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Electron
Electron

2.4K
2.1K
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93
Material Design Lite
Material Design Lite

611
221
+ 1
114
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Electron vs Material Design Lite: What are the differences?

What is Electron? Build cross platform desktop apps with web technologies. Formerly known as Atom Shell, made by GitHub. With Electron, creating a desktop application for your company or idea is easy. Initially developed for GitHub's Atom editor, Electron has since been used to create applications by companies like Microsoft, Facebook, Slack, and Docker. The Electron framework lets you write cross-platform desktop applications using JavaScript, HTML and CSS. It is based on io.js and Chromium and is used in the Atom editor.

What is Material Design Lite? Material Design Lite Components in HTML/CSS/JS. Material Design Lite (MDL) lets you add a Material Design look and feel to your static content websites. It doesn't rely on any JavaScript frameworks or libraries. Optimized for cross-device use, gracefully degrades in older browsers, and offers an experience that is accessible from the get-go.

Electron can be classified as a tool in the "Cross-Platform Desktop Development" category, while Material Design Lite is grouped under "Front-End Frameworks".

Some of the features offered by Electron are:

  • Use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript with Chromium and Node.js to build your app.
  • Electron is open source
  • maintained by GitHub and an active community.

On the other hand, Material Design Lite provides the following key features:

  • Blog Template
  • Dashboard Template
  • Text Heavy Webpage Template

"Easy to make rich cross platform desktop applications" is the top reason why over 50 developers like Electron, while over 23 developers mention "Material Design straight from the original creators" as the leading cause for choosing Material Design Lite.

Electron and Material Design Lite are both open source tools. It seems that Electron with 74.4K GitHub stars and 9.72K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Material Design Lite with 31.3K GitHub stars and 5.32K GitHub forks.

According to the StackShare community, Electron has a broader approval, being mentioned in 213 company stacks & 366 developers stacks; compared to Material Design Lite, which is listed in 9 company stacks and 26 developer stacks.

What is Electron?

With Electron, creating a desktop application for your company or idea is easy. Initially developed for GitHub's Atom editor, Electron has since been used to create applications by companies like Microsoft, Facebook, Slack, and Docker. The Electron framework lets you write cross-platform desktop applications using JavaScript, HTML and CSS. It is based on io.js and Chromium and is used in the Atom editor.

What is Material Design Lite?

Material Design Lite (MDL) lets you add a Material Design look and feel to your static content websites. It doesn't rely on any JavaScript frameworks or libraries. Optimized for cross-device use, gracefully degrades in older browsers, and offers an experience that is accessible from the get-go.
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      What are some alternatives to Electron and Material Design Lite?
      Photon
      The fastest way to build beautiful Electron apps using simple HTML and CSS. Underneath it all is Electron. Originally built for GitHub's Atom text editor, Electron is the easiest way to build cross-platform desktop applications.
      React Native Desktop
      Build OS X desktop apps using React Native.
      React Native
      React Native enables you to build world-class application experiences on native platforms using a consistent developer experience based on JavaScript and React. The focus of React Native is on developer efficiency across all the platforms you care about - learn once, write anywhere. Facebook uses React Native in multiple production apps and will continue investing in React Native.
      Element
      Element is a Vue 2.0 based component library for developers, designers and product managers, with a set of design resources.
      JavaFX
      It is a set of graphics and media packages that enables developers to design, create, test, debug, and deploy rich client applications that operate consistently across diverse platforms.
      See all alternatives
      Decisions about Electron and Material Design Lite
      StackShare Editors
      StackShare Editors
      Chromium
      Chromium
      MacGap
      MacGap
      ES6
      ES6
      Electron
      Electron
      React
      React
      Node.js
      Node.js

      The Slack desktop app was originally written us the MacGap framework, which used Appleโ€™s WebView to host web content inside of a native app frame. As this approach continued to present product limitations, Slack decided to migrate the desktop app to Electron. Electron is a platform that combines the rendering engine from Chromium and the Node.js runtime and module system. The desktop app is written as a modern ES6 + async/await React application.

      For the desktop app, Slack takes a hybrid approach, wherein some of the assets ship as part of the app, but most of their assets and code are loaded remotely.

      See more
      StackShare Editors
      StackShare Editors
      Chromium
      Chromium
      MacGap
      MacGap
      ES6
      ES6
      Electron
      Electron
      TypeScript
      TypeScript
      React
      React
      Node.js
      Node.js

      Slack's new desktop application was launched for macOS. It was built using Electron for a faster, frameless look with a host of background improvements for a superior Slack experience. Instead of adopting a complete-in-box approach taken by other apps, Slack prefers a hybrid approach where some of the assets are loaded as part of the app, while others are made available remotely. Slack's original desktop app was written using the MacGap v1 framework using WebView to host web content within the native app frame. But it was difficult to upgrade with new features only available to Apple's WKWebView and moving to this view called for a total application rewrite.

      Electron brings together Chromium's rendering engine with the Node.js runtime and module system. The new desktop app is now based on an ES6 + async/await React application is currently being moved gradually to TypeScript. Electron functions on Chromium's multi-process model, with each Slack team signed into a separate process and memory space. It also helps prevent remote content to directly access desktop features using a feature called WebView Element which creates a fresh Chromium renderer process and assigns rendering of content for its hosting renderer. Additional security can be ensured by preventing Node.js modules from leaking into the API surface and watching out for APIs with file paths. Communication between processes on Electron is carried out via electron-remote, a pared-down, zippy version of Electron's remote module, which makes implementing the web apps UI much easier.

      See more
      Interest over time
      Reviews of Electron and Material Design Lite
      Review ofMaterial Design LiteMaterial Design Lite

      ๋งŽ์€ ๋ฒ„๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ์กด์žฌํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ, ๊ฐ๊ฐ์˜ css ์ •์˜๊ฐ€ ์„œ๋กœ ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ๋˜์–ด์„œ ์ˆ˜์ •์ด ์‰ฝ์ง€ ์•Š๋‹ค.

      ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ๋œ ์ด์Šˆ์กฐ์ฐจ ์—…๋ฐ์ดํŠธ ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์œผ๋ฉฐ, ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๊ฐ€ ์ง์ ‘ ์ˆ˜์ •ํ•ด์„œ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•ด์•ผํ•œ๋‹ค.

      How developers use Electron and Material Design Lite
      Avatar of Chris Saylor
      Chris Saylor uses ElectronElectron

      Our application began as an HTML5 browser game, however we decided to leverage certain native parts of desktop applications by wrapping our client code into Electron. This also allowed us to not have to worry about compatibility across all the various browsers.

      Avatar of HyVive
      HyVive uses ElectronElectron

      Our Web Applications are served on our Desktops by Electron. This allows us to have native apps running on our Workstations without having too many Browser Tabs open at the same time.

      Avatar of PawByte
      PawByte uses ElectronElectron

      Electron is the current preferred method to convert games made in the Game Pencil Editor for desktop support.

      Avatar of Metrix Financial Reporting Solutions UG
      Metrix Financial Reporting Solutions UG uses ElectronElectron

      Implement a web-service using your favorite tools but sell a desktop application for oblivious windows users.

      Avatar of Ralic Lo
      Ralic Lo uses ElectronElectron

      Used Electron to package single page web application as a desktop application.

      Avatar of Kevin van Guldenaar
      Kevin van Guldenaar uses Material Design LiteMaterial Design Lite

      Just enough design for non-designer types.

      How much does Electron cost?
      How much does Material Design Lite cost?
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