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GraphQL vs Spring Boot: What are the differences?

Developers describe GraphQL as "A data query language and runtime". GraphQL is a data query language and runtime designed and used at Facebook to request and deliver data to mobile and web apps since 2012. On the other hand, Spring Boot is detailed as "Create Spring-powered, production-grade applications and services with absolute minimum fuss". Spring Boot makes it easy to create stand-alone, production-grade Spring based Applications that you can "just run". We take an opinionated view of the Spring platform and third-party libraries so you can get started with minimum fuss. Most Spring Boot applications need very little Spring configuration.

GraphQL can be classified as a tool in the "Query Languages" category, while Spring Boot is grouped under "Frameworks (Full Stack)".

"Schemas defined by the requests made by the user", "Will replace RESTful interfaces" and "The future of API's" are the key factors why developers consider GraphQL; whereas "Powerful and handy", "Easy setup" and "Java" are the primary reasons why Spring Boot is favored.

GraphQL and Spring Boot are both open source tools. Spring Boot with 39.8K GitHub stars and 25.8K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than GraphQL with 11.7K GitHub stars and 753 GitHub forks.

Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter are some of the popular companies that use GraphQL, whereas Spring Boot is used by MIT, Intuit, and OpenGov. GraphQL has a broader approval, being mentioned in 559 company stacks & 748 developers stacks; compared to Spring Boot, which is listed in 333 company stacks and 615 developer stacks.

What is GraphQL?

GraphQL is a data query language and runtime designed and used at Facebook to request and deliver data to mobile and web apps since 2012.

What is Spring Boot?

Spring Boot makes it easy to create stand-alone, production-grade Spring based Applications that you can "just run". We take an opinionated view of the Spring platform and third-party libraries so you can get started with minimum fuss. Most Spring Boot applications need very little Spring configuration.
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What are some alternatives to GraphQL and Spring Boot?
gRPC
gRPC is a modern open source high performance RPC framework that can run in any environment. It can efficiently connect services in and across data centers with pluggable support for load balancing, tracing, health checking...
Falcor
Falcor lets you represent all your remote data sources as a single domain model via a virtual JSON graph. You code the same way no matter where the data is, whether in memory on the client or over the network on the server.
React
Lots of people use React as the V in MVC. Since React makes no assumptions about the rest of your technology stack, it's easy to try it out on a small feature in an existing project.
graphql.js
Lightest GraphQL client with intelligent features. You can download graphql.js directly, or you can use Bower or NPM.
MongoDB
MongoDB stores data in JSON-like documents that can vary in structure, offering a dynamic, flexible schema. MongoDB was also designed for high availability and scalability, with built-in replication and auto-sharding.
See all alternatives
Decisions about GraphQL and Spring Boot
Collins  Ogbuzuru
Collins Ogbuzuru
Front-end dev at One shirt | 8 upvotes 12.3K views
AWS Lambda
AWS Lambda
Prisma
Prisma
GraphQL
GraphQL

We are starting to build one shirt data logic, structure and as an online clothing store we believe good ux and ui is a goal to drive a lot of click through. The problem is, how do we fetch data and how do we abstract the gap between the Front-end devs and backend-devs as we are just two in the technical unit. We decided to go for GraphQL as our application-layer tool and Prisma for our database-layer abstracter.

Reasons :

GraphQL :

  1. GraphQL makes fetching of data less painful and organised.

  2. GraphQL gives you 100% assurance on data you getting back as opposed to the Rest design .

  3. GraphQL comes with a bunch of real-time functionality in form of. subscriptions and finally because we are using React (GraphQL is not React demanding, it's doesn't require a specific framework, language or tool, but it definitely makes react apps fly )

Prisma :

  1. Writing revolvers can be fun, but imagine writing revolvers nested deep down, curry braces flying around. This is sure a welcome note to bugs and as a small team we need to focus more on what that matters more. Prisma generates this necessary CRUD resolves, mutations and subscription out of the box.

  2. We don't really have much budget at the moment so we are going to run our logic in a scalable cheap and cost effective cloud environment. Oh! It's AWS Lambda and deploying our schema to Lambda is our best bet to minimize cost and same time scale.

We are still at development stage and I believe, working on this start up will increase my dev knowledge. Off for Lunch :)

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Divine Bawa
Divine Bawa
at PayHub Ghana Limited | 13 upvotes 100.1K views
Apollo
Apollo
Next.js
Next.js
styled-components
styled-components
React
React
graphql-yoga
graphql-yoga
Prisma
Prisma
MySQL
MySQL
GraphQL
GraphQL
Node.js
Node.js

I just finished a web app meant for a business that offers training programs for certain professional courses. I chose this stack to test out my skills in graphql and react. I used Node.js , GraphQL , MySQL for the #Backend utilizing Prisma as a database interface for MySQL to provide CRUD APIs and graphql-yoga as a server. For the #frontend I chose React, styled-components for styling, Next.js for routing and SSR and Apollo for data management. I really liked the outcome and I will definitely use this stack in future projects.

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Johnny Bell
Johnny Bell
Senior Software Engineer at StackShare | 9 upvotes 116.2K views
atStackShareStackShare
Apollo
Apollo
GraphQL
GraphQL
MobX
MobX
JavaScript
JavaScript
ES6
ES6
React
React
jQuery
jQuery
#Context
#Hooks馃帲

We are always building new features and replacing old code at StackShare. Lately we have been building out new features for the frontend, and removing a lot of old jQuery code (sorry jQuery but it's time to go).

We've mainly been using React, ES6 and JavaScript on the frontend to build out the components, and we've been slowly removing some legacy MobX and using GraphQL and Apollo for our state management, if we need to control state further than GraphQL and Apollo allows us to we use just plain React with #context , or the new fancy React #hooks馃帲 .

As we've moved towards the above tech, its really made smashing out new features and updating legacy code super fast, and really fun!

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Malthe J酶rgensen
Malthe J酶rgensen
CTO at Peergrade | 13 upvotes 44K views
atPeergradePeergrade
Amazon RDS
Amazon RDS
Graphene
Graphene
GraphQL
GraphQL
Django
Django
PostgreSQL
PostgreSQL

We recently switched from MongoDB and the Python library MongoEngine to PostgreSQL and Django in order to:

  • Better leverage GraphQL (using the Graphene library)
  • Allow us to use the autogenerated Django admin interface
  • Allow better performance due to the way some of our pages present data
  • Give us more a mature stack in the form of Django replacing MongoEngine, which we had some issues with in the past.

MongoDB was hosted on mlab, and we now host Postgres on Amazon RDS .

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Seun Kola
Seun Kola
CTO at Virtualrobe Limited | 7 upvotes 8.5K views
Apollo
Apollo
Prisma
Prisma
React
React
GraphQL
GraphQL

Using GraphQL for queries and mutation on React app and Prisma database is so cool, easy and fast to learn. i often use Apollo client to integrate both ends. Most times working has a frontend developer and trying to build a MVP product quickly requires tools that require less setup on both production and development in order to test functionalities, and using GraphQL for queries surpasses Rest queries for me because of the flexibility in requesting the data you actually need and not requesting the whole dataset everytime.

But in all, Rest is still the king since most public api support its CRUD processes more than GraphQL but lot of top companies are using it and am definitely using it for various project including my recent pet project(Delivery buddy - A platform that allows pair-to-pair delivery service).

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Marwen Trabelsi
Marwen Trabelsi
Software Engineer | 3 upvotes 18.8K views
Spring Boot
Spring Boot

I use Spring-Boot because it almost let you get things done quickly for a JVM-target project, with auto configuration components and dependency management starters. It is almost perfectly tailored for microservices applications development with a single unit deployment artifact (JAR) along with support for Service Registry and Discovery, Circuit Breaker pattern...

Any third-party library or any back-end service would perfectly integrate well since Spring offers integration support for most of mainstream services, let it be a RDBMS service, a NoSQL database, a Message Broker...

Coming to day-to-day development, Spring-Boot enjoys a great community so you can get support, direction, focused guidance from almost everywhere.

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Seun Kola
Seun Kola
CTO at Virtualrobe Limited | 2 upvotes 6.9K views
ExpressJS
ExpressJS
Apollo
Apollo
GraphQL
GraphQL
Prisma
Prisma
React Native
React Native
React
React

Have been working on a side project that focuses on sharing economy, allowing users to pickup and deliver groceries for others. Have already started working on the frontend for the web dashboard using React and plan to use React Native for the mobile app. But am in a dilemma, whether to build the backend myself for the MVP or use firebase for the backend. I need advise, has anyone use Firebase for such project and what are the pros and cons, what issues will i faced.

Note: My proposed stack for the backend is a Prisma database, GraphQL , Apollo and ExpressJS

Thanks in advance to everyone.

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Munkhtegsh Munkhbat
Munkhtegsh Munkhbat
Software Engineer Consultant at LoanSnap | 9 upvotes 18.7K views
GraphQL
GraphQL
Apollo
Apollo
React
React
Heroku
Heroku
styled-components
styled-components
PostgreSQL
PostgreSQL
Prisma
Prisma
graphql-yoga
graphql-yoga
#Frontend
#Backend

In my last side project, I built a web posting application that has similar features as Facebook and hosted on Heroku. The user can register an account, create posts, upload images and share with others. I took an advantage of graphql-subscriptions to handle realtime notifications in the comments section. Currently, I'm at the last stage of styling and building layouts.

For the #Backend I used graphql-yoga, Prisma, GraphQL with PostgreSQL database. For the #FrontEnd: React, styled-components with Apollo. The app is hosted on Heroku.

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Praveen Mooli
Praveen Mooli
Technical Leader at Taylor and Francis | 11 upvotes 162.4K views
MongoDB Atlas
MongoDB Atlas
Amazon S3
Amazon S3
Amazon DynamoDB
Amazon DynamoDB
Amazon RDS
Amazon RDS
Serverless
Serverless
Docker
Docker
Terraform
Terraform
Travis CI
Travis CI
GitHub
GitHub
RxJS
RxJS
Angular 2
Angular 2
AWS Lambda
AWS Lambda
Amazon SQS
Amazon SQS
Amazon SNS
Amazon SNS
Amazon Kinesis Firehose
Amazon Kinesis Firehose
Amazon Kinesis
Amazon Kinesis
Flask
Flask
Python
Python
ExpressJS
ExpressJS
Node.js
Node.js
Spring Boot
Spring Boot
Java
Java
#Data
#Devops
#Webapps
#Eventsourcingframework
#Microservices
#Backend

We are in the process of building a modern content platform to deliver our content through various channels. We decided to go with Microservices architecture as we wanted scale. Microservice architecture style is an approach to developing an application as a suite of small independently deployable services built around specific business capabilities. You can gain modularity, extensive parallelism and cost-effective scaling by deploying services across many distributed servers. Microservices modularity facilitates independent updates/deployments, and helps to avoid single point of failure, which can help prevent large-scale outages. We also decided to use Event Driven Architecture pattern which is a popular distributed asynchronous architecture pattern used to produce highly scalable applications. The event-driven architecture is made up of highly decoupled, single-purpose event processing components that asynchronously receive and process events.

To build our #Backend capabilities we decided to use the following: 1. #Microservices - Java with Spring Boot , Node.js with ExpressJS and Python with Flask 2. #Eventsourcingframework - Amazon Kinesis , Amazon Kinesis Firehose , Amazon SNS , Amazon SQS, AWS Lambda 3. #Data - Amazon RDS , Amazon DynamoDB , Amazon S3 , MongoDB Atlas

To build #Webapps we decided to use Angular 2 with RxJS

#Devops - GitHub , Travis CI , Terraform , Docker , Serverless

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Michael Mota
Michael Mota
CEO & Founder at AlterEstate | 6 upvotes 8.9K views
atAlterEstateAlterEstate
Django
Django
Graphene
Graphene
GraphQL
GraphQL

We recently implemented GraphQL because we needed to build dynamic reports based on the user preference and configuration, this was extremely complicated with our actual RESTful API, the code started to get harder to maintain but switching to GraphQL helped us to to build beautiful reports for our clients that truly help them make data-driven decisions.

Our goal is to implemented GraphQL in the whole platform eventually, we are using Graphene , a python library for Django .

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Michael Mota
Michael Mota
CEO & Founder at AlterEstate | 4 upvotes 885 views
Next.js
Next.js
Graphene
Graphene
GraphQL
GraphQL
Django
Django

I've been using Django for quite a long time and in my opinion I would never switch from it. My company is currently using Django with REST framework and a part in GraphQL using Graphene. On the frontend we use Next.js and so far everything has been running quite good. I've found limitations but manage to solve it.

As someone mentioned before, if you are comfortable with Django, don't switch. There's no need since with django you can basically achieve anything. Of course this will depend on the project you want to build, but the scalability and flexibility django can offer it's just out of this world. (Don't want to sound like a fan boy haha but it really is).

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Interest over time
Reviews of GraphQL and Spring Boot
Review ofSpring BootSpring Boot

spring boot allow my team to start building web services quickly and package it in a stand alone application

How developers use GraphQL and Spring Boot
Avatar of jasonmjohnson
jasonmjohnson uses GraphQLGraphQL

GraphQL will be used as the public API for the data persistence layer. It communicates nicely with all other languages and can provide API responses in the format specified in the request.

Avatar of Climate CoLab
Climate CoLab uses Spring BootSpring Boot

Spring-Boot allows us to create stand-alone web servers and helps us configure many of our dependencies with sane default, while maintaining flexibility where we need it.

Avatar of Nick De Cooman
Nick De Cooman uses GraphQLGraphQL

Applied GraphQL in a side-project I'm currently working on. Using the Apollo GraphQL implementation for both server-side and React client.

Avatar of Hevelop
Hevelop uses GraphQLGraphQL

From Magento 2.3 GraphQL is provider by a core implementation, this is used to implement PWA frontend.

Avatar of Emcee
Emcee uses Spring BootSpring Boot

Probably the best application framework in Java, by far. Time-proven, mature.

Avatar of Told
Told uses GraphQLGraphQL

We use GraphQL as our transport standard for all API calls.

Avatar of p009922
p009922 uses Spring BootSpring Boot

light weight server approach for REST-services

Avatar of Project44
Project44 uses Spring BootSpring Boot

All services are spring-boot applications.

Avatar of Vaadin
Vaadin uses Spring BootSpring Boot

Solid base for Java-based web app backend

Avatar of Michael Manges
Michael Manges uses GraphQLGraphQL

Connecting my Gatsby site to GraphCMS.

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How much does Spring Boot cost?
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