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Elm
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Elm vs Java: What are the differences?

Developers describe Elm as "A type inferred, functional reactive language that compiles to HTML, CSS, and JavaScript". Writing HTML apps is super easy with elm-lang/html. Not only does it render extremely fast, it also quietly guides you towards well-architected code. On the other hand, Java is detailed as "A concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, language specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible". Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!.

Elm and Java belong to "Languages" category of the tech stack.

"Code stays clean" is the top reason why over 37 developers like Elm, while over 526 developers mention "Great libraries" as the leading cause for choosing Java.

Elm is an open source tool with 5.3K GitHub stars and 424 GitHub forks. Here's a link to Elm's open source repository on GitHub.

Airbnb, Uber Technologies, and Spotify are some of the popular companies that use Java, whereas Elm is used by NoRedInk, Brilliant, and RolePoint. Java has a broader approval, being mentioned in 2399 company stacks & 2723 developers stacks; compared to Elm, which is listed in 27 company stacks and 35 developer stacks.

- No public GitHub repository available -

What is Elm?

Writing HTML apps is super easy with elm-lang/html. Not only does it render extremely fast, it also quietly guides you towards well-architected code.

What is Java?

Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!
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    What are some alternatives to Elm and Java?
    React
    Lots of people use React as the V in MVC. Since React makes no assumptions about the rest of your technology stack, it's easy to try it out on a small feature in an existing project.
    TypeScript
    TypeScript is a language for application-scale JavaScript development. It's a typed superset of JavaScript that compiles to plain JavaScript.
    PHP
    Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.
    JavaScript
    JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
    Python
    Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about Elm and Java
    PagerDuty
    PagerDuty
    Slack
    Slack
    Go
    Go
    PHP
    PHP
    Java
    Java
    Python
    Python
    Ruby
    Ruby
    Node.js
    Node.js
    Sqreen
    Sqreen

    I chose Sqreen because it provides an out-of-the-box Security as a Service solution to protect my customer data. I get full visibility over my application security in real-time and I reduce my risk against the most common threats. My customers are happy and I don't need to spend any engineering resources or time on this. We're only alerted when our attention is required and the data that is provided helps engineering teams easily remediate vulnerabilities. The platform grows with us and will allow us to have all the right tools in place when our first security engineer joins the company. Advanced security protections against business logic threats can then be implemented.

    Installation was super easy on my Node.js and Ruby apps. But Sqreen also supports Python , Java , PHP and soon Go .

    It integrates well with the tools I'm using every day Slack , PagerDuty and more.

    See more
    Nitzan Shapira
    Nitzan Shapira
    at Epsagon | 11 upvotes 106K views
    atEpsagonEpsagon
    AWS Lambda
    AWS Lambda
    GitHub
    GitHub
    Java
    Java
    Go
    Go
    Node.js
    Node.js
    npm
    npm
    Serverless
    Serverless
    Python
    Python

    At Epsagon, we use hundreds of AWS Lambda functions, most of them are written in Python, and the Serverless Framework to pack and deploy them. One of the issues we've encountered is the difficulty to package external libraries into the Lambda environment using the Serverless Framework. This limitation is probably by design since the external code your Lambda needs can be usually included with a package manager.

    In order to overcome this issue, we've developed a tool, which we also published as open-source (see link below), which automatically packs these libraries using a simple npm package and a YAML configuration file. Support for Node.js, Go, and Java will be available soon.

    The GitHub respoitory: https://github.com/epsagon/serverless-package-external

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    Conor Myhrvold
    Conor Myhrvold
    Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber | 16 upvotes 713.4K views
    atUber TechnologiesUber Technologies
    Apache Spark
    Apache Spark
    C#
    C#
    OpenShift
    OpenShift
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Kubernetes
    Kubernetes
    C++
    C++
    Go
    Go
    Node.js
    Node.js
    Java
    Java
    Python
    Python
    Jaeger
    Jaeger

    How Uber developed the open source, end-to-end distributed tracing Jaeger , now a CNCF project:

    Distributed tracing is quickly becoming a must-have component in the tools that organizations use to monitor their complex, microservice-based architectures. At Uber, our open source distributed tracing system Jaeger saw large-scale internal adoption throughout 2016, integrated into hundreds of microservices and now recording thousands of traces every second.

    Here is the story of how we got here, from investigating off-the-shelf solutions like Zipkin, to why we switched from pull to push architecture, and how distributed tracing will continue to evolve:

    https://eng.uber.com/distributed-tracing/

    (GitHub Pages : https://www.jaegertracing.io/, GitHub: https://github.com/jaegertracing/jaeger)

    Bindings/Operator: Python Java Node.js Go C++ Kubernetes JavaScript OpenShift C# Apache Spark

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    Conor Myhrvold
    Conor Myhrvold
    Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber | 6 upvotes 417.2K views
    atUber TechnologiesUber Technologies
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Java
    Java
    C
    C

    Why Uber developed H3, our open source grid system to make geospatial data visualization and exploration easier and more efficient:

    We decided to create H3 to combine the benefits of a hexagonal global grid system with a hierarchical indexing system. A global grid system usually requires at least two things: a map projection and a grid laid on top of the map. For map projection, we chose to use gnomonic projections centered on icosahedron faces. This projects from Earth as a sphere to an icosahedron, a twenty-sided platonic solid. The H3 grid is constructed by laying out 122 base cells over the Earth, with ten cells per face. H3 supports sixteen resolutions: https://eng.uber.com/h3/

    (GitHub Pages : https://uber.github.io/h3/#/ Written in C w/ bindings in Java & JavaScript )

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    Martin Lonkwitz
    Martin Lonkwitz
    Software engineering at SVA | 3 upvotes 14.1K views
    Java
    Java
    C++
    C++

    Maybe not in everybody focus but I do like programming for @z/OS, @z/Linux and @z/VM with C++ , Java and Assembler . Who else love to dig into control blocks and get a deep dive into system resources to run things in a high valuable way ? And also go all the way up to the application to enlight all the infrastructure features to it ?

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    Hampton Catlin
    Hampton Catlin
    VP of Engineering at Rent The Runway | 6 upvotes 8.1K views
    atRent the RunwayRent the Runway
    Java
    Java
    Python
    Python
    Ruby
    Ruby

    At our company, and I've noticed a lot of other ones... application developers and dev-ops people tend to use Ruby and our statisticians and data scientists love Python . Like most companies, our stack is kind of split that way. Ruby is used as glue in most of our production systems ( Java being the main backend language), and then all of our data scientists and their various pipelines tend towards Python

    See more
    Java
    Java
    Visual Studio Code
    Visual Studio Code
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    TypeScript
    TypeScript

    I use TypeScript because it is strongly typed superset of JavaScript that provides many benefits. Integration with #IDE like Visual Studio Code is excellent. The main benefit is maintainability. Many error can be caught before code running. Also Angular recommends TypeScript as better alternative to JavaScript . Syntax is very easy to learn especially for people from the Java world.

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    SVN (Subversion)
    SVN (Subversion)
    Git
    Git
    JSON
    JSON
    XML
    XML
    Python
    Python
    PHP
    PHP
    Java
    Java
    Swift
    Swift
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Linux
    Linux
    GitHub
    GitHub
    Visual Studio Code
    Visual Studio Code

    I use Visual Studio Code because at this time is a mature software and I can do practically everything using it.

    • It's free and open source: The project is hosted on GitHub and it鈥檚 free to download, fork, modify and contribute to the project.

    • Multi-platform: You can download binaries for different platforms, included Windows (x64), MacOS and Linux (.rpm and .deb packages)

    • LightWeight: It runs smoothly in different devices. It has an average memory and CPU usage. Starts almost immediately and it鈥檚 very stable.

    • Extended language support: Supports by default the majority of the most used languages and syntax like JavaScript, HTML, C#, Swift, Java, PHP, Python and others. Also, VS Code supports different file types associated to projects like .ini, .properties, XML and JSON files.

    • Integrated tools: Includes an integrated terminal, debugger, problem list and console output inspector. The project navigator sidebar is simple and powerful: you can manage your files and folders with ease. The command palette helps you find commands by text. The search widget has a powerful auto-complete feature to search and find your files.

    • Extensible and configurable: There are many extensions available for every language supported, including syntax highlighters, IntelliSense and code completion, and debuggers. There are also extension to manage application configuration and architecture like Docker and Jenkins.

    • Integrated with Git: You can visually manage your project repositories, pull, commit and push your changes, and easy conflict resolution.( there is support for SVN (Subversion) users by plugin)

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    Visual Studio
    Visual Studio
    Java
    Java
    C#
    C#

    I use C# because it is incredibly clear and easy to use. The documentation is second to none, being a Microsoft product, and if you just want something that works without exploring a million frameworks and libraries you can pretty much start a C# website and have it running in an hour. C# is basically, in my opinion, a cleaner and easier to use Java. My experience is limited to web design, however. It might come down to personal opinion but I wouldn't even know where to start writing a java back end website but visual studio makes it very easy to write it in C#. If you are new to full stack development I can't recommend Visual Studio enough. It does, however, hide away a lot of abstraction that programmers much more clever than me use to make really interesting websites and server setups. C# will do everything you need to create any website you can imagine, though.

    Before I end my rant about how much I love this language I'd like to reiterate how easy it is to figure out problems you encounter. I was stuck on how to store a path string in a database and found the solution by browsing the documentation for 2 minutes, which included examples. Every ASP element is clearly and wonderfully documented.

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    Michael Pfaff
    Michael Pfaff
    CEO at Nucleus Development | 3 upvotes 8K views
    Java
    Java
    Dart
    Dart

    I use Dart because it is a fast, modern language with an intuitive package manager and syntax similar to Java, while less verbose (i.e. public by default, _ in front of a variable, class, etc. to be private). Dart has an excellent asynchronous syntax making asynchronous calls such as filesystem interaction or HTTP requests simple and concise.

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    C#
    C#
    Java
    Java
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    ClojureScript
    ClojureScript
    Clojure
    Clojure

    I adopted Clojure and ClojureScript because:

    • it's 1 language, multiple platforms.
    • Simple syntax.
    • Designed to avoid unwanted side effects and bugs.
    • Immutable data-structures.
    • Compact code, very expressive.
    • Source code is data.
    • It has super-flexible macro.
    • Has metadata.
    • Interoperability with JavaScript, Java and C#.
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    Ganesa Vijayakumar
    Ganesa Vijayakumar
    Full Stack Coder | Module Lead | 15 upvotes 385.9K views
    SonarQube
    SonarQube
    Codacy
    Codacy
    Docker
    Docker
    Git
    Git
    Apache Maven
    Apache Maven
    Amazon EC2 Container Service
    Amazon EC2 Container Service
    Microsoft Azure
    Microsoft Azure
    Amazon Route 53
    Amazon Route 53
    Elasticsearch
    Elasticsearch
    Solr
    Solr
    Amazon RDS
    Amazon RDS
    Amazon S3
    Amazon S3
    Heroku
    Heroku
    Hibernate
    Hibernate
    MySQL
    MySQL
    Node.js
    Node.js
    Java
    Java
    Bootstrap
    Bootstrap
    jQuery Mobile
    jQuery Mobile
    jQuery UI
    jQuery UI
    jQuery
    jQuery
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    React Native
    React Native
    React Router
    React Router
    React
    React

    I'm planning to create a web application and also a mobile application to provide a very good shopping experience to the end customers. Shortly, my application will be aggregate the product details from difference sources and giving a clear picture to the user that when and where to buy that product with best in Quality and cost.

    I have planned to develop this in many milestones for adding N number of features and I have picked my first part to complete the core part (aggregate the product details from different sources).

    As per my work experience and knowledge, I have chosen the followings stacks to this mission.

    UI: I would like to develop this application using React, React Router and React Native since I'm a little bit familiar on this and also most importantly these will help on developing both web and mobile apps. In addition, I'm gonna use the stacks JavaScript, jQuery, jQuery UI, jQuery Mobile, Bootstrap wherever required.

    Service: I have planned to use Java as the main business layer language as I have 7+ years of experience on this I believe I can do better work using Java than other languages. In addition, I'm thinking to use the stacks Node.js.

    Database and ORM: I'm gonna pick MySQL as DB and Hibernate as ORM since I have a piece of good knowledge and also work experience on this combination.

    Search Engine: I need to deal with a large amount of product data and it's in-detailed info to provide enough details to end user at the same time I need to focus on the performance area too. so I have decided to use Solr as a search engine for product search and suggestions. In addition, I'm thinking to replace Solr by Elasticsearch once explored/reviewed enough about Elasticsearch.

    Host: As of now, my plan to complete the application with decent features first and deploy it in a free hosting environment like Docker and Heroku and then once it is stable then I have planned to use the AWS products Amazon S3, EC2, Amazon RDS and Amazon Route 53. I'm not sure about Microsoft Azure that what is the specialty in it than Heroku and Amazon EC2 Container Service. Anyhow, I will do explore these once again and pick the best suite one for my requirement once I reached this level.

    Build and Repositories: I have decided to choose Apache Maven and Git as these are my favorites and also so popular on respectively build and repositories.

    Additional Utilities :) - I would like to choose Codacy for code review as their Startup plan will be very helpful to this application. I'm already experienced with Google CheckStyle and SonarQube even I'm looking something on Codacy.

    Happy Coding! Suggestions are welcome! :)

    Thanks, Ganesa

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    Vishwa Bhat
    Vishwa Bhat
    Fullstack Developer at Sequoia | 10 upvotes 4.4K views
    atSequoia Consulting GroupSequoia Consulting Group
    Java
    Java
    Go
    Go
    Node.js
    Node.js

    Our new backend micro services are primarily written in Node.js and Go and legacy systems are written in Java. For our new stack decision, we aimed to achieve greater developer productivity, low IO latency and good community so we had couple of technologies in hand to choose but finally we concluded to go for Node.js for API layer and Go for CPU/IO intensive tasks. Currently the inter-services communication is happening via REST but soon to be moved to RPC-based communication.

    See more
    Praveen Mooli
    Praveen Mooli
    Technical Leader at Taylor and Francis | 11 upvotes 159.6K views
    MongoDB Atlas
    MongoDB Atlas
    Amazon S3
    Amazon S3
    Amazon DynamoDB
    Amazon DynamoDB
    Amazon RDS
    Amazon RDS
    Serverless
    Serverless
    Docker
    Docker
    Terraform
    Terraform
    Travis CI
    Travis CI
    GitHub
    GitHub
    RxJS
    RxJS
    Angular 2
    Angular 2
    AWS Lambda
    AWS Lambda
    Amazon SQS
    Amazon SQS
    Amazon SNS
    Amazon SNS
    Amazon Kinesis Firehose
    Amazon Kinesis Firehose
    Amazon Kinesis
    Amazon Kinesis
    Flask
    Flask
    Python
    Python
    ExpressJS
    ExpressJS
    Node.js
    Node.js
    Spring Boot
    Spring Boot
    Java
    Java
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