applications.

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Justin Dorfman
Justin Dorfman
Developer Evangelist at StackShare · | 4 upvotes · 14.3K views
atStackShareStackShare
CloudApp
CloudApp
Windows
Windows
macOS
macOS
#Skitch

I use CloudApp because it saves me so much time and energy. I use it at the very least once an hour. When Skitch was shutdown I thought my life was over! CloudApp saved the day and gave me features that Skitch didn't have.

If you write a lot of technical content (or any content for that matter) it is an invaluable tool. I'm not sure about Windows support but it integrates flawlessly with macOS. 🤘

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Paul Whittemore
Paul Whittemore
Developer and Owner at Appurist Software · | 4 upvotes · 47.2K views
Vultr
Vultr
Amazon LightSail
Amazon LightSail
Windows
Windows
Windows Server
Windows Server

For those needing hosting on Windows or Windows Server too (and avoiding licensing hurdles), both Vultr and Amazon LightSail offer compelling choices, depending on how much compute power you need. Don't underestimate Amazon LightSail, especially for smaller or starting projects, but Vultr also offers an incremental $16 Windows option on top of their standard compute offerings.

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Labinator Team
Labinator Team
at Labinator · | 13 upvotes · 133.6K views
atLabinatorLabinator
HTML5
HTML5
CSS 3
CSS 3
Sass
Sass
Vanilla.JS
Vanilla.JS
PHP
PHP
WordPress
WordPress
Sublime Text
Sublime Text
Visual Studio Code
Visual Studio Code
Manjaro
Manjaro
Debian
Debian

At labinator.com, we use HTML5, CSS 3, Sass, Vanilla.JS and PHP when building our premium WordPress themes and plugins. When writing our codes, we use Sublime Text and Visual Studio Code depending on the project. We run Manjaro and Debian operating systems in our office. Manjaro is a great desktop operating system for all range of tasks while Debian is a solid choice for servers.

WordPress became a very popular choice when it comes to content management systems and building websites. It is easy to learn and has a great community behind it. The high number of plugins as well that are available for WordPress allows any user to customize it depending on his/her needs.

For development, HTML5 with Sass is our go-to choice when building our themes.

Main Advantages Of Sass:

  • It's CSS syntax friendly
  • It offers variables
  • It uses a nested syntax
  • It includes mixins
  • Great community and online support.
  • Great documentation that is easy to read and follow.

As for PHP, we always thrive to use PHP 7.3+. After the introduction of PHP 7, the WordPress development process became more stable and reliable than before. If you a developer considering PHP 7.3+ for your project, it would be good to note the following benefits.

The Benefits Of Using PHP:

  • Open Source.
  • Highly Extendible.
  • Easy to learn and read.
  • Platform independent.
  • Compatible with APACHE.
  • Low development and maintenance cost.
  • Great community and support.
  • Detailed documentation that has everything you need!

Why PHP 7.3+?

  • Flexible Heredoc & Nowdoc Syntaxes - Two key methods for defining strings within PHP. They also became easier to read and more reliable.
  • A good boost in performance speed which is extremely important when it comes to WordPress development.
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Interest over time
Reviews of Debian and Windows
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How developers use Debian and Windows
Avatar of TIS  Global Solutions
TIS Global Solutions uses DebianDebian

Browse more than 200 Channels, anytime and anywhere, without satellite dish and cable with chitram-tv.de. Experience your most favourite Indian channels in more than 10 languages on your home TV, PC or Mobile - and all through the Internet!

Chitram TV

Avatar of Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)
Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) uses DebianDebian

Debian is our primary distribution for our game-servers for the time being. We plan to shift our infrastr